Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1047
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Bergin C J - - 2008
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and location of enlarged mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) due to chronic pulmonary thromboembolism (CPTE) and to identify possible causes. Thoracic CT images of 85 patients (43 men and 42 women, aged 18-80 ...
Adeyekun, A A; ;
This study was carried out to determine findings on chest radiographs in HIV positive/AIDS patients at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital (UBTH) Benin City. All consecutive HIV positive/AIDS patients, managed at the UBTH between 1991 and 2001 were included in the study. Patients had postero-anterior (PA) chest radiographs done ...
Kaaroud Hayet - - 2008
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease characterized by chronic granulomatous inflammation. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was reported in less than 1% of patients of sarcoidosis. The prevalence of tubulo-interstitial nephritis (TIN) in sarcoidosis varies from 7 to 27%. In this retrospective study, we present 15 patients with interstitial or glomerular renal ...
Tabarsi Payam - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has increased substantially in the past 20 years, however, there are no data specific to Iran. This study investigated patients suspected to have MDR-TB, attending the TB referral hospital in Iran. METHODS: All patients suspected of having MDR-TB on hospital admission ...
Danila E - - 2008
PURPOSE: Sarcoidosis affected lungs detected in more than 90% of patients. The relationship between different stages of pulmonary sarcoidosis and pulmonary function tests (PFT) as well as bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells can be established. Geographic and ethnic factors are known to be linked to the specific characteristics of patients ...
Michael Hazar - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the presence of a compatible clinical picture, the diagnosis of sarcoidosis requires pathologic confirmation of noncaseating epithelioid granuloma in affected tissues. The standard procedure of choice for most patients is a bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsy (TBB), which has a diagnostic yield of 40% to 90%. The lowest yield ...
Baughman Robert P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Facial lesions including lupus pernio are often a form of chronic cutaneous sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the intra- and inter-observer consistency of objective measures of chronic facial lesions. METHOD: This was a retrospective study of patients with chronic cutaneous facial lesions including lupus pernio. The lesions were evaluated using ...
Pneumatikos Ioannis - - 2008
Pleural effusions (PEs) are common in critically ill patients mainly as a consequence of severe cardiopulmonary disorders frequently encountered in these patients. Their impact on the pathophysiology of acute respiratory failure remains unknown. They are usually small and uncomplicated transudates that are easily overlooked on a supine portable chest X-ray ...
Gupta Himesh - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pleural effusion is uncommon at diagnosis of neuroblastoma in children. Because the presence of malignant cells in pleural fluid may significantly change the management and outcome of patients with neuroblastoma, we retrospectively analyzed a cohort of neuroblastoma patients who presented with pleural effusion at the time of diagnosis to ...
Prasse Antje - - 2008
RATIONALE: Sarcoidosis is known as a disease with high heterogeneity in clinical severity and inflammatory activity. On the basis of radiologic criteria, John Guyette Scadding developed a classification system, which is widely used, but is insufficient for clinical decision making. Therefore, biomarkers and genetic markers that predict outcome are urgently ...
Ozdemir Ozlem Kumbasar - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The prognosis of sarcoidosis is highly variable, with spontaneous remission in some patients. Apoptosis may be associated with spontaneous resolution of the granulomata. CD95 (Fas), an apoptotic molecule, and CD29 and CD45RO (T-cell memory markers) are expressed at higher levels on T lymphocytes from sarcoid patients compared ...
Kita Tamotsu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare the serum-soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) levels of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients and active sarcoidosis patients in relation to the (67)Ga scan findings. METHODS: A total of 29 adenopathy patients suspected of having non-Hodgkin's lymphoma or sarcoidosis were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent a whole-body (67)Ga scan ...
Bashir Hamid - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Because most cases are clinically silent, the incidence, clinical course, and outcome of pericardial involvement in Hodgkin lymphoma are unknown. METHODS: Records of all patients with newly diagnosed Hodgkin lymphoma treated at our institution between 1991 and 2004 were reviewed. Pericardial involvement was identified by computerized tomography (CT) as ...
