Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1726
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Kang Hoon-Chul - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize epileptic phenotypes in children with nonspecific mitochondrial disease (MD) and to evaluate MD diagnostic approaches. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the medical, electroencephalogram, and laboratory records of 142 patients with epilepsy was performed. The patients were evaluated for MD, and 124 patients were included ...
Sokic Dragoslav - - 2007
PURPOSE: To determine frequency, causes, and phenomenology of late seizure recurrence (SR) in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) after remission of at least 1 year. METHODS: Among 2722 epileptic patients from tertiary referral center, we retrospectively identified 105 patients (62 females; mean age 22.3+/-7.2 years) with an established diagnosis ...
Kawano Gou - - 2007
Benign convulsions associated with mild gastroenteritis (CwG) are a commonly observed disorder in Asia, especially in infants and seniors. Here, we describe a retrospective study about the clinical features of CwG in 62 children hospitalized at St. Mary's Hospital (Kurume City, Japan) between January 1, 2000 and March 31, 2006, ...
Okazaki Mitsutoshi - - 2007
Aggravation of seizures due to hyponatremia was investigated in five patients with epilepsy and polydipsia-hyponatremia. They experienced marked increases in the frequency of their complex partial seizures with a decrease in the serum sodium level to 118-127 mEq/L. In all cases, the serum sodium level returned to normal through restriction ...
Mueller Lutz P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Toxicity related to the infusion of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO)-cryopreserved peripheral blood stem cells (DMSO-PBSC) mainly comprises cardiovascular events. Fatal neurotoxicity has been reported in a few cases. DMSO represents the putative causative agent of such rare toxicities and elaborate strategies to replace DMSO would benefit from the identification of predisposing ...
Rhodes Roy H - - 2007
PURPOSE: Chronic cellular inflammation closely associated with epilepsy without an active infection is a hallmark of Rasmussen encephalitis (RE). RE has typical and defining features lacking in other rare epilepsy patients who also have neocortical lymphocytes without an identifiable cause. A patient with malformations of cortical development had an abrupt ...
Billiau An D - - 2007
PURPOSE: Several studies have reported favorable effects of intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) in refractory epilepsy. Evidence substantiating an immunomodulatory action is scarce. In an open-label study, we prospectively investigated the effect of IVIG on clinical, EEG and serum/CSF immunological parameters in patients with refractory childhood-onset epilepsy. METHODS: Thirteen patients (median age ...
O'Sullivan Sean S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this article was to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients diagnosed with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients diagnosed with PNES in a 5-year period. RESULTS: Fifty patients with PNES were identified, giving an estimated incidence of 0.91/100,000 ...
Nordenström A - - 2007
N-acetylglutamate synthase (NAGS) deficiency is a rare urea cycle disorder. An effective treatment, N-carbamoyl-L-glutamic acid (NCGA), is now available, increasing the importance of identifying and treating these patients early. We describe a case with genetically verified NAGS deficiency and neonatal onset of severe hyperammonaemia. The ammonia levels increased above 1400 ...
Bae Erica Hyunji - - 2007
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is emerging as a new therapeutic tool in epilepsy, where it can be used to suppress seizures or treat comorbid conditions such as mood disorder. However, as rTMS carries a risk of inducing seizures among other adverse events, its safety and tolerability in the population ...
Bodde Nynke M G - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Information on the long-term effects of psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) is limited. We therefore reassessed 22 patients 4-6 years after the initial diagnosis of PNES in a tertiary referral epilepsy center. The diagnosis was confirmed using clinical description and additional electroencephalogram investigations in 1998, 1999, and 2000. Patients with ...
Tonomura Yasuyo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recently, paraneoplastic encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma has been described and related to an autoantibody. METHODS: We describe four patients with ovarian teratoma-associated encephalitis (OTE) and compared their clinical pictures with those of 17 previously reported patients with OTE. RESULTS: Clinically, OTE was characterized by the development of acute ...
