Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1152
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Trimble Michael - - 2006
We examined the religious experiences of 28 patients with epilepsy and religiosity, 22 patients with epilepsy and no expressed interest in religion, and 30 volunteer regular churchgoers. We profiled the experiences of the first group, revealing more of their phenomenology, but also their bipolarity, and demonstrated that members of the ...
Caboclo Luís Otávio Sales Ferreira - - 2006
PURPOSE: Ictal spitting is rarely reported in patients with epilepsy. More often it is observed in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and is presumed to be a lateralizing sign to language nondominant hemisphere. We report three patients with left TLE who had ictal spitting registered during prolonged video-EEG monitoring. ...
Yu Ai-hong - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a noninvasive imaging technique for the assessment of the integrity of cerebral tissues. This study was undertaken to assess the changes of diffusion indices of hippocampal formation (HF) in patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). METHODS: Fourteen patients with MTLE and 14 healthy ...
Willmann O - - 2006
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the additional pre-operative value of (1)H MRS in identifying the epileptogenic zone (EZ) for epilepsy surgery by performing a meta-analysis considering publications from 1992 to 2003. METHODS: From an extensive computer and hand search 22 studies were included. For inclusion, studies had to report post-operative ...
Mohamed I S - - 2006
To characterise magnetoencephalographic spike sources in paediatric patients with auditory auras and recurrent localisation-related epilepsy. Six patients (four boys and two girls (ages 7-14 years) were retrospectively studied. All patients had auditory auras as part of their initial seizure manifestation, including four patients who underwent previous brain surgery. Scalp video ...
Gross Donald W - - 2006
PURPOSE: Recent studies have demonstrated bilateral white matter abnormalities in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with unilateral mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). The purpose of this project was to determine whether abnormalities of water diffusion are seen in extratemporal white matter of patients with TLE and pathologically confirmed MTS and to ...
Ishikura Kenji - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome is a distinctive clinicoradiological entity observed in a variety of clinical settings, including pediatric patients. A greater prevalence of this syndrome has been suggested in kidney transplant recipients and patients with kidney disease. Although usually considered benign and reversible, characteristics of this syndrome in pediatric ...
Bonilha Leonardo - - 2006
Hippocampal sclerosis is the most common abnormality associated with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Converging evidence supports that hippocampal sclerosis progresses with time. However, it is unclear whether extrahippocampal atrophy in patients with MTLE, similarly to hippocampal sclerosis, is an unremitting progressive process. In this article, we investigate the relationship ...
Arzy Shahar - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with asomatognosia generally describe parts of their body as missing or disappeared from corporeal awareness. This disturbance is generally attributed to damage in the right posterior parietal cortex. However, recent neuroimaging and electrophysiological studies suggest that corporeal awareness and embodiment of body parts are instead linked to the ...
Flügel Dominique - - 2006
PURPOSE: To characterize the pattern of cognitive deficits in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and interictal (schizophrenia-like) psychosis and to examine the relationship between neuropsychological deficits and Magnetization transfer imaging. METHODS: Twenty patients with TLE and interictal psychosis were compared to 20 non-psychotic TLE patients. Patients were matched with ...
Baldauf Cristine Mella - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Several pre-operative work-up protocols have been used while selecting epileptic patients for surgery among different centers. The relative value of the different available pre-operative tests is still under discussion. OBJECTIVE: We report on the surgical outcome obtained in patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy associated to mesial temporal sclerosis ...
Lee Seo-Young - - 2006
This study aimed to determine whether there are clinicoelectrical differences between anterior lateral temporal lobe epilepsy (ALTLE) and posterior lateral temporal lobe epilepsy (PLTLE), taking medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) as a reference. We analyzed the historical information, ictal semiologies, and ictal EEGs of temporal lobe epilepsy patients with a ...
Chkhenkeli Sozari A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to analyze the suppressive interaction of symmetric temporal lobe epileptic foci, assess some failures of epilepsy surgery, and evaluate the possibility of terminating focal seizures with stimulation of symmetric epileptic foci. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and twenty-nine intractable epilepsy patients (age range ...
