Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1037
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Becit N - - 2005
To assess the effectiveness of subxiphoid pericardiostomy in the treatment and diagnosis of pericardial effusions. 368 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy and tube drainage for cardiac tamponade, moderate to severe pericardial effusion, or suspicious bacterial aetiology were retrospectively analysed. Biopsies of the pericardium and fluid samples for diagnostic tests were ...
Gordinier Mary E - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To detail the dyspnea encountered in women receiving thalidomide as therapy for advanced ovarian cancer. CASE SUMMARIES: Eight of 18 (44%) patients with recurrent ovarian cancer developed dyspnea while receiving thalidomide 200 mg daily as part of a prospective Phase II study. Dyspnea was evaluated with pulse oximetry, chest ...
Uemura Akihisa - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Basal thinning of the interventricular septum (IVS) and atrioventricular block (AVB) are characteristic features of cardiac sarcoidosis. Since the conduction system passes along IVS, it has been considered that a close connection exists between basal thinning of IVS and AVB. However, neither the incidence of cases showing basal thinning ...
Arsura Edward L - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pericardial involvement with Coccidioides immitis is an infrequent occurrence with a relatively unfavorable prognosis. METHODS: A case of coccidioidal pericarditis is presented along with a review of the medical literature on coccidioidal pericarditis to give the clinician a better understanding of the various presentations, complications and outcomes of this ...
Kokturk Nurdan - - 2005
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disorder that is characterized by T helper 1 (Th1)-mediated immune response at the sites of disease. Studies showed that T cells derived from patients with sarcoidosis have been able to release Th2 cytokine profile. However, they are believed to be suppressed and nonactive. This study investigated ...
Alfaro Carmen - - 2005
A retrospective study was conducted of all patients with complicated parapneumonic effusion discharged between January 1, 1994 and March 31, 2004. We identified 54 patients. The number of patients with complicated parapneumonic effusion per 10,000 admissions increased from 4.4 in 1994 to 18.4 in 2000 (P = 0.03) and then ...
Reuter H H TREAD Research and Cardiology Unit, Tygerberg Hospital and Stellenbosch University, - - 2005
To describe the abnormalities on chest X-ray (CXR) in patients presenting with tuberculous pericardial effusions. One hundred and seventy patients presented to Tygerberg Hospital with large pericardial effusions (epi-pericardial separation > 10 mm). All patients had a diagnostic work-up, which included CXR, ECG, two-dimensional echocardiography and HIV serology. Echocardiography was ...
Garg Sanjeev - - 2005
Peripheral nerve involvement is a rare, yet treatable neurological manifestation of sarcoidosis. Most patients respond well to corticosteroids, but relapses are common and the long-term prognosis remains unpredictable. We present a patient with an asymmetrical neurological presentation of previously undiagnosed sarcoidosis. She presented with paresthesias and predominantly distal extremity weakness. ...
Quraishi Ata ur Rehman - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Clinical and echocardiographic features of significant pericardial effusion (PE) have been reported from the west. Currently there is lack of published data from this part of the world, we reviewed all consecutive cases of significant PE requiring echocardiographic assisted pericardiocentesis to analyze the clinical and echocardiographic features of these ...
Baughman R P - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Infliximab is a chimeric antibody which binds tumor necrosis factor (TNF). It is effective in several chronic inflammatory conditions, including sarcoidosis. METHODS: We report our experience with infliximab in chronic ocular inflammation as part of a retrospective review of all patients treated for chronic inflammatory ocular conditions seen over ...
Tsiligianni Ioanna - - 2005
Sarcoidosis is thought to be a T-helper type 1 cytokine (Th2 cytokine) mediated disorder. Induced sputum (IS) has been proposed as a useful non-invasive method, mainly for the assessment of the airway diseases. The aim of this study was to explore induced sputum (IS) CD4+ Th1 T-lymphocyte subpopulation and to ...
Grenader Tal - - 2004
We describe a 23-year-old female patient with a history of systemic lupus erythematosus and pulmonary hypertension who developed a large pericardial effusion with cardiac tamponade. Invasive interventions such as pericardial window or pericardiectomy were ruled out because of the posterior localization of the effusion and high risk of general anesthesia ...
Heuser Kjell - - 2004
PURPOSE: This review emphasizes the importance of neuro-ophthalmological signs and symptoms in sarcoidosis. The presence of ophthalmological and neuro-ophthalmological findings may lead to diagnosis of the disease and the initiation of adequate treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who had been diagnosed with neurosarcoidosis during the period 1990 - 2001 were ...
Tiran Boaz - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Little is known about autonomic dysfunction in patients with sarcoidosis. Heart rate variability (HRV) studies provide information regarding sympathetic and vagal tone and are both noninvasive and relatively simple to perform. The objective of this study was to compare HRV in sarcoidosis patients and in healthy controls. METHODS: We ...
Padayatchi N - - 2004
A referral hospital for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. To investigate how self-reporting of past exposure to anti-tuberculosis therapy in MDR-TB patients relates to their chest radiographs. Chest radiographs of 406 patients with bacteriologically confirmed MDR-TB who were admitted to a tertiary referral hospital during 1998-2001 were ...
Weissberg Dorit - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous mediastinal emphysema is uncommon. Its cause has not been determined precisely, but the entity is usually associated with suddenly raised alveolar pressure. METHODS: Between 1980 and 2001, 114 patients with mediastinal emphysema of various causes were hospitalized in the Wolfson Medical Center. In 22 of these patients (19.3%) ...
Rutherford Robert M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: HLA-DR2 (15) and 14 (6) have been recently proposed as susceptibility alleles for the development of sarcoidosis and HLA-DR15 as a marker of poor outcome, but validation in other populations is necessary. METHODS: Employing serological techniques, we HLA-typed 103 Irish sarcoidosis patients and 105 ethnically-matched healthy controls for class ...
Song Sun Wha - - 2004
Interstitial pneumonia (IP) frequently occurs in patients with scrub typhus, but its clinical significance is not well known. This study was designed to evaluate interstitial pneumonia as a marker of severity of the disease for patients with scrub typhus. We investigated clinical parameters representing the severity of the disease, and ...
Ziora D - - 2004
Exhaled nitric oxide (eNO) concentration measurement may permit the noninvasive estimation of the severity of airways inflammation in respiratory tract diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between eNO concentration and the activity of sarcoidosis, its radiographic staging and lung function abnormalities. eNO concentration was measured ...
Rutherford Robert M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Susceptibility to sarcoidosis and coeliac disease has been linked to the class II haplotype HLA-DR3, DQ2, and an association between the two disorders has been suggested. As a pilot study, we have sought to determine the prevalence of coeliac disease in a cohort of Irish patients with sarcoidosis. DESIGN: ...
De Vries Jolanda - - 2004
Fatigue is a major problem in a wide range of diseases including sarcoidosis. However, there is no standard measure for assessing fatigue. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the usefulness of the Fatigue Assessment Scale (FAS) in two samples of sarcoidosis patients. Sample 1 included 1 ...
Linssen Kitty C F M - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of reactive type II pneumocytes (RPII) in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid samples obtained from patients with various pulmonary disorders. STUDY DESIGN: Consecutive BAL fluid samples were screened for the presence of RPII on May-Grünwald-Giemsa-stained cytocentrifuge preparations. BAL fluid samples with and without RPII were compared ...
Sajadieh Hamidreza - - 2004
Sonography was performed by two expert radiologists separately after selecting 80 patients (45 men and 35 women) whose pleural fluids had been aspirated and examined by the lab. The radiologists were given no clinical information concerning the patients, and the result compared with lab results. The radiologists evaluated three criteria ...
Sharma Manju - - 2004
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study was undertaken to evaluate the usefulness of pleural fluid cholinesterase (PChE) level in pleural fluid and its ratio to serum cholinesterase (P/SChE) in order to differentiate transudates and exudates and to compare their diagnostic efficacy with the Light's criteria. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total ...
