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De Renzis Alioscia - - 2013
This study evaluated clinical and neuroradiological results in 13 consecutive patients with spontaneous and traumatic direct carotid cavernous fistulas treated at our center between January 2006 and September 2012. All patients were treated by coiling of the cavernous sinus. Coiling was always performed while a semi-compliant non-detachable balloon was temporarily ...
Kwok Albert C H - - 2013
INTRODUCTION: Stomal varices can develop in patients with ostomy in the setting of portal hypertension. Bleeding from the stomal varices is uncommon, but the consequences can be disastrous. Haemorrhage control measures that have been described in the literature include pressure dressings, stomal revision, mucocutaneous disconnection, variceal suture ligation and sclerotherapy. ...
Xiong Will W - - 2013
AIMS: Differentiation between supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) and ventricular tachycardia (VT) remains a substantial clinical challenge in patients with single-chamber implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) due to absence of visible P waves. Innovative optimization of intrathoracic electrogram (EGM) configuration will facilitate P-wave detection and rhythm differentiation during tachycardia.METHODS AND RESULTS: Innovative optimization of ...
Thomas Mary - - 2012
Keratosis pilaris (KP) is characterized by keratinous plugs in the follicular orifices and varying degrees of perifollicular erythema. The most accepted theory of its pathogenesis proposes defective keratinization of the follicular epithelium resulting in a keratotic infundibular plug. We decided to test this hypothesis by doing dermoscopy of patients diagnosed ...
Ott Patrick A - - 2012
Background Arginine deiminase (ADI) is an enzyme that degrades arginine, an amino acid that is important for growth and development of normal and neoplastic cells. Melanoma cells are auxotrophic for arginine, because they lack argininosuccinatesynthetase (ASS), a key enzyme required for the synthesis of arginine. Patients and methods Patients with ...
Khalifa Nouran M - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and a novel marker of vascular endothelial dysfunction, and thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI), a risk factor for venous thrombosis, to the predisposition of coronary restenosis following stent implantation ...
Logadottir Yr - - 2012
Abstract Objective. Bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC) includes a heterogeneous collection of underlying pathological conditions. Compared to the classic IC with a Hunner lesion, now denominated ESSIC type 3C, the non-Hunner type of BPS/IC appears different in a number of respects. In a previous study, measuring luminal nitric oxide (NO) ...
Jung Carla S - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Under physiological conditions, vasoconstrictors and vasodilators are counterbalanced. After aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) disturbance of this equilibrium may evoke delayed cerebral vasospasm (CVS) leading to delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Most studies examined either the vasoconstrictor endothelin-1 (ET-1) or the vasodilative pathway of nitric oxide (NO) and did not include ...
Weiss Scott L - - 2012
Increased plasma concentrations of the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, asymmetric dimethylarginine, decreased arginine bioavailability, and mitochondrial dysfunction have been reported in adult sepsis. We studied whether asymmetric dimethylarginine, arginine, and carnitine metabolism (a measure of mitochondrial dysfunction) are altered in pediatric sepsis and whether these are clinically useful biomarkers. ...
Paroni R - - 2012
The plasma concentration of asymmetrical dimethylarginine (ADMA), an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, has been linked to endothelial dysfunction. We investigated the relation between ADMA, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine concentrations and erectile dysfunction. We compared plasma levels of ADMA, SDMA and L-arginine in 61 men in good health with ...
Napora Maria - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Asymmetric dimethylarginin (ADMA) is an endogenous inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, considered an effector of endothelial dysfunction.Among multiple diseases associated with elevated ADMA, chronic renal disease is often quoted, and ADMA is thought to be related to certain adverse effects of chronic uremia. Association between left ventricle (LV) structure and ...
Celik Murat - - 2012
Background: It is yet to be established which factors are responsible for differences among patients with the same degree of coronary artery disease in terms of coronary collateral development (CCD). Methods: Patients who had a greater than or equal to 95% stenosis in at least one epicardial coronary artery were ...
Speranza Lorenza - - 2012
Heart Failure (HF) is characterized by activation inflammatory mediators that contributes to the disease progression. Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) plasma levels increase in HF with a prognostic significance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression and activity of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in peripheral blood mononuclear ...
