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Results 551 - 600 of 717
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Rault R - - 1989
Forty patients undergoing hemodialysis were examined for bruits transmitted from the vascular access arm. In patients with forearm access, the bruits were localized to the clavicular and cervical regions on the same side. However, transmission to the sternal edge was noted in 8 of 10 patients with upper arm access. ...
Viron B - - 1989
A 3-year experience with the no-needle vascular prosthesis Hemasite, implanted in 10 patients who underwent hemodialysis and have a long history of multiple vascular access failures, is described. During 182 months of follow-up study, 30 thromboses occurred, while nine of 10 patients did not receive any antiplatelet aggregant treatment. Hemasite ...
Allon M - - 1989
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy and safety of nebulized albuterol in the acute treatment of hyperkalemia in patients on chronic hemodialysis. DESIGN: Prospective, double-blind, and placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Outpatient hemodialysis clinic at a university medical center. PATIENTS: Ten patients on maintenance hemodialysis who had chronic hyperkalemia. INTERVENTIONS: Patients received ...
Chen K S - - 1989
A 35-year-old male uremic patient developed the classical presentation of Reiter's syndrome after 3 years of regular hemodialysis. He had painful swelling of the left knee, sacroilitis, urethritis, balanitis, painless oral ulcers, acute uveitis and positive HLA-B27. Disease activity persisted and was aggravated although immune function studies showed depressed cellular ...
Kaiser W - - 1989
Hypercalcemic crisis represents a medical emergency. If conservative treatment is ineffective, low calcium bath or zero calcium bath hemodialysis are good alternatives. We report 4 patients treated with calcium free acetate hemodialysis because of hypercalcemic crisis due to breast cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, cirrhosis of the liver and immobilisation with hydrochlorothiazids' ...
Weiss L G - - 1989
In order to compare the effectiveness of aluminum removal in uremic patients during extracorporeal treatment, 17 patients with endstage renal failure were given a desferrioxamine infusion of 40 mg/kg body weight after an ordinary dialysis treatment. Forty-eight hours later 7 patients were treated with hemodialysis, 6 with hemofiltration and 4 ...
Pertosa G - - 1989
Plasma fibronectin (FN) was assayed in 30 patients with chronic renal failure under conservative therapy, 60 uremic patients undergoing periodic hemodialysis, and 7 patients treated by hemofiltration. Plasma FN was significantly lower in uremic patients on conservative therapy and in those who received intermittent hemodialysis than in the control group. ...
Floege J - - 1989
Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA), characterized by its association with beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m), has become a major concern in long-term hemodialysis patients. Hitherto the diagnosis was based on histological examinations of tissue obtained by biopsy or during surgery. In this preliminary study a new noninvasive diagnostic method was developed using the ...
Acchiardo S - - 1989
beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2M) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of amyloidosis in long-term dialysis patients. beta 2M levels were measured in patients with chronic renal failure: before and after conventional hemodialysis in 30, before and after high-flux (HF) hemodialysis in 35, and during the first hemodialysis treatment in five ...
Kunzendorf U - - 1989
Multivariate discriminant analysis was performed on data for 50 consecutive hemodialysis patients who had received aminoglycoside treatment because of severe bacterial infections. The 10 of the 60 clinical parameters considered to be most important were survival of patients (28/50 patients), success of treatment (27/50 patients), acute or chronic renal failure ...
Choi H S - - 1989
Two patients undergoing hemodialysis for 19 and 13 yr, respectively, developed intestinal infarction with extensive amyloid deposits in the muscle layer and blood vessels. In 1 patient the deposit reacted positively with antiserum to beta 2-microglobulin by immunohistochemical stain, and therefore was classified as beta 2-microglobulin in origin. The amyloid ...
Quesada J M - - 1989
We report the effect of calcitriol on natural killer (NK) cell activity in patients with chronic renal failure undergoing long-term hemodialysis. Natural killer cytotoxicity was significantly decreased in these patients when compared to healthy control subjects (13.1 +/- 1.3 vs 38.8 +/- 2.4%, P less than 0.001). These patients also ...
Klein L R - - 1988
Pruritus remains a significant complication of end-stage renal disease. Its cause in hemodialysis patients is not known. It has been postulated that increased numbers of mast cells occur in these patients and may account for the presence of pruritus. Our objective was to determine if there is a difference in ...
Reese W - - 1988
Chronic hemodialysis has led to the prolongation of life in many patients with end-stage renal disease, but has also allowed for the development of new diseases that are a consequence of this clinical setting. B2-microglobulin accumulation leading to systemic amyloidosis may be the most recent disease in this category. This ...
Takahashi S - - 1988
Beta-2 microglobulin-related amyloids were found in gastric biopsy specimens from 3 of 11 patients who had been on hemodialysis more than 10 years and examined. The deposits were found not only in arteriolar walls but also in lamina propria and muscle tissue. In another patient who was on hemodialysis for ...
Naidich J B - - 1988
Twenty-six patients undergoing long-term hemodialysis who had hand and wrist abnormalities were examined for the presence of concurrent spinal disease. Six patients (23%) were found to have spinal disease on radiographs. In four, the findings resembled those of a destructive spondyloarthropathy, and in two, a less destructive erosive arthritis. A ...
Arvanitakis C - - 1988
We studied 24 patients with end-stage chronic renal failure not treated with hemodialysis (CRF1) and 16 patients on regular hemodialysis (CRF2), to investigate the digestive, absorptive and morphological aspects of the small intestinal mucosa. Serum d-xylose test and biochemical parameters of absorption (serum calcium and proteins) were determined. Jejunal mucosal ...
Calzavara P - - 1988
In thirty anuric patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis the KT/V values obtained with the formula: (formula; see text) were compared with the values obtained with the following two formulae: (formula; see text) The results given by formulae B and C differed from those with formula A respectively by 12.81 +/- 11.98% ...
Kosten T - - 1988
Intravenous cocaine use in methadone patients has become a major problem because of both the complications of cocaine use and the potential spread of AIDS. During an eight week open trial we found that desipramine reduced cocaine craving and use in eight cocaine abusing methadone maintenance patients compared to eight ...
Nardi L - - 1988
The measurement of recirculation during two-needle hemodialysis has been shown to provide valuable information concerning distal hemoaccess stenosis and the loss of effective dialysis. Reference sources have suggested that levels of recirculation above 20% call for further investigation. We proposed a technique for routine recirculation measurement and studied 20 stable ...
Kamada T - - 1988
Free fatty acid-induced massive erythrocyte crenation has been reported in patients undergoing extracorporeal circulation (EC), suggesting that the crenated cells impair microcirculatory flow and tissue oxygenation during and after the operation. Effect of albumin administration on erythrocyte crenation was examined in 18 patients undergoing coronary bypass operation: 9 patients were ...
Ståhle-Bäckdahl M - - 1988
Twenty-nine patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis were examined for dermatologic symptoms. Nineteen patients (66%) complained of pruritus, which was classified as mild (34%), moderate (24%), and severe (8%). Patients with pruritus did not differ from those without pruritus regarding serum concentrations of creatinine, urea, calcium, alkaline phosphatase or aluminum, nor was ...
Pacifici G M - - 1987
The plasma protein binding of clonazepam was investigated in healthy volunteers, cirrhotic patients, chronic uremic patients maintained on hemodialysis, and patients with reduced renal function. Each group consisted of six subjects. The unbound fraction of clonazepam (mean +/- SEM) was 13.9 +/- 0.2% in volunteers. 17.1 +/- 1.0% in cirrhotic ...
Keller F - - 1987
Digitoxin is considered a risk factor for ventricular arrhythmias in hemodialysis patients. In a randomized, crossover controlled study, 55 hemodialysis outpatients with sinus rhythm were prospectively investigated in two 48-h periods of electrocardiographic monitoring, one on and one off digitoxin or vice versa. The frequency of ventricular ectopic beats (mean ...
van Geelen J A - - 1987
Hemodynamic tolerance to bicarbonate versus acetate hemodialysis was studied in seven ventilated, critically ill patients, suffering from acute renal failure. Both kinds of hemodialysis were carried out with a recirculating dialysate delivery system and a relatively low blood flow (180 ml/min). Each patient underwent two hemodialysis procedures, one with bicarbonate ...
Hardouin P - - 1987
Clinical and radiological analysis of a population of 80 patients undergoing hemodialysis showed a high incidence of joint symptoms and radiological abnormalities which could not with certainty be attributed to renal osteodystrophy (Part 1). In this same population, laboratory and pathologic studies were performed. Blood chemistry proved abnormal in most ...
Naidich J B - - 1987
Radiographs of the hand and wrist in 81 patients who had undergone hemodialysis for a minimum of 5 years (mean, 7.8 years) were reviewed. In 32 patients arthritic changes were found, consisting of articular erosions, joint space narrowings, periarticular cysts, and osteopenia. Seven of the 32 patients had periarticular calcific ...
Ono K - - 1987
Although the mechanism responsible for the genesis of acquired renal cysts in hemodialysis patients has not been clearly defined, obstruction of the nephron by deposition of oxalate crystals may be an important factor. We performed this study to investigate this possibility. In 51 dialysis patients, the number and size of ...
Yoshida S - - 1987
Four neurosurgical patients with acute renal failure are presented. Intracranial pressure (ICP), cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) osmolality, and plasma osmolality were measured before, during, and after hemodialysis. There was an increase in ICP during all six hemodialyses performed on these patients. An osmolality gradient was established between the plasma and the ...
Frangos-Plemenos M - - 1987
Serum ferroxidase I (ceruloplasmin) and ferroxidase II activities were studied in 49 uremic patients under conservative treatment, in 79 patients undergoing hemodialysis and in 56 healthy subjects, as controls. Ferroxidase I was significantly higher in both groups of patients. Ferroxidase II was significantly elevated only in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis. ...
Kelleher S P - - 1987
Regional citrate hemodialysis has been effectively used as an alternative to heparin anticoagulation during dialysis of patients at increased risk for bleeding. Few complications have been noted; however, we report the occurrence of severe metabolic alkalosis in two patients requiring high infusion rates of citrate during hemodialysis while being mechanically ...
Umlauf E - - 1987
Reasons for an unintentional weight loss were investigated in a retrospective study of 26 (13.5%) patients who, out of 192 patients, had revealed a continuous linear weight loss of more than 4 kg since commencing hemodialysis treatment. The investigated serum parameters were not indicative, nor were the regularly performed tuberculin ...
Ponassi A - - 1987
Granulocyte-macrophage progenitor cells (CFU-GM), leukocyte colony-stimulating activity (CSA), granuloblast differentiation and proliferation and the effect of uremic serum on the in vitro growth of normal CFU-GM have been studied in 8 chronic uremic patients treated with intermittent hemodialysis three times a week. The studies were performed in the postabsorptive state ...
Tietjen D P - - 1987
Subdural hematoma is an infrequent occurrence in association with hemodialysis. Because of its rarity, there is no widely accepted method of continuing dialysis in such patients. We describe a case of an interhemispheric subdural hematoma with apparent onset during hemodialysis, after which the patient was successfully managed with peritoneal dialysis ...
Riccioni N - - 1987
Phlebotomy is generally thought to be contraindicated in porphyria cutanea tarda (PTC) associated with hemodialysis for the anemia which is often present in uremic patients. We report a patient with a severe form of hemodialysis-related PTC and biochemical parameters suggestive of iron overload in whom treatment with small repeated phlebotomies ...
Aitken M L - - 1987
We questioned whether there was any way to predict which patients with high serum theophylline levels would develop life-threatening toxicity and thereby determine which patients might benefit from prophylactic therapeutic measures, such as hemoperfusion or hemodialysis. We reviewed the records of 54 consecutive patients seen over a five-year period in ...
Pahl M V - - 1986
Necropsy findings of hepatobiliary system from 78 patients with end-stage renal disease maintained on hemodialysis are reported. Ninety percent of the patients exhibited some abnormalities. Multiple abnormalities often coexisted in each patient. Hepatomegaly was found in 50% of the patients and could be attributed to a discernible cause in all ...
Yamamoto T - - 1986
The relation of thirst to the renin-angiotensin system was examined in 38 patients with chronic renal failure receiving hemodialysis treatment. They were classified into three groups, ie, group 1 (19 patients), no or modest thirst; group 2 (13 patients), moderate thirst; and group 3 (six patients), excessive thirst. The plasma ...
Panzetta G - - 1986
Nine patients with intolerance to acetate hemodialysis were treated with biofiltration. It consisted of a 4 hour acetate hemodialysis during which an additional 2 liters of ultrafiltrate was replaced by a bicarbonate solution (100 mEq/l). Hypotensive episodes disappeared and six out of nine patients were symptomless during the session. Compared ...
Osterloh J D - - 1986
To evaluate the utility of serum formate concentrations, four patients were studied after ingestion of a methanolic copying fluid. All patients were initially intoxicated. Twelve to twenty-four hours later, signs and symptoms included nausea, abdominal pain, hypokalemia, acidosis (three patients), and pathologic ocular findings (two patients). All patients were treated ...
Shapiro W B - - 1986
Chronic hemofiltration as a treatment for end stage renal disease has been shown to have several advantages over standard hemodialysis including: improvement in well being, increased strength, decrease in hypotensive episodes during treatment and decrease in the degree of hypertension between treatments. The major drawback of hemofiltration as practiced today ...
Monti J P - - 1986
The use of 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance with aqueous shift reagent has made it possible to determine intracellular sodium concentrations in living erythrocytes. We applied this technique to samples from 16 healthy subjects and 41 uremic patients. The results seem to show distinct populations among the latter. Classically, two different ...
Peces Serrano R - - 1986
In order to examine the effect of different dialysates on hemodialysis-induced hypoxemia, 6 stable patients with chronic pulmonary disease (CPD) were compared with 8 control subjects using, alternately, acetate and bicarbonate in the dialysate. These patients were also studied during acetate dialysis and 2 liters/min of nasally administered oxygen. In ...
Barsotti G - - 1986
Metabolic acidosis was corrected within 1 h in 7 chronic anuric uremic patients on maintenance hemodialysis and, in the course of a week, in 11 other patients on conservative therapy. These patients were on a diet supplying constant amounts of phosphate throughout the duration of the study. In the former ...
Taccone-Gallucci M - - 1986
We have recently described that in the erythrocytes from uremic patients on chronic hemodialysis, the pentose-phosphate shunt is defective, the membrane concentrations of malonyldialdehyde, resulting from peroxidation of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the membranes themselves, are increased, and the concentrations of vitamin E, an antioxidizing agent, are reduced. In the ...
Chou C T - - 1985
One hundred and two consecutive patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis were interviewed and examined to analyze their musculoskeletal problems. Radiographic abnormalities of renal osteodystrophy were found in 23 and there were periarticular calcifications in 5. Only one patient had apatite associated knee arthritis and none had gout or calcium pyrophosphate deposition ...
Morita T - - 1985
Carpal tunnel syndrome developed in six patients receiving long-term (12 to 17 years) hemodialysis. Biopsy specimens of tendons and synovial-tendon sheaths showed deposition of eosinophilic hyalin material exhibiting many properties of amyloid. However, this material did not react with antibodies to known amyloid proteins, except for the P component. On ...
Jones P G - - 1985
Uremic patients frequently have low baseline temperatures and a blunted febrile response to infection. We investigated the first step in the generation of a febrile response, the production of leukocytic pyrogen (LP) by blood monocytes, in 12 patients on chronic hemodialysis, five patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), and ...
Shusterman N - - 1985
Erythrocyte sedimentation was studied in stable patients with chronic renal failure free of complicating illnesses. The mean (+/- SD) Westergren erythrocyte sedimentation rate was 49 +/- 26 mm/hr in patients not receiving dialysis and 60 +/- 33 mm/hr in patients receiving hemodialysis. Both values are significantly higher than normal. Because ...
Goldberg J P - - 1985
Thrombosis of arteriovenous access is a major cause of morbidity in the patient population undergoing hemodialysis. This investigation utilized the technique of infusing streptokinase directly into the afferent limb of an occluded graft or fistula to restore patency. A total of seven patients was studied, one patient on two separate ...
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