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Hyre Amanda D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease reliant on maintenance hemodialysis therapy may be particularly susceptible to developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after natural disasters. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Patients who received treatment at 9 New Orleans, LA, metropolitan area hemodialysis units before Hurricane Katrina made landfall on ...
Sankarasubbaiyan Suresh - - 2007
Maintenance hemodialysis is a treatment modality available to few patients reaching end-stage renal disease in India. However, the morbidity and outcome of such treatment remains largely unknown. A retrospective cohort of patients commencing hemodialysis in a secondary care institution in India between January 1, 2002 and December 31, 2004 was ...
Messina Leonardo E - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in patients undergoing hemodialysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of erectile dysfunction in a population of 58 patients in hemodialysis program. Erectile dysfunction was assessed by using the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF). Information ...
da Silva C J - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients undergoing parenteral nutrition and those with portosystemic encephalopathy secondary to chronic liver disease and acquired and congenital portosystemic venous shunts frequently present manganese deposition in the basal ganglia, detected by MR imaging as hyperintense areas on T1-weighted sequences. We also observed similar abnormalities in the basal ...
Chiang Jih-Chung - - 2007
The patency of patch-enlarged (capsule-shaped) brachial arteries for long-term hemodialysis access was evaluated retrospectively. Twelve brachial arteries were patched with polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) grafts (standard wall thickness), making 1 x 2 cm aneurysms proximal to the elbow joints in 10 patients (six men with six patches, four women with six patches; ...
Altaee Kais Hasan Abd - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The use of temporary hemodialysis catheters (THC) has facilitated the delivery of hemodialysis to patients lacking functional vascular access. However, the use of these catheters is often associated with infections or mechanical complications. METHODS: A review of experiences at a tertiary referral center in Iraq with the use of ...
Yokoo Takashi - - 2007
Emphysematous cystitis is a rare condition characterized by air formation in and around the bladder wall by gas-forming organisms. Although diabetes mellitus and chronic urinary infection, which are frequently encountered in patients with endstage renal disease (ESRD), are predisposing factors for this entity, emphysematous cystitis is actually not common in ...
Otsubo Shigeru - - 2007
Since its experimental introduction in 1960, hemodialysis has become a widely performed and relatively safe procedure. Therapeutic strategies have been developed, and the numbers of long-term survivors of hemodialysis therapy have been increasing. Hemodialysis therapy was introduced at Sangenjaya Hospital in October 1970, and the 16 patients who have survived ...
Hu Rui - - 2007
Sulfatides, normal components of serum lipoproteins, may play an important role in cardiovascular disease due to their various modulatory functions in haemostasis. The incidence of cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal failure undergoing maintenance hemodialysis has been reported to be approximately 10 to 30 times higher than that in ...
Sood Puneet - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Subdural hematoma is a known complication of long-term hemodialysis. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: The US Renal Data System was used to determine the occurrence rate of nontraumatic subdural hematoma in long-term dialysis patients and to evaluate time trends. RESULTS: The occurrence rate of subdural hematoma in ...
Foley Robert N - - 2007
Despite emerging concerns that exceeding anemia targets with erythropoiesis stimulating agents may be risky for hemodialysis patients, the magnitude of and risk factors for the problem have received little attention, particularly regarding year-to-year comparisons. We studied monthly hemoglobin and epoetin levels in 41,101 patients aged at least 65 years who ...
Oka Yoshinari - - 2007
Sevelamer hydrochloride, as a phosphate binder that contains neither aluminum nor calcium, is expected to improve the prognosis of dialysis patients. However, sevelamer hydrochloride has been reported to lower the serum bicarbonate level. In the present study, we performed a retrospective study on the potential influences of sevelamer hydrochloride on ...