Yalçin A Destina - - 2006
The aim of this study was to analyze the clinical and electroencephalographic findings for 25 patients with hot water epilepsy. Personal and family history, neurological state, age at onset and types of seizures, provoking factors, bathing habits, EEGs, and neuroimages were all reviewed. Age at onset of seizures ranged from ...
Jatzko A - - 2006
The hippocampus is discussed as one of the key regions in the pathogenesis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). MRI results concerning the volume of the hippocampus are, however, inconsistent. This may be due to the heterogeneity of patients' traumata or postprocessing of the imaging data. To overcome these problems, the ...
Flügel Dominique - - 2006
PURPOSE: To examine frontotemporal white-matter integrity in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and interictal psychosis. METHOD: Patients with TLE and interictal psychosis (IP; n = 20) were compared with age-matched TLE patients without psychosis (NIP; n = 20). Patients had either no focal lesions or hippocampal sclerosis on conventional ...
Briellmann Regula S - - 2006
PURPOSE: Early acquired lesions are considered to be a risk factor for atypical language lateralization in epilepsy, whereas developmental lesions are not. Hippocampal sclerosis (HS) can be understood as an early, acquired lesion, whereas developmental tumors (DT) are thought to originate in utero. We assessed whether language lateralization differs between ...
Janszky Jozsef - - 2006
PURPOSE: By using speech-activated functional MRI (fMRI), we investigated whether the frequency of left-sided interictal epileptic activity (IED: spikes or sharp waves on the EEG) is associated with atypical speech lateralization. METHODS: We investigated 28 patients (13 men, aged 17-59 years) with left-sided mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and 11 ...
Glover Scott - - 2006
Neglect patients often show deficits in responding to targets in the contra-lesional side of space. Past studies were able to ameliorate these deficits through manipulation of visual input. Here, the neural bases of the recovery of space following virtual reality (VR) training in neglect patients were investigated. Neglect patients were ...
García-Fiñana M - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is associated with pathologic changes in hippocampal physiology and morphology. Our aim was to quantify volume reduction of the right and left hippocampus in patients with TLE and to investigate whether the degree of hippocampal atrophy is related to the side of seizure ...
Helmstaedter C - - 2006
Atypical, i.e. right hemisphere language dominance is frequently observed in early onset left hemisphere epilepsies. In left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy, where eloquent cortex is not directly involved, it is a matter of debate, to which degree atypical language dominance is driven not only by morphological lesions but also by ...
Feichtinger Michael - - 2006
Antibodies against the glutamate receptor type 3-(GluR3) have been found in association with Rasmussen's encephalitis (RE) but were also detected in patients with non-inflammatory focal epilepsies. We report the case of an 18-year-old patient with treatment refractory left mesial temporal lobe epilepsy accompanied by high levels of GluR3 antibodies. Different ...
Reitblat T - - 2006
Giant cell arteritis/temporal arteritis (GCA/TA) and polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) are closely related conditions that affect middle age and older patients and frequently occur together. Many authorities consider them to be different phases of the same disease. A study was undertaken of the possible contribution of gallium-67 ((67)Ga) single photon emission ...
Pompili Maurizio - - 2006
Suicide is a major issue in surgically treated epileptic patients. A meta-analysis was performed comparing suicides in a sample of such patients and in the general population. The Index Medicus and the World Health Statistics Annual were searched to ascertain the suicide rates in the age groups indicated in the ...
Ryvlin Philippe - - 2006
PURPOSE: To report three patients with drug-resistant nocturnal hypermotor seizures (NHSs), no detectable brain lesion, and clinically defined nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE) or autosomal dominant NLFE (ADNFLE), whose intracerebral EEG ictal onset primarily involved the insula, rather than the mesial or orbital frontal cortex. METHODS: Fourteen to 15 intracerebral ...
Kitamura Yuri - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to describe the MRI features of patients with pure or dominant adenomyosis treated with uterine artery embolization (UAE) and to correlate imaging features with symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Nineteen patients with symptomatic pure or dominant adenomyosis on MRI were referred for UAE. All 19 patients had ...
Shah Jagdish - - 2006
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether hypersalivation helps lateralize seizure onset during complex partial seizures of temporal lobe origin. Several clinical signs, which help lateralize seizure onset, have been reported in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Increased salivation only occasionally has been reported as a manifestation of partial epilepsy. METHODS: Of ...
Capovilla Giuseppe - - 2006
PURPOSE: Photosensitivity can represent a serious problem in epilepsy patients, also because pharmacologic treatment is often ineffective. Nonpharmacologic treatment using blue sunglasses is effective and safe in controlling photosensitivity, but large series of patients have never been studied. METHODS: This multicenter study was conducted in 12 epilepsy centers in northern, ...
Kim S E - - 2006
To identify the clinical and electrophysiological characteristics of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with normal MRI. Twenty-six patients were diagnosed with TLE with normal MRI by stereotaxically implanted depth electrode EEG (SEEG) and quantitative MRI. We divided the patients into anterior or diffuse temporal groups by interictal EEG, into localized, hemispheric ...
Labate A - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether there is MRI-detectable mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) in patients with sporadic benign temporal lobe epilepsy (BTLE). METHODS: Brain MRIs were obtained from 101 consecutive, unrelated patients (51 women; mean age 37.3 +/- 17.5 years; range 10 to 83 years) with BTLE, who reported rarely or never ...
Chioza Barry B Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, Royal Free and University College Medical School, University College London, The Rayne Building, 5 University Street, London WC1E 6JJ, - - 2006
CACNA1H was evaluated in a resource of Caucasian European patients with childhood absence epilepsy by linkage analysis and typing of sequence variants previously identified in Chinese patients. Linkage analysis of 44 pedigrees provided no evidence for a locus in the CACNA1H region and none of the Chinese variants were found ...
Labate Angelo - - 2006
We report on two patients with reflex periodic spasms (PS) triggered by eating. Both patients also had significant cognitive and motor deficits. In both patients, reflex eating PS started during meal and occurred repeatedly at intervals of about 5-30 s, and the whole episode lasted about 10-15 min with 15-20 ...
Chen, Xu
Purpose: To evaluate the predictive value of intraoperative electrocorticography (ECoG) and surface electroencephalography (EEG) in patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) undergoing transsylvian selective amygdalohippocampectomy (sAHE). Methods: ECoG was recorded before and after resection in 22 patients with medication resistant mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. The sAHE was performed, regardless of ...
Paolini Sergio - - 2006
OBJECT: Supratentorial cavernous angiomas may be associated with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. Surgical removal of the malformation may result in seizure control in a number of patients, although in most studies a long history and high frequency of attacks have been recognized as indicators of unfavorable seizure outcome. In the literature, ...
Shimizu Soichiro - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Treatment with acetylcholinesterase inhibitors (AchEIs) is beneficial for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). But the clinical response varies. Functional neuroimaging techniques might allow objective evaluation of the topographic correlates of the effect of therapy on brain functioning. We attempted to evaluate the possible correlation between regional cerebral ...
Cacciari Cristina - - 2006
The ability to understand ambiguous idioms was assessed in 15 aphasic patients with preserved comprehension at a single word level. A string-to-word matching task was used. Patients were requested to choose one among four alternatives: a word associated with the figurative meaning of the idiom string; a word semantically associate ...
Tsushima Yoshito - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A strong association was suggested between a non-functioning posterior communicating artery (Pcom) of the circle of Willis and sudden deafness (SD). The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of depiction of Pcom on magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in patients with SD. METHODS: Sixteen patients with SD ...
Markesbery William R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To define the neuropathologic findings in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer disease (EAD). METHODS: The mean numbers of diffuse plaques, neuritic plaques (NPs), and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) in 4 neocortical regions and 4 ventromedial temporal lobe regions were counted in 10 patients with amnestic MCI and ...
Jang Sung Ho - - 2006
PURPOSE: We hypothesized that diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) could be useful for exploring corticospinal tract (CST) regeneration if longitudinal changes of diffusion anisotropy can be detected. In this study, we explored the recovery of a CST partially damaged by intracerebral hematoma in a patient by DTI. METHODS: A 61-year-old female ...
Yankovsky A E - - 2005
The authors studied clinical characteristics in 11 patients with intractable focal epilepsy and preictal headache (PIHA) using a standardized interview. Headache was frontotemporal, ipsilateral to the focus, in nine patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and contralateral in one with TLE and in one with frontal seizures. Migrainous features were ...
Fukuda Masafumi - - 2006
We analyzed preoperative ictal SPECT results from 18 frontal lobe epilepsy patients who underwent epilepsy surgery (mean age 22.9 years). Seizure onset at implanted subdural electrodes was defined as the epileptic focus in 16 of 18 patients. In two additional patients, the resected area on postoperative magnetic resonance images was ...
Thivard Lionel - - 2006
Patients with refractory partial seizures may benefit from epilepsy surgery. However, invasive investigations are often needed to define the precise location and limits of the epileptogenic zone (EZ). In this study, we asked whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) might provide a non-invasive alternative to locate the EZ or at least ...
Shukla G - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The lateralising significance of unidirectional whole body turning in patients with complex partial seizures (CPS) arising from the temporal lobe was evaluated. METHODS: A total of 330 patients undergoing long term video-EEG study were included. "Unidirectional whole body turning" was defined as rotation of the trunk, head, and limbs ...
Amorim Bárbara Juarez - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pattern of perfusion abnormalities in ictal and interictal brain perfusion SPECT images (BSI) from patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHOD: It was acquired interictal and ictal BSI from 24 patients with refractory TLE. BSIs were analyzed by visual inspection and statistical parametric mapping (SPM2). Statistical ...
van Rijn Jeroen C - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of symptomatic and asymptomatic herniated discs and root compression in patients with lumbosacral radicular syndrome (LRS) and to correlate clinical localization with MRI findings. METHODS: Fifty-seven patients with unilateral LRS were included in the study. Using the visual analogue scale, two physicians independently localized the ...
Kojima Shinya - - 2005
We investigated changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) before and after weight gain in patients with restrictive anorexia nervosa (AN-R) in comparison with findings in normal subjects. We assessed resting rCBF using single photon emission computed tomography with technetium-99m hexamethylpropylene amine oxime in 12 AN-R patients and 11 controls. ...
Striano Pasquale - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy (PRES) is characterized by acute-onset headache, altered mental status, cortical blindness and seizures, with parietal-occipital involvement. We report all cases of PRES diagnosed in our intensive care unit during the last 4 years, and evaluate their outcome in terms of the different medical treatments used. Even ...
d'Anjou Marc-André - - 2005
Clinical data, thoracic radiographs, ultrasonographic exams, and histopathologic reports in 13 dogs and two cats with confirmed lung lobe torsion were reviewed. Age of dogs ranged from 4 months to 11.5 years, (mean of 6.4 years) and several breeds of large and small dogs were represented. Right middle lobe torsion ...
McDonald Carrie R - - 2005
Patients with frontal-lobe epilepsy (FLE) or temporal-lobe epilepsy (TLE) and matched control participants were given a design fluency test that assessed nonverbal fluency and switching ability. Patients with FLE generated fewer designs in the switching condition relative to the TLE patients and controls, whereas group differences did not emerge in ...
Sztriha László - - 2005
We describe two children with left hippocampal dysgenesis in association with temporal lobe hypoplasia and arachnoid cyst of the middle cranial fossa. The hippocampus showed an abnormal globular shape and blurred internal structure in both patients. One of the patients had juvenile myoclonic epilepsy without evidence of seizure onset in ...
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