Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1726
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Alarcón G - - 2006
To determine whether it is worth pursuing surgery for the treatment of epilepsy in patients with normal neuroimaging. Two patient populations were studied: (1) 136 consecutive patients who were surgically treated; (2) 105 consecutive patients assessed with chronically implanted intracranial electrodes within the same period. Sixty patients belonged to both ...
Flügel Dominique D The MRI Unit, National Society for Epilepsy, Chalfont St Peter, Gerrard's Cross, Bucks SL9 0RJ, - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to characterise the concentration and magnetisation transfer ratio (MTR) of brain metabolites following epileptic seizures. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy was performed in 10 patients with temporal or extra-temporal lobe epilepsy as soon as possible after a seizure, with a second interictal scan between 1 and ...
Franzoni E - - 2006
To evaluate the long-term efficacy, tolerability, and safety of oxcarbazepine (OXC) in children with epilepsy. We enrolled 36 patients (median age 7.75) with new diagnosis of partial epilepsy in an open prospective study. All type of epilepsy were included: 25 patients were affected by idiopathic epilepsy, eight by symptomatic epilepsy ...
OTA, Tamio / TAKAMATSU, ...
Primary reading epilepsy belongs to a group of seizures precipitated by sensory input. A possible case of the disease is presented. The patient, a 30-year-old man, developed while reading several seizures emanating from the tongue, jaw, and throat followed by generalized convulsions. The seizures were not provoked by activities other ...
Ronkainen Eija - - 2006
PURPOSE: To elucidate possible effect of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) therapy on interictal heart rate (HR) variability in patients with refractory epilepsy before and after 1-year VNS treatment. METHODS: A 24-hour electrocardiogram (ECG) was recorded at the baseline and after 12 months of VNS treatment in 14 patients with refractory ...
Bedeschi Maria Francesca - - 2006
This study reports the clinical features of 63 patients with agenesis of the corpus callosum who received in-depth genetic, clinical, and laboratory testing with the aim to contribute to a better description of the large spectrum of associated malformations and to assist clinicians in the diagnosis. Thirty patients manifested complete ...
Ruocco Heloísa H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical presentation a group of patients with juvenile onset of Huntington disease. METHOD: All patients were interviewed following a structured clinical questionnaire. Patients were genotyped for the trinucleotide cytosine-adenine-guanine (CAG) repeat in the Huntington Disease gene. High resolution brain MRI was performed in all patients. RESULTS: ...
Petroff Ognen A C - - 2006
To assess the relation between seizure control and brain homocarnosine and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels of patients with complex partial seizures taking gabapentin (GBP) or topiramate (TPM) as adjunctive therapy. In vivo measurements of GABA and homocarnosine were made of a 14-cc volume in the occipital cortex by using (1)H ...
van der Feltz-Cornelis C M - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of methylphenidate treatment in epilepsy patients with comorbid adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHODS: Six of 156 consecutive patients attending a tertiary epilepsy clinic for diagnostic evaluation of new seizures, 3 patients with epilepsy and 3 ...
Cukiert Arthur - - 2006
PURPOSE: We report on the efficacy and safety of extended one-stage callosal section performed in a large and homogeneous series of patients. METHODS: Seventy-six patients with Lennox-Gastaut (n = 28) and Lennox-like (n = 48) syndrome were studied (42 male patients; mean age, 11.2 years). All patients had multiple seizure ...
Khan Raja B - - 2006
PURPOSE: To study seizure outcome after antiepilepsy drug (AED) withdrawal in brain tumor patients and to analyze risk factors for seizure recurrence. METHODS: Brain tumor patients with seizures and at least one attempt at AED discontinuation were identified from the hospital database and neurology clinic records. After defining study variables, ...
Oishi Makoto - - 2006
PURPOSE: To characterize the epileptogenic zone in neocortical epilepsy (NE) by using magnetoencephalography (MEG). METHODS: We defined and compared locations of single and multiple clusters of equivalent current dipoles (ECDs) for interictal spikes with MRI findings, ictal-onset zones (IOZs) from subdural electroencephalography (SDEEG), resected areas, and postsurgical outcomes of 20 ...
Chan Chow Huat Patrick - - 2006
PURPOSE: Patients with childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) have normal clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies. The presence of abnormalities in corticothalamic networks has been suggested to be the functional basis of absence seizure generation. We assessed whether structural grey and white matter volume changes of these areas occurred in patients ...
Siegel A M - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To determine the surgical outcome and prognostic factors in adult patients with intractable epilepsy and focal cortical dysplasia (FCD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively studied the operative outcome in 21 consecutive adult patients with FCD who underwent surgical treatment for intractable partial epilepsy. RESULTS: The mean age at surgery ...
Wolf Peter - - 2006
To better understand mechanisms of remission, the decline in seizure propensity in seizure-free patients was investigated. Plasma antiepileptic drug levels were measured in 199 adults seizure-free for 2 or more years, who consented to reduction and eventual discontinuation of therapy. Among 117 patients on monotherapy, drug dosage was reduced in ...
Brighina Filippo - - 2006
Electrical stimulation of the cerebellar cortex by implanted electrodes has been shown to ameliorate refractory epilepsy. We investigated the potential therapeutic role of high-frequency cerebellar rTMS in patients affected by refractory epilepsy due to single or multiple foci. Six patients, three with single and three with multiple epileptic foci, underwent ...
Kawauchi Akihiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To clarify refractory enuresis related to alarm therapy, we evaluated the possibility of the prediction of refractory cases, the effectiveness of alarm therapy for cases refractory to pharmacotherapy and the prognosis of non-responders to alarm therapy. METHODS: First, the effectiveness of alarm therapy in 55 monosymptomatic patients and 29 ...
Labate Angelo - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) as either 'de novo' (monotherapy) or 'add-on' therapy in patients with different generalised epilepsies characterised by myoclonic seizures from an observational study. METHODS: We evaluated 35 patients (21 female, mean age 24.7 years) with different types of generalised epilepsies (juvenile ...
Chuang Yao-Chung - - 2006
We evaluated 22 patients with epileptic seizures in which the seizures were triggered by various games or game-related materials. Based on whether spontaneous seizure coexisted or not, these 22 patients were divided into two groups. Ten patients who experienced seizures exclusively while playing or watching specific games were referred to ...
Araki Takashi - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of steroid treatment on cerebral swelling and seizures during subdural grid EEG (SGEEG) monitoring. METHODS: We reviewed data from 37 pediatric patients with intractable epilepsy who underwent SGEEG monitoring and divided the patients into those who received dexamethasone and those who did not. We then ...
Gardella Elena - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate ictal grasping (IG), defined as the act of gripping something firmly during focal epileptic seizures, and to evaluate whether it characterizes specific seizure types. METHODS: We analyzed the video-recordings of 694 seizures in 109 consecutive candidates to epilepsy surgery. Seizures with ...
Lee K J - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Experimental data and case reports of intractable epilepsy patients treated with deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the internal nuclei suggest a considerable anticonvulsant effect. We intended to describe the results of DBS on subthalamic nuclei and anterior thalamic nuclei (STN and ATN) from our patients and to evaluate the ...
Akhtari M - - 2006
The electrical conductivities (sigma) of freshly excised neocortex and subcortical white matter were studied in the frequency range of physiological relevance for EEG (5-1005 Hz) in 21 patients (ages 0.67 to 55 years) undergoing epilepsy neurosurgery. Surgical patients were classified as having cortical dysplasia (CD) or non-CD pathologies. Diffusion tensor ...
Yilmaz Nebi - - 2006
A retrospective study of 28 patients identified with subdural empyema (SE) at the Department of Neurosurgery between the years 1995 and 2005 was carried out. SE occurred in all patients following bacterial meningitis. The six most frequently encountered clinical features included: (1) fever in 22 (79%) patients; (2) disturbed consciousness ...
De Reuck J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: EEG findings are generally not considered to be very helpful for the diagnosis of poststroke seizures. PURPOSE: This retrospective study investigates the EEG characteristics in patients who develop seizures after a cerebral territorial infarct. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 110 patients with seizures after a cerebral ...
Kang H C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To present our experience with vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) and to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of the procedure in pediatric intractable epilepsy. METHODS: This study included sixteen patients, who were implanted with a vagus nerve stimulator and could be followed up for at least more than 12 ...
Greco R - - 2005
The authors studied 40 epileptic patients treated with valproate and 40 healthy controls for at least 2 years. At the end of follow-up, 15 epileptic patients (37.5%) had development of obesity. They showed circulating leptin and insulin levels significantly higher and ghrelin and adiponectin levels significantly lower than those of ...
Buhl Ralf - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intraventricular tumors are quite rare and become symptomatic with hydrocephalus-related signs such as headache, double vision, and seizures. Also, most of the patients show neuropsychological deficits, especially memory problems and lack of attention. METHODS: We reviewed the charts and computed tomographic/magnetic resonance images of 15 patients with tumors of ...
Beauvais Katell - - 2005
Subjective manifestations inaugurating frontal seizures are less well known than those observed in temporal seizures. We report eleven consecutive patients who underwent surgery for premotor epilepsy. Six of them had focal cortical dysplasia. Ictal symptomatology was analysed to establish electroclinical correlations. The localisation of the epileptogenic zone was assessed by ...
Oppelt Peter - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: With an incidence of up to 5% in the general population, genital malformations are a frequent clinical occurrence. However, using the existing published classifications of malformations, difficulties arise in classifying genital malformations appropriately. The aim of the present study was to produce a simple, systematic, and reproducible classification system. ...
Chen Yuh-Jyue - - 2005
Pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP) is a rare inherited syndrome with several types. We reviewed the cases of 7 PHP patients seen between 1990 and 2003, and analyzed their clinical, biochemical data and long-term medical outcomes. Six boys and one girl were included. Two siblings showed Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) and PHP Ia ...
Hui Andrew C F - - 2005
Simple partial status epilepticus (SPSE) is uncommon compared with generalized tonic-clonic status epilepticus. We evaluated the clinical profile and predictors of poor outcome in a group of Chinese patients with this condition. We identified 32 patients above the age of 14 years with SPSE from a large urban hospital over ...
Gürtler S - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To test pathophysiologic hypotheses regarding the occurrence of a splenial lesion in patients with epilepsy. METHODS: The authors studied 16 patients with a splenial lesion and 32 control patients, all of whom had MRI examination immediately after presurgical EEG long-term monitoring (LTM). The authors compared the number of generalized ...
Visudhiphan Pongsakdi - - 2005
This report describes two female siblings suffering from hypomagnesemia with secondary hypocalcemia, diagnosed at the third and fifth week of age. They both presented with recurrent generalized convulsions. Because their serum calcium levels were low at the early stage, the diagnosis of late-onset neonatal hypocalcemia was mistakenly made. Their seizures ...
Scorza Fulvio Alexandre - - 2005
Hemodialysis-associated seizure is a complication of hemodialysis. This report describes the occurrence of seizures in patients with end stage renal disease on dialysis therapy at the Nephrology Institute of Mogi das Cruzes, São Paulo State, Brazil. A retrospective medical history of 189 patients was reviewed to investigate the occurrence of ...
Grosso Salvatore - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: This paper describes the characteristics of patients with typical absence seizures associated with localization related epilepsy (LRE) and compares electroclinical features of absences occurring in these patients with those having childhood absence epilepsy (CAE). METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting with both LRE and typical absences in their epilepsy history were ...
Prengler Mara - - 2005
Although the prevalence of seizures in children with sickle cell disease (SCD) is 10 times that of the general population, there are few prospectively collected data on mechanism. With transcranial Doppler and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography, we evaluated 76 patients with sickle cell disease, 29 asymptomatic and 47 ...
Palmini André - - 2005
PURPOSE: Malformations of cortical development (MCDs) are usually highly epileptogenic, and their hyperexcitability could facilitate the occurrence of reflex seizures. We sought to characterize reflex seizures in patients with MCDs and refractory epilepsy. METHODS: Clinical, electrographic, and neuroimaging data were reviewed in eight patients with MCDs who had reflex seizures ...
