Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1729
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Kerrigan John F - - 2007
PURPOSE: A small number of patients with hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) present with infantile spasms (IS) as an initial or early seizure type. We describe the clinical features of IS associated with HH. METHODS: Our series of patients with HH and epilepsy was reviewed to identify cases with a history of ...
Murthy J M K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with solitary cysticercus granuloma (SCG) develop acute symptomatic seizures because of the inflammatory response of the brain and the seizures are self-limiting. Thus seizure disorder associated with SCG provides a good model to study the total cost of illness (COI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: COI of new-onset seizures associated ...
Velasco A L - - 2007
We present the results of chronic electrical stimulation of the hippocampus (ESH) in 9 patients with complex partial seizures and at least 18 months follow-up. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan was normal in 5 while in 4 patients it showed hippocampal sclerosis. The seizure frequency ranged from 10 to ...
Abásolo Daniel D Biomedical Engineering Group, Department of Signal Theory and Communications, ETSI de Telecomunicación, University of Valladolid, Camino del Cementerio s/n, 47011, Valladolid, Spain. - - 2007
Epileptic seizures are generated by an abnormal synchronization of neurons unforeseeable for the patients. In this study we analyzed invasive electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in patients suffering from medically intractable focal epilepsy with two non-linear methods, Approximate Entropy (ApEn) and Lempel-Ziv (LZ) complexity. ApEn and LZ complexity quantify the regularity and ...
Griffin Stefanie S Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Iowa College of Medicine, Iowa City, Iowa 52242, - - 2007
Patients with early onset seizure disorder tend to have less cognitive decline following surgical resection than patients with late onset seizure disorder. Differential opportunity for presurgical cerebral functional reorganization has been proposed to account for this "age of onset" effect. However, the relationships between age of seizure onset, functional organization, ...
Cherian P J - - 2006
We studied heart rate (HR) changes during 169 seizures (mean 12 per patient, range 8 to 18) in 14 neonates with severe birth asphyxia. HR changes were found in 21 seizures (12.4%) in eight patients (HR increases in four, decreases in one, and both patterns in three patients), suggesting the ...
Ryvlin Philippe - - 2006
Stroke is the leading cause of symptomatic epilepsy in adults, accounting for up to one-third of newly diagnosed seizures among the elderly. About 3% to 5% of stroke patients will suffer a remote seizure, 54% to 66% of whom will develop epilepsy. Thus far, the optimal timing and type of ...
Vlooswijk M C G MC Department of Neurology, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2007
To evaluate risk factors for sudden and unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) in a high-risk population, i.e. patients treated in a Dutch tertiary referral center for epilepsy. All patients who died between January 1999 and April 2004 while under treatment of the epilepsy center were identified. Based on clinical data, ...
Huber Bernd B - - 2007
This study was designed to describe the course of epilepsy (in terms of seizure frequency) and to assess the variables (antiepileptic therapy regimens and others) correlated to improvement. Seizure frequency (categories: seizure free, more than one seizure/year, monthly seizures, weekly seizures and daily seizures) and antiepileptic medication were retrospectively compared ...
Okumura A - - 2006
The aim of this study is to clarify the detailed clinical features of benign partial epilepsy in infancy. The subject of the study was 33 patients with benign partial epilepsy in infancy confirmed by a long-term follow-up beyond 8 years of age. The data were obtained from medical records of ...
Rego Ricardo - - 2006
Vocalizations may occur in focal epileptic seizures, which typically arise from frontal and temporal regions. They are commonly associated with other motor phenomena such as automatisms, tonic posturing, or head version. We report on a patient whose seizures were documented by video-EEG monitoring, but in whom the observable ictal semiology ...
Citak Agop - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine the characteristics of seizure due to poisoning. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis, throughout 4 years of hospital admissions for poisoning. Data of patients with seizures due to poisoning were evaluated with respect to the causes, frequencies and complications of seizures. ...
Falip Mercè - - 2006
PURPOSE: The objective of the study was to analyze the short-term efficacy and safety of levetiracetam (LEV) to treat repetitive seizures in hospitalized patients. METHODS: During admission to a tertiary hospital, we retrospectively identified patients with repetitive seizures who were treated for the first time with LEV during a hospital ...
Lee Sang Ahm - - 2006
There are currently few studies on clinical profiles of reflex epilepsy induced by thinking and spatial tasks. We studied the clinical characteristics of reflex epilepsy induced by playing oriental card and board games. This study included 17 patients who presented with seizures that occur predominantly while playing games. We collected ...
Gyimesi C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study described here was to investigate the pathophysiology of patients' ability to react during the conscious (aura) phase of complex partial seizures (CPS) originating from the temporal lobe. METHODS: We reviewed video recordings of CPS experienced by 130 adult patients who had undergone epilepsy surgery ...
Fukushima Katsuyuki - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Several studies have reported the safety and efficacy of zonisamide monotherapy, but studies on its long-term outcomes are limited. This chart review was conducted to evaluate the long-term outcomes of zonisamide monotherapy. METHODS: The charts were reviewed for 77 patients treated with zonisamide as monotherapy for 6-180 months between ...
Navarro Vincent - - 2006
Seizures associated with toothbrushing have been reported in patients with precentral or postcentral partial epilepsy. Seizures precipitated by thinking have been described in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy. We report a patient with intractable partial epilepsy in which seizures were induced both by toothbrushing, and by seeing or thinking about ...
Sevgi Eser Basak EB Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Hacettepe University Hospitals, 06100 Sihhiye, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2007
The transient, mainly generalized, together with brief changes in EEG baseline immediately after eye closure, is called 'eye closure sensitivity' (ECS) which was first reported by Robinson in 1930 and there have been limited number of studies investigating ECS and epilepsy syndromes. Therefore, we aimed to reveal the possible relationship ...
Loddenkemper Tobias - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Methohexital and amobarbital have been used as agents for Wada testing in the presurgical evaluation of patients with epilepsy. Previous experience with methohexital as an anesthetic indicates that methohexital may decrease seizure threshold and may trigger seizures. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 760 intracarotid amobarbital and methohexital tests ...
Bautista Ramon Edmundo D - - 2006
PURPOSE: The goal of the work described here was to determine the prevalence of driving and associated variables among patients followed at a level 4 epilepsy center. METHOD: A survey was mailed out to patients seen at the University of Florida/Jacksonville Comprehensive Epilepsy Program. RESULTS: The study population comprised 308 ...
Maegaki Y - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of acute encephalopathy of obscure origin (AE). STUDY DESIGN: We examined clinical, imaging, and laboratory findings in children with AE. Specific subtypes of AE such as Reye's syndrome (RS), acute necrotizing encephalopathy (ANE), hemorrhagic shock and encephalopathy (HSE), acute encephalitis with refractory, repetitive partial ...
Wade D T - - 2006
The object of this study was to monitor the safety and efficacy of long-term use of an oromucosal cannabis-based medicine (CBM) in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). A total of 137 MS patients with symptoms not controlled satisfactorily using standard drugs entered this open-label trial following a 10-week, placebo-controlled study. ...
Procaccini Emidio - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) require surgical treatment in patients presenting with refractory epilepsy. METHODS: The authors report on a single-center series of 33 patients (24 males, 9 females) who underwent surgery between January 1997 and April 2004. They experienced several types of seizure (gelastic, tonic, partial, atonic, generalized tonic-clonic, dacrystic, ...
Kho Lay Kun - - 2006
We compared clinical features and prognosis of 72 adults with a first-ever seizure presentation comprising multiple discrete seizures within 24 hours to 425 patients presenting with a single seizure. Those presenting with multiple seizures were no more likely to have seizure recurrence, irrespective of etiology or treatment. Hence, a presentation ...
Gandelman-Marton Revital R Department of Neurology, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center, Zerifin 70300, Israel. - - 2006
To evaluate the magnitude of subclinical balance dysfunction in adult epilepsy patients and to assess the relative contribution of different variables to balance impairment. Balance performance was evaluated by computerized dynamic platform posturography (CDPP) in 25 adult patients following a generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTCS) and in 11 healthy subjects. The ...
