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Li Wei-Chun - - 2010
Whether or not uncemented total hip arthroplasty (THA) can achieve durable fixation of implants to bone in patients on chronic hemodialysis is unknown. We analyzed the 2-13-year clinical outcomes of cementless THA in patients with end-stage renal diseases who were maintained on long-term hemodialysis. We reviewed the outcome of 23 ...
Kuo Chiung-Wen - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the bone status of hemodialysis patients and identify factors that have influence on bone quality. Four hundred eighty-nine subjects (213 males and 276 females) on maintenance hemodialysis and 696 healthy subjects (309 men, 387 women) were enrolled in this study. Speed of ...
Cavalli A - - 2010
Hemodialysis was born in 1945 to treat acute renal failure, and it has progressively become a rescue therapy for patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5, otherwise doomed to death. During the years, technological innovations have led to improved dialytic tolerance, making possible to extend the treatment to a ...
Afshar Reza - - 2010
Anemia is a common sequealae of chronic kidney disease (CKD), associated with significant morbidity. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 100 CKD patients (54 hemodialyzed, 46 pre-dialyzed). Data including, complete blood count, BUN, creatinine, creatinine clearance, underlying diseases and hemodialysis duration were collected by a questionnaire. The most frequent morphologic ...
Rangel Erika B - - 2010
A severe disadvantage of administration of recombinant human erythropoietin to hemodialysis patients has been reported. A significant correlation has been shown with hemoglobin values determined online by use of the blood volume monitor (BVM) and by laboratory measurement. Online hemoglobin and hematocrit were measured by use of the BVM during ...
Małgorzewicz S - - 2010
The aim of this study was to investigate the serum concentration of adipokines, such as leptin, adiponectin, and resistin, and assess its relation to nutritional and inflammatory parameters in both overweight and normal weight patients on maintenance hemodialysis. A total of 36 hemodialysis patients (27 M, 9 F; mean age ...
Kybartienė Sondra - - 2010
There are no data about arteriovenous fistulas (AVF) formation, survival, and complications rate in patients with end-stage renal failure in Lithuania. We analyzed the data of patients (N=272) with end-stage renal failure, dialyzed at the Hospital of Kaunas University of Medicine from January 1, 2000, until March 30, 2010, and ...
Roozbeh Jamshid - - 2010
We present an unusual case of a chronic hemodialysis patient with moderate diffuse acrocyanosis and prominent unilateral clubbing of his right hand fingers, with classic physical features of hypertrophic osteoarthropathy. The patient's left hand, which had a functioning arteriovenous fistula, did not show any evidence of clubbing. We briefly discuss ...
Di Iorio Biagio Raffaele - - 2010
In the article "Vascular calcification and QT interval in incident hemodialysis patients", by Di Iorio B.R. et al, published in J Nephrol 2009; 22(6): 694-698, the abstract was misprinted. We hereby reprint the correct version: "This study proposes to evaluate the impact of different phosphate binders on the slowing of ...
Prakash M - - 2010
Paraoxonase (PON) is an aryldialkylphosphatase, which reversibly binds and hydrolyzes organophosphates. The PON family has three members (PON1, PON2 and PON3); they share structural properties and enzymatic activities. PON1 is shown to reside over high density lipoprotein (HDL) and has both antioxidant and antiatherogenic functions. Function of PON2 and PON3 ...
Kjeldsen Keld - - 2010
Worldwide, approximately three million people suffer sudden cardiac death annually. These deaths often emerge from a complex interplay of substrates and triggers. Disturbed potassium homeostasis among heart cells is an example of such a trigger. Thus, hypokalemia and, also, more transient reductions in plasma potassium concentration are of importance. Hypokalemia ...
Gawarammana Indika Bandara - - 2010
Bungarotoxin present in Bungarus caeruleus (BC) causes life threatening respiratory muscle paralysis. Deep coma and hypokalaemia have been observed in a significant proportion of patients, but the cause is unknown. We postulate the likely mechanism behind these two phenomena. We studied clinical details of two patients admitted with deep coma ...
