Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1729
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Ebrahimi Azadeh - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cavernous angioma is a vascular malformation which can be found in any region within the central nervous system. OBJECTIVES: There are few clinical and demographic cavernous angioma studies with large sample sizes. Therefore, the present study was designed to provide further information on the clinical and demographic characteristics of ...
Schmalbach Barbara - - 2009
Rasmussen encephalitis (RE) is characterized by chronic inflammation of one cerebral hemisphere which causes intractable epileptic seizures and progressive neurological deficits. Since antiepileptic pharmacotherapy is often ineffective the traditional therapy for Rasmussen encephalitis is hemispherectomy in one of its modern variants which renders the patient seizure free but leads to ...
Kelley Brendan J BJ Department of Neurology, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2009
Seizures have been recognized to occur in multiple sclerosis (MS) since early descriptions of the disease. Various studies have attempted to determine the incidence and prevalence of seizures in MS; although they differ in the reported prevalence, seizures do appear to be more common in MS cohorts than in the ...
Eross Loránd - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To investigate interhemispheric propagation of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy seizures in patients undergoing long-term video-EEG monitoring with combined scalp and foramen ovale electrodes. AIM OF THE STUDY: To reveal possible interhemispheric propagation patterns in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, to improve presurgical evaluation of temporal epileptic patients. METHODS: Sixty-five seizures ...
Bourez-Swart Mireille D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To compare the seizure pattern detection rate of single-channel and multichannel amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG), using conventional EEG (cEEG) as a gold standard, in full-term neonates with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy. The optimal electrode derivation for seizure detection with single-channel aEEG was also investigated. METHODS: Twelve infants with cEEG seizure patterns (10s) ...
Kelemen Anna - - 2010
PURPOSE: Upper extremity automatisms are considered to be an ipsilateral seizure lateralizing sign in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Herein we describe different types of contralateral upper extremity automatisms (CUEAs). METHODS: One hundred ninety-three video-(electroencephalography) EEG recordings of 59 patients were reviewed. Other than two patients who refused surgery, all patients ...
Cukiert Arthur - - 2010
We studied the effects of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) on eating seizures, which theoretically would be triggered by neural activity and signaling from organs innervated by the vagus nerve. Three adult patients with daily nonreflex and reflex eating seizures were studied; one patient also had hot-water seizures. One patient had ...
Adjei Patrick - - 2009
PURPOSE: Autonomic symptoms during seizures may provide information on seizure onset zone. We investigated whether changes in heart rate (HR) and HR variability (HRV) occur during subclinical electrographic seizure patterns, and whether these have a localising/lateralising value. METHODS: EEG and ECG recordings of pharmacoresistant epilepsy patients who underwent intracranial video-EEG ...
Verrotti A - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this open label pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) as 'de novo' monotherapy in children and adolescents with late onset childhood occipital epilepsy-Gastaut type (COE-G). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twelve patients suffering from COE-G were enrolled in this prospective study. The ...
Hoffmann Judith M - - 2009
Analysis of ictal semiology is essential to presurgical evaluation of epilepsy patients providing information on seizure origin. To assess the significance of hypersalivation and postictal coughing for seizure origin in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), we analyzed video/EEG monitoring documented seizures of 107 adult patients for these seizure elements with respect ...
Rotenberg Alexander - - 2009
Low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is emerging as a therapeutic tool for patients with intractable epilepsy. Although seizures during treatment have been reported as adverse events in some patients, the nature and severity of seizures that may be provoked by low-frequency rTMS in patients with epilepsy have not been ...
Brotherstone Ruth - - 2010
PURPOSE: To measure the corrected QT cardiac repolarization time before and during epileptic seizures. METHODS: Thirty-nine video-EEG/ECG/SAO(2) (electroencephalography/electrocardiography/oxygen saturation) telemetry patients were included in this prospective study. Epileptic seizures were identified both clinically and electrographically. RR intervals and associated QT intervals were measured 5 min prior to the onset of ...
