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Abubakr Abuhuziefa - - 2010
Hyperventilation (HV) is considered to be one of the activation procedures that provokes epileptic potentials and clinical seizures. However, the true clinical yield of HV is not well established. We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients admitted to JFK Hospital, Edison, New Jersey, between October 2001 and December 2004 ...
De Reuck Jacques L - - 2012
Seizures occur mainly in patients with cortical infarcts in the anterior circulation. Those related to a posterior circulation infarct (POCI) are considered rare. This study investigated the characteristics of patients with seizures related to a POCI. A total of 180 consecutive patients admitted with a POCI had a 2- to ...
Petrovski S - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To test the hypothesis that neuropsychiatric symptomatology is predictive of the success of seizure control in patients newly treated with antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), and that this predictive value adds to that provided by other clinical, imaging, and genomic factors in a multivariate model. METHODS: One hundred seventy newly treated ...
Song Tae-Jin - - 2010
Central nervous system dysfunction, such as hyperexcitation, irritability, and disturbance of consciousness, may occur in patients with thyrotoxicosis. There are also a few case reports of seizures attributed to thyrotoxicosis. The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of seizures that appeared to be related to the ...
Flesler Santiago - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the electroclinical features and evolution of seven infants with benign infantile focal epilepsy with midline spikes and waves during sleep (BIMSE). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven patients were examined at our department between February 2003 and February 2009, with onset of seizures between six and 13 months of ...
Vespa P M - - 2010
To determine if posttraumatic nonconvulsive electrographic seizures result in long-term brain atrophy. Prospective continuous EEG (cEEG) monitoring was done in 140 patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and in-depth study of 16 selected patients was done using serial volumetric MRI acutely and at 6 months after TBI. ...
Abd-El-Barr Muhammad M - - 2010
A retrospective analysis of 43 patients with drop attack seizures who were treated with vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) was undertaken to determine the efficacy of VNS and to determine pre-implantation characteristics associated with VNS success. It was found that on last follow-up, 46% of patients had at least a 75% ...
Benbir Gulcin - - 2010
Although seizures are rarely encountered in Wilson's disease (WD), seizures related to hypocupremia have not been reported before. We report a patient presenting with partial status epilepticus who was on strict low-copper diet and chelating therapy for WD. Despite other rare causes of seizures in WD including penicillamine-induced pyridoxine deficiency, ...
Kuhlmann Levin - - 2010
This paper evaluates the patient-specific seizure prediction performance of pre-ictal changes in bivariate-synchrony between pairs of intracranial electroencephalographic (iEEG) signals within 15min of a seizure in patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. Prediction horizons under 15min reduce the durations of warning times and should provide adequate time for a seizure control ...
Abla Adib A - - 2011
This study aims to examine the outcomes of ten patients after orbitozygomatic (OZ) pterional surgery in cases of refractory epilepsy caused by hypothalamic hamartomas (HH). Ten patients with HH and treatment-resistant epilepsy (mean age 18.3 years, range 0.7 to 42.7) underwent HH resection with an OZ approach (n = 8) or an OZ ...
de Laat P - - 2011
Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is characterized by seizures, headaches, altered mental status, cortical blindness and typical transient lesions on magnetic resonance imaging. We describe seven childhood cancer patients with clinical and radiological symptoms of PRES, and reviewed all well-documented PRES cases reported during childhood cancer treatment. Fifty-six children with ...
Doelken M T - - 2010
The objective of our study was to gain further insight into the extent of local metabolic alterations in patients with idiopathic generalised epilepsy (IGE), respectively, the subgroup with generalised tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS). The extent of regional metabolic involvement perhaps indicates the key structures in generation of seizures and involvement of ...
Rampp Stefan - - 2010
In patients with pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy,we demonstrate that magnetoencephalography (MEG) detects spike-locked and spike-independent epileptic high gamma oscillations (HGOs) using combined MEG and invasive electroencephalography (iEEG) from subdural macroelectrodes. Six patients, who underwent presurgical workup for epilepsy surgery with preoperative simultaneous MEG and subdural iEEG recordings,were investigated. HGOs in iEEG ...
