Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1726
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Teive Hag - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system fungal infections (FI) are important complications and a cause of mortality in patients who receive hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). AIMS: To study the clinical aspects of fungal encephalitis (FE). SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study was carried out at the HSCT Center of the Hospital de ...
Duman Ozgür - - 2008
The present study was designed to evaluate neurocognitive functions with endogenous potentials and neurophysiologic tests in patients with centrotemporal spikes who were not on any medication. Of the patients, 85.7% had seizures, 9.5% had pavor nocturnes, and 4.8% had atypical headache. The patients, especially who had atypical seizures or left-sided ...
Misra Usha Kant - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of comprehensive study in status epilepticus in central nervous system infections. This observational study evaluated the response to antiepileptic drugs in patients with status epilepticus and central nervous system infection. METHODS: The study took place at a tertiary care teaching hospital in India. A total ...
Loddenkemper Tobias - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The intracarotid amobarbital procedure (IAP) is routinely used in the preoperative workup of patients with epilepsy. We previously reported dissections and seizures as complications of this procedure and now have reviewed our cohort for additional complications associated with the IAP. METHODS: Charts of 677 consecutive patients were reviewed for ...
Pischik Elena - - 2008
Acute porphyrias are a group of inherited metabolic disorders representing overproduction syndromes with the formation of neurotoxic haem precursors. Clinical manifestations consist of acute attacks, which include abdominal pain, dysautonomia, mental symptoms, polyneuropathy and seizures mimicking many other acute neurological disorders.Porphyrin metabolites were screened in 108 patients with acute polyneuropathy ...
Chroni Elisabeth - - 2008
Behçet's disease (BD) is a multisystemic disease of unknown etiopathogenesis with various clinical features including manifestations from central nervous system involvement. We report the case of a patient presented with a 20-year history of BD and a 10-year history of epileptic seizures refractory to various antiepileptic drugs. Under systemic treatment ...
Wong Sui Hsien - - 2008
An electrocardiograph (ECG) is recommended as an investigation in all patients with seizures or suspected seizures. However the incidence of abnormal ECGs in patients presenting to the first seizure clinic is unknown. This study examines 161 patients in a first seizure clinic and describes the ECG abnormalities found. Although 17 ...
Kutlu Gulnihal - - 2008
Stroke is the most common cause of seizures in the elderly. Antiepileptic drugs are used to treat most patients with late poststroke seizures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) in patients aged 60 or older with late-onset poststroke seizures. This prospective ...
Souza Karla Teixeira - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of accidents in patients with uncontrolled seizures, in seizure-free patients, and in patients with chronic headache. METHOD: This was a prospective longitudinal case-controlled study with interviews. A semi-structured questionnaire was used in the epilepsy and headache outpatient clinics of the Hospital das Clínicas of UNICAMP. ...
Hergüner M Ozlem - - 2008
Continuous spikes and waves during slow sleep syndrome is characterized by the presence of spike-and-wave discharges in at least 85% of non-rapid eye movement sleep. Associated clinical features vary. Here, features of 10 patients with this syndrome are compared to those in the literature. Patients ranged in age from 4 ...
Baykan B - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the long-term follow-up of juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME), with an emphasis on the course of the myoclonic seizures. METHODS: We enrolled 48 patients with JME (29 F, 19 M; aged 39.9 +/- 9.5 years) followed up for a mean of 19.6 +/- 5.7 years. ...
De Reuck Jacques - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The risk factors to develop stroke-related seizures are actually better understood. However, it is not known which patients are at risk to develop recurrent seizures and epilepsy. OBJECTIVES: This retrospective study compares the characteristics of patients with a territorial infarct who develop a single seizure to those who develop ...
Gomceli Yasemin B - - 2008
During Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic lunar calendar, adult Muslims are required to refrain from taking any food, beverages, or oral drugs, as well as from sexual intercourse between dawn and sunset. In this study, we aimed at discovering alterations in drug regimens and the seizure frequency of ...
Takahashi Satoru - - 2008
Glucose transporter 1 (GLUT1) deficiency syndrome is caused by a deficit in glucose transport to the brain during the pre- and postnatal periods. Here, we report two cases of GLUT1 deficiency syndrome diagnosed on the basis of clinical features, reduced GLUT1 activities, and mutations in the GLUT1 gene. Patient 1 ...
Schak Kathryn M - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) involves the administration of general anesthesia and assisted ventilation while the patient is apneic. OBJECTIVE: Care must be taken to screen for significant pulmonary dysfunction before treatment. Very little has been written about the safety and management strategy of ECT patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
El-Khayat Hamed A - - 2008
PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the effect of epilepsy on the reproductive hormones levels among female patients, and to investigate the frequency of catamenial pattern of seizures. METHODS: A total of 42 female patients with epilepsy and 21 healthy females (control group) were included. Subjects were at least 2 years ...
Nielsen Kirsten Annette - - 2008
Comparative pharmacokinetic data obtained with different preparations of lamotrigine (LTG) are reported for the first time. Nine outpatients reporting problems attributed to shifts in the preparation of LTG used were admitted to hospital. Patients were treated with proprietary LTG for at least 2 weeks prior to admission. Daily profiles (DPs) ...
Zou C C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in a child with phenobarbital hypersensitivity syndrome with an emphasis on the clinical presentation, diagnostic modalities and treatment options. CASE SUMMARY: A 5-yr-old girl developed fever, rash and hepatic inflammation after receiving phenobarbital. Infection and connective tissue diseases were ...
Goel Deepak - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epileptic seizures, predominantly or exclusively during sleep had been the focus of attention for many electroencephalographers. Though few epileptic syndromes are associated with sleep seizures (SS) its frequencies in Indian patients is still unknown. AIM: To find out the patterns of epilepsies in patients having SS and compare them ...
Shim Kyu-Won - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are often associated with early-onset gelastic seizures, thus configuring a well recognized and usually severe case of childhood epilepsy syndrome. We present a treatment modality for intractable epilepsy in hypothalamic hamartomatous lesions. METHODS: This study presents 14 patients with medically refractory seizure associated with HHs treated ...
Carreño M - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to study the frequency and types of adverse effects (AEs) in patients treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) according to the strategies used by the neurologist to detect them. METHOD: This cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out in standard clinical practice. Two strategies were used to detect ...
Bautista Ramon Edmundo D - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine those variables associated with utilization of healthcare resources in epilepsy patients. METHODS: We interviewed 256 epilepsy patients. Target variables included the number of clinic visits, ER visits and in-patient admissions over the past year and AEDs currently being used. Predictor variables were age, race/ethnicity, marital status, education, ...
Deluca Cristina - - 2008
A young female patient, who presented acutely with an unusual movement disorder characterized by hyperkinetic facial movements, was referred to us for hemifacial spasm. The only abnormality on neurological examination was myoclonus of the left perioral and bilateral periorbital muscles, exacerbated by mental tasks. A week later, the patient also ...
Fang Peng-Cheng - - 2008
PURPOSE: To investigate the seizure precipitants in children with intractable epilepsy, and to determine any distinctive clinical features contributing to seizures in these patients. METHODS: A questionnaire and seizure diary prepared by the parents of the patients. Demographic and seizure data were reviewed. RESULTS: Of 120 patients with intractable epilepsy, ...
Oliva Megan - - 2008
PURPOSE: Oral lacerations and urinary incontinence have long been considered useful clinical features for the diagnosis of epileptic seizures; however, both are also reported in patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES). The aims of the study were (1) to investigate whether the presence and nature of oral lacerations or incontinence ...
Goraya Jatinder S - - 2008
Intravenous levetiracetam recently became available for use in patients aged >16 years. There are few data about its safety and efficacy in children. We retrospectively analyzed data from children treated with intravenous levetiracetam. Ten patients (6 female, 4 male), aged 3 weeks to 19 years, were treated with intravenous levetiracetam ...
Ferro José M - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The risk of seizure early after the diagnosis of cerebral vein and dural sinus thrombosis (CVT) is not known, and the use of prophylactic antiepileptic (AED) medication in the acute phase of CVT is controversial. METHODS: In a multicenter, prospective, observational study, we analyzed the risk factors ...
Durá-Travé T - - 2008
The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiological, clinical and evolutional characteristics of Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) in order to facilitate the diagnosis in daily clinical practice. Thirty-seven medical records of patients diagnosed with PS were reviewed and the epidemiological and clinical features, results of complementary studies and evolutional ...
Huang Chin-Wei - - 2008
Epileptic seizures in diabetic hyperglycemia (DH) patients are not uncommon in clinical practice. Although there have been reports suggesting an association, most were limited case studies. The role of DH in the severity and recurrence of epileptic seizures remains unclear. We thus conducted a prospective comparative study of newly diagnosed ...
Kubota Masaya - - 2008
We present a patient with multilobar cortical dysplasia who underwent hemispherotomy, a modified functional hemispherectomy, at the age of 2 months because of intractable seizures and report the clinical-neurophysiological findings including EEG and somatosensory evoked potentials (SEP). After hemispherotomy, the seizures and EEG abnormality disappeared completely and postoperative SEP showed ...
Tsai J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Behçet's disease (BD) is a recurrent multisystem disease of uncertain aetiology. The young adults are most often affected, usually during the third decade. Late occurrence of the disease is considered uncommon and less frequently investigated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the clinical features of BD ...
Yildiz Bilal - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Convulsive status epilepticus (CSE) may end fatally or leave serious sequelae. CSE treatment, invariably an emergency case, is based upon i.v. benzodiazepines as well as phenytoin, barbiturates or both. The present paper reports efficiency of lidocaine in CSE. METHODS: The effects of lidocaine on patients with CSE due to ...
Korematsu Seigo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: To elucidate the basic mechanism of theophylline-associated seizures (TAS), the clinical symptoms, electroencephalogram (EEG) and neuroradiological imaging of eight pediatric patients were all retrospectively evaluated. METHODS: Patients whose seizures represented their first episode were selected, while patients with cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities including pleocytosis and protein elevation, present illness of ...