Sechi Gianpietro - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical effects of levetiracetam (LEV) in patients with partial epilepsy and disfluent speech. METHODS: Five consecutive patients with partial epilepsy and disfluent speech resulting from developmental or neurogenic stuttering were enrolled in a 9-week, open-label, prospective study. LEV was given ...
Tay Stacey K H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is a highly heterogeneous clinical condition that is understudied in the pediatric population. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological, clinical, and electroencephalograpic features in pediatric patients with NCSE. METHODS: We identified 19 pediatric patients with NCSE from the epilepsy database of the Comprehensive Epilepsy Center at, ...
Brainer-Lima Paulo Thadeu - - 2006
METHOD: Forty-two patients with low-grade brain tumor and refractory epilepsy were studied. The mean age was 22.3 years. They were divided into two groups: Group A, patients with ganglioglioma (n=19) and group B, patients with other low-grade tumors (n=23) (14 astrocytoma, 6 oligodendroglioma, 2 dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor, and 1 xanthoastrocytoma). ...
da Silveira Mariana Ribeiro Marcondes MR Department of Neurology, State University of Campinas, Campinas, SP, - - 2006
The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of clobazam in children with refractory focal epilepsy. We investigated 100 consecutive patients concerning etiology of epilepsy, previously used antiepileptic drugs, seizure frequency and adverse events. Clobazam was introduced as add-on therapy in patients with previous failure of ...
Kinirons P P Division of Epilepsy, Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Beaumont Hospital, Dublin, - - 2006
Levetiracetam (LEV) is approved for use as add-on therapy in adult patients with partial epilepsy. It is apparent from clinical trials that up to 8% of previously drug-resistant patients may be rendered seizure-free by adding-on levetiracetam. As yet there is no way of predicting these unexpectedly responsive patients. We set ...
Deb, Prabal
Background : Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is a chronic epileptic disorder of unknown etiology, and is clinically characterized by progressive neurological deterioration, focal seizures often progressing to intractable epilepsy, cognitive decline and hemispheric atrophy. Aims : We report the spectrum of neuropathological changes seen in RE, and discuss the evolutionary mechanisms ...
Caraballo Roberto Horacio - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed the electroclinical features, treatment and evolution of patients with Dravet syndrome (DS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated the clinical records of 53 patients that met the diagnostic criteria of DS according to the ILAE classification of 1989 seen at our center between February 1990 and December 2004. ...
Masuhr F - - 2006
We assessed the risk and determined predictors of early epileptic seizures (ES) in patients with acute cerebral venous and sinus thrombosis (CVST). A prospective series of 194 consecutive patients with acute CVST admitted to neurological wards in two German university hospitals was analysed for frequency of ES and in-hospital mortality. ...
Diamond Alan - - 2006
We report on a 30-year-old man with Tourette's syndrome (TS) and medication-refractory epilepsy whose tics improved after implantation of a vagal nerve stimulator (VNS). To verify the patient's observation, we performed a blinded video assessment using the modified Rush video-based tic rating scale. The patient underwent two separate video recordings ...
Rathlev Niels K - - 2006
Alcohol-related seizures are defined as adult-onset seizures that occur in the setting of chronic alcohol dependence. Alcohol withdrawal is the cause of seizures in a subgroup of these patients; however, concurrent risk factors including pre-existing epilepsy, structural brain lesions, and the use of illicit drugs contribute to the development of ...
Bebek N - - 2006
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to compare self-induction (SI) patterns in photosensitive epilepsy (PSE) and hot water epilepsy (HWE). METHODS: Among 7609 consecutive patients, 129 were diagnosed as having PSE, and 34, HWE. RESULTS: Thirteen patients with PSE (10 females, 3 males, age at onset: 8.6; 3 with ...
Mouhsine Elyazid - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report the middle term results of partial coccygectomy in a consecutive series of 15 patients with chronic coccygodynia. METHODS: Fifteen patients with chronic coccygodynia were referred to our outpatient clinics. The patients were investigated with dynamic lateral radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We diagnosed a posttraumatic coccygodynia ...