Brenner Thorsten - - 2012
Dysfunctions of the L-arginine (L-arg)/nitric-oxide (NO) pathway are suspected to be important for the pathogenesis of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in septic shock. Therefore plasma concentrations of L-arg and asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) were measured in 60 patients with septic shock, 30 surgical patients and 30 healthy volunteers using enzyme ...
Martinelli Diego - - 2011
Δ(1)-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) catalyzes the first two steps of ornithine/proline biosynthesis. P5CS deficiency has been reported in three families, with patients presenting with cutis/joint laxity, cataracts, and neurodevelopmental delay. Only one family exhibited metabolic changes consistent with P5CS deficiency (low proline/ornithine/citrulline/arginine; fasting hyperammonemia). Here we report a new P5CS-deficient patient ...
Bockenhauer Detlef - - 2011
Nephrogenic syndrome of inappropriate antidiuresis (NSIAD) is an X-linked disorder caused by activating mutations in arginine vasopressin receptor 2 (AVPR2), resulting in persistently concentrated urine. We report on a family affected by NSIAD with the known mutation R137C, an arginine to cysteine substitution at amino acid 137. The spectrum of ...
Stultz Jeremy S - - 2011
Background: Citrulline is a nonessential amino acid produced solely in the enterocyte. Plasma citrulline concentration has been proposed as a noninvasive biomarker for bowel length, function, and dependency on parenteral nutrition (PN). The purpose of this study was to determine if citrulline concentrations differed between pediatric patients with and without ...
Scherbakov Nadja - - 2011
Background: Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is relevant for the development of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) competes with L-arginine and has been implicated in the development of ED. Increased levels of ADMA have been found in chronic heart failure (CHF). We hypothesized that peripheral ED in acute ischemic stroke ...
Montagnana Martina - - 2011
Patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis have a high risk of arterial thrombotic events as well as vascular access thrombosis (VAT). The latter complication has been consistently associated with inherited (i.e., the prothrombin 20210 polymorphism, and polymorphisms in the genes encoding for transforming growth factor-β1, nitric oxide synthase, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, angiotensin ...
Niu Dau-Ming - - 2011
6-Pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS) deficiency is the most frequent form of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiency related to hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA). PTPS deficiency may not only cause a typical phenylketonuric phenotype, but is also accompanied by various neurological signs and symptoms due to impaired synthesis of catecholamines and serotonin. The treatment of PTPS deficiency ...
Lüneburg Nicole - - 2011
Methylarginines have been shown to interfere with nitric oxide (NO) formation by inhibiting NO synthase (asymmetric dimethylarginine, ADMA) and cellular L-arginine uptake into the cell (ADMA, and symmetric dimethylarginine, SDMA). In a recent study elevation of SDMA was related to long term mortality in patient recruited 30 days after a ...
Niu Dau-Ming - - 2011
6-Pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase (PTPS) deficiency is the most frequent form of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) deficiency related to hyperphenylalaninemia (HPA). PTPS deficiency may not only cause a typical phenylketonuric phenotype, but is also accompanied by various neurological signs and symptoms due to impaired synthesis of catecholamines and serotonin. The treatment of PTPS deficiency ...
Valayannopoulos Vassili - - 2011
BACKGROUND: X-linked cerebral creatine deficiency is caused by the deficiency of the creatine transporter (CTP) encoded by the SLC6A8 gene. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report here a series of six patients with severe CTP deficiency, four males and two females; clinical presentations include mild to severe mental retardation (6/6), associated ...
Song Sang-Heon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: It is important to define callus maturation and corticalization during distraction osteogenesis. Quantitative methods such as ultrasound and Q-computed tomography are sensitive but expensive. The pixel value ratio (PVR) obtained using a PACS (picture archiving and communication system) is a simple and cost-effective investigation tool. Recently, the issue of ...
Samir Hatem - - 2011
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is a multi-systemic disorder that involves primarily CNS, skin, kidney and heart. The aim of this study is to determine whether seizures type, interictal EEGs and tubers burden in MRI are correlated to seizure and intellectual outcome, and to identify the clinical risk factors for mental ...
