Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2242
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De Gennaro Luisa - - 2011
Eur J Clin Invest 2011 ABSTRACT: Background  Atrial fibrillation (AF) might be associated with an inflammatory activation and reduced left ventricular (LV) function. Less is known with regard to newly introduced markers of LV dysfunction such as carbohydrate antigen-125 (CA-125) in subjects with AF. The aim of this study was ...
Aomatsu T - - 2011
Background  Chitinase 3-like-1 (CHI3L1) is up-regulated in the inflamed mucosa of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Aim  To evaluate the usefulness of a faecal CHI3L1 assay, as a reliable marker for predicting the severity of paediatric IBD. Methods  Faecal samples were obtained from ulcerative colitis (UC, n = 94), Crohn's disease (CD, n = 87), ...
Ozer Ozlem - - 2011
Endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy (En-DCR) success can be affected by many factors. In this study, we aimed to determine the effect of chronic inflammation on the surgical outcome of En-DCR. A series of 25 primary En-DCR cases and their lacrimal sac specimens were involved in the study. The surgical outcomes were ...
Doña I - - 2011
To cite this article: Doña I, Blanca-López N, Jagemann LR, Torres MJ, Rondón C, Campo P, Gómez AI, Fernández J, Laguna JJ, Rosado A, Blanca M, Canto G. Response to a selective COX-2 inhibitor in patients with urticaria/angioedema induced by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Allergy 2011; DOI: 10.1111/j.1398-9995.2011.02684.x ABSTRACT: Background:  In ...
Mankaï A - - 2011
AIMS: To determine the frequency of anti-cardiolipin (aCL) and anti-β2-glycoprotein I antibodies (aβ2GPI) in celiac disease (CD) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-three untreated CD patients and 40 healthy blood donors (HBD) were studied. IgG, IgA and IgM aCL and aβ2GPI were detected by Elisa. RESULTS: The frequency of antiphospholipid antibodies ...
Tan I L - - 2011
To study the outcome of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and with natalizumab-associated progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) and immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). MedWatch reports from Biogen-Idec (manufacturer of natalizumab, Tysabri(®)) were reviewed which comprised all 42 cases of natalizumab-related PML cases since its reintroduction until March 2010. All except ...
Pastorello Elide A - - 2011
Background: The roles played by different peach allergens with respect to symptom severity have not been completely ascertained. We have evaluated the diagnostic efficacy of peach recombinant allergens ImmunoCAP compared to peach in the identification of subjects at an increased risk for severe reactions to peaches. Methods: 148 peach-allergic patients ...
Gunjaca Ivan - - 2011
The aim of our study was to evaluate the pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine response during acute pancreatitis and its predictive value on severity of disease. A hospital-based prospective clinical study was conducted. Twenty patients with acute pancreatitis were enrolled during a 12-month period. Plasma concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, and ...
Harris Leanne F - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Low molecular weight heparins (LMWHs) are used worldwide for the treatment and prophylaxis of thromboembolic disorders. Routine laboratory tests are not required due to the predictable pharmacokinetics of LMWHs, with the exception of pregnant patients, children, patients with renal failure, morbid obesity, or advanced age. Anti-Factor Xa (anti-FXa) plasma ...
Kreuzer J - - 2011
Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common clinically relevant arrhythmia, affects 2.2 million individuals in the USA and 4.5 million in Europe, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Pharmacotherapy aimed at controlling both heart rate and rhythm is employed to relieve AF symptoms, though debate continues about which approach is preferable. ...
- - 2011
A short-cut review was performed to evaluate whether inflammatory markers such as C reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), white cell count (WCC) and procalcitonin (PCT) are able to discriminate between streptococcal and viral tonsillitis, enabling a reduction in the overuse of antibiotics. Eight studies with a total of ...
Lynch Luiz Felipe - - 2011
Ocular toxoplasmosis can result in recurrent uveitis. Studies have shown that a correlation between active ocular toxoplasmosis and the presence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii secretory IgA (SIgA) in tears. This study compares anti-T. gondii SIgA levels in patients' tears during the acute and inactive phases of toxoplasmic uveitis. Twenty-nine positive tear ...
Samborska-Sablik Anna - - 2011
The aim of the research was to assess whether concentrations of inflammatory markers in blood of patients after cardiac arrest (CA) are related to their clinical state and survival. Forty-six patients, aged 63 ±12 years, 21 of them after out-of-hospital CA and 25 after in-hospital CA, were enrolled in the ...
Arrossi Andrea V - - 2011
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There has been controversy over the significance of active inflammation of the terminal ileum (also known as backwash ileitis) in patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease of indeterminate type, for diagnosis and pouch construction. We investigated the impact of backwash ileitis on pouch ...
Zayat Ahmed S - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have a significant effect on ultrasonographic (US) grey scale (GS) and power Doppler (PD) assessment of synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Patients with RA taking NSAIDs were randomised to either stopping (for a minimum of 5 drug half-lives) or continuing the ...
Lal Simon - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Experimental evidence suggests the endogenous cannabinoid system may protect against colonic inflammation, leading to the possibility that activation of this system may have a therapeutic role in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Medicinal use of cannabis for chronic pain and other symptoms has been reported in a number of medical ...
Yilmaz Gürdal - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: This study was intended to investigate the value of suPAR, C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in the determination and prognosis of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) patients. METHODS: The study was performed among patients with at least two SIRS criteria. PCT, CRP and suPAR were analyzed from the ...
Al-Hasani Hasanein - - 2011
Methotrexate (MTX) can be toxic to patients suffering from end stage renal disease (ESRD) on hemodialysis even at low doses. This increase in toxicity is more notable in terms of bone marrow suppression in the form of pancytopenia. Many methods of elimination including dialysis itself have been proven ineffective, and ...
Nodera Hiroyuki - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To assess the duration of the distal compound muscle action potential (dCMAP) recording from the tibialis anterior (TA) as a supportive electrodiagnostic feature in chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). METHODS: We performed peroneal motor conduction studies with recording from the TA in 35 CIDP patients, 30 normal controls, and ...
Kwon Seong-Ryul - - 2012
(1) To compare the serum levels of Dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) and bone biomarkers in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) and healthy controls. (2) To examine the effects of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) therapy for 3 months on bone biomarkers in patients with AS. We measured the levels of DKK-1, osteocalcin, osteoprotegerin, ...
Stagi Stefano - - 2011
Background: In patients with congenital hypothyroidism (CH), the presence of coeliac disease (CD) has been sporadically described. Methods: Seventy-nine consecutive children (58 females and 21 males; age range 3.1-12.1 years) with permanent CH were studied. For all patients, a family history of autoimmune diseases as far as second-degree relatives was ...
Stalc Monika - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: The study evaluated the systemic inflammatory response and endothelium-dependent and independent function of the brachial artery (BA) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with and without antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). METHODS: The study group consisted of 42 women with SLE (21 without APS; mean age 36.1±9.1, and 21 with APS; ...
Seo Seong-Rye - - 2011
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) comorbid with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is known as 'Rhupus syndrome' and is estimated to be present in between 0.01 and 2% of SLE and RA patients. The occurrence of aplastic anaemia in a patient with rhupus is very rare and a treatment for this condition has ...
Estep Michael - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Three protein products of ghrelin gene (acylated ghrelin, des-acylated ghrelin, and obestatin) are involved in appetite stimulation and suppression. Additionally, there is some evidence suggesting their involvement in metabolic and inflammatory pathways which may be implicated in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this ...
Müller Carolina de Souza Cde - - 2011
To assess the manifestations of systemic sclerosis (SSc), with an emphasis on the analysis of autoantibodies and their clinical correlations, in a population of patients followed up at the SSc Outpatient Clinics of the Hospital de Clínicas of the Universidade Federal do Paraná. Cross-sectional study with 96 patients followed up ...
Ostapenko Y N - - 2011
Polyhexamethyleneguanidine hydrochloride (PHMG) is an antimicrobial biocide of the guanidine family. In the period from August 2006 to May 2007, more than 12500 patients were admitted to hospital with a history of drinking illegal cheap "vodka" in 44 different regions in Russia, of whom 9.4% died. In reality, the "vodka" ...
