Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1151
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Persson Håkan - - 2007
Several studies have reported reduced heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with chronic epilepsy under treatment with antiepileptic drugs. This impairment in cardiac autonomic control might be of relevance in relation to the risk of sudden unexpected death in patients with chronic refractory epilepsy. Little information is, however, available on ...
Stumpe Matthew R - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Advanced inflammatory disease of the paranasal sinuses may result in erosion of the skull base with frontal lobe impingement. We present a series illustrating minimally invasive management of this process. METHODS: We review 15 consecutive cases of advanced sinus inflammatory disease with frontal lobe displacement. Clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, ...
Sarac-Hadzihalilović Aida - - 2007
The goal of this work was to analyze asymmetry of hippocampal formation in PTSD patients. The objects of the analysis were 10 MRI scans of patients with PTSD with established cognitive function damage. MRI scans were obtained using MAGNET IMPACT SIEMENS 1,0 TESLA in T1 and T2 relaxation. The measurement ...
Okamoto T - - 2007
To evaluate the utility of easy Z-score imaging system (eZIS) in 27 diffuse axonal injury (DAI) cases. Twenty-seven DAI patients were examined with an magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2* sequence and with eZIS (seven women, 20 men; age range, 19-35 years; median age: 26.6 years). In this investigation, we excluded ...
Pfütze Martin - - 2007
We used transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) and healthy controls to characterise motorcortical excitability in the morning as compared to the evening. Intra- and interindividual comparisons in JME-patients and controls showed no significant differences of any TMS parameter. The expected rise of the resting ...
Sapir Ayelet - - 2007
Unilateral spatial neglect (neglect) is a syndrome characterized by perceptual deficits that prevent patients from attending and responding to the side of space and of the body opposite a damaged hemisphere (contralesional side). Neglect also involves motor deficits: patients may be slower to initiate a motor response to targets appearing ...
Ito Masumi - - 2007
Three men with epilepsy (age range, 38-62) who exhibited brief episodes of violent behavior during the postictal period are described. Disease duration ranged from 27 to 44 years. Patients had both complex partial seizures and secondarily generalized tonic-clonic seizures, which were refractory to antiepileptic drugs. Postictal aggression occurred shortly after ...
Mohamed I S - - 2007
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) provides accurate localizing information of the epileptogenic zones in localization-related epilepsies. Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) is a life-threatening emergency that often requires prolonged high-dose suppressive therapy (HDST) to stop frequent and prolonged seizures. Surgical treatments for patients with RSE secondary to pre-existing epilepsy were reported. This article addresses ...
Deepak Doddabele - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and characteristics of epilepsy in patients with macroprolactinomas. Secondly, to report the response to dopamine agonist (DA) therapy. PATIENTS: A case note analysis of all patients with a diagnosis of macroprolactinoma attending a neuroendocrine clinic between 1996 and 2006. Those with epilepsy at diagnosis of ...
Marques Carolina Mattos - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the cognitive performance of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) caused by unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS), in comparison with that of matched, healthy controls. We report the relationship between cognitive measures and duration of epilepsy, correlating with hippocampal volumes, and the impact of educational level on cognitive ...
Rowan Alison - - 2007
We examined MRI abnormalities and language function in young patients with infarctions apparently confined to the basal ganglia to establish whether impaired performance was attributable to basal ganglia damage per se or to additional cerebral abnormalities. Seventeen stroke patients (10 with left- and 7 with right-hemispheric damage) and seventeen controls ...
Striano Pasquale - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: To determine the occurrence of neuroradiological abnormalities and to perform genotype-phenotype correlations in severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy (SMEI, Dravet syndrome). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Alpha-subunit type A of voltage-gated sodium channel (SCN1A) mutational screening was performed by denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC) and multiplex ligation probe amplification (MLPA). MRI ...
Gürses Candan - - 2007
There have been no serial studies about neuroradiological findings of neurosyphilis in the literature. There have been only case reports concerning HIV negative patients with neurosyphilis. We present 8 HIV negative neurosyphilis patients two of whom are women. The mean age of the patients was 48 years+/-12.37. Five of the ...