Munguia M Marco M UNI-Asdi-FEC Group, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, National University of Engineering, UNI, Managua, Nicaragua. - - 2010
In this paper, a feature extraction method based on principal component analysis was developed for classification of the vascular access's condition in hemodialysis patients. The assessment of the method was carried out by discriminating between before and after angioplasty sound recordings as well as before angioplasty and reference recordings. The ...
Javed Faizan F School of Electrical Engineering and Telecommunications, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, Australia. - - 2010
Renal failure patients provide a good model of fluid overload with the process of hemodialysis leading to central hypovolemia. This study aims to assess if hemodialysis induces identifiable changes in ear photoplethysmographic waveform variability (PPGV). The results are based on data collected from 10 kidney failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis; ...
Stockler-Pinto M B - - 2010
In patients who have undergone hemodialysis, large amounts of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are produced and, at higher concentrations, ROS are thought to be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease. It has been proposed that selenium (Se) may exert an antiatherogenic influence by reducing oxidative stress. The richest known ...
Rios Danyelle Romana Alves - - 2010
Patients undergoing hemodialysis may show both thrombotic complications and bleeding abnormalities. Hemostatic changes in patients on hemodialysis may result from alterations in vessel wall integrity and platelet function, and reduced blood flow in the native arteriovenous fistula. Vascular complications represent 20-25% of all hospitalizations of patients on hemodialysis. Literature survey ...
Srivaths Poyyapakkam R - - 2010
Malnutrition, inflammation, and renal osteodystrophy parameters with resultant coronary calcification (CC) are associated with increased cardiovascular mortality in adults. Previous pediatric studies demonstrated CC in children but none assessed for an association between inflammation, malnutrition, renal osteodystrophy, and CC. To assess CC, ultrafast computerized tomogram was obtained for 16 pediatric ...
Wang Chih-Chiang - - 2009
Hypercalcemic crisis, a life-threatening emergency, is defined as decompensated hypercalcemia presented with characteristic symptoms such as oliguria, cardiac arrhythmia, or coma. We report the case of a 63-year-old man diagnosed with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma and multiple bony metastases, who presented to the emergency department (ED) with coma and severe ...
Friedman David J - - 2009
Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) suffer exceptionally high mortality rates in their first year of chronic hemodialysis. Both vitamin D and fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-23 levels correlate with survival in these patients. Klotho is a protein in the vitamin D/FGF-23 signaling pathway that has been linked with accelerated aging ...
Betjes Michiel G H - - 2009
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)-seropositive patients with ESRD may have more CD4(+) T cells lacking the co-stimulatory molecule CD28 (CD4(+)CD28null) than CMV-seronegative patients. Increased numbers of CD28null T cells associates with epoetin nonresponsiveness in patients with ESRD, but whether expansion of CD4+CD28null T cells in CMV-seropositive patients associates with demand for epoetin is ...
Simic-Ogrizovic Sanja - - 2009
The most frequent cause of death in hemodialysis patients is cardiovascular disease with chronic inflammation being an epidemiologically proved risk factor. Many studies have shown C-reactive protein (CRP) as the strongest predictor of long-term mortality of hemodialysis patients, while other reports have indicated acute phase proteins as potential predictors of ...
Sioulis A - - 2009
The aim of our study was to assess the coagulation factors as endothelial dysfunction markers and prospectively their association with thrombotic episodes in chronic hemodialysis patients. Fifty-four randomly selected patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD), 34 men and 20 women were included in this study. Their mean age was 56 years ...
Levitt Helena - - 2009
Calcium, phosphorus, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels are routinely measured in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. Medications, diet, and dialytic therapies are modified based upon these lab values to achieve specific goal values in the hope of improving outcomes. However, the variability of these values in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis has ...
Raj Dominic S C DS Division of Renal Diseases and Hypertension, George Washington University, Washington, DC, - - 2009
CD14 is a pattern-recognition receptor that has a central immunomodulatory role in proinflammatory signaling in response to a variety of ligands, including endotoxin. CD14 protein is present in 2 forms: soluble (sCD14) and membrane bound. Here, we studied the implications of increased sCD14 levels in hemodialysis patients. We hypothesized that ...