Yal?in A Destina - - 2009
PURPOSE: To describe the clinical and electroencephalographic features of three patients diagnosed with Panayiotopoulos syndrome with different lesions identified by cranial MRI investigation. METHODS: Our study was based on patients from the Epilepsy Outpatient Clinic of Si?li Etfal Education Hospital in Istanbul, where a prospective study of Panayiotopoulos syndrome was ...
Maschio M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Zonisamide (ZNS) is an antiepileptic drug (AED) with broad spectrum action that demonstrated a good efficacy in controlling seizures as add-on in adult and pediatric epilepsy. To date there have been no studies on ZNS in patients with brain tumor-related epilepsy (BTRE). AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate efficacy ...
Echenne Bernard - - 2009
Duplications in Xq28 involving the methyl CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) have been described in male patients with severe mental disability, delayed milestones, absence of language, hypotonia replaced by spasticity and retractions, and recurrent and often severe infections. In a study involving five patients in two families, multiplex ligation-dependent ...
Kaplan Yuksel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical features of several members of the same family diagnosed with both hot water epilepsy (HWE) and cerebral lesions. METHODS: Age at onset and types of seizure, precipitating factors, EEG findings, and neuroimages were evaluated. RESULTS: The family consisted of six generations, including one consanguineous parent. ...
Slezicki Katherine I - - 2009
The incidence of atypical handedness (left-handedness and ambidexterity) in patients with epilepsy, particularly its association with major clinical factors, is not well established. We evaluated a full range of clinical variables in 478 patients with epilepsy from the United States and Korea. With the Edinburgh Handedness Inventory, handedness was established ...
Matsumoto Akiko - - 2009
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to examine prognostic factors for seizures in 106 epileptic patients with SMIDS. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One-hundred-six epileptic patients with SMIDS were the subjects of this study. The study group consisted of 60 male and 46 female patients. The ages ranged from 4 to ...
Rotge Jean-Yves - - 2009
Nonepileptic seizures (NES) are commonly observed in patients with seizures resistant to antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). However, NES may be symptomatic of different diagnoses, in particular, conversion disorder (CD) and coexisting NES and epileptic seizures (CENES). We compared the clinical characteristics of these disorders in 219 patients with refractory seizures. The ...
Campeau Philippe M - - 2010
Infantile spasms (or West syndrome) occur occasionally in patients with branched-chain organic acidurias. We describe a patient diagnosed with methylmalonic aciduria at 4.5 months of age during an episode of metabolic decompensation. The child was developmentally delayed and hypotonic; his electroencephalography (EEG) showed hypsarrythmia and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Seyal Masud - - 2009
PURPOSE: Respiratory mechanisms are implicated in sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). We previously demonstrated a high incidence of ictal hypoxemia in temporal lobe seizures. We now report on the temporal relationship between ictal apnea and seizure onset and spread in patients undergoing video-EEG (electroencephalography) telemetry (VET) with intracranial electrodes. ...
Tong Xian-zeng - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In the years around 1990, in Beijing Tiantan Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University many children with infantile hemiplegia and intractable epilepsy were treated with further modified anatomical hemispherectomy. We report the follow up of the first six cases. To make good use of these precious clinical data and ...
Chaichana Kaisorn L - - 2009
OBJECT: Seizures are a common presenting symptom and cause of morbidity for patients with malignant astrocytomas. The authors set out to determine preoperative seizure characteristics, effects of surgery on seizure control, and factors associated with prolonged seizure control in patients with malignant astrocytomas. METHODS: Cases involving adult patients who underwent ...
Kopp Sandra L - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Systemic local anesthetic toxicity is a potential complication in patients undergoing regional anesthesia, particularly during procedures requiring large doses of local anesthetic, such as epidurals, caudals, and peripheral nerve blocks. It is unknown whether patients with a history of a seizure disorder are at an increased risk of central ...
Florance Nicole R - - 2009
To report the clinical features of anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis in patients < or = 18 years old. Information was obtained by the authors or referring physicians. Antibodies were determined by immunocytochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using HEK293 cells ectopically expressing NR1. Over an 8-month period, 81 patients (12 ...
Khamis H - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate a novel application of autoregression (AR) spectral techniques for seizure detection from scalp EEG. METHODS: EEGs were recorded from twelve patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy. The Burg maximum entropy AR method was applied to the signals from four electrodes near the epileptic focus for each patient, ...