Saitoh Naka - - 2007
We previously reported the results of a magnetoencephalographic study in patients with Panayiotopoulos syndrome manifesting occipital epileptic discharges, in which the equivalent current dipoles of spike discharges were clustered alongside the major cortical sulci, such as parieto-occipital and calcarine. This report is the result of a magnetoencephalographic study of three ...
Hashiguchi Kimiaki - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Degree of hypometabolism in the thalamus on (18)Fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) was compared with those of medial and lateral temporal lobes in patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE), and its relationship with post-operative seizure outcomes was investigated. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with mTLE who underwent anterior temporal lobectomy were ...
Merrifield Warren S - - 2007
Statistical properties of electromagnetic brain activity may increase the understanding of the human brain by providing precise numerical vales associated with neuronal activity. A statistical analysis was performed on frontal and temporal lobe patients to investigate possible differences between the two populations. Results were then compared to clinical results to ...
Persson Håkan H Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2007
Case-control studies of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) have reported that SUDEP is more likely to occur during sleep and thus presumably during night hours. The circadian variation of heart-rate variability (HRV) might be of relevance to this risk. We examined night versus daytime HRV in patients with newly ...
Hamberger Marla J - - 2007
Current knowledge regarding the topography of essential language cortex is based primarily on stimulation mapping studies of nonlesional epilepsy patients. We sought to determine whether space-occupying temporal lobe lesions are associated with a similar topography of language sites, as this information would be useful in surgical planning. We retrospectively compared ...
Gürses Candan - - 2007
Three patients with neurosyphilis are reported. The first and third patients presented with convulsive status epilepticus and the second with non-convulsive status after penicillin administration. In all cerebrospinal fluid and the serum Venereal Disease Research Laboratory Test (VDRL) and Treponema Pallidum hemagglutination (TPHA) or fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test (FTA-ABS) ...
Chandra P S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In children with and without infantile spasms, this study determined brain volumes and cell densities in epilepsy surgery patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and cortical dysplasia with balloon cells (CD). METHODS: We compared TSC (n = 18) and CD (n = 17) patients with normal/autopsy controls (n = ...
Santhouse Jacqueline - - 2007
Epilepsy and neurocardiogenic syncope share a final common pathway of loss of consciousness and consequent social disruption. We compared 52 patients with syncope, 96 with epilepsy and 100 controls. Epilepsy and syncope patients expressed significantly higher levels of anxiety and depression and reported significantly less good quality of life (QoL) ...
Thivard Lionel - - 2007
PURPOSE: To search for a recovery after surgery of mean diffusivity (MD) values in the contralateral nonsclerotic hippocampus of patients with medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and hippocampal sclerosis (HS). METHODS: Twenty-four MTLE patients (12 right-sided and 12 left-sided MTLE) and 36 healthy volunteers were investigated using diffusion tensor imaging. ...
Sarac-Hadzihalilović Aida - - 2007
Lobus limbicus is an anatomical basis for understanding the temporal epilepsy because it includes not only the focus of temporal lobe infection but of the frontal lobe as well. With it we can explain many of the phenomena accompanying epilepsy (hallucinations, the change of the effects, and so on). The ...
Ronan Lisa - - 2007
PURPOSE: To introduce a measure of global cortical folding in epilepsy by using stereology. Subtle developmental abnormalities associated with temporal lobe epilepsy may encompass brain morphologic changes such as an aberrant degree of cortical folding. METHODS: Stereologic methods of volume and surface-area estimation were applied to in vivo MR brain-image ...
Rodrigo S - - 2007
In temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to hippocampal sclerosis (HS), ictal discharge spread to the frontal and insulo-perisylvian cortex is commonly observed. The implication of white matter pathways in this propagation has not been investigated. We compared diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) measurements along the uncinate fasciculus (UF), a major tract ...
López Jeffrey - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study examines the redox status of drug-resistant epileptic patients and how it is modified after surgical treatment. DESIGN AND METHODS: The activity of antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase), and markers of damage to biomolecules (malondialdehyde and advanced oxidation protein products) were determined by spectrophotometric methods ...
M. Pourissa
The purpose of this study was to illustrate the spectrum of cerebral lesions diagnosed by Fluid Attenuated Inversion Recovery (FLAIR) imaging in patients with epilepsy. A retrospective study was conducted on 104 patients with epilepsy who had undergone brain MRI with fluid attenuated inversion recovery sequence at the MRI center ...
Khwaja Geeta
This study has focused on the interplay between epilepsy and religion. A total of 100 patients in the age range of 15-84 years were included in the study. The duration of epilepsy in these patients ranged from 1-35 years. The majority (66&#x0025;) had generalized seizures and good to complete seizure ...
Mohamed I S - - 2007
Magnetoencephalography (MEG) provides accurate localizing information of the epileptogenic zones in localization-related epilepsies. Refractory status epilepticus (RSE) is a life-threatening emergency that often requires prolonged high-dose suppressive therapy (HDST) to stop frequent and prolonged seizures. Surgical treatments for patients with RSE secondary to pre-existing epilepsy were reported. This article addresses ...
Boes C J - - 2007
The author set out to review the thought processes of Bayard Horton as he was clinicopathologically describing the first cases of temporal arteritis. The Mayo Clinic records of the original temporal arteritis patients were examined. Horton obtained the first biopsies of the temporal arteries in temporal arteritis and was the ...
Repetto Claudia - - 2007
We described a 56-years-old man with a diagnosis of "non-fluent primary progressive aphasia" (NfPPA). An accurate neuropsychological, neurological and neuroimaging evaluation was performed in order to assess clinical and behavioural features of the patient. From a neuropsychological point of view, the patient showed a typical cognitive profile of subjects affected ...
Grau-Olivares Marta - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there were differences in neuroradiological features, including white-matter lesions and gray-matter volumes, between patients with lacunar infarction with and without mild cognitive impairment of the vascular type (MCI-V). METHODS: A total of 40 patients with lacunar infarction were studied ...
Cappa S F - - 2007
We report the case of a patient with complex partial seizures who developed a nonfluent aphasia when topiramate was added to his therapy. This emergent adverse effect appeared to be reversible, as language performance improved after discontinuation of topiramate. Interictal SPECT performed when the patient was aphasic revealed a focal ...
Kodipaka S - - 2007
In this paper, we present the application of kernel Fisher discriminant in the statistical analysis of shape deformations that indicate the hemispheric location of an epileptic focus. The scans of two classes of patients with epilepsy, those with a right and those with a left anterior medial temporal lobe focus ...
Nishida Takuji - - 2006
PURPOSE: To clarify the differences between postictal mania (PIM) and postictal psychosis (PIP). METHODS: Five patients with PIM were compared to 17 patients with PIP, with respect to clinical, epileptological, electrophysiological, and neuroimaging features. PIM was distinguished from PIP by the symptoms observed in the postictal period based on the ...
You Hui - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the difference in interictal perfusion patterns between refractory and non-refractory temporal lobe epilepsies evaluated with flow-sensitive alternating inversion recovery (FAIR) magnetic resonance (MR) sequence. METHODS: Nine patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, 21 patients with non-refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, and 13 normal volunteers underwent FAIR MR scanning. ...
Kowacs Pedro André - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of the location of the irritative zone, and the number and the distribution of the intracranial calcifications in the severity of epilepsy associated with intracranial calcifications. METHOD: We studied 47 patients with epilepsy and intracranial calcifications, 24 with normal (Group A) and 23 with abnormal ...
Kuba Robert - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence of sexual dysfunction in men with focal epilepsy and to establish their hormonal profiles. METHODS: We prospectively analyzed sexual functions and hormone blood levels in 40 male patients (age ranged from 18 to 44 years, with an average age of 27.6+/-5.6 years) with refractory focal ...
Caboclo Luís Otávio S F - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this retrospective study is to analyze ictal patterns observed during continuous Video-EEG monitoring in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) due to unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS), and to correlate these EEG patterns to temporal pole abnormalities observed on magnetic resonance imaging exams. METHODS: We analyzed 147 ...
Takaya S - - 2006
We compared the cognitive functions and interictal cerebral glucose metabolism of 11 patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) with frequent seizures to those of 10 patients with MTLE with rare seizures; the groups were matched for age, sex, education, IQ, and focus side. The frequent-seizure group had more set-shifting ...
Unwin Brian - - 2006
Polymyalgia rheumatica and giant cell arteritis are common, closely related vasculitic conditions that almost exclusively occur in patients older than 50 years. They may be manifestations of the same underlying disease and often coexist. Patients with polymyalgia rheumatica usually present with acute onset of stiffness and pain in the shoulder ...
Zacharek Mark A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Peripherally located frontal sinus pathology may be unreachable with standard endoscopic techniques. Patients with superiorly or laterally based lesions often undergo osteoplastic flap with or without obliteration. Image-guided frontal trephination (IGFT) can localize pathology and provide excellent exposure. We present 13 patients in whom this technique was applied. STUDY ...
Guerra Angel - - 2006
Medical statements from previous epidemiologic studies consider temporal arteritis as extremely rare or absent in Hispanic patients. A probable genetic protective condition was proposed as an explanation for this. We performed a descriptive observational, retrospective, comparable and not randomized study in the southern region of Puerto Rico (Ponce Area). The ...
Sathyaprabha T N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Sudden unexplained death is an important cause of mortality in patients with epilepsy and cause for this is not fully understood. One of the explanations is autonomic dysfunction (AD). Studies of AD in chronic refractory epilepsy are very few in the literature. AIM: To evaluate cardiovascular autonomic functions in ...
Pavlisa Goran - - 2006
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients experience symptoms which implicate dysfunction of emotional memory circuits, and possible damage of the amygdala. Laterality differences in activity of the amygdala have been reported in PTSD patients, with presumed adaptive plasticity in the hippocampus and the amygdala. The aim of this study was to ...
Duncan Roderick - - 2006
The majority of patients with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES) do not have epilepsy. There are a number of compelling reasons to take these patients off antiepileptic drugs (AEDs), including drug toxicity and teratogenicity, as well as possibly poorer outcome of PNES and increased risk of iatrogenic harm when patients present ...
das Neves Maila de Castro Lourenço - - 2006
We report the case of a patient with temporal lobe epilepsy, nonresponsive to antiepileptic drugs, who became seizure-free, but developed recurrent excessive irritability and psychotic symptoms after successful mesial temporal lobectomy. This patient was refractory to various pharmacological treatments including antipsychotics, mood stabilizers, and benzodiazepines before being successfully treated with ...
Yoshida Fumiaki - - 2006
This study aimed to assess the relevance of epilepsy and spina bifida in the lumbosacral region. We evaluated 75 patients with spina bifida admitted to the Kyushu University Hospital from 1980 to 2004. Patients were classified as having meningocele (MC, 4 cases), myelomeningocele (MMC, 6), myeloschisis (MS, 45), and lumbosacral ...
Piazzini Ada - - 2006
PURPOSE: To assess the possible cognitive alterations in epilepsy patients compared with controls over 5 years, and to investigate the clinical variables mainly implied in mental impairment. METHODS: In our longitudinal single-center study, 50 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and 50 controls were administered the same battery of comprehensive ...
Trimble Michael - - 2006
We examined the religious experiences of 28 patients with epilepsy and religiosity, 22 patients with epilepsy and no expressed interest in religion, and 30 volunteer regular churchgoers. We profiled the experiences of the first group, revealing more of their phenomenology, but also their bipolarity, and demonstrated that members of the ...
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