Shiohira Shunji - - 2007
This case report concerns a hemodialysis patient with arrhythmia. A 71-year-old man had undergone hemodiafiltration (HDF) for 17 years for the treatment of chronic glomerulonephritis. Because of repeated heart failure and chronic atrial fibrillation, he could not continue receiving standard hemodialysis, which is hemodialysis using bicarbonate dialysate including a small ...
van Hoek Frank - - 2007
A hemodialysis arteriovenous fistula (AVF) requires surgical modification in patients with cardiac overload or dialysis access-associated steal syndrome (DASS). Creation of an artificial stenosis (banding) within the AVF may be used, but this technique lacks the guidance of objective parameters. The aim of this pilot study was to identify indicators ...
Miyahara Kosuke - - 2007
The factors associated with hematoma enlargement were analyzed in 24 patients, 16 males and eight females aged 46 to 77 years (mean 58 years), undergoing chronic hemodialysis who were admitted to our hospital with intracerebral hemorrhage between 1994 and 2003. Computed tomography demonstrated hematoma enlargement in eight patients after admission. ...
Wu I-Wen - - 2007
Despite improved diagnostic methods, antimicrobial agents and more sophisticated echocardiographic studies, the incidence of infective endocarditis remains high, especially in a uremic and end stage renal disease (ESRD) population. Culture negative endocarditis (CNE) patients with normal renal function have increased morbidity and mortality, but clinical features and outcome in hemodialysis ...
Yang Fwu-Lin - - 2007
Many patients with end-stage renal disease are malnourished, and cross-sectional studies have shown that markers of malnutrition may predict death. In this study, we investigated the possible association of Subjective Global Assessment and mortality in a small cohort of Taiwanese hemodialysis patients. Fifty hemodialysis patients at a hemodialysis center in ...
Spronk Peter E - - 2007
Even in patients with chronic renal failure and chronic intermittent hemodialysis, continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) is the most often practiced renal replacement technique in the intensive care unit. Although patients show less hemodynamic instability during CVVH than during hemodialysis, it requires a blood flow exceeding 200 ml/min in the extracorporeal ...
Kaczmarczyk Ireneusz - - 2007
An accurate evaluation of water content in the body of hemodialyzed patients seems to be an important problem in chronic dialysotherapy. Acute intradialytic hypotension observed in 20-33% of hemodialysis patients is a very common complication of this kind of renal replacement therapy. The study was performed in 40 uremic patients, ...
Varenbut Michael - - 2007
ABSTRACT: Methadone Maintenance Treatment (MMT) is among the most widely studied treatments for opiate dependence with proven benefits for patients and society. When misused, however, methadone can also be lethal. The issue of methadone diversion is a major concern for all MMT programs. A potential source for such diversion is ...
Tamiya Eiji - - 2007
Heart diseases are responsible for death in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to determine whether we can assess the degree of calcification of the heart and great vessels in hemodialysis patients by non-gated conventional computed tomography (CT) without contrast media. Thirty patients were included in the present ...
Watanabe Akira - - 2007
Cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis. Recently, it has become clear that the appearance of cerebral microbleeds (MBs) on T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is closely related to intracerebral hemorrhage. The present study investigated the incidence of MBs in patients undergoing ...
Tsai Yu-Che - - 2007
chronic inflammation contributes significantly to the morbidity and mortality of chronic hemodialysis patients. A recent research has shown that adipokines were associated with inflammation in these patients. We aim to investigate whether biomarkers of inflammation, adipokines, and clinical features can predict the outcome of hemodialysis patients. we enrolled 181 hemodialysis ...
Arkaravichien Wiwat - - 2006
Cephalosporins are epileptogenic drugs, especially when excessive dosages are used or when the drugs are used in patients with decreased renal clearance. The present case report showed that a chronic kidney patient receiving hemodialysis developed generalized tonic clonic seizures when an inappropriate high dose cefazolin was given. Cefazolin 2 g ...
Nwankwo E A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Despite available evidence based recommendations and guidelines there are differences in the preferred type of vascular access in use in different localities and geographical regions. This one center study on the practice pattern of vascular access was carried out in Maiduguri, Nigeria covering a period of the first 5 ...
Madias John E - - 2006
Association among weights, amplitude of QRS complexes, and QRS duration in patients with peripheral edema has been described. This study explored whether increase in QRS duration occurs with amelioration of peripheral edema or after hemodialysis. Sums of the amplitudes of the 12 electrocardiographic leads and corresponding QRS duration were measured ...
Mastalerz-Migas A - - 2006
Oxidative stress is at play in the progression of chronic renal failure (CRF) and in the genesis of atherosclerosis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the factors that might influence the oxidative-antioxidative balance in patients on hemodialysis. The study group consisted of 71 hemodialysis patients due to ...
Danese M D - - 2006
At any given time, approximately 27% of patients in the United States (US) receive hemodialysis through a permanent catheter. However, this cross-sectional estimate may significantly underestimate the lifetime exposure of patients to hemodialysis catheters, and hence, to the excess risk of the adverse clinical events associated with catheter use. To ...
H - Khademi
Abstract Introduction. End stage renal disease (ESRD) is the last stage of the decending process of structural and functional distruction of kidneys. This process is often combined with acute diseases like glumerulonephritis and pyelonephritis. Uremic smell of mouth, enamel hypoplasia and defects, increase in dental debries, periodontal diseases, considerable delay ...
Okamoto Koji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) influences the mortality of patients on hemodialysis therapy. Although the ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) is used widely to detect PAOD, it yields false-negative results because of calcifications of vascular walls. To more accurately assess the prevalence of PAOD, we investigated which noninvasive method, among ...
Krairittichai Udom - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anemia is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in chronic dialysis patients. The K/DOQI guideline recommends the target hemoglobin of 11-12 g/dl (hematocrit of 33-36%). However the appropriate hematocrit level for Thai hemodialysis patients has been controversial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of anemia on mortality in Thai ...
Fadrowski Jeffrey J JJ Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2006
Limited research has described clinical outcomes that are associated with the type of vascular access in pediatric patients who receive maintenance hemodialysis. This retrospective cohort study examined prevalent pediatric patients who were aged 12 to <18 yr and identified in the 2000 ESRD Clinical Performance Measures Project as receiving in-center ...
Racki Sanjin - - 2007
We analyzed survival rates of 144 prevalent patients on maintenance hemodialysis from 1998 to 2003 at the Department of Nephrology and Dialysis, Rijeka University Hospital, Rijeka, Croatia, and evaluated risk factors predicting their survival. Included were only end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients on maintenance hemodialysis treatment dialysed more than 6 ...
Sonawane Samsher - - 2006
In patients on chronic dialysis, unfractionated heparin (UFH) is the most commonly used agent for anticoagulation of the hemodialysis extracorporeal circuit, for hemodialysis catheter "locking" between dialysis treatments, and for nondialysis indications such as venous thromboembolic disease, peripheral vascular disease, and acute coronary artery disease. Potentially serious complications of UFH, ...
Duijm Lucien E M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to prospectively determine the incidence of inflow stenoses in dysfunctional hemodialysis access arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) and grafts (AVGs). METHODS: Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) was performed of 66 dysfunctional AVFs and 35 AVGs in 56 men and 45 women (mean age, 62 years; ...
Yoshida Katsunori - - 2006
The pathogenesis of anemia in patients with chronic renal failure has been greatly attributed to erythropoietin (EPO) deficiency. Recently, however, there has been some thought that uremic inhibitors might suppress the activity of EPO and reduce the maturation of erythropoiesis. Polyamines are well known to be involved in the regulation ...
Kawashima Shuji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In Japan, prophylactic hemodialysis has been considered useful for preventing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). METHOD AND RESULTS: To assess whether hemodialysis prevented CIN, 391 patients (age: 69 +/- 8 years, 63 females) with chronic renal insufficiency (CRI, serum creatinine level (Scr) > or = 1.3 mg/dl) who underwent cardiac catheterization, ...