Moiemen Naiem - - 2011
This study looked at clinical and histological outcomes of patients treated with Integra more than 2 years earlier. Although previous studies have investigated the short-term clinical and histological results, there have been no studies to investigate longer-term changes. Fourteen patients (23 sites) were assessed. Patients used a visual analogue scale ...
Coppola G - - 2011
To report on the first multicenter Italian experience with rufinamide as adjunctive drug in children, adolescents and young adults with refractory childhood-onset epileptic encephalopathies other than Lennox-Gastaut syndrome. Thirty-eight patients (19 males, 19 females), aged between 4 and 34 (mean 13.7 ± 8.3, median 12.5), all affected by different types ...
Durá-Travé T - - 2011
Background:  The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiologic, clinical, and evolutional characteristics in patients who presented convulsions with mild gastroenteritis (CwG) to facilitate the diagnosis in daily clinical practice. Methods:  Twenty-five medical records of patients diagnosed with CwG were reviewed, and the epidemiological and clinical features, results ...
Rellosa Neil - - 2011
Reported neurologic manifestations of novel H1N1 influenza have included seizure, meningoencephalitis, and acute necrotizing encephalopathy. We describe the first series of pediatric patients presenting during the second wave of the US novel H1N1 pandemic, with protracted seizures, severe encephalopathy/encephalitis, and acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. In addition to prominent radiographic abnormalities, we ...
Boison Detlev - - 2011
Clinical evidence, in particular the wide use of theophylline as a bronchodilator, suggests that methylxanthines can cause seizures in patients without known underlying epilepsy. Theophylline is also known to be an added risk factor for seizure exacerbation in patients with epilepsy. The proconvulsant activity of methylxanthines can best be explained ...
Narita Masato - - 2011
Several factors have been reported to affect liver regeneration after portal vein embolization (PVE); however, the effect of sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) has not been evaluated. Therefore, we assessed the effect of SOS on liver regeneration after PVE in patients with multiple bilobar colorectal liver metastases scheduled to undergo two-stage ...
Lhatoo Samden D - - 2010
Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) accounts for approximately 1 in 5 deaths in patients with epilepsy, but its cause remains unexplained. A recorded seizure resulting in death in our center appeared to suggest that postictal generalized electroencephalographic (EEG) suppression (PGES) and apnea are implicated in SUDEP. Our objective was ...
Specchio N - - 2011
Background:  We describe a group of previously normal children who developed severe focal epilepsy after an acute/sub-acute illness resembling encephalitis. Methods:  This is a retrospective study. An acute phase (encephalitis/encephalopathy period) and a chronic phase (chronic focal resistant epilepsy) were defined. Results:  Eight patients were enrolled. The median age at ...
Velizarova Reana - - 2010
We report a patient with a history of rare generalised tonic-clonic seizures and recurrent absence status who was diagnosed with a rare variant of idiopathic generalised epilepsy and absence status epilepsy. No other pathology was identified and MRI was normal. During a follow-up of 17 years, we recorded a single ...
Ren Liankun - - 2010
Using intracranial electroencephalographic recordings, we identified a distinct brain activity in 3 patients with refractory epilepsy characterized by very early occurrence from 8 minutes 10 seconds to 22 minutes 40 seconds prior to clinical seizure onset, periodical appearance of slow negative baseline shift, long interpeak interval of 40 to 120 ...
Powell R - - 2010
We describe a young patient who presented with a subacute encephalopathy and dyskinesias, together with video footage of the acute illness and convalescent period. A 19-year-old woman presented with a 3-week history of insomnia and paranoia, progressing to visual and auditory hallucinations and eventually frank psychosis. She was referred to ...
Cersósimo Ricardo O - - 2011
We discuss the effectiveness, tolerability, and safety of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) as adjunctive therapy in 26 patients with refractory epileptic encephalopathies (EEs). Twenty-six patients (17 male and 9 female) with electroclinical features compatible with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) in 20 patients, Dravet syndrome (DS) in 3 patients, and epilepsy with ...
