Search Results
Results 801 - 850 of 1143
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Andersen C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Patients with isolated aphasia in the absence of other cognitive abnormalities have been the focus of several studies during the past decade. It has been called primary progressive aphasia (PPA), and the typical features of this syndrome are marked atrophy of the left temporal lobe according to the radiological ...
Sisodiya S M - - 1997
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that widespread extralesional abnormalities of cerebral structure exist in association with apparently isolated hypothalamic hamartomata, providing a structural basis for the poor response of seizures to removal of the hamartoma or other apparently focal epileptogenic zones present. METHODS: High-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) brain scans ...
Abe K - - 1997
The cerebellum has anatomical connections to the cerebral cortex, through which it can affect language function. To study these connections, we investigated patients with chronic Broca's aphasia using MRI and single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). We selected 15 such patients (9 male, 6 female, aged 17-64 years, mean age 56 ...
Ferrie C D - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: Nearly one third of children with cryptogenic epileptic encephalopathies have been reported to have focal cortical defects on 18fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET. As diffuse cortical dysfunction and involvement of subcortical structures, particularly the thalami, is postulated to underlie the propensity to seizures in these conditions, the aim was to determine ...
Lin Y Y - - 1997
We evaluated the relationship between mesial temporal seizure focus and serum prolactin (PRL) in patients before and after they underwent anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) for medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). These patients had a confirmed unilateral epileptogenic focus in mesial temporal structures, a postictal rise in serum PRL 15 ...
Abe K - - 1997
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) presents with aphasia, with or without other minor cognitive dysfunction. We report five patients with PPA to show the correlation between their clinical signs and imaging findings. The patients can be divided into those with nonfluent (group 1) and those with fluent (group 2) aphasia. The ...
Pijl S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy with which cochlear implant patients are able to match two stimuli on the basis of pulse rate pitch. DESIGN: Patients were required to adjust the pulse rate of a comparison stimulus to match that of a fixed reference stimulus. The comparison and the reference stimuli ...
Bonioli E V - - 1997
Sebaceous nevus (SN) syndrome is a neurocutaneous disorder characterized by a distinctive skin lesion in association with epilepsy and mental retardation. In one group of patients, brain lesions may be consequent to vascular abnormalities ("vascular variant"); another group of SN patients presents ipsilateral hemimegalencephaly, gyral anomalies, and facial hemihypertrophy ("neurologic ...
Chudnow R S - - 1997
To evaluate the relationship of gabapentin therapy with choreoathetotic movements in mentally retarded patients treated with intractable epilepsy. Case reports of 2 institutionalized patients who developed choreoathetosis temporally related to adjunctive therapy with gabapentin at dosages of 1200 to 1800 mg/d. Both patients experienced resolution of abnormal movements on discontinuation ...
Pavone L - - 1997
Autism is a heterogeneous condition and the possible pathogenic role of several different factors has been postulated. Association between celiac disease and neurological manifestations such as drug resistant epilepsy and cerebral calcifications is well known. Some authors in the past also reported the existence of a linkage with autism. On ...
Johnson-Greene D - - 1997
Prolonged excessive consumption of alcohol has been associated with a variety of cognitive disorders accompanied by neuropathological and neurochemical abnormalities of the brain, particularly in the frontal lobes. Studies with positron emission tomography (PET) have shown decreased local cerebral metabolic rates for glucose (lCMRglc) in frontal regions, with correlated abnormalities ...
Samuelsson H - - 1997
Anatomical and neurological correlates of visuospatial neglect were studied in 53 patients with a CT-documented right hemisphere stroke. Evidence of neglect at the acute stage poststroke was strongly related to large lesions involving the middle temporal gyrus and/or the temporo-parietal paraventricular white matter. Thus, out of 18 patients with evidence ...
Specht U - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Experimental data indicate inhibitory effects of the cerebellum on seizure activity. Structural damage such as cerebellar atrophy, which is a common finding in patients with chronic epilepsy, may reduce these effects. METHODS: Outcome after temporal lobectomy was studied in 78 consecutive patients, with or without cerebellar atrophy diagnosed by ...
Oguro K - - 1997
The single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) findings in 2 patients with opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) who had similar symptoms in the acute stage of the disease are described. In 1 patient with encephalitis, SPECT showed increased blood flow in most of the cerebellum; the highest accumulation of the radiotracer was ...
Utsunomiya H - - 1997
We analysed the MRI findings in 23 patients with callosal dysgenesis in relation to their associated telencephalic anomalies to investigate the morphological significance of the development of Probst's bundles and the anterior commissure in congenital callosal dysgenesis. We classified callosal dysgenesis into three types: total defect (9 patients), partial defect ...
Lee J H - - 1997
We studied the clinical characteristics, location of epileptogenic regions, and the surgical outcomes in 18 patients with intractable epilepsy associated with previous CNS infections. All patients underwent an extensive presurgical evaluation and 11 patients had intracranial EEG monitoring. On the basis of presurgical evaluation, epileptic regions were localized to the ...
Sisodiya S M - - 1997
Despite meticulous preoperative assessment, about 30% of patients with refractory partial epilepsy due to hippocampal sclerosis fail to become seizure free after appropriate temporal lobe surgery. Perioperative complications, hippocampal remnants, and bitemporal disease do not account for all failures; extrahippocampal epileptogenic tissue must persist in some patients. Such dual pathology ...
Specht U - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar atrophy (CA) is a frequent finding in patients with chronic epilepsy. Since gaze-evoked nystagmus, dizziness, and ataxia are some of the typical adverse effects (AEs) of the dose-dependent toxicity of carbamazepine, preexisting CA could possible explain in part the interindividual variation in the tolerance of high serum concentrations ...
Sekul E A - - 1997
Because weakness of finger flexors and atrophy of the forearms are frequent findings in inclusion body myositis (IBM) patients, we examined the forearm muscles by MRI to determine if involvement of the distal musculature has a characteristic diagnostic pattern. We performed MRI of the forearms in 21 randomly selected patients ...
Mackenzie R A - - 1997
Over a 10-year period 100 temporal lobe operations were performed for non-lesional temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Seventy-two patients had conventional anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) and 28 had selective amygdalohippocampectomy (AH). Forty-three ATL patients (60%) became seizure free compared to 6 AH patients (21%) (P < 0.005). An unsatisfactory outcome was ...
Woiciechowsky C - - 1997
Sixty-five patients with lesions affecting the third ventricle (54 patients) or the corpus callosum itself (11 patients) underwent partial callosotomy or a circumscribed callosal resection. Before the surgery 20 patients were studied using the battery of cognitive, affective and behavioural tests which was repeated 10 and 100 days after surgery. ...
Massetani R - - 1997
PURPOSE: Because several reports have described the relation between epilepsy and cardiac arrhythmias and suggest that changes in autonomic neural control of the heart could be involved in the pathogenesis of sudden unexplained death in patients with epilepsy, the aim of this study was to evaluate cardiac function in patients ...
Saatci I - - 1997
PURPOSE: To define various cranial MR appearances in Wilson's disease (WD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: MR examinations of 30 patients (9-44 years old) with WD were retrospectively reviewed. Six patients were asymptomatic siblings. Three other patients had isolated hepatic involvement, one with no symptoms. The remaining 21 patients had neurological involvement, ...
Miaux Y - - 1997
MRI was performed in 13 patients with the adult form of myotonic dystrophy (MD) and compared with that of sex- and age-matched normal controls. There was some cerebral atrophy in the patients and marked thickening of the skull in three of them, associated with ossification of the falx cerebri in ...
Drury I - - 1997
In a consecutive series of 11 patients with a history of medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy, we studied the appearance of ictal patterns detected by epidural screw electrodes (ESE) placed in an effort to obviate depth electrode recording. All had prior scalp-sphenoidal monitoring with significant obscuration of ictal EEG by ...
Markand O N - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the sensitivity of ictal 99mTc-HMPAO single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with interictal 18F-fluoro-deoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) in localization of the epileptogenic focus in patients with medically intractable complex partial seizures (MI-CPS). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on patients with MI-CPS who underwent anterior ...
Kuzniecky R - - 1997
PURPOSE: Cortical developmental malformations (CDM) are increasingly recognized in association with epilepsy. We describe 10 patients (age range 14-35 years) with symptomatic occipital lobe epilepsy and CDM. METHODS: Neurologic, neuroophthalmologic and electrophysiologic studies were performed. Patients had MRI, SPECT, and in some cases intracranial EEG investigators. RESULTS: Mean age of ...
Debets R M - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contribution of 18FDG PET, 11C-flumazenil PET, and 123I-iomazenil SPECT to the presurgical evaluation of patients with medically intractable complex partial seizures. METHODS: Presurgical evaluation was performed in 23 patients, who were considered candidates for temporal lobe resective surgery (14 females and nine males with a median ...
Boon P - - 1997
PURPOSE: The validity and clinical significance of dipole modeling in epilepsy surgery candidates is not fully established. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Interictal and ictal dipole modeling was performed in 43 patients with refractory complex partial seizures (CPS) and intracranial structural abnormalities demonstrated with optimum magnetic resonance imaging (MRI: space-occupying, n = ...
Lilja A - - 1997
This study of 47 patients with low- and high-grade gliomas retrospectively focuses on the patients' history with regard to affective and cognitive disturbances as well as to the presence of epileptic manifestations. Early emotional changes with a sudden onset were common in both patient groups, especially panic-like anxiety. It is ...
Do─čan R - - 1997
Here in nine patients with congenital lobar emphysema who had been treated surgically in the previous 10 years are reported. The ages of the patients at diagnosis ranged from 26 days to 11 months. The six patients whose symptoms started in the neonatal period had more severe dyspnea, cyanosis and ...
Santens P - - 1997
To investigate cerebral oxygen metabolism in progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), 5 patients with a clinical diagnosis of PSP and a variable degree of cognitive deficit were selected for positron emission tomography (PET) of the brain. In 4 of them, a significant decrease in oxygen metabolism was found in all cortical ...
Yamada K - - 1997
We studied the sound lateralization in 15 patients with left (12 patients) or bilateral (3 patients) temporal lobe cerebrovascular lesions. The lesions included the auditory cortex. Interaural time difference (ITD) and interaural intensity difference (IID) discriminations were separately measured by using a self-recording apparatus. All 12 patients with left temporal ...
Watson C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based volumetric measurements of the hippocampal formation are useful in detecting unilateral hippocampal sclerosis (HS) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. In this pathologic entity, volumetric MRI analysis shows the epileptogenic structure to be atrophic when compared with the normal, nonepileptogenic side. Some authors have suggested ...
Barcs G - - 1997
The driving abilities of two groups of epileptic patients (temporal lobe epileptics: 44 and idiopathic generalized epileptics: 26) and control group of healthy volunteers were compared. A computerized device (MST-CARAT), was used validated by comparing the test performance measures with the results of the practical driving tests. Our results show ...
O'Brien T J - - 1996
This study aims to determine whether there are important clinico-electrical differences between patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) secondary to mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) and those with TLE secondary to a discrete temporal neocortical lesion (NL). The case histories, interictal EEG, seizure semiology, ictal EEG and postoperative outcome of 46 ...
Davies K G - - 1996
Between 1986 and 1992, among a total of 668 craniotomies performed for intractable epilepsy, 13 (1.9%) patients had a presumed aetiology of a previous episode of meningitis. Twelve were investigated with chronic electrocorticography with subdural electrodes which showed mesial temporal onset in eight, regional temporal onset in three and bilateral ...
Natsume J - - 1996
PURPOSE: We examined the relation between cortical hypometabolism and delayed myelination in patients with West syndrome (WS). METHODS: Serial positron emission tomography (PET) with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose ([18F]FDG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed in 18 patients with WS, first at the onset of epileptic spasms and later at age 10 ...
Cid M C - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To determine fluctuation in circulating von Willebrand factor (vWF) in the outcome of patients with temporal arteritis. METHODS: Plasma vWF antigen concentrations were measured in 65 patients with biopsy proven temporal arteritis at different disease activity stages, in 12 with isolated polymyalgia rheumatica, and in 16 controls. Fourteen temporal ...
Nordahl T E - - 1996
Regional cerebral glucose metabolic rates (rCMRglc) were compared in 18 unmedicated outpatients with schizophrenia and 11 normal controls using high resolution positron emission tomography (PET) and the tracer [F-18]-2-fluoro-2D-deoxyglucose (FDG). From previous work we expected to see abnormal hippocampal rCMRglc in the patients, but no striatal abnormalities. Trial-by-trial Stroop cognitive ...
Granata T - - 1996
PURPOSE: Nine patients affected by schizencephaly were analyzed, and the epileptologic findings prospectively studied, to define the relations between the anatomic brain malformations and clinical outcome. METHODS: The schizencephaly was diagnosed by means of magnetic resonance imaging (eight cases) or computed tomography (one case). The clinical histories of all the ...
Bekkelund S I - - 1996
OBJECTIVES: To determine cerebral atrophy parameters on MRI images of epileptic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Examination of the brain was performed in a 0.5 Tesla magnet in 32 women with epilepsy and 36 female healthy controls. Fifteen patients were classified to have generalised epilepsy and 17 had partial seizure onset. ...
Roxanas M G - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To describe a young patient who had a comorbidity of mania and photoconvulsive epilepsy. CLINICAL PICTURE: This patient presented with a clinical picture of mania which proved difficult to treat until an EEG revealed the presence of photoconvulsive epilepsy. TREATMENT: Treatment with haloperidol and lithium was unsuccessful but the ...
D'Esposito M - - 1996
We studied the recovery of memory and executive function in 10 patients following anterior communicating artery aneurysm (ACoA) rupture and repair. Patients were tested at 2 consecutive points in time following surgery (approximately at 2 and 3 months). At the first testing, the patients divided into 2 groups based on ...
Gigli G L - - 1996
In order to verify whether the performance of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) were different from those of the normal controls in various cognitive tasks, we conducted a neuropsychological study in the two groups, excluding the presence of other confounding factors in the group of TLE patients (newly referred, ...
Pacia S V - - 1996
Few studies have examined the clinical features of neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (NTLE) in carefully selected patients. We reviewed records from 21 patients with NTLE, defined by intracranial electroencephalogram (EEG), who have been seizure free for 1 year or more following temporal lobectomy. The mean age of onset at the ...
Kapucu L O - - 1996
This study was performed to determine the utility of 99mTc-HMPAO brain SPECT in evaluating patients with pure photosensitive epilepsy. METHODS: Seven patients (2 boys, 5 girls), aged 8 to 15 yr (mean 11.1 +/- 2.5 yr), were studied. All patients underwent a detailed neurologic examination, interictal and ictal EEGs, CT ...
De Renzi E - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence, anatomical correlates, and clinical features of imitation and utilisation behaviour, which are thought by Lhermitte and coworkers to represent a reliable and frequent index of frontal lobe disease. METHODS: 78 patients with hemispheric local lesions were tested in two separate sessions, in which their reactions ...
Privitera M - - 1996
PURPOSE: As shown previously, when temporal lobe complex partial seizures (TLCPS) originate from the language dominant hemisphere, patients cannot read a test phrase correctly within 60 s of the end of the ictal discharge. We wished to assess whether postictal language testing results discordant with this pattern identified patients with ...
Ghika J - - 1996
We report the cases of two patients presenting a peculiar speech disorder, which we have named "echoing approval", in which the patients echo, in replying to questions in a dialogue with short phrases, the positive or negative syntactical construction of a question, or its positive or negative intonation, but without ...
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