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van Boxel O S - - 2012
Background  Duodenal lipid intensifies the perception of esophageal acid perfusion. Recently, we showed that genes implicated in lipid absorption were upregulated in the duodenum of fasting gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients. This suggests that chylomicron production and secretion may be enhanced and, consequently, the release of apolipoprotein A-IV (apoA-IV), a ...
Ruzanna Z Z - - 2012
This cross sectional study aimed to explore the association between dyslipidaemia and types of antipsychotics in 100 patients with chronic schizophrenia. Lipid profile, weight, height and waist circumference together with other relevant factors were measured. We found there was a high rate of dyslipidaemia among patients with chronic schizophrenia treated ...
Burchardt Paweł - - 2012
Background and aim: The aim of this study was to test whether there was an association between systemic levels of insulin like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF-1 binding protein-3 (IGFBP3) and selected parameters of lipid metabolism depending on the lipid-lowering therapy. This work was conducted in patients described by us previously ...
Heimbürger Olof - - 2012
Both traditional and nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors are considered to contribute to the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, and CVD is a major cause of both morbidity and mortality in this patient population. Among traditional risk factors, lipid disturbances are very common in patients ...
Ozbilen Sabahattin - - 2012
Hyperthyroidism is associated with unpleasant symptoms and hypertension due to increased adrenergic tone. Therefore, beta-blockers are often used in hyperthyroid patients. While some beta-blockers (such as propronolol and metoprolol) may have unwanted effects on lipid profile, carvedilol, a new alpha- and beta-blocker, has been suggested to have some metabolic advantages ...
Grimm Jochen M - - 2012
Components of carotid atherosclerotic plaques can reliably be identified and quantified using high resolution in vivo 3-Tesla CMR. It is suspected that lipid apheresis therapy in addition to lowering serum lipid levels also has an influence on development and progression of atherosclerotic plaques. The purpose of this study was to ...
Jung Da Eun - - 2011
To retrospectively evaluate the safety and role of ketogenic parenteral nutrition in patients with intractable childhood epilepsy. The ketogenic parenteral nutrition was given to 10 patients who were unable to absorb nutrients through the intestinal tract because of various gastrointestinal disorders and required complete bowel rest. This nutrition consisted of ...
Suchitra M M - - 2011
Protein energy malnutrition and inflammation are common and usually concurrent in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients. Carnitine, a small molecule involved in fatty acid metabolism, is significantly decreased in long-term HD patients. L-Carnitine supplementation may have potential benefits in improving dialysis-related disorders. However, there are conflicting reports with regard to the ...
Lestre Sara - - 2011
Treatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitors may have favourable effects on the lipid profile. This is the first study to assess the impact of etanercept on the lipid profile in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis. To investigate the effect of etanercept on the lipid profile after 24 weeks ...
Rallidis Loukianos S - - 2011
In clinical practice 5-10% of patients receiving statins develop myopathy, a side effect that had been systematically underestimated in the randomized controlled trials with statins. The most common manifestation of myopathy is muscle pain (usually symmetrical, involving proximal muscles) without creatinine kinase (CK) elevation or less frequently with mild CK ...
Ko Young-Guk - - 2011
Previous optical coherence tomography (OCT) studies in patients with drug-eluting stents (DESs)-related very late stent thrombosis (VLST) were scarce. Therefore, we investigated OCT findings of VLST after implantation of DESs. Using OCT, we analyzed the status of stent struts and neointimal characteristics in 18 patients who developed VLST after DES implantation. ...
Ezzaher Asma - - 2011
This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of thyroid dysfunctions and to explore their association with perturbations in lipid profile in bipolar I patients. Our study included 130 bipolar I patients diagnosed according to the DSM IV, and 124 control subjects aged respectively 37.9±12.1 and 37.6±13.2 years. TSH and FT4 ...
Shih Yu-Hsuan - - 2011
Cardiac toxicity of bupivacaine has long been documented and it could be potentiated in certain circumstances, such as preexisting cardiac conduction abnormality or uremic status. The concept that lipid emulsion acts as a rescue of bupivacaine's toxicity has prevailed pending universal recognition. Herein, we report the successful use of lipid ...
Horton Matt - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Lipemia retinalis is a visible ophthalmic manifestation of severe hypertriglyceridemia. It may also be the only systemic sign present if triglycerides are acutely elevated in an asymptomatic patient. It may be the harbinger of more serious complications, such as acute pancreatitis and coronary artery disease. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old ...
Sixel-Döring Friederike - - 2011
(123)I-FP-CIT-SPECT is useful in the differential diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and tremor syndromes. Recently, there have been reports on normal nigrostriatal uptake of radio ligands in PD patients, referred to as scans without evidence of dopaminergic deficit (SWEDDs). Furthermore, a dopaminergic deficit has been described in some cases of ...
Masue Michiya - - 2011
Objective:  We aimed to elucidate the accuracy and limitations of (18) F-fluoro-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine ([(18) F]DOPA) positron emission tomography (PET) for Japanese patients with congenital hyperinsulinism. Although [(18) F]DOPA PET is reported to be useful for precisely localising the focal form of congenital hyperinsulinism, previous reports are mostly from European and North ...
Mahmoodi Mandana - - 2011
Palisaded and neutrophilic granulomatous dermatitis (PNGD) has been associated with many conditions including rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, systemic vasculitis, and other diseases with circulating immune complexes. Lymphoproliferative conditions, bacterial endocarditis, and various drugs can also induce this condition. Many patients also have symmetric polyarthritis with various serological abnormalities. We ...
Fung En C - - 2011
Introduction: Statin myopathy is a generally encountered side effect of statin usage. Both muscle symptoms and a raised serum creatine kinase (CK) are used in case definition, but these are common manifestations of other conditions, which may not be statin related. Statin rechallenge assuming no contraindication in selected cases is ...
Umeda Yukihiro - - 2011
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: The retention index of standardized uptake value (RI-SUV), as calculated from dual time point (18) F-FDG PET delayed imaging, provided better diagnostic accuracy for persistent lung involvement in sarcoidosis at one year compared with SUV or (67) Ga uptake. This technique may be a useful index ...
Papathanasiou N D - - 2012
To investigate the diagnostic performance of (18)F-fludeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/CT in patients with suspected large-vessel vasculitis and its potential to evaluate the extent and activity of disease. 78 consecutive patients (mean age 63 years; 53 females) with suspected large-vessel vasculitis were evaluated with (18)F-FDG PET/CT.( 18)F-FDG uptake in ...
Valldeoriola Francesc - - 2011
Reduced uptake of (123)I- metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) on cardiac gammagraphy and impaired odor identification are markers of neurodegenerative diseases with Lewy bodies (LB) as a pathological hallmark, such as idiopathic Parkinson's disease (IPD). LRRK2 patients present with a clinical syndrome indistinguishable from IPD, but LB have not been found in some ...
Yoritaka Asako - - 2011
Decreased (123)I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) uptake in MIBG myocardial scintigraphy, olfactory dysfunction, and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) are considered useful early indicators of Parkinson disease. We investigated whether patients with PARK2 mutations exhibited myocardial sympathetic abnormalities using MIBG scintigraphy, olfactory dysfunction using the Sniffin' Sticks olfactory test, and ...
Palaniswamy Shanmuga Sundaram - - 2011
A middle-aged lady presented with headache, vomiting of sudden-onset with intermittent evening rise of temperature. She also had slurring of speech with no loss of consciousness or altered sensorium. The patient was under evaluation for hypercalcemia. A whole body bone scan was done to look for causes of hypercalcemia and ...
Parambil Joseph G - - 2011
Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is commonly associated with sarcoidosis and can cause significant morbidity to afflicted patients. The appropriate treatment of this condition, when associated with sarcoidosis, is not well established. Descriptive case series of three patients with sarcoidosis and SFN. The presenting clinical features, skin biopsy results, autonomic reflex ...
Buyukoglan Hakan - - 2011
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory granulomatous disease of unknown cause that involves multiple organ systems. Myocardial involvement is usually associated with poor prognosis, but diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis is frequently difficult. The aim of this study was to investigate the atrial conduction time in patients with sarcoidosis by using high-usefulness tissue ...
Soeda Tsunenari - - 2011
Clinical studies using invasive modalities have reported that statin therapy stabilizes coronary plaque vulnerability. The serial changes of lipid-rich coronary plaques (LRCPs) during rosuvastatin treatment were evaluated non-invasively in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) using dual-source computed tomography (DSCT). A total of 11 consecutive ACS patients, and 13 LRCPs ...
Rizos C V - - 2011
Thyroid dysfunction has a great impact on lipids as well as a number of other cardiovascular risk factors. Hypothyroidism is relatively common and is associated with an unfavorable effect on lipids. Substitution therapy is beneficial for patients with overt hypothyroidism, improving lipid profile. However, whether subclinical hypothyroidism should be treated ...
Lam Sin Man - - 2011
Previous lipidomic analyses of the human meibum had largely focused on individuals from non-Asian populations, despite the higher prevalence of dysfunctional tear syndrome (DTS) observed across Asia. Information pertaining to the alterations in lipid profiles in relation to DTS onset and progression is also lacking and warrants comprehensive experimental analysis. ...
Sandhu Supna - - 2011
Severe hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) is one cause of acute pancreatitis, yet the level of plasma triglycerides likely to be responsible for inducing pancreatitis has not been clearly defined. A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients presenting non-acutely to the Healthy Heart Program Lipid Clinic at St. Paul's Hospital with a ...
Togha Mansoureh M Neurology Department, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran ; Iranian Center of Neurological Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2011
Changes in the lipid profile have been suggested as a risk factor for developing ischemic stroke. Their role in intra-cerebral hemorrhage, however, is not clear. The present study was designed to evaluate the lipid profile levels of patients who had experienced an acute stroke during the first 24-hour and to ...
Park Hee Kyung - - 2011
The pathomechanism of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with parkinsonism (ALS-P) has not been clarified. We report two patients with ALS-P who showed dysfunction of the nigrostriatal system. The first patient showed tremor dominant, asymmetric parkinsonism which was more severe on the right side, while the second patient exhibited predominant freezing ...
Camacho V - - 2010
AIM: Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) must be distinguished from other types of dementia because of important differences in patient management and outcome. Both reduction in cardiac 123I-metaiodobenzilguanidine (MIBG) uptake and decreased 123I-FP-CIT binding in basal ganglia have been described in DLB. The aim of this study was to assess ...
Tsai Shih-Chuan - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hemorrhoids are very common in adults. The data regarding the incidence of high 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D: -glucose (FDG) uptake in hemorrhoids is incomplete. In this study, we evaluated FDG uptake in hemorrhoids and calculated the rate of high FDG uptake in these lesions. METHODS: One hundred and seventy six subjects who ...
Van Der Horst-Schrivers Anouk N A - - 2010
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of excess dopamine in relation to clinical symptoms and nuclear imaging in head and neck paraganglioma (PGL) patients. Thirty-six consecutive patients with head and neck PGLs, evaluated between 1993 and 2009, were included. Clinical symptoms, dopamine excess (urinary 3-methoxytyramine (3-MT) or dopamine and/or ...
Tahara Nobuhiro - - 2010
This study evaluated the usefulness of fasting (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET) in the diagnosis and management of cardiac sarcoidosis (CS) and compared it with FDG uptake in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Cardiac sarcoidosis may clinically present as DCM but is amenable to systemic corticosteroid therapy if disease activity is high. ...
Momose Mitsuhiro - - 2010
We ascertained the difference in the level of pulmonary hilar (PH) gallium-67 (Ga-67) uptake in autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) patients between the active (before corticosteroid therapy) and remittent (after 4 weeks of corticosteroid therapy) phases using a semiquantitative measurement method based on single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with integrated low-dose ...
Honda K - - 2011
This study aimed to compare thin-section CT images from sarcoidosis patients who had either normal or elevated serum KL-6 levels. 101 patients with sarcoidosis who underwent thin-section CT examinations of the chest and serum KL-6 measurements between December 2003 and November 2008 were retrospectively identified. The study group comprised 75 ...
Zanobetti Maurizio - - 2011
We examined the concordance between chest ultrasonography and chest radiography in patients with dyspnea, using chest CT scanning as the gold standard in case of mismatch between the two modalities. A prospective, blinded, observational study was conducted in the ED of a university-affiliated teaching hospital. All consecutive patients presenting for ...
Song Seung Hwan - - 2010
Pleural dissection in pleurectomy under videothoracoscopy in patients with pneumothorax is easily and safely performed using argon gas.
Suzuki Hidekazu - - 2010
The clinical utility of tumour markers in pleural effusion is still controversial with regard to the efficient detection of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). The levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and cytokeratin 19 fragment (CYFRA 21-1) were retrospectively studied in pleural effusion of unknown origin in patients who had undergone medical ...
Mayerhoff Ross M - - 2010
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem chronic granulomatous disease of unknown cause that typically affects patients between 20 and 40 years of age. Laryngeal involvement most frequently involves the supraglottis and presents with dyspnea. We present a retrospective review of 4 patients with previously undiagnosed sarcoidosis who presented with atypical signs and ...
Qazi Khaleda R - - 2010
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease of unknown aetiology characterised by granuloma formation and the presence of interferon γ (IFNγ)-producing T cells that cause inflammation and tissue damage in multiple organs, especially the lung. Exosomes are nano-sized immunomodulatory vesicles of endosomal origin released from a diverse range of cells and are ...
Tachibana Teruo - - 2010
We intend to update the data of various clinical features and management of sarcoidosis in the aged. Subclinical or inapparent systemic involvement of sarcoidosis was found at autopsy in elderly patients who died from sarcoidosis, complication of malignancy, or cerebrovascular accidents. Sarcoidosis in the aged presents with unusual intrathoracic and ...
Veltkamp M - - 2010
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disorder characterized by the formation of non-caseating granulomas in variable organs. Toll-like receptor (TLR)-9 is important in the innate immune response against both Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Propionibacterium acnes, candidate causative agents in sarcoidosis. The aim of our study was to investigate possible genetic and functional differences ...
Pathanapitoon K - - 2010
To determine the prevalence of pulmonary sarcoidosis in patients with uveitis from the University Referral Centre in Thailand and to report on their clinical characteristics. We performed a retrospective review of results of radiological examinations of 209 consecutive new patients, diagnosed with uveitis. In patients with signs of pulmonary sarcoidosis, ...
Choi Hyung Oh - - 2010
Tuberculous (TB) pericarditis is a major cause of constrictive pericarditis requiring pericardiectomy. We sought to determine initial prognostic factors in patients with TB pericarditis. We evaluated initial presentation and clinical outcomes (mean follow-up 32±27 months) in 60 consecutive patients newly diagnosed with TB pericarditis. Initial presentations were pericardial effusion (PE), ...
Chen Wei-Lin - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic thoracentesis (TT) is required in patients with refractory pleural effusions and impaired oxygenation. In this study, the relationship between pleural space elastance (PE) and changes in oxygenation after TT was investigated in ventilated patients with heart failure and transudative pleural effusions. METHODS: Twenty-six mechanically ventilated patients ...
Kurata Seiji - - 2010
The aim of this study was to compare the results of semiquantitative analysis by(18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with plasma osteopontin levels in the same asbestos-related pleural disease population. A total of 17 patients with asbestos-related pleural disease were prospectively recruited. They underwent PET/CT, and plasma osteopontin levels were ...
Handa T - - 2010
Cardiac involvement and pulmonary hypertension (PH) are life-threatening complications in sarcoidosis. This study aimed to investigate the utility of plasma NT-proBNP in the assessment of these conditions in sarcoidosis patients. A prospective, observational study was performed on 150 consecutive Japanese sarcoidosis patients. Doppler echocardiography was performed in all subjects, and ...
Alemdaroğlu Ebru - - 2013
Sarcoidosis infrequently involves the phalanges and the adjacent soft tissue. The management of bone lesions is not clear. We present herein the results of methotrexate therapy applied for 1 year in a sarcoidosis patient with hand involvement and large hilar lymphadenopathies.
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