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Ash Zoe - - 2012
The introduction of biological treatments has improved the outlook for patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis. There are now a range of different agents, targeting various pathways involved in the inflammatory process. Tocilizumab , a fully humanised anti-interleukin-6 receptor monoclonal antibody is licensed for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and systemic ...
Böhm M - - 2012
Background  α-Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) is a melanocortin peptide that increases skin pigmentation during ultraviolet light-mediated tanning. As α-MSH has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory effects, we assessed the clinical potential of a superpotent α-MSH analogue, afamelanotide (Nle(4) -d-Phe(7) -α-MSH), in patients with acne vulgaris, the most common inflammatory skin disorder. ...
Apiwattanakul Metha - - 2012
Epidemiological studies in Thailand have reported that inflammatory demyelinating diseases (IDDs) commonly affect the optic nerve and spinal cord. We investigated the diagnostic utility of aquaporin (AQP)-4-IgG testing in 31 consecutive patients evaluated for CNS IDDs in 3 academic Thai hospital neurology clinics between February 2008 and January 2009. Patients ...
Sandoo Aamer - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is characterised by impaired endothelial function which contributes to increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is an endogenous competitive inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase and contributes to endothelial dysfunction. The aim of the present longitudinal study was to investigate the effects tumour necrosis factor ...
Tiberti Claudio - - 2012
To evaluate the celiac-associated humoral autoimmunity in child, adolescent, and adult patients at type 1 diabetes (DM1) onset and to determine whether DM1 celiac-specific humoral immunoreactivity occurs similarly to that in nondiabetic patients at celiac disease (CD) diagnosis. IgA anti-transglutaminase autoantibody (IgA-tTGAb) was detected in 654 new-onset DM1 sera. IgA-tTGAb(+) ...
Nordang G B N - - 2012
Genotyping of multiallelic copy number variants (CNVs) is technically difficult and can lead to inaccurate conclusions. This is reflected by inconsistent results published for the CNV C-C chemokine ligand 3-like 1 (CCL3L1) and its contribution to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) susceptibility. In order to draw robust conclusions about CCL3L1 involvement in ...
Lapalud P - - 2012
Background: Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a severe life-threatening autoimmune disease due to the development of autoantibodies that neutralize the pro-coagulant activity of factor VIII (FVIII). In rare cases, AHA occurs in the postpartum period as a serious complication of an otherwise normal pregnancy and delivery. Due to its rarity, ...
Hakim Amir A National Heart and Lung Institute, Imperial College London and Royal Brompton Hospital, London, - - 2012
Corticosteroids are widely used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, in contrast to their use in mild-to-moderate asthma, they are much less effective in enhancing lung function and have little or no effect on controlling the underlying chronic inflammation. In most clinical trials in COPD patients, ...
Nikolic A - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the predictive value of anti-acetylcholine receptor antibodies (anti-AChR Ab) and anti-muscle specific kinase antibodies (anti-MuSK Ab), as well as the thymus pathology to the clinical outcome in patients with generalized myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: We analyzed 138 patients with generalized MG, who were thymectomized and assayed for ...
Bozkurt Nujen Colak - - 2012
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has long been suggested to increase the risk of development of autoimmune diseases. We investigated the prevalence of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) in 245 euthyroid individuals, who were suspected of having OSA. After polysomnography, subjects were grouped according to apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) consecutively as controls (n=27F/32M, AHI<5), ...
Hervier Baptiste - - 2012
The clinical phenotype and evolution of antisynthetase syndrome (ASS) are heterogeneous. This study was therefore undertaken to identify subgroups of ASS patients with similar clinico-biological features and outcomes. This retrospective multicentric study included 233 consecutive patients with three different anti-aminoacyl-tRNA-synthetase antibodies (anti-ARS): anti-Jo1 (n=160), anti-PL7 (n=25) & anti-PL12 (n=48). To ...
Mohan Anant - - 2012
SUMMARY AT A GLANCE: Systemic inflammatory markers indicated a delay in resolution, as compared with clinical recovery, following acute exacerbations of COPD. However, these markers may be useful adjuncts to routine clinical and laboratory parameters, as monitoring tools during the hospital stay. ABSTRACT: Background and objective:  The temporal profile of ...
Marchesoni Antonio - - 2012
To compare the power Doppler ultrasonography (PDUS) pictures of peripheral entheses in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and fibromyalgia (FM). Thirty patients with PsA and 30 with FM participating in a study aimed at identifying the clinical features that distinguish the 2 conditions underwent the PDUS assessment of 14 major ...
Palazzi Carlo - - 2012
Since the 1970s, asymptomatic involvement of several musculoskeletal structures was described in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). We recently designated this clinical condition as occult PsA. This concept addresses an "underground" inflammatory process that can eventually cause structural damage. The percentage of PsA cases occurring in an occult manner remains ...
Sugita Sunao - - 2012
To determine whether human herpes virus 6 (HHV-6) genomic DNA and mRNA can be detected in ocular samples from patients with inflammatory disorders, and whether viral replication is involved in the development of inflammation in the eye. After informed consent was obtained, ocular fluid samples (aqueous humor and vitreous fluids) ...
Koczka Charles Philip - - 2012
Bone demineralization has been increasingly recognized as a disease process concurrent with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Racial variation in osteoporosis in IBD patients has been poorly described. We sought to identify the risk factors for demineralization in Afro-Caribbeans (AC) with IBD. A retrospective chart review was performed from a 10-year ...
Nayak Amit R - - 2012
Biomarker for prognosis of stroke is urgently needed for the management of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients. To evaluate the course of inflammatory cytokines in AIS patients and its comparison with inter-alfa trypsin inhibitor heavy chain 4 (ITIH4) and outcome after AIS. A panel of 12 inflammatory cytokines and ITIH4 ...
Cho Sung Bin - - 2012
We aimed to determine the prevalence of anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) antibodies in a large group of Korean patients with Behçet's disease (BD), with and without joint involvement, and to compare these findings with the prevalences of anti-CCP antibodies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). ...
Ramos José M - - 2012
To compare the tuberculin skin test (TST) and QuantiFERON-TB Gold In-Tube test (QFG) for the detection of latent tuberculosis infection among patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases before antitumor necrosis factor-α therapy. A prospective study including 153 consecutive patients with rheumatoid arthritis (n = 53), psoriasis (n = 45), inflammatory bowel disease (n = 25), and spondyloarthropathy ...
Aldar H - - 2012
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of the anti-ribosomal P (anti-P) antibodies in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus patients (cSLE), healthy controls and first degree relatives. To elucidate the association between anti-P and disease activity, laboratory and treatment features in cSLE patients. Methods: We included consecutive SLE patients with disease onset before ...
Althoff Christian E - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate active inflammatory lesions (AIL) and structural changes (SC) in patients with active non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis (nr-axSpA) compared with patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) on whole-body MRI (wb-MRI).METHOD: 75 patients with active disease and a symptom duration of <5&emsp14;years (39 with AS and 36 with nr-axSpA) were investigated ...
Théaudin M - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: The potential of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to detect spinal cord abnormalities in patients with multiple sclerosis has already been demonstrated. The objective of this study was to apply DTI techniques to multiple sclerosis patients with a recently diagnosed spinal cord lesion, in order to demonstrate a correlation between ...
Altomare A - - 2012
A distinction between symptomatic non-erosive reflux disease (NERD) and erosive esophagitis (EE) patients is supported by the presence of inflammatory response in the mucosa of EE patients, leading to a damage of mucosal integrity. To explore the underlying mechanism of this difference, we assessed inflammatory mediators in mucosal biopsies from ...
Labirua-Iturburu Ane - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Autoantibodies against several aminoacyl-transfer-RNA synthetases have been described in patients with myositis; anti-threonyl-tRNA synthetase (anti-PL-7) is one of the rarest. We describe the clinical and laboratory characteristics of a cohort of European anti-PL-7 patients, and compare them with previously reported cases. This multicenter study of patients positive for anti-PL-7, ...
Marco Senzolo - - 2012
Introduction: cirrhotic patients may present thrombotic complications that warrant anticoagulant therapy. However, the efficacy of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) in this clinical setting is still unclear. Aims/methods: to evaluate the in vitro effect of LMWH on thrombin generation (TG) in cirrhotic patients at different stages of liver disease. Thirty ...
Stone Helen - - 2012
There is inherent daily variability of sputum inflammatory mediators in stable-state patients with usual chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The variability of pulmonary inflammation in patients with α(1)-antitrypsin deficiency (A1ATD) is unknown. Our study aimed to quantify this variability, in comparison to patients with usual COPD, in order to facilitate ...
Dennert Robert - - 2012
Infections with cardiotrophic viruses and immune-mediated responses against the heart have been suggested to play a dominant role in the pathogenesis of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Furthermore, immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) may result in DCM. It has not previously been assessed whether DCM patients with and without an IMID have ...
Quaia Emilio - - 2012
We analysed the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound to differentiate inflammatory from fibrotic ileal strictures in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Twenty-eight patients (17 male and 11 female; mean age ± SD, 48.5 ± 17.17 years) with a biopsy-proven diagnosis of CD were included. In each patient, the terminal ileal loop was ...
Guo Canting - - 2012
Objective. To investigate the improvement in histologic detection of fungi with Gomori methenamine silver (GMS) stain by trypsin predigestion in the mucus of patients with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS).Study Design. Prospective, single group, descriptive analysis.Setting. Multi-institutional.Subjects and Methods. Thirty-four sinus specimens from 12 surgical patients with CRS were stained with hematoxylin ...
Ruta Santiago - - 2012
The aim of our study was to investigate by ultrasound (US) the anatomical structures affected during a new episode of bilateral painful shoulder in patients with polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to compare the findings between these two conditions. PMR and RA patients complaining of new onset ...
Cheng Tao - - 2012
Atrial fibrillation (AF) may occur and persist due to atrial remodeling exacerbated by inflammation. However, whether inflammatory cytokines, such as serum amyloid protein A (SAA), are elevated in patients with atrial arrhythmias remains unclear. In a case-control study design, serum levels of inflammatory cytokines SAA, IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α and high-sensitivity C-reactive ...
Onal Ibrahim Koral - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and aspirin have antiaggregant properties and patients with pancreaticobiliary disease commonly use these drugs. We prospectively investigated whether aspirin and NSAIDs are associated with endoscopic sphincterotomy related hemorrhage. METHODS: Three hundred and eight patients who underwent sphincterotomy were sequentially recruited into this prospective ...
Simmons-Rear Annamieka A Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, - - 2012
To determine the prevalence of serous retinal detachments (SRD) using optical coherence tomography (OCT) in a large database of patients with uveitis from a tertiary referral setting, to describe clinical features of patients with SRD, and to ascertain retinal architectural features found in association with SRD. Prevalence of SRD in ...
Hong Sung Noh - - 2012
Nodular gastritis (NG) has been reported in adult dyspeptic patients, whereas information on NG in asymptomatic patients is limited. To evaluate the prevalence, clinico-epidemiological characteristics, and expression profiles of inflammatory cytokines or cytokine regulatory factors of NG in asymptomatic adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted prospectively using 2,579 consecutive asymptomatic ...
Srinivasulu Nagaraj - - 2012
To review the clinical profile of patients with plasma cell dyscrasias presenting with inflammatory arthritis. Retrospective analysis was performed on clinical, laboratory and imaging data of patients who presented with inflammatory arthritis between May 2009 and April 2010 and were subsequently diagnosed as having plasma cell dyscrasias. Six out of ...
Masia Ricard - - 2012
Context.-Hepatotoxicity is an important side effect of thiopurine analog treatment for inflammatory bowel disease. A variety of histopathologic findings have been observed in patients with inflammatory bowel disease with thiopurine-induced hepatotoxicity, including nodular regenerative hyperplasia, vascular injury, and cholestasis. Objective.-To describe the histologic features shared by 3 cases of thiopurine-induced ...
Vrethem M - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To study the prevalence of antibodies of IgA class against tissue transglutaminase (tTG), endomysium (EMA) and gliadin (AGA) in patients with chronic idiopathic axonal polyneuropathy (CIAP) and to characterize the patients clinically and neurophysiologically. METHODS: Of 182 patients, 126 patients agreed to blood sampling. Sera were analysed by ELISAs ...
Joerg L - - 2012
We present a the case of 58-year old man who was admitted to hospital with typical clinical features (bloody nasal discharge, arthralgia, acute kidney injury with a nephritic syndrome) consisting with Wegeners granulomatosis (WG). CT-scan showed pulmonary nodules and antineutrophil cytoplasmatic antibodies (ANCA) were elevated. A kidney biopsy showed a ...
Sasaki Shin-ichi - - 2012
To determine the relationship between the levels of intraocular inflammatory cytokines and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Prospective cohort study. Sixty-two patients with PCV and 36 control subjects were studied. The levels of cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors in the aqueous humor samples from PCV patients and control subjects were assessed ...
Gao Xiang - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the potential influence of 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) on the induction of myelotoxicity during thiopurine therapy in inflammatory bowel disease patients. METHODS: (a) The retrospective study included inflammatory bowel disease patients treated with azathioprine (AZA)/6-mercaptopurine (6-MP). Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) activity and 6-thioguanine nucleotide (6-TGN) levels were detected at ...
Heo Ji Man - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Inflammation plays a significant role in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). There may be similar inflammatory changes in non-DM patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and DM patients with stable angina (SA), and DM patients with STEMI may have more severe changes than ...
Kim Sunghee - - 2012
Because of its potentially important role in the pathogenesis of sepsis, the expression of soluble decoy receptor 3 (DcR3) was investigated in sera of sepsis patients. The serum levels of DcR3 and its tumor necrosis factor-like ligand TL1A and homologous decoy receptor OPG were quantified by ELISA. The values of ...
Zampeli Evanthia - - 2012
Abstract Objective. The contact of the gastric refluxate with the lower esophagus results in an inflammatory-mediated tissue damage. The role of inflammation both in the development and in the advance of Barrett's esophagus (BE) has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the inflammatory infiltration in ...
Lee Lennard Y W - - 2012
Infliximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody directed against tumour necrosis factor-α. When used in inflammatory bowel disease, primary nonresponse is found in at least 10% of patients, with secondary loss of response occurring in a further 10-15% per year. It has been suggested that this may in part be a ...
Lindqvist Markus - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: In the present study we investigated the impact of soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) as a biomarker in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in relation to conventional inflammatory markers, aneurysm size, and rupture. METHODS: suPAR and conventional inflammatory markers were measured in 119 patients with AAA and ...
Tarhan Figen - - 2012
Association between rheumatological and autoimmune thyroid disorders has been demonstrated by many studies. However, a few data exist indicating the association between thyroid disorders and ankylosing spondylitis (AS). In this study, the frequency of thyroid disorders in patients with AS and the impact of anti-TNF α therapy on this were ...
Gottenberg J E - - 2012
Very limited data are available regarding the efficacy of abatacept (ABA) in real life. The aims of this study were to determine the efficacy of ABA in rheumatoid arthritis and predicting factors of efficacy in common practice. The Orencia and Rheumatoid Arthritis" (ORA) prospective registry, promoted by the French Society ...
Fenu M - - 2012
To evaluate Wilson's disease (WD) features in Sardinian patients with Kayser-Fleischer (KF) ring and to evaluate correlations between modifications in KF and anti-copper therapy and systemic WD evolution. Sixty-seven WD patients (35m/32 f; mean age 41years) were retrospectively studied. At diagnosis and during follow up comprehensive ophthalmologic and neurologic examinations, ...
Helbig S S Jacobi Medical Center HHC, Bronx, NY, - - 2013
Candiduria is common in hospitalised patients, but the clinical relevance is still unclear. This study was done to further our knowledge on detection of and host responses to candiduria. Urines and clinical data from 136 patients in whom presence of yeast was diagnosed by microscopic urinalysis were collected. Diagnosis by ...
Ostrowski Stanisław - - 2012
Infective endocarditis (IE) is still connected with high operative mortality. Inflammatory markers are commonly used in monitoring patient clinical condition. Respiratory burst and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are the main way of pathogen elimination. Specificity of this process in the aspect of bacterial infection is the key for correlation assessment ...
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