Douglas Vanja C VC University of California Department of Neurology Box 0114 400 Parnassus Ave, 8th Floor Neurology Clinic San Franciso, CA 94143-0114, USA. - - 2009
Seizures are relatively common in Alzheimer disease (AD) and other neurodegenerative disorders. To our knowledge, however, there have been no reports of seizures associated with corticobasal degeneration (CBD). We describe a patient with brain biopsy features suggestive of CBD whose course was complicated by complex partial seizures with secondary generalization. ...
Verrotti Alberto - - 2009
A retrospective multicentre study was performed to analyse psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) in prepubertal and pubertal patients with idiopathic epilepsy and to determine whether have different clinical characteristics. In this study, we reviewed 36 patients from six neurological referral centres: Department of Pediatrics, Chieti (3 patients); Department of Child Neuropsychiatry, ...
Friedman David E - - 2010
PURPOSE: To investigate and compare injury rates, associated risk factors, circumstances, and medical record documentation in patients with pharmacoresistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETLE). METHODS: The study cohort consisted of fifty-two consecutive adults with treatment-resistant epilepsy and seizure classification confirmed by video-electrocardiography (EEG) (28 with TLE ...
Fauser Susanne - - 2009
This study describes the existence and the clinical and electrophysiological features of multi-focal cortical dysplasia in epilepsy patients. Five patients with intractable focal epilepsy are reported. All patients underwent invasive presurgical video-electroencephalography monitoring. Localization of dysplastic areas was based on high-resolution magnetic resonance scanning, surface and intracranial electroencephalography. Four patients ...
Kim Wonsuk - - 2009
Scalp recording of infraslow (<0.5 Hz) ictal activity is useful for localizing partial seizures (Vanhatalo et al., Neurology 2003a;60:1198-1104, Miller et al., Neuroimage. 2007;35:583-597). This study further characterizes these infraslow ictal shifts with invasive recordings. Invasive monitoring captured 82 seizures in 11 patients with a 64-channel direct-current amplifier coupled to ...
Cerisola Alfredo - - 2009
In more than two thirds of cases, glutaric aciduria type I begins in the first 3 years of life with an acute encephalopathic crisis with hypotonia or generalized rigidity, neurologic depression, irritability, seizures, and dystonia. The clinical histories were reviewed for 13 glutaric aciduria type I patients (9 male, 4 ...
Gomes Rui A - - 2009
Of the many risk factors suggested for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP), higher frequency of seizures is a very consistent issue. Following this reasoning, it has been established that hemodialysis-associated seizure is a complication of dialysis procedure. Based on these facts, this study investigated a possible association between cardiovascular ...
Schuele Stephan U - - 2010
Cerebral anoxia-ischemia (CAI) is a potent inhibitor of cerebral hyperactivity and a potential mechanism of seizure self-termination. Prolonged ictal asystole (IA) invariably leads to CAI and has been implicated as a potential cause of sudden unexplained death in epilepsy (SUDEP). IA was seen in eight consecutive patients (0.12% of all ...
Khan Ahsan Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: An estimated 24% of patients referred to epilepsy clinics actually have nonepileptic seizures. Various procedures have been used to precipitate nonepileptic events. The goal of this study was to use hypnosis in seizure provocation and differentiation between epileptic and nonepileptic seizure events. METHODS: Fifty study participants were enrolled from ...
Petramfar Peyman - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Distinguishing epileptic generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) from either psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) or vasovagal syncope (VVS) is important. In this study, we investigated the use of postictal serum creatine phosphokinase (CPK) concentrations in distinguishing between these events. METHODS: Patients admitted to the Neurology Ward at Namazi Hospital in Shiraz, ...
van Breemen Mèlanie S M - - 2009
Although seizures in brain tumor patients are common, the knowledge on optimal anti-seizure therapy in this patient group is limited. An observational study was carried out using a database of all patients from the neuro-oncology service during the period 2000-2005, with data on seizure characteristics, therapy with AEDs, the underlying ...