Qian Qi - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common hereditary disease with prominent connective tissue manifestations. A frequent occurrence of asymptomatic pericardial effusion has been observed in patients with ADPKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Consecutive computed tomography scans from 60 patients with ADPKD (group 1), 100 ...
Chung Kuo-Mou - - 2007
An endemic outbreak of melioidosis developed in southern Taiwan following a flood caused by a typhoon in July 2005. A total of 27 patients were diagnosed with the acute and indigenous form of pulmonary melioidosis. Parapneumonic pleural effusions were noted on chest X-rays in six patients. Thoracentesis was done in ...
Lahzami Samir - - 2007
An 89-year-old patient was admitted to the emergency department (ED) because of sudden onset of chest pain. The chest radiograph appeared to show a detachment of the pleura on the right side. The diagnosis of a pneumothorax was made. Insertion of a chest tube was indicated, but the patient refused ...
Terasaki Fumio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The myeloid-related protein complex (MRP8/14) is expressed in activated human macrophages and reported to be involved in the inflammatory process. The expression of MRP8/14 in patients with cardiac sarcoidosis and idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) was investigated. METHODS AND RESULTS: Serum MRP8/14 levels were measured in 35 patients with sarcoidosis ...
Grubić Z - - 2007
Sarcoidosis is an immune-mediated, multiorgan, granulomatous disease triggered by a combination of environmental and genetic factors. Numerous studies have reported about an association of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles with sarcoidosis, with variation of alleles in different ethnic groups. Therefore, we investigated 142 Croatian sarcoidosis patients treated at the University ...
Jonker Gerard J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the uptake and -washout of I-123 meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), reflecting norepinephrine metabolism, in the lungs in patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: Lung I-123 MIBG kinetics was assessed in 43 patients with sarcoidosis. The range of disease duration was 1-16 years (median: 3 years). ...
Morikawa Mako - - 2008
A 53-year-old-male developed atrioventricular block in January 2001. A chest X-ray and laboratory tests, including serum angiotensin converting enzyme, were normal. The patient underwent permanent pacemaker implantation and attended for semiannual follow-up after discharge since the etiology of advanced atrioventricular block remains unknown. One year later, the patient was diagnosed ...
Macaré van Maurik Anne Floor M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Mediastinal shift and rotation after pneumonectomy can lead to severe symptomatic airway compression. Historically, a variety of treatments, such as muscle-flap transposition, pericardial fixation, and plombage, have been used. In this study we retrospectively evaluated the effectiveness of intrathoracic tissue expansion in postpneumonectomy syndrome. METHODS: Since 1990, our center ...
Miwa Seiichi - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A variety of markers, such as serum angiotensin-converting enzyme (sACE) and CXR have been used to evaluate the disease activity and progression of sarcoidosis. There are patients who have developed cardiac involvement several years after the initial diagnosis despite stable or decreased disease activity. This study clarified ...
Baughman Robert P - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To describe the value and limitations of using the 6-min test in assessing patients with sarcoidosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Static lung function studies and chest roentgenogram do not correlate well with the symptoms of sarcoidosis patients. In particular, dyspnea is a common complaint of sarcoidosis patients, which may ...
Isern Virginia - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis coexisting with autoimmune disorders, especially with autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD), has been previously described and a common immunopathogenesis has been proposed. We report a series of ten new cases of this association from a large series of patients with sarcoidosis. METHODS: The clinical records of patients diagnosed with ...
Vultaggio Alessandra - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Particular interest has been recently addressed to the association between a Granulomatous Sarcoidosis-like Disease (GSa-LD) and Common Variable Immunodeficiency (CVI). METHODS: The present paper discusses the clinical and immunopathological findings of the association between CVI and GSa-LD, based on four patients, whose clinical course was followed for about seven ...
Adam Abdulgadir K - - 2007
The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic value and safety of thoracentesis in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. We identified all hospitalized HSCT recipients who underwent thoracentesis from 1998 to 2006. We collected patients' clinical characteristics, indications for thoracenstesis, the complications of the procedure, and the ...
Kühn B - - 2008
The objective of this study was to determine the contemporary etiologies, treatment, and outcomes of moderate and large pericardial effusions in pediatric patients. We reviewed pediatric patients with moderate or large effusions diagnosed at Children's Hospital Boston. Effusion size was determined in offline review of echocardiograms. One hundred sixteen patients ...
den Boon Saskia - - 2007
The tuberculosis (TB) notification rate is high and increasing in 2 communities in Cape Town, South Africa. In 2002, we conducted a prevalence survey among adults > or = 15 years of age to determine the TB prevalence rate; 15% of households in these communities were randomly sampled. All persons ...
Creaney Jenette - - 2007
Malignant mesothelioma is an aggressive, uniformly fatal tumor. Serum markers would be useful for the diagnosis of this disease. One potential marker is mesothelin. The purpose of this study was to study the mesothelin biomarker in a large patient cohort and to determine if another biomarker, CA125, improves on the ...
Bargagli Elena - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In previous papers, we found significantly higher activity of chitotriosidase, a macrophage derived enzyme, in serum and BAL of patients with sarcoidosis, especially in those with progressing disease and lung involvement, than in controls. Locally and systemically produced chitotriosidase activity was correlated with radiological stage and also with degree ...
Lommatzsch M - - 2007
Airway dendritic cells (DCs) are key regulators of pulmonary immune responses. However, information is limited regarding the characteristics of airway DCs in human lung diseases. Plasmacytoid DCs (pDCs) and myeloid DCs (mDCs) were analysed using four-colour flow cytometry in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from nonsmoking controls and patients with sarcoidosis, ...
Baughman Robert P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The 6-min walk test has proved useful in assessing impairment and prognosis in various lung diseases. METHODS: A prospective study of 142 sarcoidosis patients seen during a 6-week period at one tertiary sarcoidosis clinic. All patients completed spirometry, 6-min walk testing, St. George Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ), fatigue assessment scale, ...
Lee J-H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors that influence the outcome of bronchial arterial embolisation (BAE) in chronic tuberculosis (TB). In cases of chronic TB, non-bronchial systemic arteries (NBSA) provide a significant source of massive or recurrent haemoptysis. DESIGN: Medical records and radiological findings of 30 consecutive TB patients who underwent BAE ...
Mert A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the clinical features, etiology, and also predictive factors of secondary erythema nodosum (EN) in patients with EN. METHODS: A total of 100 patients (mean age: 37 years) diagnosed with EN between 1993 and 2004 in our clinic were included in the study prospectively. A ...
Thommi George - - 2007
We investigated the efficacy and safety of intrapleural instillation of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (Alteplase) in 120 patients with complicated pleural effusion (CPE) or empyema. These 120 patients had failed simple chest tube placement and conventional medical treatment. The patients included 52 with empyema, 41 with CPE, 10 with hemothorax, ...
Demirkok Sevtap Sipahi - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease of unknown aetiology and pathogenesis. This study evaluated the seasonal variation in the onset of symptoms, Tuberculin anergy and Kveim positive reaction in a cohort of 492 patients with sarcoidosis and in a subgroup of 248 patients with known Kveim test ...
Hsieh Shu-Chiang - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present paper was to evaluate the clinical and chest radiographic features of pediatric patients with serologically proven Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (mycoplasma pneumonia). METHODS: The clinical records and chest radiographs of 39 consecutive patients (19 male, 20 female; age 3-13 years) with serologically positive IgG and ...
Cruz Boris A - - 2007
Sarcoidosis is a chronic disease of unknown etiology characterized by granulomatous infiltration of several organs. Up to two- thirds of patients develop ocular inflammation eventually leading to significant visual loss. Treatment includes corticosteroids and immunosuppressive agents, but refractory cases do occur. In this report, the authors describe two patients with ...
