Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1036
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Benlloch Susana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to investigate the diagnostic value of methylation profiles for discrimination between malignant and benign pleural effusions. A secondary objective was to examine the concordance of methylation in samples of serum and pleural fluid. METHODS: The authors used methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) analysis ...
Emokpae, MA; Aminu Kano ...
Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis is one of the re-emerging diseases often associated with poverty and HIV/AIDS especially in sub saharan Africa. Hypercalcaemia is known to be associated with chronic granulomatous diseases such as tuberculosis, sarcoidosis and lymphoma. Reports of changes in biochemical parameters in patients with TB have been reported elsewhere. ...
Malhotra P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Empyema thoracis remains a major problem in developing countries. Clinical outcomes in tuberculous empyema are generally believed to be worse than in non-tuberculous aetiologies because of the presence of concomitant fibrocavitary parenchymal disease, frequent bronchopleural fistulae and poor general condition of patients. We performed a prospective study over a ...
Grunewald Johan - - 2007
It has been debated whether patients need to have erythema nodosum to be classified as having Löfgren's syndrome. In this study, we have therefore in detail evaluated and compared a large number of patients with an acute onset of sarcoidosis and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy (BHL), with or without erythema nodosum ...
Kieszko Robert - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic disease of unknown etiology characterized by the formation of immune granulomas in involved organs. The cytokine profile in inflamed lesions of sarcoidosis is mainly determined by T helper 1 (Th1) cells. Interleukin 18 (IL-18) is primarily a monocyte/macrophage-derived cytokine. IL-18 has been recently identified as ...
Hsieh Hsiao-Cheng - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Genitourinary tuberculosis is the second most common disease form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. This study analyzed the clinical characteristics and outcome in 31 patients with genitourinary tuberculosis treated between 1994 and 2004 at a tertiary medical center in southern Taiwan. METHODS: Data were collected by chart review. Diagnosis ...
O'Brien William T WT - - 2006
PURPOSE: To develop a prediction rule for the use of chest radiographs in evaluating for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) based on presenting signs and symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult patients with acute respiratory symptoms and positive chest radiographic results from October 2004 through April 2005 were enrolled as positive cases (n ...
Stone Mau Kenneth E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Timely identification of hemodynamic compromise in patients with acute pericardial effusion and tamponade is critical in patient management. Respiratory variability in pulse-oximetry waveforms has been correlated with pulsus paradoxus, but has not been reported with cardiac tamponade in adult patients. HYPOTHESIS: This study describes changes in respiratory variability in ...
Benlloch Susana - - 2006
PURPOSE: The presence of pleural effusions in patients with tumors is often indicative of locally advanced or metastatic disease, and detection of malignancy in effusion samples frequently leads to a disease upstaging. Our purpose was to quantify the DNA in pleural effusion and serum in patients presenting pleural effusion in ...
Yigla Mordechai - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study describes the features of sarcoidosis among Arab patients and compares it to Jewish patients residing in northern Israel. METHODS: All new cases of biopsy-confirmed sarcoidosis diagnosed between 1980 and 1996 in northern Israel were divided into two groups according to their ethnic origin: Jewish (n = 72) ...
Maraki Sofia - - 2006
A case of fatal Nocardia cyriacigeorgica pleural empyema in a patient with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and long-term corticosteroid therapy is described. The organism was isolated from the pleural fluid in pure culture and was identified by conventional and molecular methods. Despite the early administration of the appropriate antibiotic treatment, ...
Sipahi Demirkok Sevtap - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown aetiology. The seasonality of sarcoidosis in symptomatic, recently diagnosed patients with Löfgren's syndrome was evaluated to help better understand the possible causative factor(s) in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. METHODS: Four hundred and ninety-two consecutive patients with sarcoidosis were investigated. The ...
Brucato Antonio - - 2006
Patients with many recurrences of acute pericarditis are commonly alarmed by the fear of constriction. We studied their long-term outcome and the possible presence of systemic diseases. Sixty-one Italian patients (36 men) were followed for an average of 8.3 years according to a predefined protocol, including testing for autoimmune diseases ...
Baumann Michael H - - 2006
Management of patients with a spontaneous pneumothorax continues to challenge clinicians. Recent guidelines help provide care pathways for these patients and highlight the many areas in need of additional study. Management options for spontaneous pneumothoraces should be selected based primarily upon a patient's clinical status. Observation or pleural air drainage, ...
Chakrabarti Biswajit - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Blind percutaneous pleural biopsy has traditionally been performed to investigate the etiology of exudative pleural effusion in which the initial thoracentesis has been nondiagnostic. In view of the increasing use of image-guided and thoracoscopic pleural biopsies, this study examines the role of blind Abrams pleural biopsy in the investigation ...
Huggins John T - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Pleural effusion (PE) is considered to be a rare manifestation of pulmonary sarcoidosis. We performed thoracic ultrasonography prospectively in consecutive outpatients with sarcoidosis to determine the frequency of PEs caused by sarcoidosis and to define their pleural fluid characteristics. DESIGN: Consecutive outpatients aged >/= 18 years with biopsy-proven sarcoidosis ...
Handa Tomohiro - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and clinical parameters associated with PH in sarcoidosis patients. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed on 246 consecutive Japanese sarcoidosis patients followed up at the outpatient sarcoidosis clinic in the Central Clinic of Kyoto. The patients were evaluated for PH ...
Dodd Jonathan D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the interstitial changes adjacent to pleural inflammation on multidetector computed tomography. METHODS: The multidetector computed tomography scans of 30 patients with pleural inflammation were retrospectively and blindly evaluated by 2 observers. A control group of 7 patients with documented fibrothorax was ...
Khan Javaid Ahmed - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge of patients with tuberculosis; about their disease and misconceptions regarding TB. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted at Out-patient clinics of two teaching hospitals (private and public) in Karachi, Pakistan. A questionnaire was filled for the purpose. RESULTS: A total of 170 patients were interviewed, ...
Kayama Hideyuki - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy is in widespread use for patients with esophageal varices. It is well known that pleural effusions are among complications following endoscopic sclerotherapy. However, there are few studies regarding the proportion of patients developing pleural effusions after sclerotherapy. METHODOLOGY: Between August 1991 and September 1998, 575 endoscopic ...
Hsieh Chia-Wei - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is still considered a rare multisystem disorder in Taiwan, and data on the disease course and outcome are limited. We analyzed the clinical manifestations, disease course and complications in Taiwanese patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: A retrospective cohort design was used. Fifty-six patients with sarcoidosis diagnosed between 1985 and ...
Avila Nilo A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our article was to describe the spectrum and frequency of pleural abnormalities on CT in patients with lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) and the pleural findings associated with different types of pleurodesis (talc, mechanical, and chemical) performed to treat the complications of pleural disease in these patients. MATERIALS AND ...
Perez Rafael L - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities of lung coagulation and fibrinolysis in sarcoidosis are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of this disease. OBJECTIVE: We previously showed that bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) D dimer directly correlated with various measures of severity in sarcoidosis. Here, we analyze our observation that BALF D dimer ...
Baas Paul - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Although the use of video-assisted thoracoscopy has improved the diagnostic accuracy in patients presenting with pleural diseases, not all biopsies performed are conclusive and staging of the disease is not always optimal. Fluorescence diagnosis (FD) with 5-aminolaevulinic acid (5-ALA) has been used in the diagnostic workup for various ...
Papadopoulos, K I
A high frequency of endocrine autoimmunity and gastrointestinal immune reactivity has been reported in sarcoidosis. The aim of the present study was to determine the immunogenetic background of sarcoidosis focusing on the associated autoimmune manifestations. Materials and Methods: A total of 66 (38 males, 28 females) and /65 (37 males, ...
Kartaloglu Z - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the medical records of patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and pyo-pneumothorax (PPT). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Medical records of 17 patients (14 male, 3 female, mean age 23.8 years, range 20-52) with PPT and active pulmonary tuberculosis at Gulhane Military Medical Academia Haydarpasa Training Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey, ...
Caça I - - 2006
PURPOSE: Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease of unknown cause, characterized by noncaseating granulomas. In this study, the authors present a sarcoidosis patient without systemic signs diagnosed by histopathologic analysis of conjunctival deposits. METHODS: A 10-year-old girl had bilateral, focal, multilobular, multiple pale yellow deposits in bulbar conjunctiva for a year. ...
Masthi N R R - - 2006
A total of 88 Tuberculosis patients who registered for treatment were followed up until their completion. These patients were given treatment under the Government of India implemented RNTCP in the year 1999-2000 in a Tuberculosis unit in Bangalore Mahanagara Palike. Majority of the patients were male and from lower middle ...
Ben-Horin Shomron - - 2006
Large symptomatic pericardial effusion (PE)-PE that causes hemodynamic compromise-can be the initial presentation of an unrecognized underlying malignancy. However, the prevalence and features of this association have not been thoroughly characterized. We performed a retrospective study of all patients with hemodynamically significant PE who underwent pericardiocentesis in a 9-year period ...
Kruit Adrian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Chymase is released from mast cells following activation. Evidence suggests that chymase plays an important role in tissue injury and remodeling of the lungs, heart and skin. OBJECTIVE: We postulated that chymase gene (CMA1) polymorphisms are associated with pulmonary fibrosis in Dutch and with cardiac and skin involvement in ...
Tug Esra - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Environmental asbestos exposure can cause the grave lung and pleura malignancies with a high mortality rate, and it is also associated with increased rate of other organ malignancies. Asbestos exposure can develop genotoxic effects and damage in the pleura and lungs. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to determine ...
Muangman Nisa - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the temporal chest radiographic findings of fat embolism syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Twenty-nine patients with clinically diagnosed fat embolism syndrome between 1988-1999 were retrospectively identified from the Trauma Registry of Haborview Medical Center, University of Washington. In twenty-two patients, complete medical records and serial chest radiographs were ...
Yetkin Ozkan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The initial step in establishing the cause of an effusion is to determine whether the fluid is a transudate or exudate. Plasma viscosity is influenced by the concentration of plasma proteins and lipoproteins with the major contribution resulting from fibrinogen. In this study we aimed to evaluate the role ...
Parker R J - - 2005
A chest radiograph performed to check the position of a central venous catheter in a patient appeared to show a pneumothorax. Intercostal drain insertion was prepared. Reassessment of the patient and a further radiograph confirmed that the "pneumothorax" was an artefact from a prominent skin fold due to the patient's ...
Kohn E C - - 2005
Metastatic dissemination is the primary cause of death in ovarian cancer (OvCa) patients, and dissemination to pleural and peritoneal effusions is a common clinical event. Effusion samples were collected from 15 OvCa patients. Twenty-six samples were collected prospectively, two were archival, and eight were taken from patients with other malignancies. ...
Hsu Nan-Yung - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous hemopneumothorax, defined as the accumulation of more than 400 mL of blood in the pleural cavity in association with spontaneous pneumothorax, is a rare entity occurring in young patients and may be life threatening. Although many reports of case studies and series have been published in the world ...
Uyarel Huseyin - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVES: QT dispersion (QTd) is the maximal interlead difference in QT interval on surface 12-lead ECG. An increase in QTd is found in various cardiac diseases. Sarcoidosis augments inhomogeneity in ventricular repolarization by sarcoid granuloma, which significantly correlates with ventricular fibrillation. Changes in QTd in the course of sarcoidosis ...
Allan James S - - 2005
Rheumatoid pleural effusion is an unusual complication of rheumatoid disease that typically presents subsequent to other more common manifestations of rheumatoid illness. The case of a 72-year-old woman with a rheumatoid pleural effusion is discussed. The patient presented with dyspnea, but without any history of rheumatoid arthritis. The patient was ...
Backhus Leah M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We reviewed our experience with adult living lobar lung transplant (LL) recipients to assess whether size and shape mismatch of the donor organ to the recipient pre-disposes to the development of pleural space problems (PSP). METHODS: Eighty-seven LL were performed on 84 adult recipients from 1993 through 2003. Seventy-six ...
Sulica Roxana - - 2005
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To differentiate the clinical, radiographic, and physiologic profile in patients with sarcoidosis with and without pulmonary hypertension. DESIGN: Retrospective survey. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: One hundred six patients with sarcoidosis were classified by two-dimensional echocardiography into two groups: group 1, 54 patients with pulmonary hypertension; group 2, ...
Bischiniotis Theodoros S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Patients with lung adenocarcinoma often suffer from metastatic pericardial effusion that may eventually cause cardiac tamponade. Recurrence of pericardial effusion is frequent after pericardial drainage and therapy for the prevention of fluid reaccumulation is still controversial. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness of the intrapericardial infusion of cisplatin, a ...
Tanomkiat Wiwatana - - 2005
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and chest radiographs of 118 patients who presented during January 1998 to October 2002 at Songklanagarin Hospital in Hat Yai, Songkhla Province, Thailand who had a high serum immunofluorescent assay titer for leptospirosis. Twenty-nine of 118 (24%) patients had abnormal chest films. Nearly all ...
Monney Murielle - - 2005
This retrospective study compared the bacteriological and clinical presentation of tuberculosis and the outcome of treatment in immigrants notified for TB after active screening by chest X-ray at the border with other patients detected by passive screening. Retrospective study of all patients notified for TB in Vaud Canton in 2001 ...
Steel Kevin - - 2005
The decision to undergo pericardectomy for symptomatic pericardial constriction is usually dictated by an image of an abnormal pericardium. We report a case of symptomatic pericardial constriction despite radiographic and pathological evidence of a normal pericardium. The patient was successfully treated with a pericardectomy, with resolution of constrictive hemodynamics and ...
Karlidag Turgut - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the presence of Helicobacter pylori in the middle ear effusion of patients with otitis media with effusion (OME) by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective study in patients with OME. METHODS: The study was performed in 38 patients with OME who were admitted to the ...
Tomita Masaki - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Prognostic indicators for non-small cell lung cancer patients traditionally include TNM staging, pleural lavage cytology, and serum carcinoembryonic antigen levels. This prospective study evaluates carcinoembryonic antigen levels in pleural lavage fluid as a potential determinant for patients with lung adenocarcinoma. METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients underwent thoracotomy. Pleural ...
Gupta Dheeraj - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The search is on to find an easily measurable marker of disease activity in sarcoidosis. The present study was carried out to evaluate the utility of plasma D-dimer as a marker of disease activity in sarcoidosis. METHODS: Thirty newly diagnosed cases of sarcoidosis with clinical indications for ...
Bennett Michael - - 2005
In this retrospective study, rituximab was found to be effective therapy in 10 of 11 patients with splenic marginal zone lymphoma, inducing prompt reduction in splenomegaly, improvement in blood counts in 9 patients and clearance of a pleural effusion in 1 patient. Median response duration was 21 months (range 4 ...
Bass Jon - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusions occur in patients with hematologic malignancies, particularly during periods of hospitalization. Thoracentesis is often performed to diagnose infection and to exclude the presence of complicated parapneumonic effusions. The efficacy and safety of thoracentesis in this setting has not been well-studied. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of hospitalized patients ...
Becit N - - 2005
To assess the effectiveness of subxiphoid pericardiostomy in the treatment and diagnosis of pericardial effusions. 368 patients who underwent subxiphoid pericardiostomy and tube drainage for cardiac tamponade, moderate to severe pericardial effusion, or suspicious bacterial aetiology were retrospectively analysed. Biopsies of the pericardium and fluid samples for diagnostic tests were ...
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