Sporis Davor - - 2005
Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) is a constituent of many types of lipoproteins that play a role in metabolism of cholesterol and lipids in the body as well as in the brain. ApoE is synthesised in astrocytes and microglia and enter to neurons through LDL, LRP and VLDL receptors. Recently it was ...
Barba C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To describe repetitive movements of the right arm possibly originating from the ipsilateral SMA area in two drug-resistant epileptic patients. METHODS: Two epileptic patients (one female, one male, 35 and 36 years old, respectively) were submitted to pre-surgical evaluation including history, neurological examination, long-term video-EEG monitoring, interictal and ictal ...
Stonecipher Karl - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To assess patients' experiences with topical cyclosporine A (tCSA) 0.05% ophthalmic emulsion (Restasis) to treat keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) in a real-world setting. METHODS: A total of 4504 ophthalmologists, optometrists and primary care physicians from throughout the United States participated in the study. Individual physicians identified patients from their practice ...
Khani Yahya Agha - - 2005
Piracetam, a derivative of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), has been used extensively for treatment of myoclonus in a variety of conditions, but not in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE). We have treated a patient with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy who had frequent and inconvenient morning myoclonus with 3,200 mg of piracetam ...
Nadkarni Siddhartha - - 2005
Medical therapy is the mainstay for epilepsy, with most patients well controlled on a single antiepileptic drug (AED). In this non-refractory group, many patients have medication side effects and occasional seizures. Approximately 30% of patients with partial epilepsy and 25% of patients with generalized epilepsy are not well controlled on ...
Saneto, Russell P.
We retrospectively identified 46 children and adolescents with partial epilepsy, who failed prior treatment with phenytoin, carbamazepine, phenobarbital and/or primidone. All patients were subsequently treated with valproate (VPA). Outcome measurements were stratified into seizure type, simple partial seizures (SPS), complex partial seizures (CPS) or secondarily generalized seizures (SGS), or lesions ...
Rossetti A O - - 2005
Ictal bradycardia is rare and its localising value is debated. Bradyarrhythmias are, however, important because of their potential connection to sudden death and ability to affect clinical seizure manifestations. Cerebral hypoperfusion induces loss of consciousness, at times with myoclonic jerks, whose clinical differentiation from a generalised convulsive seizure may prove ...
Demir Ercan - - 2005
Benign familial infantile convulsion is an autosomal dominant epilepsy syndrome characterized by seizures starting from 3 to 12 months and a favorable outcome. We present a Turkish family with benign familial infantile convulsions and report the clinical variability associated with this syndrome in three generations. All 11 affected members had ...
Okumura Akihisa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We conducted a 5-year follow-up study in patients with a seizure induced by animated cartoon "Pocket Monster." METHODS: A recurrence of seizures was observed in 25 of 91 patients with a Pocket Monster seizure. The patients were divided into two groups: Epilepsy group of 12 patients with a history ...
Rizzatti-Barbosa Célia M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Elongation and calcification of the stylohyoid ligament complex may be correlated with Eagle's syndrome. The styloid complex pathogenesis is still being debated. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of stylohyoid ligament complex elongation in panoramic radiographs of 2252 patients in a Brazilian adult, partially ...
Striano Salvatore - - 2005
PURPOSE: To delineate the clinical spectrum and patterns of evolution of epilepsy with gelastic seizures related to hypothalamic hamartoma (HH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We evaluated patients with HH, observed between 1986 and 2002 for whom at least one ictal video-EEG or EEG recording of gelastic seizures was available. RESULTS: Six ...
Atefy Ramin - - 2005
In several studies the efficacy and tolerability of levetiracetam (LEV) have been demonstrated. We report two patients who developed nonconvulsive status epilepticus on treatment with LEV. Both patients never experienced status epilepticus before. One patient had a symptomatic epilepsy with complex partial seizures following radiotherapy of astrocytoma in 1985; the ...
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