Mercimek-Mahmutoglu S - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Guanidinoactetate methyltransferase (GAMT) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of creatine synthesis. The authors analyzed clinical, biochemical, and molecular findings in 27 patients. METHODS: The authors collected data from questionnaires and literature reports. A score including degree of intellectual disability, epileptic seizures, and movement disorder was developed and used ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2006
Benign partial epilepsy in infancy (BPEI) is an infantile epilepsy with excellent seizure and developmental outcome proposed by Watanabe et al. Our telephone interview survey revealed that the long-term outcome of patients with BPEI was also excellent over 8 years of age. Six of 39 patients did not fulfill the ...
Yilmaz Deniz - - 2006
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis is a rare, slow viral infection caused by a defective measles virus. Although it is a rare disease, it is still important in developing countries. The onset is generally between the ages of 5-15 years. We reported the clinical and laboratory profile and nature of 9 patients ...
Takano Tomoyuki - - 2006
This study investigates the clinical features of epilepsy in 20 patients with brain malformation. Epileptic seizures were recognized in 15 patients, 12 of whom had their first seizure by 1 year of age. Partial seizure was the initial seizure type in 10 patients. Epileptic seizures were controlled in only four ...
Velasco Ana Luisa - - 2006
PURPOSE: Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy of ESCM (electrical stimulation of the centromedian thalamic nucleus) in treatment of generalized seizures of the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) and improvement of patient disability. METHODS: Thirteen patients with LGS were studied. They had severe generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTC) and atypical absences (AA). ...
Guye Maxime - - 2006
The EEG activity of the thalamus and temporal lobe structures (hippocampus, entorhinal cortex and neocortex) was obtained using intracerebral recordings (stereoelectroencephalography, SEEG) performed in patients with TLE seizures undergoing pre-surgical evaluation. Synchrony was studied using a statistical measure of SEEG signal interdependencies (non-linear correlation). The results demonstrated an overall increase ...
Kaleyias Joseph - - 2006
PURPOSE: Benign partial epilepsy in infancy (BPEI) was first described by Watanabe in 1987. The aim of this study is to describe a series of infants from the United States to characterize this entity further. METHODS: Among patients with the diagnosis of epilepsy followed up at our institution between 2002 ...
Jenkins Abi - - 2006
Phenytoin is an anti-convulsant drug commonly used to prevent seizures in patients with cerebral metastases. Phenytoin has complicated non-linear kinetics, is highly protein bound and has a small window between its therapeutic and toxic dose. This combination of factors means that small increases in dosage can all too quickly result ...
Yukawa E - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the effect of genetic polymorphism of CYP2C19 on pharmacokinetics of phenytoin and phenobarbital using a Non-linear Mixed Effects Modelling analysis in Japanese epileptic patients. METHOD: A total of 326 serum phenytoin concentrations were collected from 132 patients, and a total of 144 serum phenobarbital concentrations were collected ...
Millar James S - - 2006
Up to 5 percent of children in North America and western Europe experience at least one episode of febrile seizure before six years of age. Most of these seizures are self-limited and patients do not require treatment. Continuous therapy after the seizure is not effective in reducing the development of ...
Takanashi J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with encephalopathy heralded by a prolonged seizure as the initial symptom often have abnormal subcortical white matter on diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI). OBJECTIVE: To determine if these patients share other common features. METHODS: Patients with encephalopathy heralded by a prolonged seizure and followed by the identification of abnormal subcortical ...
Coman David J - - 2006
AIM: Glucose transporter 1 deficiency syndrome (GLUT1-DS) is an important condition for the general paediatrician's differential armamentarium. We describe a case series of eight patients in order to raise awareness of this treatable neurometabolic condition. The diagnosis of GLUT1-DS is suggested by a decreased absolute cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) glucose value ...
El-Hodhod M A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to investigate the levels of the biochemical markers of apoptosis (soluble Fas and Bcl-2) in the sera of children and adolescents with idiopathic epilepsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 30 children and adolescents (mean age 8.03 +/- 4.49 years) with idiopathic epilepsy, 16 of ...
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