Mosser P - - 2007
PURPOSE: The study was conducted with the aim of assessing the hospital prevalence and aetiology of epileptic seizures with special emphasis on epilepsy and febrile convulsions in a rural African hospital. Symptomatic as well as unprovoked epileptic seizures have also been accounted for. METHODS: All patients admitted over a period ...
Narayanan Jaishree T - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: New-onset acute symptomatic seizures can be the presenting feature of acute neurological diseases. The etiological spectrum of new-onset acute symptomatic seizures and outcome may be different in developing countries when compared to developed countries. AIM: To study the clinical profile of new-onset acute symptomatic seizures as the first presenting ...
Greene Barry R - - 2007
A method for the detection of seizures in the newborn using the electrocardiogram (ECG) signal is presented. Using a database of eight recordings, a method was developed for automatically annotating each 1-min epoch as "nonseizure" or "seizure". The system uses a linear discriminant classifier to process 41 heartbeat timing interval ...
Khurana Divya S - - 2007
Although levetiracetam has shown efficacy in children with epilepsy, when used as adjunctive therapy, limited data are available regarding its use as monotherapy. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam monotherapy in a cohort of pediatric patients with epilepsy. A retrospective analysis of ...
Güngör Serdal - - 2007
Malformations of cortical development (MCD) form a spectrum of lesions produced by insult to the developing neocortex. Clinical presentation and electrophysiologic findings of MCD are variable and depend on the affected cortical area. We evaluated epilepsy, EEG, and response to antiepileptic treatment in patients with MCD with respect to the ...
Udani Vrajesh - - 2007
The natural history of Sturge-Weber Syndrome is variable where some patients have refractory epilepsy and persistent neurologic deficits while others do well. Also, evolution of MRI abnormalities is largely unknown. This long-term follow-up study tries to address these two issues. This retrospective and later prospective study followed 9 children with ...
Natsume J - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To assess hippocampal volumes (HV) and signal changes on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) within 5 days of prolonged febrile seizures (PFS) and compare them with the PFS duration and EEG. METHODS: We studied 12 children (mean age: 32 +/- 21 months, range 10 months-5 years) within 5 days of a ...
Hussain Zahir - - 2007
Objective: To describe clinical features and seizure dispersion in precatamenial/pericatamenial epilepsy patients. Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Neurology (formerly Neuropsychiatry), Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi, from July 1991 to November 2001. Patients and Methods: Present study included 33 untreated pericatamenial (n: 23, age: 12-40 ...
Lee Hyong C - - 2007
Robust, automated seizure detection has long been an important goal in epilepsy research because of both the possibilities for portable intervention devices and the potential to provide prompter, more efficient treatment while in clinic. The authors present results on how well four seizure detection algorithms (based on principal eigenvalue [EI], ...
Albani Fiorenzo - - 2007
This observational study was performed to identify the clinical reasons leading physicians to opt for immediate or progressive procedures when switching patients from carbamazepine to oxcarbazepine, and to evaluate the clinical feasibility of the two procedures in a general unselected patient population. Five hundred and twenty-seven patients (aged 14 years ...
Adachi Naoto - - 2007
PURPOSE: To clarify duration of postictal psychosis (PIP) episodes and identify factors that influence its duration. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with epilepsy exhibited 151 PIP episodes during a mean follow-up period of 12.8 years. Distribution of the duration of these episodes was determined, and factors potentially affecting were analyzed. Factors analyzed ...
Jansen, F.E.
Identification of epileptogenic tubers in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) is associated with epilepsy and mental retardation. The principal aim of this thesis was to identify epileptogenic tuber(s) enabling the selection of patients for epilepsy surgery. In addition we analysed possible determinants of cognitive functioning in ...
Jones Emma - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is one of the most distressing side effects of moderately or highly emetogenic chemotherapy. Diphenhydramine, lorazepam, and dexamethasone have been used individually to treat CINV. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and potential efficacy of those drugs administered via a ...
De Reuck Jacques L - - 2007
No guidelines exist concerning risk factors, diagnosis, management and treatment of stroke-related seizures. Seizures related to intracerebral haemorrhages occur in 10.6%, while those related to ischaemic stroke appear in 8.6%. Early-onset seizures have a poor prognosis with a high in-hospital mortality rate. They occur significantly more often in patients with ...
Matthews R H - - 2007
We report our experience with oral busulfan (BU) in 159 consecutive patients to evaluate the safety of home administration. Patients received a myeloablative BU-containing regimen, including oral anticonvulsant and antiemetic prophylaxis, followed by hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Comprehensive verbal and written education was provided. Pharmacokinetic monitoring was performed and dose ...
Yamamoto Hitoshi - - 2007
We describe a peculiar form of epilepsy following prolonged and vigorous bouts of crying in infancy which was misdiagnosed as breath holding spells. Three patients with crying-induced epilepsy had the following characteristics. The patients were born after uncomplicated pregnancy, labor, and delivery. The seizures presented between the ages of 10 ...
Morris E Brannon - - 2007
PURPOSE: To identify predisposing factors, radiologic features, and clinical outcome of posterior reversible leucoencephalopathy (PRES) in children receiving cancer treatment. METHODS: We identified 11 patients (7 female) who had radiological and clinical features consistent with PRES and were treated for cancer at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital between January 1995 ...
Moser Sonya Jourdan - - 2007
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder that almost exclusively affects females. The clinical course as well as the electroencephalogram pattern are characteristic and have been correlated to the clinical stages of the disease. Sixty to 70 percent of the patients develop epilepsy. The aim of this retrospective study was to ...
Szelényi Andrea - - 2007
Direct cortical stimulation--either with the 60-Hz stimulation or the train-of-five technique--is commonly agreed on being the gold standard for intraoperative mapping of the motor cortex and the motor pathways but may result in an intraoperative seizure. The occurrence of intraoperative stimulation associated seizures with respect to symptomatic epilepsy was evaluated ...
Wilson A D - - 2007
Rhabdomyolysis has been reported after venlafaxine ingestion. We wished to characterize the prevalence of this adverse effect in a realistic clinical setting. Therefore, a retrospective casenote review was performed, including 235 patients admitted to the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh due to venlafaxine overdose between January 2000 and June 2006. Seizures ...
Jouny Christophe C - - 2007
PURPOSE: Partial seizures (PSs) may be self-limited regional events or propagate further and secondarily generalize. The mechanisms and dynamics of secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCSs) are not well understood. Methods with which to assess the dynamic of those events are also limited. METHODS: Seizures were analyzed from patients with intractable ...
Alanay Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited form of intellectual disability. Since the identification of the responsible gene (FMR1) and its protein (FMRP), there has been enormous progress in both clinical and pathogenetic research on the neurobehavioural aspects of the condition. However, studies regarding other medical problems ...
Harris Gayle - - 2007
To determine the efficacy of gabapentin in the treatment of generalized vulvodynia, unprovoked, to determine the most common presenting symptoms in patients with this diagnosis, to evaluate the prevalence of comorbidities in these patients and to determine the possibility of comorbidities or specific presenting symptoms that decrease the efficacy of ...
van Beijnum J - - 2007
Brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs) are thought to be sporadic developmental vascular lesions, but familial occurrence has been described. We compared the characteristics of patients with familial BAVMs with those of patients with sporadic BAVMs. We systematically reviewed the literature on patients with familial BAVMs. Three families that were found in ...
Haut Sheryl R - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine seizure predictability in a cohort of adult patients using a prospective seizure diary study, to assess the validity of a patient's predictions, and to determine if a subgroup of patients with epilepsy were able to reliably predict their seizures. METHODS: Eligible subjects were 18 or older, had ...
Raghavendra S - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Neuroimaging in seizures associated with nonketotic hyperglycemia (NKH) is considered normal. We report magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) abnormalities in four patients with NKH and seizures. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated clinical and radiological abnormalities in four patients with NKH during the period March 2004 to December 2005. RESULTS: All patients ...
Verrotti A - - 2007
To assess the efficacy, tolerability and safety of Levetiracetam (LEV) therapy, we identified 21 (15 male; 6 female) patients with a history of benign epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS), with and without secondarily generalization in children and adolescents aged between 5.0 and 12.1 years. LEV was administered as a first ...
Winterkorn Elisabeth B - - 2007
To assess cognitive outcome in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and identify predictive risk factors, we reviewed records of 107 patients who underwent comprehensive neuropsychiatric evaluation. Fifty-seven percent of patients with TSC had normal-range IQ/developmental quotient (DQ). Cognitive outcome was strongly associated with refractory seizures and TSC2 mutation. In ...
Jamora Dominic - - 2007
We systematically examined 226 epilepsy patients in a tertiary-referral center and found 6 (5.04%) to have valproate-induced Parkinsonism. There was a significantly higher prevalence of patients with Parkinsonism in the group of patients treated with valproate compared to those who were on other antiepileptic drugs (6 [5.04%] of 119 vs. ...
Boon P - - 2007
Patients with refractory epilepsy present a particular challenge to new therapies. Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for the control of intractable seizures has become available since 1989. VNS is a relatively noninvasive treatment. It reduces seizure frequency by > or =50% in 1/3 of patients; an additional 1/3 of patients experience ...
Kostov H - - 2007
The value of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) for treating patients with drug-resistant idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) is not well documented. Twelve patients (2 males, 10 females) with a mean age of 31 years (11-48 years) and with drug-resistant IGE had VNS implanted in the period 1995-2006. All had generalized seizures ...
De Reuck J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Seizures related to ischemic strokes are harmful. Their pathogenesis is not very well understood. The present study investigates whether diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can detect if those seizures are due to recurrent infarction or responsible for secondary ischemic changes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: DWI was obtained within 8 days in 60 ...
Nikoobakht Mohammadreza - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of sexual dysfunction among epileptic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty married men between 22 and 50 years with a confirmed diagnosis of epilepsy were enrolled in this study. Patients with other neurological diseases, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, underlying ...
Abásolo Daniel - - 2007
Epileptic seizures are generated by an abnormal synchronization of neurons unforeseeable for the patients. In this study we analyzed invasive electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings in patients suffering from medically intractable focal epilepsy with two non-linear methods, Approximate Entropy (ApEn) and Lempel-Ziv (LZ) complexity. ApEn and LZ complexity quantify the regularity and ...
Griffin Stefanie - - 2007
Patients with early onset seizure disorder tend to have less cognitive decline following surgical resection than patients with late onset seizure disorder. Differential opportunity for presurgical cerebral functional reorganization has been proposed to account for this "age of onset" effect. However, the relationships between age of seizure onset, functional organization, ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2007
The aim of this study is to further clarify ictal electroencephalographic findings of patients with benign partial epilepsy in infancy in order to better understand its neurophysiologic features. The study group consisted of 13 infants with definite benign partial epilepsy in infancy, in whom ictal electroencephalograms were recorded and its ...
Beyenburg Stefan - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) is particularly challenging in elderly patients. Confusion, personality change, dysphasia, subtle motor activity and nystagmus may be the only presenting signs. OBJECTIVE: To review current knowledge about NCSE with special focus on older people. METHODS: Systematic review of the current literature via ...
Wheless James W - - 2007
Refractory epilepsies such as infantile spasms (IS) and complex partial seizures (CPS) can have a severe negative impact on the neurological integrity and quality of life of affected patients, in addition to drastically increasing their risk of premature mortality. Early identification of potentially effective pharmacotherapy agents is important. Vigabatrin has ...
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