Ohtsu M - - 2008
PURPOSE: We have studied the clinical differences between early-onset benign epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (early-onset BECT) and Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS) to investigate the hypothesis that BECT and PS nosologically constitute age-dependent benign childhood seizure susceptibility syndromes based on a common etiopathogenesis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The subjects were 24 patients with ...
Raza Naeem - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine area of origin of adult varicella patients, whether rural or urban, to compare the mean interval between leaving the area of origin and onset of varicella in adults of rural origin in comparison with those of urban origin and to observe its complications. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional ...
Bootsma H P R - - 2008
Lamotrigine (LTG, Lamictal), one of the newer antiepileptic drugs, was admitted to the Dutch market in 1996. It was first used as adjunctive therapy and later as a monotherapy in partial and generalized epilepsy. All patients who started on LTG in 1996 or 1997 in the Epilepsy Centre Kempenhaeghe (n=314) ...
Ganesan Dharmendra D Academic Neurosurgical Unit, Department of Neurosciences, University of Cambridge, and Department of Oncology, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge, United - - 2008
The patient in this report had a parasagittal meningioma with an intrasinus extension that presented with features of benign intracranial hypertension and no focal neurological deficit or seizure. The meningioma was managed with a combination of endovascular stent placement and radiotherapy. The authors describe the investigation and technical aspects of ...
Calabrese Massimiliano - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is three to six times more frequent in MS than in the general population. Previous studies based on conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging have suggested a possible correlation between cortical inflammatory pathology and epileptic seizures. However, pure intracortical lesions (ICLs) are unlikely to be demonstrated with conventional MR. ...
Engelsen Bernt A - - 2008
The epileptic semiology of 19 patients (from 15 families) with mitochondrial disease due to mutations in the POLG1 gene is presented. The patients were either homozygous for the 1399G > A (p.A467T) or 2243G > C (p.W748S) mutations or compound heterozygotes for these two mutations. While the clinical features have ...
Ramachandrannair Rajesh - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the pathophysiology of intractable epileptic spasms in older children by describing the interictal magnetoencephalography spike sources (MEGSSs), intracranial EEG ictal-onset zones (IOZs) and their ictal high-frequency oscillations (HFOs) and surgical outcomes. METHODS: We studied five patients (4.5-14 years) who underwent surgery following intracranial video-EEG (VEEG) monitoring. We ...
Suzuki Yasuhiro - - 2008
Patients with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection were at high risk for postnatal seizures, but little is known about epilepsy associated with congenital CMV infection. To define the features of epilepsy, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical, laboratory and neuroradiographic findings in 19 children (male 9) with congenital CMV infection. Seven (37%) ...
Hirsch Lawrence J - - 2008
PURPOSE: We have previously demonstrated that it is common for alerting stimuli to induce electrographic seizures and other periodic or rhythmic patterns in the critically ill; however, only 1 of the first 33 patients we reported with this phenomenon had a detectable clinical correlate. METHODS: Review of charts and video ...
Duncan R - - 2008
Among a consecutive series of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES), we compared patients with learning disability (LD) (n=25) with patients with no LD (n=263), with respect to demographic and clinical variables. A higher proportion of the LD group had epilepsy as well as PNES (P<0.001) (uncorrected P values are ...
Porta Mauro - - 2008
Gilles de la Tourette's syndrome (Tourette's syndrome; TS) is an inherited tic disorder commonly associated with other neurobehavioural conditions such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). While the clinical presentation of TS and other features of this disorder have been well characterized, the genetic and neurobiological basis ...
Verrotti Alberto - - 2008
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) monotherapy in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). The study group consisted of 32 patients with epilepsy (20 males, 12 females) with a mean age of 13 years 3 months (SD 7y 11mo) at seizure onset. LEV ...
Simojoki Kaarlo - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In Finland, buprenorphine (Subutex) is the most abused opioid. In order to curb this problem, many treatment centres transferred ("forced transfer") their buprenorphine patients to the buprenorphine plus naloxone (Suboxone) combination product in late 2003. METHODS: Data from a retrospective study involving five different treatment centers, examining the effects ...
Thomas E M - - 2008
The goal of neonatal seizure detection is the development of a patient independent system to alert staff in the neonatal intensive care unit of ongoing seizures. This study demonstrates the potential in adapting a patient independent classifier using patient specific data. Supervised adaptation is investigated using the basic gradient descent ...
Richter Gresham T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To identify and describe the features of laryngomalacia (LM) in a cohort of older children, with the goal of providing an approach to diagnosis and management of these patients. Laryngomalacia is a common congenital disorder characterized by decreased laryngeal tone, supraglottic collapse, and stridor during inspiration and is rarely ...
Hauser W Allen - - 2008
While all patients with epilepsy experience seizures, not all individuals with seizures have epilepsy. Seizures may be acute symptomatic or unprovoked. Acute symptomatic seizures are seizures occurring at the time of a systemic insult or in close temporal association with a documented brain insult. Unprovoked seizures are seizures occurring in ...
González-Duarte Alejandra - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of and risk factors for epileptic seizures in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in a large cohort series. METHODS: One thousand two hundred patients with SLE were analyzed. The type and frequency of risk factors for seizures associated with SLE were studied and compared ...
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