Hu Weixin - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Removal of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody by extracorporeal treatment including plasmapheresis or immunoadsorption (IA) has been considered an effective method in the treatment of Goodpasture's syndrome. In this study, we investigated the effect of IA on serum anti-GBM level and evaluated its clinical efficacy in patients with Goodpasture's ...
Avery-Lynch Margaret - - 2006
Protein and calorie malnutrition have been encountered more frequently than expected in the hemodialysis patients. Intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) has been documented to improve nutritional status in hemodialysis patients in both acute and chronic settings (Henrich, 1996). The aim of this study was to support the usage of IDPN in ...
Dvornik Stefica - - 2006
Zinc is necessary for growth and cells' division. Its deficiency may seriously affect antioxidant defense system and is usually related to renal failure, gastrointestinal diseases and alcoholism. It is very important to know zinc status in dialyzed patients and to prevent hypo- or hyperzincemia. Serum samples from 89 patients with ...
Lang Susanne M - - 2006
Impaired lung function in hemodialysis patients may be caused by an underlying pulmonary disease; however, the impact of uremia and the effects of dialysis treatment are not well understood. Our investigation aimed to characterize the acute effects of bicarbonate hemodialysis using membranes differing in biocompatibility on various parameters of lung ...
Kokoglu Omer Faruk - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is prevalent in hemodialysis (HD) patients. These patients experience more side-effects with antiviral treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of pegylated interferon (PEG-IFN) alpha-2a in chronic hemodialysis patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODS: Twenty-five patients ...
Coen Giorgio - - 2006
Cardiac calcifications are a frequent finding in hemodialysis for chronic renal failure. Several factors may play a role in the intimal and medial calcification of coronary arteries such as age and some known atherogenetic factors. In addition, Fetuin-A has been proposed as a protective agent through solubilization of calcium phosphate ...
Grabsch Elizabeth A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of environmental and healthcare worker (HCW) contamination with vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) during outpatient procedures performed on fecally continent patients currently colonized with VRE (cVRE) or previously colonized with VRE (pVRE). DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Outpatient consultation and radiology rooms and the hemodialysis unit in a ...
Hsieh Yi-Yueh - - 2006
Although the connection between aluminum intoxication and dialysis dementia was identified in the 1980s, understanding of trace element imbalances in hemodialysis patients is as yet incomplete. Recent application of newer inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP/MS) techniques has resulted in renewed study of this population. We used ICP/MS to evaluate serum ...
Zoccali R - - 2006
Defense mechanisms are automatic psychological processes that protect the individual against anxiety and from the awareness of internal or external dangers or stressors. The influence of defense mechanisms in patients on chronic hemodialysis treatment was studied. There were 53 uremic subjects (37 males and 16 females), aged between 22 and ...
Hamid Nasri
To elucidate whether and how in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD), infection of <I>H. pylori</I> intensifies the anemia, a cross-sectional study that was conducted on 39 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing maintenance hemodialysis treatment who had various upper gastrointestinal complaints consisting of epigastric pain, epigastric burning, postprandial fullness, ...
Mohammad Rahimian
Malnutrition is a main problem in undergone hemodialysis patients. Early diagnosis is important and life saving. Using anthropometric indices can help for rapid diagnoses. This study was done to compare anthropometric indices with biochemical parameters. We monitored 60 patients that underwent hemodialysis in Shaheed Rahnemoon hospital. Biochemical parameters and anthropometric ...
Caldiero Ryan M - - 2006
Buprenorphine-naloxone is an office-based opioid agonist released in 2003 in the United States for the maintenance of heroin- and other opioid-dependent patients. Concern has been raised that the medication will distract or otherwise inhibit patients from participating in a holistic recovery program or abstinence-based counseling. Using a retrospective chart review, ...
Kobras K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease display enhanced genomic damage. We investigated the relation between genomic damage and different treatment modalities. METHODS: In a longitudinal study two groups of patients were analyzed in monthly intervals. We assessed the initiation of hemodialysis in 5 conservatively treated patients, and a switch from ...
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