Search Results
Results 101 - 150 of 1152
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kuchukhidze G - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Hippocampal abnormalities may coexist with malformations of cortical development (MCD). This cross-sectional MRI study aimed at categorizing hippocampal abnormalities in a large group of MCD and comparing MCD patients with (group W) and without (group W/O) hippocampal abnormalities. METHODS: Hippocampal anatomy, rotation, size, internal structure, and MRI signal alterations ...
Bek Semai - - 2010
Vasomotor reactivity, which can be defined as the cerebral vasculature response to hypoxia, is not well known in epilepsy patients. We aimed to evaluate cerebrovascular reserve in idiopathic generalized epilepsy patients using transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD). The study included 20 patients and 20 healthy volunteers. Diagnosis of epilepsy was based ...
Kohan Amir Hassan - - 2010
Spasticity is one of the common complications in upper motor neuron lesions and without appropriate treatment it causes disturbances in movement pattern. Assessments of patients are effective in patient's management. Modified Ashworth scale (MAS) is one of the criteria in qualitative assessment of spasticity, and there are lots of controversies ...
Malmgren Kristina - - 2010
This case concerns a patient with generalized neurosarcoidosis and pharmacoresistant focal epilepsy. Although immunosuppressive therapy resulted in remission of the neurosarcoidosis, seizures continued and were shown to originate from the right temporal lobe (TL). The patient underwent a right anterior temporal lobe resection (TLR) and obtained >90% reduction of seizure ...
Guedj Eric - - 2010
To contribute to the identification of brain regions involved in déjà-vu, we studied the metabolic pattern of cortical involvement in patients with seizures of temporal lobe origin presenting with or without déjà-vu. Using voxel-based analysis of 18FDG-PET brain scans, we compared glucose metabolic rate of 8 patients with déjà-vu, 8 ...
Liscak Roman - - 2010
Minimally invasive percutaneous single trajectory stereotactic radiofrequency amygdalohippocampectomy was used to treat mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). The aim of the study was to evaluate complications and effectiveness of this procedure. A group of 51 patients with MTLE was treated using stereotactic thermo-lesion of amygdalohippocampal complex under local anaesthesia. The ...
Stefan Hermann - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Magnetoencephalography (MEG) is used for focus localization in presurgical evaluation of patients with focal epilepsies. In this proof-of-concept study, general anesthesia with etomidate was used to improve effectiveness of MEG-recordings. METHODS: MEG-recordings of six patients with focal epilepsy were performed before and after application of etomidate. Spike frequency and ...
Kim Chi Heon - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The seizure network may be different between temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE+HS) and without HS (TLE-HS). Chronic seizure activity may alter the diffusion properties of a seizure network. The thalamus is known to have an anatomical connection to the medial temporal area and to play a role ...
Menzler K - - 2010
PURPOSE: The presence of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) on MRI has a great impact on the clinical evaluation and counselling of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and is considered as a key criterion for the decision to recommend epilepsy surgery. However, neuropathological studies describe evidence of HS in up to ...
El-Khayat Hamed A - - 2010
Patients with epilepsy often complain of symptoms that may be caused by disturbances in their hormonal balance. Disturbances in physical growth has been previously described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of epilepsy and/or anti-epileptic drugs on the physical growth of patients with idiopathic epilepsy, as ...
Santana Maria Teresa Castilho Garcia - - 2010
MRI investigations in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) have demonstrated structural abnormalities extending beyond ipsilateral hippocampus which may be studied through voxel-based morphometry (VBM). We investigated brain morphology related to clinical features in patients with refractory TLE with MTS using VBM. One hundred patients ...
Zhang Zhiqiang - - 2010
Various functional imaging tools have been used to detect epileptic activity in the neural network underlying mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). In the present fMRI study, a data-driven approach was employed to map interictal epileptic activity in mTLE patients by measuring the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) of the blood ...