Guaranha Mirian S B - - 2011
To investigate if phenotypic variations have prognostic implications in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). Sixty-five consecutive JME patients had video-EEG recording and were followed for at least three years. Reflex traits were defined as seizures and/or EEG discharges induction by eye-closure, photic stimulation, language, praxis or calculation. Patients had psychiatric evaluation ...
Osorio Ivan - - 2010
Automated seizure detection ushers the prospect for issuance of warning, but to benefit from it, patients must be responsive when warnings are issued. By use of a complex reaction time test triggered by a seizure detection algorithm, the latency to impairment of responsiveness was measured during seizure versus interictal conditions ...
Zijlmans Maeike - - 2011
High frequency oscillations (HFOs) can be recorded with depth electrodes in focal epilepsy patients. They occur during seizures and interictally and seem important in seizure genesis. We investigated whether interictal and ictal HFOs occur in the same regions and how they relate to epileptiform spikes. In 25 patients, spikes, ripples ...
Wu Yi-Jen - - 2010
Seizures related to nonketotic hyperglycemia (NKH) are often encountered in clinical practice. Among such seizures, reflex seizures are rare, and most of them are movement-induced focal seizures. We describe five patients with NKH and reflex seizures induced exclusively by playing Mah-Jong, a traditional and popular game in Chinese society. Four ...
Toledano Rafael - - 2010
The main feature of akinetic seizures is the inhibition of voluntary movements without impairment of awareness. Most clinical information about akinetic seizures has been obtained from cortical electrical stimulation studies, whereas clinical and video-electroen-cephalography (EEG) features have not been described thoroughly. We aimed to analyze clinical and EEG characteristics of ...
Bateman Lisa M - - 2010
Ictal respiratory dysfunction occurs in patients with epilepsy and may contribute to sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP). Fluoxetine reverses respiratory arrest in a mouse model of epilepsy, suggesting that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) may reduce ictal respiratory dysfunction. Video–electroencephalography (EEG) and pulse oximetry data from 496 seizures in ...
Kamal Ahmed K - - 2010
To use spectral analysis to assess the autonomic activity of epileptic patients compared with normal patients, and to assess the clinical usefulness of the applied methods of signal processing. Forty-eight patients with generalized tonic-clonic seizures and who were not taking any medications, and 48 age and gender matched controls participated ...
Viveiros Cynthia Dumas - - 2010
The prevalence of epilepsy in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients has been a subject of interest for some years. The objectives of this study were to describe the clinical, radiological and electroencephalographic characteristics of epileptic seizures and to calculate the prevalence of epilepsy in a case series of MS patients. Medical ...
Ma Chi-yuan - - 2010
To assess the preventive effect of sodium valproate on early posttraumatic seizures in traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. The retrospective study was based on 159 patients with TBI treated at Department of Neurosurgery, Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Command enrolled between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2009. The in-hospital ...
Ali F - - 2010
Aims Varying linguistic profiles between patients with epilepsy and patients with non-epileptic attack disorder (NEAD) may reflect underlying variations in subjective seizure experience (Plug et al 2009). We hypothesised that exploration of subjective seizure symptoms could enhance knowledge of the differing natures between epilepsy and NEAD. We performed a quantitative ...
Oehl Bernhard - - 2010
Characterization of seizure semiology in patients with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) based on video-electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring (VEM). We retrospectively analyzed seizure semiology of 31 patients (20 male, mean age 23.5 years) who underwent VEM at the University Hospitals Freiburg or Heidelberg, Germany. Inclusion criteria were magnetic resonance evidence of an HH, ...
Stewart C P - - 2010
To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of 2 quantitative EEG display tools, color density spectral array (CDSA) and amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG), for seizure identification in the intensive care unit (ICU). A set of 27 continuous EEG recordings performed in pediatric ICU patients was transformed into 8-channel CDSA and aEEG displays. Three ...
Zachenhofer Iris - - 2011
Selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SAHE) yields 60-80% of patients with medically refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy seizure-free and seems to be equally effective compared to the more extended temporal lobe resections. The resection of the entire entorhinal cortex (EC) is of crucial importance to warrant complete seizure control for those patients. Thus, ...
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