Chuang Ming-Jung - - 2010
Seizures are one of the most important neurological complications of bacterial brain abscesses. A better understanding of the risk factors of seizures following bacterial brain abscesses is needed to predict those who will require treatment. A total of 205 patients were enrolled in this 22-year retrospective study. Prognostic variables were ...
Doelken M Thorsten - - 2010
The objective of this study was to determine if levetiracetam (LEV) modulates brain γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in patients with epilepsy. Occipital GABA was assessed by protein magnetic resonance spectroscopy (¹H-MRS) in 16 patients with focal epilepsy at baseline and following the initiation of oral administration of LEV as monotherapy. Responder ...
Mativo Peter - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is associated with ictal autonomic dysfunction which may extend into the inter-ictal period. Antiepileptic drugs have often been blamed for cardiac autonomic dysfunction in epilepsy patients. In this study we have investigated cardiac autonomic parameters in order to evaluate autonomic functions of drug-naïve epilepsy patients. METHOD: Twenty drug-naïve ...
Sand Trond - - 2010
To investigate whether quantitative electroencephalography (QEEG) recorded within a few days after a generalized seizure can improve the discrimination between alcohol-related seizures (ARSs), seizures in epilepsy and other seizures. In addition, we wanted to evaluate the influence of various external factors on QEEG, e.g., drug use, time from seizure occurrence, ...
Abe Shinpei - - 2011
We retrospectively reviewed six patients with incontinentia pigmenti (IP) who had encephalopathic manifestations during early infancy. We enrolled six patients who met the following criteria from the mailing list of the Annual Zao Conference: (1) diagnosis of IP; (2) encephalopathic manifestations with reduced consciousness and clusters of seizures by 6 ...
D'Aleo Giangaetano - - 2011
Epileptic seizures associated with intrathecal baclofen (ITB) application have been observed in patients with traumatic brain injury. A higher incidence of seizures has also been reported in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) receiving ITB. To our knowledge, no case of a first epileptic seizure has been reported in the context ...
Tatum W O - - 2010
Dacrystic seizures are characterized by crying and are rare in patients with epilepsy. The crying that occurs during complex partial seizures is expressed as an unconscious behavior unassociated with sadness or depressive quality. It has been reported to occur with focal seizures that are localized to the frontotemporal regions and ...
Doyle O M - - 2010
This work investigates the efficacy of heart rate (HR) based measures for patient-independent, automatic detection of seizures in newborns. Sixty-two time-domain and frequency-domain features were extracted from the neonatal heart rate signal. These features were classified using a sophisticated support vector machine (SVM) scheme. The performance was evaluated on a ...
Winkler Andrea S - - 2010
We have previously described a seizure disorder characterized by head nodding (HN). In a prospective study in southern Tanzania, we evaluated 62 patients with HN. Here, we report the patients' clinical characteristics and those of their seizures, which indicate high seizure frequency, unsatisfactory seizure control, a high burden of cognitive ...
Thompson Miles D - - 2010
Persistent hyperphosphatasia associated with developmental delay and seizures was described in a single family by Mabry et al. 1970 (OMIM 239300), but the nosology of this condition has remained uncertain ever since. We report on five new patients (two siblings, one offspring of consanguineous parents, and two sporadic patients) that ...
Velísková Jana - - 2010
Estrogens are essential for normal brain functions. The effects of estrogens on seizures are contradictory. More studies are necessary to determine under which conditions the estrogens have proconvulsant effects and when the estrogens may have beneficial action in patients with epilepsy.
Tripathi M M Department of Neurology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India. - - 2010
The phenomenon of temporal clustering of seizures is well known, but its effect on seizure localization has not been rigorously analyzed. The aim of our study was to assess electrophysiological localization during Video EEG (VEEG) monitoring in patients with intractable epilepsy demonstrating a cluster of seizures. The study was conducted ...
Tschampa Henriette J - - 2011
Transient signal changes in the pulvinar have been described following status epilepticus. However, we observed persistent thalamus changes after seizures. The purpose of this study was to characterize thalamus changes in patients with seizure disorders and to correlate imaging findings with clinical features. We searched among 5,500 magnetic resonance imaging ...
Saito Yoshiaki - - 2010
To delineate the evolution of non-epileptic and epileptic paroxysmal events in alternating hemiplegia of childhood (AHC), we reviewed clinical information of nine patients (4-40 years) with AHC. Paroxysmal abnormal ocular movements, head turning, and tonic, clonic, or myoclonic limb movements were the initial symptoms (birth-8m) in each patient. Ictal electroencephalography ...
Hixson John D - - 2010
After a patient has initiated an antiepileptic drug (AED) and achieved a sustained period of seizure freedom, the bias towards continuing therapy indefinitely can be substantial. Studies show that the rate of seizure recurrence after AED withdrawal is about two to three times the rate in patients who continue AEDs, ...
Karafin Matthew - - 2010
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE) has been suggested to follow a circadian rhythm. Previous research found an afternoon peak in mTLE seizure occurrence. We evaluated the pattern of seizure occurrence in patients with well-localized mTLE and hypothesized that peak seizure frequency would occur in the afternoon, and that this pattern ...
Matsuo Muneaki - - 2010
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has a close relationship with epilepsy. This study retrospectively examined patients with epilepsy associated with ASD. Among the 519 patients with epilepsy, 79 patients (15.2%) had ASD. Sixty-two patients had idiopathic ASD and 17 had secondary ASD. The epilepsy patients with idiopathic ASD were retrospectively analyzed. ...
Zachenhofer Iris - - 2011
Efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) as perioperative seizure prophylaxis in supratentorial brain tumor patients were retrospectively studied. Between February 2007 and April 2009 in a single institution, 78 patients with primary or secondary supratentorial brain tumors [40 female, 38 male; mean age 57 years, from 27 to 89 years; ...
Ozlen Fatma - - 2010
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNET) and gangliogliomas (GG) are generally associated with epilepsy in young patients. Presurgical work-up and postsurgical results vary from center to center. Seizures are commonly focal with secondary generalization, and surgical treatment is often effective. Twenty-eight patients with DNET and 24 patients with GG were eligible for ...
Schulze-Bonhage A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Postictal psychosis is a particular entity with unclear relationship to preceding epileptic seizures. In particular, the role of ongoing interictal and ictal epileptic discharges in the epileptic focus, as opposed to widespread changes in cortical networks in its generation, has remained controversial. METHODS: We describe two patients with temporal ...
Minasyan Georgiy R - - 2010
The objective of this study is to develop a method for automatic detection of seizures before or immediately after clinical onset using features derived from scalp electroencephalogram. This detection method is patient specific. It uses recurrent neural networks and a variety of input features. For each patient, we trained and ...
Siddiqui Fouzia - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of vagus nerve stimulator (VNS) therapy and identify factors associated with reduction of seizures. The VNS is an accepted therapeutic option for patients with refractory partial epilepsy. There are, however, limited data regarding efficacy in any specific group of ...
Adachi Naoto - - 2010
Persons with epilepsy experience déjà vu phenomena with or without seizure recognition. Déjà vu experiences are also common mental phenomena in nonclinical individuals. The purpose of this study was to clarify two forms of déjà vu experiences in persons with epilepsy. Déjà vu experiences of 312 patients with epilepsy and ...
Navas Marta - - 2010
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) was introduced as a novel method for the treatment of patients with medically and/or surgically refractory epilepsy. VNS typically involves placement of the electrode on the left vagus nerve. However, there are some patients who cannot be implanted on this side because of complications related to ...
Carreño Mar - - 2010
Autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) is a familial partial epilepsy syndrome characterized by seizures suggesting a frontal lobe origin occurring predominantly during sleep. Up to a third of patients may have refractory seizures, with repeated episodes of status epilepticus, intellectual disability of variable degree and psychiatric disturbances. We ...