Atkinson A J AJ - - 2009
Intermittent hemodialysis is the primary supportive therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease, who commonly receive several drugs to treat both their underlying disease and the conditions that arise during long-term hemodialysis therapy. Many of these drugs are dialyzable, and their hemodialytic removal may compromise therapeutic efficacy if appropriate supplementary ...
Skouroliakou Maria - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the factors that affect the resting energy expenditure (REE) and nutritional status of hemodialysis patients, and to assess any differences with healthy subjects. DESIGN: This was an observational case-control study. SETTING: This study took place at the Hemodialysis Units of the Laikon General Hospital and 401 ...
Hashemi Mohammad - - 2009
It has been established that overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) occurs during hemodialysis causing oxidation of proteins. Alpha-1-antitrypsin is the major circulating anti-protease which contains methionine in the active site. The aim of the present study was to measure the level of serum trypsin inhibitory capacity (sTIC) in hemodialysis ...
Yoo Lawrence - - 2009
Pregabalin is prescribed for neuropathic pain. We report the first case of pregabalin toxicity in a hemodialysis patient and her successful treatment with hemodialysis. The patient was a 30-year-old woman on long-term hemodialysis therapy who experienced significant myoclonus of the arms and legs when her dose of pregabalin was mistakenly ...
Chhetri P K - - 2009
End stage kidney disease (ESKD) is defined by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) less than 5 ml/min. These patients need renal replacement therapy (RRT). Hemodialysis is an established form of RRT. Studies on incenter hemodialysis are very few. Here we would like to present our experience on in-center hemodialysis in Nepal ...
Eaton Philip A - - 2009
Mid-dermal elastolysis (MDE) is a rare acquired disorder of unknown etiology that typically presents as discrete patches of wrinkling over the trunk and arms or as perifollicular papules in the same distribution. The histopathologic finding of a bandlike loss of elastic tissue localized to the mid dermis is diagnostic. Our ...
Bossola Maurizio - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to assess appetite and to examine at the same time the associations between self-reported appetite and orexigen (ghrelin) and anorexigen (free tryptophan, free tryptophan/large neutral amino acid ratios, low branched chain amino acid levels) substances in chronic hemodialysis patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional ...
Lee Chien-Te - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Both chronic inflammation and dysregulation of bone and mineral metabolism are closely related with long-term outcomes of dialysis patients. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between these two abnormalities. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study. SETTING: This study was performed at a hospital-based hemodialysis center. PATIENTS: We enrolled ...
Gombart Adrian F - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Human cathelicidin antimicrobial protein (hCAP18) is an antimicrobial and immunomodulatory peptide that has pleiotropic effects and is transcriptionally regulated by vitamin D. Because the administration of vitamin D analogues has been linked to decreased mortality among patients with end-stage renal disease, we hypothesized that low hCAP18 levels would identify ...
Yigla Mordechai - - 2009
Pulmonary hypertension in patients with end-stage renal disease on hemodialysis is a newly described entity. To determine its impact, we measured selected clinical variables in the survival of 127 hemodialysis patients. Overall, pulmonary hypertension was found in 37 of these patients; it was already prevalent in 17 of them before ...
Tokunaga Masaki - - 2009
Mizoribine (MZR) has shown to be effective against antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-related vasculitis; however, no reports have described the successful treatment of steroid-resistant ANCA-related vasculitis with MZR in patients with renal insufficiency requiring hemodialysis. We herein report the case of a 39-year-old man undergoing hemodialysis in whom MZR successfully lowered ...
Wen Y K - - 2009
Many patients with chronic renal failure have dyspeptic symptoms. However, mesenteric panniculitis as a cause of dyspepsia has not been described in this patient group. We report a 78-year-old hemodialysis patient who was admitted because of intractable dyspepsia. Investigations with ultrasonography, endoscopy and barium studies were all inconclusive. Computed tomography ...
Czock David - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To observe and report on the pharmacokinetics of irinotecan in a patient with end-stage renal failure (ESRF) who was undergoing hemodialysis. CASE SUMMARY: A 64-year-old man with metastatic colorectal cancer who was on hemodialysis was treated with irinotecan 50 mg/m(2) weekly for 3 weeks, followed by 1 week with ...
Sultania P - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Inadequate dialysis accounts for the high mortality in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD). In Nepal, due to various factors including financial and logistic limitations, hemodialysis is mostly performed twice-a-week. This study was undertaken to look at adequacy of dialysis in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis in Nepal where ...
Khedr Essam - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Hyperkalemia is a frequent problem in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis and is often attributed as a cause of deaths in these patients. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of hyperkalemia among Egyptian hemodialysis patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 400 ESRD ...
Kamal Ahmed - - 2009
The main objective of this study is to use the method of complex demodulation combined with posture entrainment protocol (changing from supine to standing position) to characterize the autonomic dysfunction before and after hemodialysis session. Twenty patients maintained on hemodialysis for an average 18 months were studied. All patients were ...
Sagheb Mohammad Mahdi - - 2009
Patients with end stage renal disease suffer from a high incidence of infectious diseases believed to be related to their impaired immune system. To determine the antitetanus and antidiphtheria IgG antibody levels in Iranian hemodialysis patients with end stage renal disease, as well as its association with sex, age, hemoglobin, ...
Fujii Hideki - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Fabry disease (FD) is a rare disease and one of the causes of progressive renal dysfunction. It results from an X-linked deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A activity. It has been reported that its prevalence is much higher in hemodialysis patients than in the general population. However, its prevalence in Japanese ...
Chen Szu-Chia - - 2009
Vascular access failure (VAF) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. The most common cause of VAF is stenosis at the arteriovenous anastomosis because of abnormal neointimal proliferation and extracellular matrix deposition. These two changes are also observed in the classic atheroma, which means atherosclerotic lesions and ...
Kusaba Tetsuro - - 2009
A long-acting erythropoiesis-stimulating agent named "darbepoetin alfa" (CAS 11096-26-7) was recently developed. Though it is already in use worldwide, especially in western countries, its efficacy and safety for Asian patients have not been well evaluated yet. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of short-term ...
Tonelli Marcello - - 2009
Hemodialysis patients are at risk for deficiency of essential trace elements and excess of toxic trace elements, both of which can affect health. We conducted a systematic review to summarize existing literature on trace element status in hemodialysis patients. All studies which reported relevant data for chronic hemodialysis patients and ...
Tarng Der-Cherng - - 2009
Serum ferritin level, the most commonly used marker for determining iron status in patients with chronic kidney disease, is influenced by factors such as inflammation and malnutrition. Moreover, there seems to be considerable biological variability and analytical variation between different serum ferritin assays. This Practice Point commentary discusses a recent ...
Hasebe Naoyuki - - 2008
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing hemodialysis. Such patients frequently develop complications such as asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). Accordingly, CAD must ideally be diagnosed at an early stage to improve prognosis. Although myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is valuable ...
Babu Kavita M - - 2008
An unresponsive 30-year-old female with a history of anxiety and chronic alcohol abuse presented to an emergency department with altered mental status and a severe metabolic acidosis. The patient was intubated for airway protection, and she empirically received folic acid, bicarbonate, and 5% ethanol continuous infusion for suspected ingestion of ...
Lee Chia-Chi - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease and predicts hospitalization in patients undergoing hemodialysis. An inverse association between circulating ghrelin and MS has been observed in adults. However, no data are available on the relationship between MS and serum total ghrelin levels in hemodialysis patients. ...
Chen Szu-Chia - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with chronic renal failure are highly predisposed to atherosclerosis. However, there is limited data about the direct comparison of atherosclerosis between patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis. The aim of this study was to compare ankle-brachial index (ABI) and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) between patients ...
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