Search Results
Results 651 - 700 of 1151
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >
King A D - - 2001
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) arising primarily in the palatine tonsil is uncommon. The aims of the study were to describe the appearances on MRI and to identify the features that help to distinguish NHL from other tonsillar tumours. The clinical records and MR images of eight patients with primary NHL of ...
Takano A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Interictal brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) is useful for the detection of seizure focus. Recent reports indicate a hypoperfusion in the ipsilateral thalamus as a seizure focus on interictal SPECT in temporal lobe epilepsy. In frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE), however, the alteration of perfusion in the thalamus ...
Oikawa H - - 2001
We looked at abnormalities in the circuit of Papez in patients with the mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS). We reviewed the MRI studies of 15 patients with probable MTS, seeking changes in the fornix, mamillary body, mamillothalamic tract, thalamus and cingulate and parahippocampal gyri. We correlated any abnormalities with each other ...
Woermann F G - - 2001
In patients with malformations of cortical development (MCD), widespread structural abnormalities of the brain have been demonstrated using volumetric MRI, and associated with poor post-surgical outcome in patients with localization-related epilepsy. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (1H-MRSI) studies permit the non-invasive measurement of concentrations of a variety of cerebral metabolites ...
Weil S - - 2001
We investigated whether ictal single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with 99Tcm-ethyl cysteinate dimer (ECD) could differentiate between temporal (TE) and extratemporal epilepsy (ETE) in 30 consecutive patients (n = 21 for TE, n = 9 for ETE), all of whom had excellent postoperative seizure control (class I according to ...
Browne R F - - 2001
50 consecutive patients presenting with facial swelling thought clinically to be due to salivary gland disease underwent MRI. Examinations were interpreted by one radiologist without access to previous investigations. Records were reviewed to determine the reliability and role of MRI in patient management, and the contribution of other prior or ...
Olk B - - 2001
Twelve patients with hemispatial neglect and two control groups were tested to examine the effects of the Müller-Lyer and Judd illusions on bisection behaviour. The studies were designed to investigate whether neglect patients were indeed unaware of the left sides of the illusory figures. In Experiment 1, participants were asked ...
Diehl B - - 2001
PURPOSE: Diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) is a novel technique to delineate focal areas of cytotoxic edema of various etiologies. We hypothesized that DWI may also detect the epileptogenic region and adjacent areas during the ictal and early postictal periods in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: We studied patients ...
Schramm J - - 2001
OBJECT: The goal of this paper was to describe the clinical and surgical aspects of a group of patients suffering from drug-resistant neocortical temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), as well as seizure outcomes and factors affecting seizure outcomes in these patients. METHODS: This study was based on data prospectively collected and ...
Egan R A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and identify the incidence of visual field defects (VFD) after anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) versus amygdalohippocampectomy (AH). VFD occur frequently after ATL and are usually superotemporal quadrantanopias. Little is known about the incidence of VFD after AH and this surgical method offers the possibility of a seizure-free ...
Clemens B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate sleep spindle asymmetry in patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), cryptogenic partial epilepsy (CPE), and symptomatic partial epilepsy (SPE). METHODS: Post-sleep deprivation EEG records of the patients were investigated. Fast Fourier transform was applied to 200 s of stage-2 activity (without spikes, spike-waves and artefacts). Individual spindle ...
Bernasconi A - - 2000
In unselected patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), approximately 15% do not have detectable hippocampal atrophy on MRI. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether T2 relaxometry can identify hippocampal pathology and lateralize the epileptic focus in patients with intractable TLE, who do not demonstrate hippocampal atrophy ...
Kwan P - - 2000
There have been anecdotal reports of raised glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) autoantibodies in patients with refractory epilepsy. We measured serum GAD autoantibodies in 105 patients with idiopathic or symptomatic epilepsy. There was no significant difference in the absolute titre of GAD autoantibody between patients with controlled and uncontrolled epilepsy. However, ...
Stowe L A - - 2000
We investigated whether left-hemisphere arachnoid cysts lead to reorganization of the language function using PET. A group analysis demonstrated that patients showed no more right-hemisphere activation than a matched control group. Several patients had clear language localizations in the left hemisphere during language comprehension; none of the patients showed right-hemisphere ...
Martin R C - - 2000
PURPOSE: A sizable proportion of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) display impairments on tests of executive function. Previous studies have suggested several factors that may explain such performance, including the presence of hippocampal sclerosis, electrophysiological disruption to extratemporal regions, and early age of seizure onset. However, no clear determinants ...
Tanaka M - - 2000
PURPOSE: Epilepsies in four patients with congenital bilateral perisylvian syndrome (CBPS) were studied electroclinically and by magnetoencephalography (MEG) to determine whether cortical dysplasia associated with this syndrome is epileptogenic. METHODS: We studied three women and one man (mean +/- SD age 30.8 +/- 3.4 years) with a diagnosis of CBPS ...
Haugeberg G - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence of temporal arteritis (TA) in a population in Vest Agder County in southern Norway and to examine the frequency of disease related clinical findings in these patients. METHODS: Patients with TA diagnosed in the 5 year period from 1992 to 1996 were detected through a ...