Verrotti Alberto - - 2010
We report an unusual association between idiopathic occipital epilepsy and childhood absence epilepsy in 2 pediatric patients. At first clinical and electroencephalographic evaluation, the patients presented the peculiar signs of idiopathic occipital epilepsy Gastaut type: focal sensory visual seizures, migraine-like symptoms (only in one patient) and unilateral spike-wave discharges over ...
Sand Trond - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the occipital EEG response to 18 and 24Hz photic stimulation (the H-response) in alcohol-related seizures (ARS). METHOD: Twenty-two ARS patients, 15 of whom had a withdrawal seizure (WS) were compared with patients with recent seizures of other causes: 21 patients with epilepsy, and 30 Alcohol Use Disorders ...
Müngen Bülent - - 2010
PURPOSE: (1) To evaluate autonomic nervous system (ANS) functions during both interictal and postictal periods in a group of cases with nonepileptic psychogenic seizures (NEPS) and a group of epileptic patients to determine whether they have autonomic dysfunction. (2) If a significant difference can be established between epileptic and NEPS ...
Ogunrin O A - - 2010
Post traumatic epilepsy is recurrent chronic seizures occurring after four weeks following brain injury. It commonly occurs after road traffic accidents thus making it a preventable cause of chronic seizures. The prevalence and pattern of this disorder is not known among Nigerian patients with epilepsy. This study aimed at determining ...
Nilsen Kristian Bernhard - - 2010
BACKGROUND: People with epilepsy are at risk for sudden unexpected death. Cardiac arrhythmia is one possible mechanism. We have studied seizure-related changes in cardiac rhythm. METHODS: Video-EEG and ECG from 38 patients with epileptic seizures during long-term monitoring for investigation of partial epilepsy with ictal impairment of consciousness were obtained. ...
Wolf Peter P Danish Epilepsy Centre Filadelfia, Dianalund, Denmark. - - 2011
Ad-hoc administration of benzodiazepines (BZD) is well established in status epilepticus, but intermittent BZD use in the treatment of chronic epilepsy is little known beyond catamenial epilepsy. We aim to assess the use of acute drug administration (ADA) in the treatment of 24 patients with epilepsy (9 idiopathic generalized, 14 ...
Brázdil Milan - - 2010
Interictal high-frequency oscillations (HFO) were recently identified in recordings from depth macroelectrodes in epileptic patients. StereoEEG (SEEG) recordings were analyzed in four patients with medically intractable partial seizures due to focal cortical dysplasia type IIA. Characteristics of HFO within seizure onset zone (SOZ), irritative zone, and remote brain areas were ...
Takano Tomoyuki - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine whether seizure susceptibility due to antihistamines is provoked in patients with febrile seizures. The study population comprised 14 patients with simple febrile seizures and 35 patients with complex febrile seizures. Detailed clinical manifestations were compared between patients with and without administration of ...
Selvitelli Megan F - - 2010
Electroencephalograms are widely used to detect interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) in patients with a known history of seizures. However, previous studies have not found a consistent association between the presence or frequency of IEDs and clinical epilepsy severity, possibly because of differences in subject characteristics and recording techniques. We sought ...
Yum Mi-Sun - - 2010
PURPOSE: Idiopathic focal epilepsies in childhood including benign childhood epilepsy with occipital paroxysms (BEOP) or benign childhood epilepsy with centro-temporal spikes (BCECTS) are characterized by specific focal electrographic patterns as the name indicates. Generalized spike-wave discharges in children with idiopathic focal epilepsy can suggest a neurobiological continuum with the idiopathic ...
Auvin Stéphane - - 2010
PURPOSE: Late-onset spasms (LOS) are epileptic spasms starting after the first year of life. Our aim was to assess the electroclinical features and the follow-up of the patients with this particular type of epileptic seizure. METHODS: We retrospectively included all patients with LOS confirmed by electroencephalography between 1989 and 2008. ...
Hoffmann Judith M - - 2010
We aimed to assess the localizing value of the initial semiological element in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Video-EEG-documented seizures of 97 adult TLE patients were studied in relation to seizure origin (left versus right; mesial versus extra-mesial). Strikingly, seizures with mesial onset started with very few ictal phenomena, while seizures ...
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