Verleden Stijn E - - 2011
The neomacrolide antibiotic azithromycin is known to have an anti-inflammatory effect and is increasingly being used in the treatment of chronic inflammatory pulmonary diseases. We investigated whether azithromycin influenced matrix remodeling. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 protein levels were measured by ELISA in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BAL) of 10 lung transplant patients ...
Xiang Daijun - - 2011
Aim:  D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (3-PHGDH) was identified as a putative target of autoantibodies in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH). The aims of the present study were to detect anti-3-PHGDH in patients with AIH and other chronic liver diseases and to analyze their clinical relevance. Methods:  Human 3-PHGDH gene was cloned and expressed in ...
Barbero-Villares Almudena - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Methotrexate (MTX) safety is questioned by the risk of inducing liver fibrosis (LF). As transient elastography (FibroScan(®)) is an effective non-invasive technique to evaluate LF, our aims were to assess LF in MTX-treated patients, to evaluate LF regarding treatment duration and cumulative dose, and to determine differences ...
Terra J B - - 2011
Background:  Anti-laminin-332 mucous membrane pemphigoid (anti-LN-332 MMP) is a chronic subepidermal blistering disease characterized by IgG anti-epidermal basement membrane zone (BMZ) autoantibodies against laminin-332 (LN-332). Patients with anti-LN-332 MMP have an increased relative risk of malignancy. For diagnosis of anti-LN-332 MMP difficult to obtain laboratory techniques are needed. Objectives:  To ...
Yang Zaixing - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate the serum bilirubin levels in SLE patients and their associations with clinical and laboratory characteristics of SLE. There were 198 SLE patients in this study, of whom 7 cases with tobacco smoking or alcohol intake were excluded. Some clinical and laboratory characteristics ...
Binus A M - - 2011
Background  The association between psoriasis and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has been previously reported although a great deal remains unknown about associated comorbidities. Objectives  The aim of this study was to examine comorbidities in individuals diagnosed with both psoriasis and IBD, and to compare those with individuals diagnosed with psoriasis-only. ...
Gavazzi Cecilia - - 2011
In the present study, we evaluated the relationship between nutritional status, disease stage and quality of life (QoL) in 100 patients recently diagnosed with gastric carcinoma. The patients' nutritional status was investigated with anthropometric, biochemical, inflammatory and functional variables; and we also evaluated the nutritional risk with the Nutritional Risk ...
Hu Chaojun - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of autoimmune liver disease (AiLD)-related autoantibodies has not been defined in Chinese patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) and therefore needs to be characterized. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to explore the prevalence of AiLD-related autoantibodies in Chinese patients with PBC. METHODS: Indirect immunofluorescence was ...
Salem Gehan Ibrahim Abdelrazek - - 2011
Systemic sclerosis is a clinically heterogeneous, systemic disorder which affects the connective tissue of the skin, internal organs, and the walls of blood vessels. It is characterized by alterations of the microvasculature, disturbances of the immune system and by massive deposition of collagen and other matrix substances in the connective ...
Bonifati C - - 2011
Background  Most of the data currently available on early psoriatic arthritis (EPsA) derive from studies performed in rheumatological settings. However, in recent years, there has been an increase in the amount of data from dermatologic centres. Objectives  To describe the prevalence, clinical, laboratory and imaging characteristics of psoriatic patients with ...
Alamino Rodolfo Pérez - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To describe differential characteristics of axial involvement in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) as compared with that seen in psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in a cohort of Ibero-American patients. METHODS: This study included 2044 consecutive patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA; ESSG criteria). Demographic, clinical, disease activity, functional ability, ...
Boostani R - - 2011
Because of the low prevalence of Human T Lymphotropic Virus type I (HTLV-I) in comparison with Khorasan Province, considering HTLV-I as an etiology of spastic paraparesia, it may be neglected in evaluation of spastic paraparesis in the other regions of Iran. Some reports of spastic paraparetic patients due to HTLV-I ...
Cambron M - - 2011
Background: Voxel-based morphometry studies in migraine patients showed significant grey matter volume reduction in regions involved in the control of saccadic eye movements. We hypothesized that these changes would be reflected in dysfunctional saccadic behaviour. Methods: Saccades were recorded by infrared oculography using three different paradigms (pro-saccade with gap, pro-saccade ...
Krysiak R - - 2011
Abstract.  Krysiak R, Zmuda W, Okopien B (Medical University of Silesia, Katowice; and and Electrotherapy and Angiology Centre, Oswiecim, Poland). The effect of ezetimibe, administered alone or in combination with simvastatin, on lymphocyte cytokine release in patients with elevated cholesterol levels. J Intern Med 2011; doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2796.2011.02394.x. Objective.  Studies assessing ...
Stummvoll Georg H - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by pathogenic autoantibodies, which can be removed by extracorporeal procedures. While previous studies have shown short-term efficacy of immunoadsorption (IAS) in SLE, no information on long-term benefit and safety is available. METHODS: IAS was offered to patients with highly active renal disease when ...
Constantinescu Cris S - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and sleep disturbance are common features of multiple sclerosis (MS). Our objectives were to determine cerebrospinal fluid levels of orexin A (hypocretin-1), a hypothalamic peptide involved in sleep, in patients with MS, and correlate them with fatigue, sleepiness, and levels of cocaine and amphetamine regulated transcript (CART) another ...
Bavry Anthony A - - 2011
There is limited information about the safety of chronic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in hypertensive patients with coronary artery disease. This was a post hoc analysis from the INternational VErapamil Trandolapril STudy (INVEST), which enrolled patients with hypertension and coronary artery disease. At each visit, patients were asked by the ...
Matsumoto Takayuki - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Evaluating small bowel patency is recommended for capsule endoscopy in patients suspected of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug-induced (NSAID) enteropathy. AIMS: The aim of this investigation was to examine whether radiography is a candidate of patency tool in NSAID enteropathy. METHODS: We reviewed double-contrast barium enteroclysis in 21 patients with NSAID ...
Chatzidionysiou Katerina - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: /st> To assess the 6-month effectiveness of the first rituximab (RTX) course in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to identify possible predictors of response. METHOD: /st> 10 European registries submitted anonymised datasets (baseline, 3- and 6-month follow-up) from patients with RA who had started RTX, and datasets were pooled and ...
Díaz-Jiménez David - - 2011
To correlate circulating soluble ST2 (sST2) levels with the severity of ulcerative colitis (UC) and serum levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and to demonstrate the predictive power of sST2 levels for differentiation between active and inactive UC. We recruited 153 patients: 82 with UC, 26 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 43 ...
Scirè Carlo Alberto - - 2011
To investigate the ability of ultrasonography (US) to detect synovitis in metatarsophalangeal joints (MTP) in patients with suspicion of early arthritis, and to discriminate between diagnoses. Patients referred to early arthritis clinics for differential diagnosis were enrolled, and clinical and laboratory measures were recorded. Ultrasonography of MTPs was performed searching ...
Buiten Maurits S - - 2011
Introduction:  Patients suffering from chronic angina pectoris, insufficiently controllable with medication and revascularization, are an increasing medical and psychosocial problem. Although spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is proven to employ, safe, long-term anti-angina, and anti-ischemic effects for these patients, the use of SCS in this group remains limited. The reason for ...
Aronica Eleonora - - 2011
Over the past decade, an increasing number of observations indicate that activation of inflammatory processes occurs in variety of focal epilepsies. Understanding the feature and consequences of neuroinflammation, including the contribution to development and perpetuation of seizures, as well as to mood or cognitive dysfunction, is a major requisite for ...
Vaughan-Shaw P G - - 2011
Acute appendicitis is a common surgical condition which can lead to severe complications. Recent work suggested that patients experiencing right lower abdominal pain, with normal white cell count (WCC) and C-reactive protein (CRP) are unlikely to have acute appendicitis and can be discharged. We present two independent data-sets that suggest ...
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