Bauer J - - 2000
We investigated the repetitive manifestation of non-convulsive status epilepticus with an uncommon ictal electroencephalographic pattern observed in two patients suffering from epilepsy (aged 29 and 55 years). The patients had suffered from epilepsy since the age of 1 and 40 years, respectively. Interictal and ictal neurological, neuropsychological and electroencephalographic investigations ...
Briellmann R S - - 2000
The authors studied six patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy and postictal psychosis using quantitative MRI and histopathology, and compared the results with 45 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy without postictal psychosis. Total hippocampal volumes were not different between the two groups. However, patients with postictal psychosis had a relatively ...
Hauser P - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: There have been relatively few quantitative MRI studies of temporal lobe structures and the lateral ventricles in bipolar patients and a lack of agreement across studies as to whether these structures differ significantly in size from control subjects. Also there have been no quantitative MRI studies of bipolar II ...
Uesugi H - - 2000
We investigated the presence of human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) and herpes simplex virus (HSV) in surgical tissue from temporal lobe epileptic patients. A total of 17 cases were studied, including eight males and nine females. The mean age was 24.9 +/- 11.1 years and the mean age of onset was ...
Lemesle M - - 2000
The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of the diagnosis of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy using EEG and sphenoidal electrodes. Inter-ictal 99 m Tc-HMPAO SPECT scans were registered in 21 patients with confirmed mesial temporal lobe epilepsy identified by scalp EEG and sphenoidal electrodes. Visual and quantitative ...
Matsuura M - - 2000
Based on an overview of the literature and a multicenter study in Japan, we propose a new five-axis classification scheme for psychoses of epilepsy: (1) epilepsy variables, (2) psychopathology variables, (3) ictus/EEG variables, (4) precipitating factors of psychoses, (5) organic background. A total of 128 patients, 63 males and 65 ...
Sandok E K - - 2000
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence of cerebellar atrophy (CA) in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy, whether any clinical factors are significantly associated with CA, whether CA is unilateral or asymmetric and whether this feature has any relationship to the side of epileptogenicity, and whether the presence of CA is ...
Nass R - - 2000
Five children (three males, two females; four right-, one left-handed; age range 6 to 14 years) who developed aphasia after gross-total excision of left predominantly thalamic tumors are reported. Three patients had Broca aphasia, one had mixed transcortical aphasia, and one patient had conduction aphasia. In the months after surgery, ...
Cukiert A A Epilepsy Surgery Program, Hospital Brigadeiro and Clinica de Diagnóstica e Terapêutica das Epilepsias, Sao Paulo SP, - - 2000
The need for invasive monitoring in patients with refractory epilepsy has been greatly reduced by the introduction of new technologies such as PET, SPECT and MRI in the clinical practice. On the other hand, 10 to 30% of the patients with refractory epilepsy have non-localizatory non-invasive preoperative work-up results. This ...
Geroldi C - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that delusions are associated with asymmetric involvement of the temporal lobe regions in Alzheimer's disease. METHODS: Temporal lobe atrophy was assessed with a linear measure of width of the temporal horn (WTH) taken from CT films. Temporal asymmetry was computed as the right/left (R/L) ratio ...
Crooks R - - 2000
Cerebellar atrophy occurring in patients with chronic epilepsy is considered either to be a sequel of cumulative seizure-mediated cell loss or a side effect of phenytoin treatment but there is little neuropathological data regarding the distribution of this cerebellar damage. We aimed to address if there is any relationship between ...
Kikuchi S - - 2000
Several studies of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) patients have investigated the relationship between the seizure focus and 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). There have also been a few reports in other types of partial epilepsy. We examined the relationship between the seizure focus and the reduction in N-acetylaspartate: creatine (NAA ...
Tucha O - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: There are few data available on the cognitive deficits of patients with primary or secondary intracranial mass lesions before treatment. The aim of the present study was to document the incidence of cognitive impairments among patients with brain tumors of the frontal or temporal lobes, immediately after diagnosis but ...
- - 2000
PURPOSE: The social implications of epilepsy are ill-defined, and there are no comparative findings from different countries. A multicenter cohort study has recently been completed on the risk of morbidity and accidents. The main social issues in the study population (patients with epilepsy and control subjects) are investigated and correlated ...
Peltola J - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Autoantibodies to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD-A) are present in type 1 diabetes and stiff man syndrome (SMS), and have also been reported in cerebellar ataxia. Epilepsy was present in 4 of 19 patients with SMS and GAD-A, implying that epilepsy sometimes is associated with anti-GAD autoimmunity. METHODS: The authors ...
Salmenperä T - - 2000
Neuronal damage has been observed in the medial temporal lobe of both humans and animals following status epilepticus. The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of medial temporal lobe damage in status epilepticus patients treated in hospital with a predetermined protocol and to assess whether the ...
Vinjamuri S - - 2000
Neuroimaging in patients with closed head injury (CHI) may frequently reveal abnormalities of white matter. Because white matter abnormalities may be seen in patients aged over 40 years even without CHI, the significance of these abnormalities in patients with CHI is questionable and needs to be assessed in the context ...