Yanardağ Halil - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Although sarcoidosis is classically defined to be a disease of young adults, it might also be seen at older ages. There are very few clinical studies which focus on the features of patients diagnosed at older ages. In this study, we tried to determine the frequency of patients diagnosed ...
Hsieh Shu-Chiang - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the appearance of chest radiographs in patients with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and correlate these findings with clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the initial radiograph and a series of follow-up chest radiographs in 26 patients who had symptoms and signs consistent ...
Lee Jin Hwa - - 2004
Cancer is a genetic disease and thus is influenced by oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes. To determine whether the genetic analysis of pleural fluid can be used to diagnose malignant effusion, we investigated p53 and FHIT mutations and microsatellite alterations (MA) in the pleural fluid of 40 patients with pleural ...
Reissig Angelika - - 2004
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare findings of transthoracic sonography (TS) and of spiral computed tomography (sCT) in patients with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS AND PATIENTS: Peripheral parenchymal and pleural findings of TS and sCT were compared in 62 patients (25 females, 37 males; mean age ...
Baughman Robert P - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Leflunomide (Arava) is a cytotoxic drug which has been used as a single agent or in combination with methotrexate for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. It appears to have less toxicity than methotrexate. The use of leflunomide for sarcoidosis patients has not been systematically evaluated. METHODS: The ...
Psathakis Kostas - - 2004
STUDY OBJECTIVE: 8-Isoprostane is considered an index of oxidative stress. Measurement of 8-isoprostane in the expired breath condensate, a totally noninvasive method, has not been used to explore the level of inflammation in pulmonary sarcoidosis. Therefore, the aim of our study was to measure the levels of 8-isoprostane in the ...
Paul Narinder S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate the prognostic significance of the radiographic pattern of disease in probable cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of 439 radiographs was performed for 51 patients with a final diagnosis of probable SARS. Forty-nine patients were followed ...
Sagristà-Sauleda Jaume - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Effusive-constrictive pericarditis is an uncommon pericardial syndrome characterized by concomitant tamponade, caused by tense pericardial effusion, and constriction, caused by the visceral pericardium. We conducted a prospective study of its clinical evolution and management. METHODS: From 1986 through 2001, all patients with effusive-constrictive pericarditis were prospectively evaluated. Combined pericardiocentesis ...
Haley John H - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to elucidate the causes and natural history of transient constrictive pericarditis (CP). BACKGROUND: In some patients with acute CP, the symptoms and constrictive physiologic features resolve with medical therapy alone, a phenomenon that has been labeled "transient constrictive pericarditis." No large studies have examined the ...
Pasławski Marek - - 2004
The aim of the study is presenting the typical findings of fibrotic changes in high-resolution computed tomography in patients with sarcoidosis. Material comprises a group of 18 patients with sarcoidosis, in whom HRCT examination was performed. The scanning was performed from lung apices to the level of diaphragm, at full ...
Gurkan Ozlem Ural - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease of unknown etiology. The presentation and frequency of different organ involvement can vary according to race, geographical location and gender. Because of the multiorgan involvement and its mimicking nature, the diagnosis is usually a challenge, even to specialists. Therefore, knowledge of the epidemiologic features ...
Watanabe Atsushi - - 2004
BACKGROUND: A lateral stabilizer has been used to prevent bar displacement during the Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum repair in pediatric patients. We experienced wound troubles in patients who had a stabilizer placed within them. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of a lateral stabilizer and ...
Mert Ali - - 2004
In this study, we investigated clinical features, aetiology, prospective follow-up results and also factors favouring secondary erythema nodosum (EN) in patients with EN. A total of 50 patients (mean age 38 y) with a diagnosis of EN between 1993 and 2002 in our clinic were included in the study prospectively. ...
Aggarwal A N - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) in patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: Twenty freshly diagnosed patients with sarcoidosis were evaluated. Progressively increasing concentrations of methacholine were administered using a standard five-breath dosimeter protocol, and spirometry performed after each challenge. BHR was expressed as PC20 (provocating concentration of methacholine resulting in 20% ...
Bitar Richard - - 2004
The purpose of this article is to describe the chest radiographic manifestations of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in previously uninfected health care workers during the early stages of an outbreak in Toronto, Canada. The study group was composed of 13 patients from a single institution. Three distinct chest radiographic ...
Tayal Vivek S - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Emergency echocardiography (EM echo) has been proposed to assist in decision-making in patients with pulseless electric activity (PEA) or PEA-like states. We observed the value of EM echo by emergency physicians in detecting pericardial effusion in patients in PEA and near PEA states. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational, prospective series ...
Trisolini Rocco - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) during flexible bronchoscopy (FB) is the recommended procedure for diagnosing sarcoidosis in most cases, although its yield in stage I disease is reported to be not as high as when parenchymal involvement is radiologically evident. We undertook this study to assess the diagnostic value ...
Yanardag H - - 2003
In the 36-year period between 1966 and 2002, 514 patients were diagnosed with sarcoidosis at Cerrahpaşa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey, and of these 98 (19.1%) had Löfgren syndrome. The frequency of female patients with Löfgren was higher than the frequency among other sarcoidosis patients (female:male ratio 4.8 vs. 1.64; P ...
Gentile Nina T - - 2003
Using a retrospective chart review, we compared the use of chest radiography (CXR) and arterial blood gas testing (ABG) before (pre-P) and after (post-P) initiation of specific ordering guidelines for the use of these studies for patients presenting to the ED with acute asthma exacerbation. We noted the number of ...
Chen Tai-An - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial empyema (SBEM) is a rare complication of portal hypertension. The characteristics and risk factors for SBEM are not well known. This study was performed to investigate the risk factors for SBEM in cirrhotic patients with hydrothorax. METHODS: From July 1996 to December 1998, 862 cirrhotic patients were ...
Frohman Larry P - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical spectrum and a rational approach to the diagnosis of anterior visual pathway sarcoidosis. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all patients examined in neuro-ophthalmic consultation by 1 author from 1989 to 1998 with a diagnosis of sarcoidosis. RESULTS: There were 24 patients (17 female, 7 male, ...
Berk John L - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Restrictive cardiomyopathy frequently complicates primary systemic amyloidosis (AL), yet only a small number of these patients develop large pleural effusions refractory to diuretic therapy and thoracentesis. We hypothesized that disruption of pleural function by amyloid deposits underlies persistent pleural effusions (PPEs) in patients with AL disease. METHODS: We performed ...
Mihailovic-Vucinic Violeta - - 2003
Respiratory tract involvement occurs at some time during the course of most patients with sarcoidosis. There are many articles on lung function impairment in sarcoidosis, but the definite, unique guideline considering the correlation between the clinical, radiologic, and biochemical findings of the disease is lacking. During the last few years, ...
Porcel José Manuel - - 2003
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the etiology of large and massive pleural effusions, and to compare their biochemical fluid characteristics with those of smaller size, and between malignant and nonmalignant conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of all patients undergoing thoracentesis at an academic medical center in Lleida, Spain, during a 10-year ...
Sethy Pradeepta K - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Esophageal variceal sclerotherapy (EVS) is an effective means of controlling variceal hemorrhage. However, it causes a wide variety of local and systemic complications. The present study was performed to document pleuropulmonary complications of EVS with absolute alcohol. METHODS: Twenty-six patients of portal hypertension of different etiologies were subjected to ...
Barbarin Virginie - - 2003
This study investigated cytokine protein levels (interleukin-12 p70 [IL-12p70], p40, and IL-10) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with pulmonary sarcoidosis (n = 59), healthy control subjects (n = 17), and patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) (n = 30). The relationship between cytokine levels and clinical course of ...
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