Anantham Devanand - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to better understand the epidemiological and clinical features of patients with sarcoidosis in Singapore and to ascertain if ethnic differences exist. METHODS: A review of hospital medical records from June 1998 to May 2004 to identify patients with sarcoidosis. RESULTS: There ...
Hoyer Robert J - - 2007
Refractory pleural effusions present a challenging management problem and are associated with a poor prognosis in patients with primary systemic amyloidosis (AL). We report a series of four patients with AL who presented with bilateral pleural effusions that were refractory to diuretic therapy. After treatment with bevacizumab, an antivascular endothelial ...
Guven Hasan - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Large pericardial effusions and cardiac tamponade are rare in childhood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the aetiological factors and clinical findings of large pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade in children. METHODS: We reviewed retrospectively the records of 10 (6 male, 4 female) patients (mean age: 8.05 ...
Makombe S D - - 2007
SETTING: Public sector facilities in Malawi providing antiretroviral therapy (ART) to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients, including those with tuberculosis (TB). OBJECTIVES: To compare 6-month and 12-month cohort treatment outcomes of HIV-positive TB patients and HIV-positive non-TB patients treated with ART. DESIGN: Retrospective data collection using ART patient master ...
Kaira Kyoichi - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: L-[3-(18)F]-alpha-methyltyrosine ((18)F-FMT) is an amino-acid tracer for positron emission tomography (PET) and is used for tumor detection because malignant tumor cells accumulate (18)F-FMT based on the increased expression of an amino-acid transporter. This study was conducted to investigate the usefulness of (18)F-FMT PET in combination with fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) PET ...
Ben-Horin Shomron - - 2007
In contrast to pleural effusion or ascites, there are few data regarding the chemical and cell-count parameters of pericardial effusions (PEs) to aid diagnosis. In the present work, all patients who underwent pericardiocentesis during a 9-year period (1995 to 2004) at a tertiary hospital and who had available fluid laboratory ...
Nabatian S - - 2007
We describe a patient with limited systemic sclerosis who presented with a large pericardial effusion with tamponade on echocardiogram, requiring pericardiocentesis to drain 1.2 l of fluid. She had a rapid re-accumulation of pericardial fluid and subsequently required a pericardial window. Although small pericardial effusions are common in patients with ...
Navratilova Zdenka - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The chemokine Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein (MCP)-1/CCL2, a chemoattractant for mononuclear cells, has already been implicated in the pathogenesis of sarcoidosis. A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located at the position -2518 (A to G) of the MCP-1 gene has been reported to alter production of the MCP-1 protein ...
Bargagli Elena - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease characterised by T-helper cell/macrophage alveolitis. Activated macrophages release mediators, such as cytokines, chemokines, oxygen radicals, and enzymes. In a previous paper we found higher levels of chitotriosidase, a macrophage derived enzyme, in serum of patients with sarcoidosis than in controls. Serum chitotriosidase levels ...
Le Roux Karine - - 2007
Granulomatous myositis (GM) is a rare condition that has generally been described in association with sarcoidosis. In the absence of sarcoidosis or other underlying disease, a diagnosis of isolated GM is considered. Only one study has focused on the clinical difference between isolated GM and sarcoid myopathy (SM). We report ...
Lynch Joseph P JP - - 2007
Sarcoidosis, a granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, characteristically involves multiple organs. However, pulmonary manifestations typically dominate. Chest radiographs are abnormal in 85 to 95% of patients. Abnormalities in pulmonary function tests are common and may be associated with cough, dyspnea, and exercise limitation. However, one third or more of patients ...
Zamirian Mahmood - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although the utility of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for diagnosis of acute pleuro-pericardial tuberculosis has been well established, its use for chronic constrictive pericarditis is yet to be reported. AIMS: To define the sensitivity and specificity of PCR for diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) in patients with constrictive pericarditis. METHODS: ...
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