Hoshi T - - 2010
Recent studies have shown that the levels of circulating inflammatory markers are associated with cognitive decline and cerebral small-vessel disease. Frontal lobe dysfunction is believed to be a relatively characteristic neuropsychological symptom in vascular cognitive impairment caused by cerebral small-vessel disease. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether ...
Beleza Pedro - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical utility of epidural and foramen-ovale recordings and associated morbidity in the pre-surgical evaluation of epilepsy. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 59 epilepsy patients, who underwent recordings with epidural (n = 59) and foramen-ovale electrodes (n = 46) as part of their pre-surgical evaluation between 1990-1999. The ...
Sato Kanako - - 2010
The uncinate fasciculus (UF) consists of core fibers connecting the frontal and temporal lobes and is considered to be related to cognitive/behavioral function. Using diffusion tensor tractography, we quantitatively evaluated changes in fractional anisotropy (FA) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the UF by tract-specific analysis to evaluate the ...
Farkas Zsuzsanna - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to detect objective signs of deterioration of motor performance in epilepsy patients treated with chronic valproate therapy. METHODS: We examined 14 controls and 15 epilepsy patients receiving chronic valproate monotherapy, who had no subjective complaints related to motor function. Regularity and maximum frequency ...
Hamilton Roy H RH Laboratory for Cognition and Neural Stimulation, Department of Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. - - 2010
Although evidence suggests that patients with left hemisphere strokes and non-fluent aphasia who receive 1Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) over the intact right inferior frontal gyrus experience persistent benefits in naming, it remains unclear whether the effects of rTMS in these patients generalize to other language abilities. We report ...
Pastor Jes?s - - 2010
PURPOSE: A variety of drugs have been used to activate and identify the epileptogenic area in patients during presurgical evaluation. We have evaluated the safety and usefulness of etomidate in identifying the epileptic zone by measuring bioelectrical brain activity and cerebral blood flow (CBF). METHODS: We studied 13 men and ...
van der Heide Astrid - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: In the majority of patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) multifocal epileptiform activity is present interictally. Therefore, its value in identifying epilepsy surgery candidates has been doubted. We hypothesize that dominant interictal epileptiform foci are concordant with the ictal onset zone in TSC patients. METHODS: Consistency and dominance of ...
Yuan Jie - - 2010
The small guanosine triphosphatase RhoA has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of epilepsy in animals. In this study, we investigated the expression of RhoA in human epilepsy. Brain tissue samples from 40 patients with intractable epilepsy and 14 histologically normal temporal lobes from control patients were used to compare ...
Fujii Emiko - - 2010
PURPOSE: In this investigation, we studied differences in chemical metabolites in certain brain regions between autistic patients and normal control subjects. METHODS: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) was used to evaluate functional activity in these regions. Specific regions studied were right and left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex(DLPFC) and the anterior cingulated ...
Labate A - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively assess the frequency of mesiotemporal abnormalities seen on brain MRI in healthy subjects in comparison with patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: Ninety-nine consecutive patients (48 women, mean age 36.1 +/- 16.1 years; range 10 to 75) with TLE and 51 healthy volunteers (26 women, mean ...
Hsiao Kuan-Yin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of radiation therapy (RT) on neurocognitive function in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty patients with NPC treated with intensity-modulated RT were included. Dose-volume histograms of the temporal lobes were obtained in every patient. Neurocognitive tests were administered individually to each patient ...
Sakurai Kotaro - - 2010
This study uses magnetoencephalography (MEG) to examine whether cortical regions that constitute a default mode network are involved during generalized spike-wave discharges (GSWs) in patients with juvenile absence epilepsy (JAE). We studied five JAE patients for whom MEG was recorded using a 204-channel, whole-head gradiometer system. Dynamic statistical parametric mapping ...
Kaiboriboon Kitti K UCSF Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, - - 2010
To evaluate the ability of MEG to detect medial temporal spikes in patients with known medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) and to use magnetic source imaging (MSI) with equivalent current dipoles to examine localization and orientation of spikes and their relation to surgical outcome. We prospectively obtained MSI on a ...
Husein-Elahmed Husein - - 2012
Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common systemic vasculitis affecting people over 50 years. This disease is a diagnostic challenge with a range of clinical symptoms and findings due to different affected vessels. Because of this, the initial diagnosis can be tricky, and some of the patients present at first ...
Kim M J - - 2010
In order to assess the capacity of neurological patients to process syntactic features unique to Korean, such as the heavy dependence of parsing on syntactic morphemes rather than the word order in a sentence, the Korean Syntactic Comprehension Test (KSCT) was newly developed. To examine the correlation between lesion locations ...
Lee Jung Seok - - 2010
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited angiopathy caused by mutations of the Notch 3 gene. Olfactory identification deficits are present in a number of neurodegenerative disorders. However, olfaction has not been investigated in CADASIL. The aim of the present study was to assess ...
Marucci G - - 2010
Drug-resistant chronic temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common type of epilepsy that undergoes surgical treatment. To verify if dentate gyrus alterations may play a role in patients with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), 14 patients, submitted to epilepsy surgery, were selected. Only cases with MTS alone were included. Granule cell ...
Kakuda Wataru - - 2010
Four poststroke patients with motor-dominant aphasia received 10 treatment sessions of low-frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). Each treatment session consisted of 1,200 pulses of stimulation and the site of stimulation was an area homologous to the most activated site on functional MRI performed prior to rTMS. Consequently, rTMS was ...
Aydin-Ozemir Zeynep Z Department of Neurology, Epilepsy Unit, Istanbul University, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul, - - 2010
Studies investigating the pathophysiology of epileptic photosensitivity indicate variable involvement of particular brain regions. Our aim was to identify metabolic differences between photosensitive idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) patients and nonphotosensitive IGE patients and normal healthy subjects by using Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS). Fourteen patients diagnosed with photosensitive IGE were investigated. ...
Suh Mee Kyung - - 2010
Posterior fusiform gyrus (BA 37) is responsible for Hanja (ideogram) alexia in stroke patients. Patients with semantic dementia (SD) have lesions in the basal temporal area. The close proximity in these two lesions and the fact that reading ideograms requires holistic processing as is necessary in recognition of objects, suggests ...
Cerase Alfonso - - 2010
Perivascular, or Virchow-Robin, spaces of the brain represent interstitial fluid-filled spaces continuous with subpial spaces, and not invagination of cerebrospinal fluid-filled subarachnoid spaces. Regression of a dilated, or even giant, perivascular space occurs rarely. The purpose of this paper is to describe magnetic resonance imaging evidence of complete regression of ...
Yoshinaga Harumi - - 2009
The electroencephalograms from 276 patients with localization-related epilepsy were analyzed to compare the distribution of spike foci in different age groups. Patients were divided into five groups according to spike location in the frontal, central, temporal, occipital, or multiple cortical regions. The age of peak incidence was earliest in patients ...
Breshears J J Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, - - 2010
Traditional electrocortical stimulation (ECS) mapping is limited by the lengthy serial investigation (one location at a time) and the risk of afterdischarges in localizing eloquent cortex. Electrocorticographic frequency alteration mapping (EFAM) allows the parallel investigation of many cortical sites in much less time and with no risk of afterdischarges because ...
Bhardwaj Ratan D - - 2010
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to assess the connectivity between magnetoencephalographic (MEG) dipoles in the temporal lobe and Rolandic region in children with temporal lobe epilepsy using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography. METHODS: Six pediatric patients with intractable focal epilepsy had MEG performed, which showed MEG dipoles over ...
Toth Vanda - - 2010
PURPOSE: We systematically analyzed the video-recorded and patient-reported, as well as positive and negative ictal affective symptoms (IAS) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Our aim was to assess (1) frequency, (2) gender effect, (3) lateralizing significance, (4) localizing value, and (5) prognostic significance in epilepsy surgery of IAS in patients ...
Feng Guibo - - 2009
Synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A) involvement has been reported in the animal models of epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of SV2A in human intractable epilepsy (IE) brain tissue. Using immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and Western blot, we detected SV2A expression in tissue samples from the anterior ...
Loring David W - - 2009
The authors used logistic regression, dichotomous and multiple level likelihood ratios, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses to examine Wada Memory Asymmetries (WMAs) in 324 patients who subsequently underwent temporal lobe (TL) surgery (left TL surgery = 172; right TL surgery = 152) using the Medical College of Georgia Wada ...
Ay Yilmaz - - 2009
Although patients with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes exhibit normal intelligence, they frequently display neuropsychologic abnormalities. Thirty-five patients with rolandic epilepsy were included in this study. They were divided into three subgroups. Group I comprised patients with rolandic focus who were not receiving treatment. Group II comprised patients with ...
Jim??nez-Bonilla Julio F - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between temporal hypoperfusion in the acute phase of patients with eating disorders and the long-term clinical outcome. METHOD: Brain perfusion was studied using Tc-99m HMPAO SPECT in 17 patients with eating disorders (ED) and compared with 12 controls (C). Semiquantitative analysis was carried out by ...
Lukas Carsten - - 2009
Intrathecal injection of triamcinolone acetonide (TCA) has been shown to provide substantial benefit in a subset of progressive multiple sclerosis (MS) patients with predominant spinal symptoms. We examined whether atrophy of the upper spinal cord (USC) as measured by MRI can serve as a predictive marker for response to repetitive ...
Tanaka Naoaki N Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA. - - 2009
The objective of this study was to assess the feasibility of magnetoencephalography in epilepsy patients with a vagus nerve stimulator. Magnetoencephalography was performed in two patients with medically intractable epilepsy who had a vagus nerve stimulator. Because of the artifacts caused by the vagus nerve stimulator, no spikes could be ...
Campos Bruno A G - - 2010
PURPOSE: To compare relative N-acetylaspartate (NAA) measurements in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with good response to the first trial of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) (an important prognostic factor) to TLE patients who failed the first AED monotherapy and required further AED trials with monotherapy or polytherapy. METHODS: We studied 25 ...
Martin W R Wayne - - 2009
The purpose of this study was to determine if focal cortical abnormalities may occur in early Parkinson's disease (PD). We studied 26 untreated patients with early PD and 14 healthy control subjects, with cognitive screening and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Voxel-based morphometry was used to assess for the presence of ...
Pail Martin - - 2010
PURPOSE: To determine whether changes in gray matter volume (GMV) differ according to the affected side in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy/hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE/HS) syndrome, and moreover to test the hypothesis of more pronounced structural changes in right-sided MTLE/HS. This hypothesis (especially that the contralateral thalamus is more affected in right-sided ...
Liimatainen Suvi - - 2010
PURPOSE: Glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies (GADAs) have been detected in patients with epilepsy, but the clinical determinants of epilepsy associated with GADA have not been defined. METHODS: We analyzed GADA with a radioimmunoassay in sera of 253 well-characterized patients with epilepsy and 200 control subjects. The positive samples were confirmed ...
Shon Young-Min - - 2010
PURPOSE: In comparison to temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients with hippocampal sclerosis (TLE-HS), TLE patients without HS (TLE-NH) have a similar clinical course but may result in worse surgical outcome. We investigated whether the clinical features related to the lack of HS in TLE patients (TLE-NH) can be explained by ...
Romigi Andrea - - 2010
PURPOSE: The endocannabinoid system is involved in excitatory/inhibitory balance mechanisms within the central nervous system (CNS). Growing evidence shows that its perturbation leads to development of epileptic seizures in experimental models, thus indicating that endocannabinoids play an intrinsic protective role in suppressing pathologic neuronal excitability. Experimental data also demonstrate that ...
Yoshinaga Harumi - - 2010
PURPOSE: The synchronous appearance of an occipital and frontopolar spike (the Fp-O spike) is characteristic of Panayiotopoulos syndrome (PS). This phenomenon is also seen in various other types of epilepsy, particularly those that occur in childhood. Using dipole analysis and sequential mapping, we investigated the characteristics of the Fp-O spike ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >