Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1037
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Yang H S - - 2001
A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 71 patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) diagnosed by echo-Doppler technique (mean age, 49+/-17) was done. In 27 patients (38%), the etiology was unknown, and the three most frequent identifiable causes were tuberculosis (23/71, 32%), cardiac surgery (8/71, 11%), and mediastinal irradiation (6/71, 9%). ...
Larsen F - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: ECG abnormalities are more common in patients with sarcoidosis than in controls. The incidence of cardiac sarcoid granulomas in the Japanese population has been found to be higher than that seen in Caucasians. We compared the prevalence of ECG abnormalities in Japanese and Swedish ...
Rizzato G - - 2001
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease that usually has a pulmonary presentation. Extrapulmonary presentation of the disease is often unrecognized because the clinical signs ( eg, peripheral lymph nodes) and more important symptoms ( eg, renal stones or uveitis) do not usually indicate systemic disease. In three different long-term studies of ...
Neumann V - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The study group comprised a collective of 1,605 patients with malignant mesotheliomas and with lung tissue available for lung dust analyses. METHOD: Clinical features, occupational histories, expositions and individual data were evaluated, and the asbestos bodies concentrations (asbestos bodies/cm3 lung tissue or g wet tissue) were determined. RESULTS: Mesotheliomas ...
Begum V - - 2001
SETTING: The public health sector of Bangladesh. OBJECTIVE: To assess gender differences in access to tuberculosis diagnosis and in tuberculosis treatment outcome in Bangladesh. METHODS: Information on the age and sex of a sample of patients in 1997 was collected from out-patient registers and tuberculosis laboratory and treatment registers in ...
Sharma S K - - 2001
The clinical profile of one hundred and six biopsy proved patients with sarcoidosis is reported from New Delhi. The disease occurred more frequently in males (68 of the 106; 64%) in their fifth decade. Dry cough (83%), exertional dyspnoea (61%), fever (56%) and joint pains (44%) were frequent symptoms. Hepatomegaly ...
Anderson T M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Approximately 21% of patients with advanced malignancies have cardiac or pericardial involvement with tumor. Controversy exists regarding the optimal approach to the pericardial space when hemodynamic compromise due to effusions occurs. METHODS: A six-year retrospective review of 59 cancer patients with pericardial effusions. RESULTS: Thirty-six patients had subxiphoid pericardial ...
Tabak L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Since the clinical features of sarcoidosis and tuberculosis may mimic each other, and that differentiation is not easy on clinical grounds, a histologic diagnosis may be mandatory in countries where the prevalence of tuberculosis is high or in populations with large numbers of immigrants from those countries. Previous studies ...
Kellam S - - 2001
This study assessed the extent to which laboratory methods recommended by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention were used in tuberculosis testing of patients in California in 1998. While recommended methods were used for most patients, there was room for improvement by hospital and independent non-health maintenance organization laboratories.
Krishnan M - - 2001
The development of pleural effusions in ESRD patients is a relatively common occurrence. Uremia, currently a rare cause of effusion, can lead to the development of hemorrhagic pleural fluid collections in patients who are underdialyzed. Uremic pleural effusions should be considered when common etiologies of effusions such as volume overload, ...
Strizzi L - - 2001
The expression of angiogenic factors may represent useful markers for diagnosis and prediction of disease outcome. Basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) is a potent angiogenic factor which promotes in vitro growth of endothelial cells and in vivo vessel formation. We investigated the expression of b-FGF in patients affected with malignant ...
Ovünç K - - 2001
Ten patients were enrolled in this study to evaluate the therapeutic value of percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy in patients with symptomatic pericardial effusion secondary to malignant diseases. Four patients had breast cancer; 2 had lung cancer; 1 had non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; and 3 had malignant pleural mesothelioma, which is commonly seen in ...
Boin I F - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Ascites can occur after hepatic diseases causing dyspnea, coughing and pain. When associated with pleural effusion it can also increase respiratory distress. In a bibliographic survey hydrothorax has been observed in up to 20% of the patients and the kind of treatment is still being discussed. OBJECTIVE: This case ...