Palmio Johanna J Department of Neurology, University of Tampere, FIN-33014 Tampere, Finland. - - 2009
Whether repeated brief seizures can cause neuronal damage is controversial. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) total tau (T-tau) and phosphorylated tau (P-tau) measurements have been suggested for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, and T-tau may also be a marker of axonal damage and neuronal degeneration. We studied T-tau and P-tau levels and ...
Dinapoli Loredana - - 2009
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the effects of levetiracetam monotherapy on seizure control, quality of life and neurocognitive performance in patients with brain tumor-related epilepsy. We present here preliminary data from 18 patients with follow-up of 6 months. We evaluated seizure frequency at baseline. We used ...
Kobayashi Katsuhiro - - 2009
PURPOSE: EEG gamma rhythms, which are found in association with epileptic spasms in infants with West syndrome, were explored in the ictal EEGs of tonic seizures in older patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) to investigate the pathophysiology of the disease. METHODS: The subjects were 20 patients with LGS (11 males, ...
Artuso R - - 2010
Rett syndrome is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder affecting almost exclusively females. Among Rett clinical variants, the early-onset seizure variant describes girls with early onset epilepsy and it is caused by mutations in CDKL5. Four previously reported girls and five new cases with CDKL5 mutation, ranging from 14 months to 13 ...
Varoglu Asuman Orhan - - 2009
PURPOSE: Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) is the most common pathology in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). There are a few reports concerning prognosis in patients with MTLE-HS treated medically. The study was carried out to determine the clinical risk factors affecting prognosis. METHODS: We enrolled 287 patients with MTLE-HS treated medically. ...
d'Orsi G - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the video-polygraphic features and the long-term outcome of epilepsy in two patients with startle epilepsy associated with infantile hemiplegia (SEIH). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two patients (patient 1: a 14-year-old girl; patient 2: a 17 year-and-half-year-old girl), with hemiparesis and moderate mental ...
Niehusmann Pitt - - 2009
BACKGROUND: In women younger than 45 years, a new form of encephalitis associated with ovarian teratoma and presenting with seizures and psychiatric symptoms has been described. Most patients have antibodies to NR1/NR2 heteromers of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR). OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency and significance of antibodies to NMDAR in ...
Donaire Antonio - - 2009
The aim of this study was to investigate if sequential analysis of BOLD signal changes induced by seizures is useful for preoperative identification of the site of seizure onset in patients with pharmaco-resistant focal epilepsy. METHOD: We analyzed BOLD raw data from 5 patients with focal medically refractory epilepsy who ...
Jacobs Julia - - 2009
Intracranial depth macroelectrode recordings from patients with focal seizures demonstrate interictal and ictal high frequency oscillations (HFOs, 80-500 Hz). These HFOs are more frequent in the seizure-onset zone (SOZ) and reported to be linked to seizure genesis. We evaluated whether HFO activity changes in a systematic way during the preictal ...
Sakuma Hiroshi - - 2009
Acute encephalitis with refractory, repetitive partial seizures (AERRPS) represents a peculiar form of encephalitis mainly affecting children. They usually present abruptly with seizure or impaired consciousness as well as high-grade fever following antecedent infection. Seizures in AERRPS are almost exclusively of localized origin, whose semiology includes eye deviation, hemifacial twitching, ...
Bonkowsky Joshua L - - 2009
The characteristics of seizures and epilepsy in infants who have had an apparent life-threatening event have been poorly defined. Our objective was to characterize in depth the cohort of patients with apparent life-threatening events who developed seizures. We collected data from infants hospitalized for an apparent life-threatening event, and evaluated ...
Berggren Ulf - - 2009
AIMS: In several studies, possible risk factors/predictors for severe alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS), i.e. delirium tremens (DT) and/or seizures, have been investigated. We have recently observed that low blood platelet count could be such a risk factor/predictor. We therefore investigated whether such an association could be found using a large ...
Wirenfeldt Martin - - 2009
Microgliosis is prominent in Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE), a disease with severe seizure activity. However, it is unclear if microglial activation is similar with different histopathologic substrates. Iba1-immunolabelled microglial activation was assessed in neocortex from pediatric epilepsy surgery patients with RE (n=8), cortical dysplasia (CD; n=6) and tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC; ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >