Search Results
Results 601 - 650 of 2253
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Hsu Annie W - - 2009
Spiral analysis is a computerized method of analyzing upper limb motor physiology through the quantification of spiral drawing. The objective of this study was to determine whether spirals drawn by patients with Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) could be distinguished from those of controls, and to physiologically characterize movement abnormalities ...
Miyata Rie - - 2010
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP), a genetic disorder in DNA nucleotide excision repair, is characterized by skin hypersensitivity to sunlight and progressive neurological impairment. Laryngeal dystonia and vocal cord paralysis are complications that can arise in older XP group A (XPA) patients. We report three patients with XPA being administered low-dose levodopa ...
Haag S - - 2010
BACKGROUND Functional dyspepsia (FD) is now categorized into the epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) and the postprandial distress syndrome (PDS). However, the role of disturbed gastric emptying and sensory function for the reduction of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) has not yet been studied in EPS and PDS. METHODS A total ...
Macchioni PierLuigi - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To determine if ultrasonography (US) and power Doppler (PD) may be useful in identifying polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) patients with relapsing disease. METHODS: For a mean of 41 months, 57 consecutive untreated patients with PMR were prospectively assessed for relapses/recurrences. This cohort represented all the patients diagnosed over a 18-month ...
Marques Ana - - 2010
In idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder (RBD), an association with visuoperceptive disorders has been described. However, such an association has not been clearly established in RBD secondary to Parkinson's disease (PD). We compared visuoperceptive function in four groups of non-demented patients (parkinsonian patients with or without RBD, patients ...
Cramer Christina K - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Olfactory deficits are frequent among patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD). Additionally, apathy (as quantified by the Apathy Evaluation Scale), is more prevalent in PD patients compared to the general population. Olfactory impairment and apathy are associated with dysfunction in overlapping brain regions. Neuroimaging studies indicate that the anterior ...
Mateo I - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress is implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD) and Alzheimer's disease (AD), and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a potent antioxidant overexpressed in PD substantia nigra and AD cerebral cortex and hippocampus, indicating a possible up-regulation of antioxidant defenses in both neurodegenerative diseases. The role of HO-1 in peripheral blood ...
Hummel T - - 2010
Idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) is closely associated with olfactory loss. Deficits in the sense of smell may precede clinical motor symptoms by years. Although there is more and more evidence from recent studies to support this view, it remains unclear which substrates would cause the olfactory deficit. Studies based on ...
Reimann Manja - - 2010
Differential diagnosis of parkinsonian syndromes is a major challenge in movement disorders. Dysautonomia is a common feature but may vary in clinical severity and onset. The study attempted to find a pattern of autonomic abnormalities discriminative for patients with different parkinsonian syndromes. The cross-sectional study included 38 patients with multiple ...
Jiménez-Jiménez F J - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The question whether patients with essential tremor (ET) have slowed movements as part of their clinical manifestations is still a matter of controversy. We analyzed basic motor function in patients with ET and in healthy matched controls. METHODS: We studied 61 patients with ET and 122 age- ...
M?ller Jens Carsten - - 2010
The relationship between Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS) and Parkinson's disease (PD) is still controversial. Most genetic, pathological, and imaging data argue against a close association of these two disorders. Still, many studies reported an increased prevalence of RLS in PD patients. These studies are difficult to interpret because the current ...
Pfaltz Monique C - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the external validity of laboratory baselines in panic disorder (PD), frequently associated with respiratory pattern abnormalities like increased respiratory variability and sighing, implying a stable pathophysiologic trait characteristic. METHODS: Physical activity and a variety of breath-by-breath volumetric, timing, and variability measures of respiration were recorded in the ...
Alrefai Ali - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of Parkinson's disease (PD) in Jordan is not known. This study describes the prevalence and clinical characteristics of PD in Northern Jordan. METHODS: Patients with the diagnosis of PD seen at neurology clinics in three major hospitals in Northern Jordan during the period of March 2007 to ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The haemostatic and biochemical abnormalities participate in the progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in peritoneally dialysed (PD) patients. Recently, the role of kynurenine (KYN) pathway of tryptophan (TRP) degradation in the development of CVD has been postulated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was undertaken to investigate haemostatic parameters, ...
Geerligs Linda - - 2009
Visual hallucinations (VHs) often occur in patients with advanced Parkinson disease (PD). Overstimulation of dopamine receptors has been considered as one of the causes for VHs in PD. However, several clinical studies suggested that apomorphine infusion did not worsen existing VHs in PD, but could even improve VHs in some ...
Boesveldt Sanne - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether time-series analysis of magnetoencephalography (MEG) data is a suitable method to study brain activity related to olfactory information processing, and to detect differences in odor-induced brain activity between patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and controls. METHODS: Whole head 151-channel MEG recordings were obtained in 21 controls ...
Goldknopf Ira L - - 2009
Blood serum was used to identify protein biomarkers for diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) using analytically validated quantitative 2D-gel electrophoresis, and single variable and multivariate statistics. Using banked samples from a first medical center, we identified 57 specific protein spot biomarkers with disease-specific abnormal levels in serum of patients with ...
Pollak L - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: The mechanism of gait instability in Parkinson disease (PD) is not completely understood. We examined the saccular part of the otolith function and its possible contribution to gait difficulties in idiopathic PD. METHODS: Fifty-four PD patients (mean age 66 years, 32 men) were included. These were characterized with respect ...
Kim Han-Joon - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Nonmotor symptoms (NMSs) are common in patients with Parkinson disease (PD), but little is known about the burden of the full range of NMSs in de novo PD patients. OBJECTIVES: NMSs in untreated de novo PD patients were evaluated both quantitatively and qualitatively using the Non-Motor Symptoms Assessment Scale ...
Poliakoff E E School of Psychological Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL, UK. - - 2010
The observer's motor system has been shown to be involved in observing the actions of another person. Recent findings suggest that people with Parkinson's disease do not show the same motor facilitatory effects when observing the actions of another person. We studied whether Parkinson's patients were able to make unspeeded ...
Zhang Kaiyuan - - 2011
To investigate the abnormal diffusion in cerebral white matter and its relationship with the olfactory dysfunction in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) through diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Diffusion tensor imaging of the cerebrum was performed in 25 patients with Parkinson's disease and 25 control subjects matched for age and sex. ...
Chung Eun Joo - - 2009
Parkinson's disease (PD) with autonomic dysfunction is difficult to differentiate from Parkinsonism-predominant multiple system atrophy (MSA-p). This study aimed to analyze the validity of MIBG scintigraphy for PD with autonomic dysfunction and MSA-p. Thirty-nine patients (PD: 27 patients, MSA-p type: 12) and 12 age-matched controls were prospectively enrolled and underwent ...
Colosimo Carlo - - 2010
The PRIAMO study is a cross-sectional longitudinal observational study aimed at describing epidemiology and evolution of non-motor symptoms (NMS) in patients with different forms of parkinsonism recruited in 55 Italian centres and evaluated over 24 months. In this paper, we are reporting prevalence and clinical characteristics of NMS in patients ...
Christiansen Cory L - - 2009
Gait dysfunction is an early problem identified by patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Alterations in gait may result in an increase in the energy cost of walking (i.e., walking economy). The purpose of this study was to determine whether walking economy is atypical in patients with PD when compared with ...
Nijkrake M J - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this paper was to develop and evaluate a patient-specific index for physiotherapy in Parkinson's disease (PSI-PD). METHODS: In the PSI-PD, patients 1) select problematic activities out of a predefined list, with one self-report item; 2) rank selected items in order of importance; and 3) rate severity ...
Nijkrake M J - - 2009
AIM: The aim of this paper was to develop and evaluate a patient-specific index for physiotherapy in Parkinson's disease (PSI-PD). METHODS: In the PSI-PD, patients 1) select problematic activities out of a predefined list, with one self-report item; 2) rank selected items in order of importance; and 3) rate severity ...
Lee Jee-Young - - 2009
The diagnosis of multiple system atrophy (MSA) is mainly based on the clinical criteria, which are often of little assistance in the early stages of the disease. Positional downbeat nystagmus (pDBN) and perverted head-shaking nystagmus (pHSN), possible signs of cerebellar dysfunction, may be useful in differentiating MSA from other parkinsonian ...
Müller Thomas - - 2009
Levodopa (L-dopa) administered with a dopadecarboxylase inhibitor (DDI) increases homocysteine plasma levels. This may support the onset of atherosclerosis-related disorders and neuropsychiatric complications in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). This homocysteine elevation is considered as long-term effect of chronic L-dopa/DDI treatment. Little is known about the acute effects of L-dopa/DDI ...
Kühn Andrea A AA Department of Neurology, Charité, Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow, Berlin, - - 2009
It has been hypothesized that too much synchronization in the beta band in basal ganglia-cortical circuits can contribute to bradykinesia and too little can contribute to hyperkinesia. The former has been supported by experiments in patients with Parkinson's disease and chronic implantation of the subthalamic area for deep brain stimulation. ...
Akaogi Y - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the differences among dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), Parkinson disease with dementia (PDD), and Parkinson disease without dementia (PD), with respect to the involvement of the autonomic nervous system, we clinically investigated the cutaneous and cardiovascular autonomic functions in patients with Lewy body disease. METHODS: We studied ...
Gagnon Jean-François - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency and subtypes of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) in association with RBD. METHODS: One hundred and twelve subjects without dementia or major depression including 32 idiopathic RBD patients, 22 PD patients with polysomnography-confirmed ...
Lotze Martin - - 2009
Recent findings point to a perceptive impairment of emotional facial expressions in patients diagnosed with Parkinson disease (PD). In these patients, administration of dopamine can modulate emotional facial recognition. We used fMRI to investigate differences in the functional activation in response to emotional and nonemotional gestures between PD patients and ...
Stacchiotti S - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Imatinib (IM) is active in advanced chordoma. The evidence of upstream and/or downstream mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway activation prompted us to combine an mTOR inhibitor, sirolimus, to IM in IM-resistant advanced chordoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Since July 2007, 10 progressive advanced chordoma patients with secondary resistance to ...
Richardson Jason R - - 2009
Exposure to pesticides has been reported to increase the risk of Parkinson disease (PD), but identification of the specific pesticides is lacking. Three studies have found elevated levels of organochlorine pesticides in postmortem PD brains. To determine whether elevated levels of organochlorine pesticides are present in the serum of patients ...
Shiao Chih-Chung CC Department of Internal Medicine, Saint Mary's Hospital, Lo Tung, - - 2009
There are no Taiwanese publications and only a few Asian publications on the long-term outcome of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of PD patients in Taiwan during a 7-year follow-up period. This study enrolled 67 patients (23 males, mean age 46.2 ...
Hanaoka Ayumi - - 2009
We aimed to evaluate oral hygiene in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The incidence of periodontal disease and numbers of caries and remaining teeth were checked in 89 consecutive 60 to 79-year-old patients with PD and compared with two other patient groups: 68 patients with mild neurological disease, and 60 ...
Bozi Maria - - 2009
Pantothenate kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is a genetic disease with childhood onset characterized clinically by dystonia, parkinsonism, pyramidal signs, visual failure and mental retardation. Progression is usually relentless culminating in severe disability and death within 15 years of onset. Eye movement abnormalities have been described in patients with PKAN including slowed ...
Tien Yu-Wen - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many specialists justify pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreatic head neoplasms with suspected but unproven malignance (blind-PD). Our aim in this study was to determine whether blind-PD is also justified for ampullary neoplasms. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with presumed resectable ampullary neoplasms treated at the National ...
Fan WenHui W Department of Neurology and Neurobiology, Key Laboratory of Neurodegenerative Disease of Ministry of Education, Beijing Institution of Geriatrics and Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, - - 2009
Dopamine agonists have been used as first-line treatments for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) during its early stage, and several impulse control disorder (ICD) behaviors have been reported to be associated with their use. To investigate the association between ICD behaviors and the use of agonists in Chinese patients with ...
Ulusoy Rifat Eralp - - 2010
The objectives of this study are noninvasive assessment of endothelial dysfunction (ED) and diagnosing the possible early vascular development of atherosclerosis in psoriasis disease (PD). Twenty-eight PD patients (study group) without any obstructive vascular involvement were compared with 28 healthy controls (control group) in terms of ED utilizing endothelium-dependent dilation ...
Guerini F R - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A possible association between Parkinson's disease (PD) and the polymorphism of Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) G196A (Val66Met) has been suggested by different studies that nevertheless yielded-contrasting result. The purpose of this study was to analyze such possible association in a cohort of Italian PD patients. METHODS: ...
Peiris Vasum - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Access to beneficial novel healthcare technology has been inequitable in the United States. Fetal echocardiography, used with increasing frequency for prenatal diagnosis (PD) of congenital heart disease, allows for optimal neonatal management and possible improved outcomes. We sought to evaluate whether PD of critical congenital heart disease is related ...
Sitburana Oraporn - - 2009
Motor overflow is an unintentional muscle contraction which accompanies, but is anatomically distinct from the primary dystonic movement. This phenomenological nosology has not been systematically studied in focal hand dystonia (FHD). We conducted a prospective, case-control study to characterize motor overflow and mirror dystonia in patients with FHD. We compared ...
Park Jung Tak - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Uric acid (UA) is known to play a pathogenic role in chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, its effect in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) has not yet been elucidated. We explored the prevalence of hyperuricaemia and the relationship between UA and residual renal function (RRF) in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. ...
Jenkinson Paul M - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that anosognosia for dyskinesias in Parkinson disease (PD) results from a failure to detect discrepancies between intended and actual movement. BACKGROUND: PD patients often complain of drug-induced dyskinesias (involuntary movements) less than their carers. This remarkable unawareness is an example of anosognosia (ie, unawareness of ...
Mehta Shyamal H - - 2009
A 59-year-old man with a 7-year history of Parkinson disease (PD) presented with episodes of sudden, severe headaches with neck pain, tachycardia, sweating and pallor. During these episodes, the patient showed marked elevations in blood pressure, regardless of posture. This was unusual, given that he had no prior history of ...
Baik Jong Sam - - 2009
Scoliosis is more common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) than in the general elderly population. We compared clinical characteristics between PD patients with and without scoliosis, to identify the relationship between the direction of scoliosis and the laterality of the dominant symptoms of PD. We also studied the associations ...
Bartels A L - - 2010
[(11)C]-PK11195 PET has been used for in vivo brain imaging of microglia activation in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients. COX-2 inhibition has been shown to reduce neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in animal models of PD. This pilot study assessed the use of [(11)C]-PK11195 PET to quantify neuroinflammation and evaluate the ability of ...
Mak Margaret K Y - - 2009
The present study aimed to examine whether fear of falling (FoF) could independently predict recurrent falls in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Seventy patients with PD completed the study. Thirty-two patients had fallen at least once in the previous 12 months. Most of patients with PD had moderate disease severity ...
Donker Kaat L - - 2009
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by aggregates of the microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT). A nonsignificant trend for positive family history has been observed in two case-control studies and several pedigrees with familial clustering of parkinsonism have been described. Occasionally, mutations in MAPT are found in ...
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