Adachi N - - 2000
There have been few studies of the psychopathology of patients with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). The majority of studies of both inter-ictal and post-ictal psychoses have strongly suggested the influence of temporal lobe disturbance on psychoses. Patients with organic brain damage or schizophrenia, however, sometimes show frontal lobe dysfunction. The ...
Ferini-Strambi L - - 2000
The authors assessed the presence of brain abnormalities in 21 patients with nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE), using magnetization transfer ratio (MTR) and mean diffusivity (;D) histograms. Compared with healthy volunteers and patients with idiopathic generalized epilepsy, patients with NFLE had lower MTR (p = 0.002 and 0.01) and;D (p ...
Dobson J - - 2000
Ten patients suffering from mesial temporal lobe epilepsy were exposed to weak, DC magnetic field stimulation following computer-controlled protocols established in previous studies. Poisson statistical analysis of the ten patients undergoing semi-invasive (foramen ovale) electrode monitoring reveals that for at least one experimental protocol, application of DC magnetic fields alters ...
Sirven J I - - 2000
A total of 340 patients age 50 years and older were compared with 30 patients younger than 50 years, all of whom had anterior temporal lobectomy for refractory epilepsy. Seizure outcome, neuropsychological test scores, and change in driving status were analyzed. Age and duration of epilepsy were related independently to ...
Sachinvala N - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Because of the treatment resistance and chronic affective lability of many post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients and the hypothesized association of these behaviors with temporal and limbic structures, a study was conducted to determine whether these patients would exhibit alterations in regional cerebral perfusion in the temporal and limbic ...
Cantello R - - 2000
PURPOSE: To assess whether single-and paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) can measure the interictal brain excitability of medicated patients with cryptogenic localization related epilepsy (CLE). Changes in the balance between excitation and inhibition are the core phenomena in focal epileptogenesis. TMS can assess this balance in the primary motor cortex. ...
Ettlin T M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To develop a bedside mental status examination to assess the behavioural effects of damage to the frontal lobes. DESIGN: A prospective clinical comparison of patients with cerebral lesions of different locations. SUBJECTS: A total of 118 subjects were examined: 27 patients with cerebral lesions confined to the frontal lobes, ...
Li L M - - 2000
To assess the spatial extent of the decrease in the neuronal marker N-acetyl-aspartate (NAA) relative to creatine (Cr) in patients with localization-related epilepsy, and to assess clinical differences between patients with and without widespread NAA/Cr reduction. We studied 51 patients with localization-related epilepsy. Patients were divided into three groups according ...
Ben-Menachem E - - 2000
Progressive myoclonic epilepsies (EPM) are difficult to treat and refractory to most antiepileptic drugs. Besides epilepsy, EPMs also involve continuous neurological deterioration. Oxidative stress is thought to be an important factor in this process. We therefore analyzed a series of antioxidant enzymes in the blood of patients and compared with ...
Koutroumanidis M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical implications and the pathophysiologic determinants of interictal bitemporal hypometabolism (BTH) in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) not associated with bilateral MRI abnormalities or intracranial space-occupying lesions. METHODS: The authors compared the clinical, interictal, and ictal EEG, Wada test, and neuropsychology data of 15 patients with intractable ...
Deasy N P - - 2000
We reviewed the preoperative images of 28 patients with pathologically proven mesial temporal sclerosis, to assess thalamic asymmetry and signal change. A further 25 nonsurgical patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and unequivocal, unilateral changes of mesial temporal sclerosis, and 20 controls, were also reviewed. None of the control group had ...
Sadler M - - 2000
Electroencephalography (EEG) with standard scalp and additional noninvasive electrodes plays a major role in the selection of patients for temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. Recent studies have provided data supporting the value of interictal and postictal EEG in assessing the site of ictal onset. Scalp ictal rhythms are morphologically complex but ...
Devinsky O - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the relation between the number and spatial distribution of language sites and specific patient-and epilepsy-related variables. METHODS: Patients with stimulation-induced reading or naming errors from anterior or inferior temporal cortex (i.e., atypical temporal language sites) were compared with those with language sites confined to Wernicke's area (WA) ...
Iacoboni M - - 2000
We tested nine patients with callosal pathology in a simple reaction time task with and without redundant targets in the same or opposite visual hemifield. Four patients showed large facilitation (redundancy gain) in the presence of a redundant target, exceeding probability summation models (neural summation). Five patients showed redundancy gain ...
Ng K K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To detect for hippocampal sclerosis presurgically in a group of patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy. METHODS: Eighty-four consecutive patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy were subjected to brain MRI of hippocampal volumetry. A ratio of smaller to larger hippocampal volume was determined and unilateral hippocampal atrophy (HA) was ...
Dickstein R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: To study potential differences between sway of the paretic and of the nonparetic pelvis and leg in standing hemiparetic patients by comparing measurements of corresponding bilateral waist and leg sites, and by comparing the results to those of healthy control subjects. DESIGN AND SETTING: Anterior-posterior and mediolateral sway of ...
< 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 >