Marcoval J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To assess the presence of foreign material in the granulomatous cutaneous lesions of patients with systemic sarcoidosis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Observational study reevaluating histological specimens at a university referral hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty-five patients diagnosed as having sarcoidosis who developed granulomatous cutaneous involvement. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: To detect the presence ...
Lee Y C - - 2001
BACKGROUND: More than 85% of patients develop pleural effusions after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Although the majority resolve spontaneously, post-CABG effusions can persist. The cause of these persistent effusions is unknown, and the histology of the pleural changes has seldom been reported. OBJECTIVES: To describe the patient characteristics and ...
de Campos J R - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To review our experience with thoracoscopy and talc poudrage during the previous 15 years with regards to efficacy, side effects, morbidity, and mortality. METHODS: Six hundred fourteen consecutive patients (58.6% female; mean age, 54.5 years) underwent thoracoscopy with talc poudrage from August 1983 to May 1999. Of these, 457 ...
Baughman R P - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF WORK: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) appears to be an important cytokine in the inflammation of sarcoidosis. Infliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody which specifically inhibits TNF-alpha. We investigated the efficacy of infliximab for the therapy of chronic, resistant sarcoidosis. METHODS: Patients with persistent symptomatic sarcoidosis despite ...
Bhattacharya A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion in cirrhotic patients (hepatic hydrothorax) may result from migration of ascitic fluid across defects in the diaphragm. Biochemical analysis of ascitic and pleural fluid provides only indirect information about the nature and origin of the effusion. The present study was performed in order to demonstrate the presence/absence ...
Lin T S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic endoscopic sympathectomy (TES) has been already a standard method for the treatment of primary hyperhidrosis. There are rare reports about possibly encountered problems during TES. Therefore, we present our experience in treating palmar and axillary hyperhidrosis and discuss the resoluble methods of potential problems during and after TES. ...
Lebtahi R - - 2001
Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) has been shown to reveal sarcoidosis sites. The aim of this study was to prospectively compare SRS and gallium scintigraphy in the evaluation of pulmonary and extrapulmonary involvement in patients with proven sarcoidosis. METHODS: Eighteen patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis were included. Nine were or recently had ...
Złomaniec G - - 2001
Evaluation of diagnostic possibilities of high definition computerized tomography was performed on the material of 38 patients with recognized silicosis of small opacities on the bases of long lasting exposition, clinical and radiographic picture. Special usefulness of HRCT was shown in revealing early, scanty, radiographically imperceptible nodular changes. The presence ...
Ballore L - - 2001
Aim of this study is the review of our experience in 82 patients treated by pericardial drainage for cardiac tamponade, to assess the efficacy and safety of different techniques and the related indications. The causes of pericardial effusion were: malignancy in 8 patients (9.7%), post-cardiac surgery in 12 (14.6%), while ...
Seferovic P M - - 2000
Pericardioscopy enables endoscopic inspection and aimed biopsy of the parietal and visceral pericardium. To elucidate possible technical modifications contributing to the feasibility, diagnostic value and safety of the procedure, pericardioscopy with an Olympus HYF-1T flexible endoscope was performed in 32 patients (53.1% males, mean age 46.2 +/- 13.1 years) with ...
Ozer N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pericardial involvement in patients with malignant mesothelioma caused by exposure to different minerals. METHODOLOGY: Forty-two patients (mean age of 52 +/- 12 years) with malignant mesothelioma were examined with transthoracic echocardiography. Thirty-three (78.9%) patients had a history of environmental ...
Gorguner M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate adenosine deaminase (ADA) activity and the activities of its ADA1 and ADA2 isoenzymes in pleural effusions and also sera with different aetiological origins. METHODOLOGY: The pleural effusions of 87 patients were examined. The patients were separated into four groups: transudates, parapneumonic, malignant, and tuberculous effusions. ...
Ebe Y - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE WORK: The causes of sarcoidosis are unknown. Propionibacterium acnes has been isolated from sarcoid lesions, and many genomes of P. acnes or P. granulosum have been detected in all biopsy samples tested from Japanese patients with sarcoidosis. We searched for protein antigens from propionibacteria that ...
Fuse K - - 2000
Cardiac involvement is the major determinant of morbidity and mortality in patients with sarcoidosis, but clinical evaluation of the disease activity is occasionally difficult in cardiac sarcoidosis. The present study examined whether serum levels of interleukin-10 (IL-10) could reflect the disease activity of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis. Serum IL-10 levels ...
Diacon A H - - 2000
Induction of pleurodesis offers benefit for patients with metastatic tumors and symptomatic malignant pleural effusions, but the best method for achieving this is still unknown. In this prospective, randomized comparison of two well-established pleurodesis procedures, 36 patients with malignant pleural effusions, expanded lungs after drainage, and expected survival of > ...
Bartz R R - - 2000
In patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis, air trapping as evidenced by expiratory high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) is not specific for a given stage of disease. Air trapping can occur at the level of the secondary lobule, as well as in distributions suggesting sublobular, subsegmental, and segmental involvement. While air trapping can ...
Porcel J M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: As soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) is a marker of T-lymphocyte activation, we sought to determine whether its measurement in pleural fluid is diagnostically useful in tuberculous pleurisy. DESIGN: We compared the concentrations of sIL-2R in pleural samples of 23 patients with tuberculous pleurisy and 109 patients with non-tuberculous effusions ...
Sadikot R T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: This study describes the pleural fluid characteristics of patients who develop symptomatic pleural effusions after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). METHODS: Post-CABG patients who underwent a therapeutic thoracentesis for a symptomatic pleural effusion were included unless another explanation for the pleural effusion was present. RESULTS: During the study, ...
Ollé-Goig J E - - 2000
The objective of this research was to analyze why patients with tuberculosis (TB) die and to evaluate whether there are factors contributing to their fatal outcome that could be corrected. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted of the patients with active TB or its sequelae admitted to the TB ward ...
Lindsley C B - - 2000
Interest in childhood sarcoidosis prompted the formation of an international registry in 1991. Over the next 5 years, 53 patients were registered by 23 physicians from 14 countries. All the patients had definite histologic evidence of sarcoidosis: noncaseating granulomas of the skin (31), synovium (15), liver (10), lymph node (eight), ...
Light R W - - 2000
This review summarizes current strategies in the treatment of patients with pleural effusion. To determine whether a patient has a transudative or exudative pleural effusion, Light's criteria should be applied to measure the concentrations of protein and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the pleural fluid and serum. If the effusion is ...
Ziegenhagen M W - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) is a key cytokine involved in granuloma formation of sarcoidosis. Since soluble TNF receptors (sTNF-R) are known to inhibit TNF effects, we were interested in whether they are elevated in the serum of sarcoidosis patients. METHODS: We determined serum levels of sTNF-R I (55 ...
Pietinalho A - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: The frequency and clinical picture of sarcoidosis are different in Finland and Hokkaido, Japan. The aim of this study was to compare the normalisation rate of chest radiographic changes in patients with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis. METHOD: The chest radiographs of 437 Finnish and 457 Japanese ...
Renston J P JP Department of Medicine, Mt Sinai Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2000
To review retrospectively our experience with peripheral blood eosinophilia (PBE) in sarcoidosis and to analyze histologically lung biopsy specimens for the presence of lung tissue eosinophils. We reviewed 140 cases of sarcoidosis diagnosed between May 1975 and January 1998. Ninety-five patients (66.3% women; 70.5% African American; mean age, 35.9 years) ...
Kataoka H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: In decompensated chronic heart failure, there is controversy regarding the incidence and amount of pericardial fluid. Moreover, the relation of pericardial effusion to pleural effusion has not yet been clarified. The current study examined the incidence and amount of pericardial effusion in patients with decompensated chronic heart failure as ...
Weissberg D - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To study the outcome of pneumothorax managed in a university-affiliated metropolitan medical center. DESIGN: A retrospective review. SETTING: Busy metropolitan medical center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Records of 1,199 patients with pneumothorax were reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Primary spontaneous pneumothorax occurred in 218 patients, secondary spontaneous pneumothorax occurred in 505, ...
Shorr A F - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between D dimer (DD) status and markers of disease activity in patients with sarcoidosis. DESIGN: Prospective, observational analysis. SETTING: Pulmonary clinic of a tertiary care, university-affiliated hospital. PATIENTS: Consecutive individuals with newly diagnosed sarcoidosis. INTERVENTION: Determination of serum DD. Measurements and results: The study ...
Ling L H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The presence of pericardial calcification on a plain radiograph strongly suggests constrictive pericarditis in patients with heart failure. However, calcific constrictive pericarditis is considered rare in the United States since tuberculosis incidence has decreased, and doubt has therefore been raised about the importance of this radiologic finding in modern ...
Kardon D E - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Tonsils are uncommonly affected by granulomatous inflammation, often with an obscure cause. This study attempts to elucidate the nature of tonsillar granulomatous inflammation. DESIGN: Retrospective clinicopathologic review. METHODS: Twenty-two cases of tonsillar granulomas diagnosed between 1940 and 1999 were retrieved from the files of the Armed Forces Institute of ...
Wang L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To compare cases of tuberculosis (TB) diagnosed among aboriginal persons with a random sample of nonaboriginal persons diagnosed with TB, and evaluate the trends in rates of disease between both groups during the same period. DESIGN: A case-control study. SETTING: A provincial TB control program. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All ...
Milman N - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Routine use of diagnostic radioisotope bone scanning in patients with sarcoidosis has not previously been evaluated. The aim of this study was to assess whether routine radioisotope bone scanning might be of value in the detection of osseous lesions in sarcoidosis. METHODS: 63 consecutive Caucasian patients (32 ...
Liam C K - - 2000
Tuberculosis and malignancy are two common causes of exudative pleural effusions. In this retrospective study of 52 patients with tuberculous pleural effusions and 32 patients with malignant effusions, the median age of patients with malignant effusions (68.5 years) was older than that of patients with tuberculous effusions (34.5 years) (p ...
Atalay F - - 2000
This study assessed the impact of malignant mesothelioma on the frequencies of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) in the pleural effusion cells. Ten patients with mesothelioma and 20 control subjects were included in the study. The control subjects were the patients with tuberculosis pleurisy, and the remaining 10 subjects of control ...
Mikuniya T - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Various factors such as serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (sACE) activity, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid lymphocyte percent, CD4/CD8 ratio, and shadows on chest radiograph have been identified as indexes of disease activity in patients with sarcoidosis. However, it remains to be confirmed whether these factors can predict clinical outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To ...
Heffner J E - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the predictive accuracy of pH for identifying patients with malignant pleural effusions who will fail pleurodesis. DESIGN: Analysis of published and unpublished individual patient-level data retrieved from a MEDLINE search and correspondence with primary investigators. STUDY SELECTION: Studies that reported pleural fluid pH values and outcomes ...
Psychos D N - - 2000
Erythema nodosum (EN) is a cutaneous reaction consisting of inflammatory, tender nodular lesions and is associated with a wide variety of disease processes. The aim of our study was to investigate the frequency of different aetiologies of EN. One hundred and thirty-two EN patients were investigated in a prospective study ...
Apaydin S - - 2000
The incidence of tuberculosis was found to be 5.8% (16/274) in 274 kidney graft recipients in our centre between 1986 and 1998. The kidney recipients were evaluated retrospectively. A total of 51 recipients received isoniazid prophylaxis for 6 months. The prevalence of tuberculosis was found similar (6% vs. 8.8%, p ...
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