Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1151
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Duque Julie - - 2003
One of the most devastating consequences of early corticospinal lesions is the impaired dexterity that results in a noticeable deficit while manipulating small objects. One purpose of the present study was to investigate the extent to which a deficit in the coordination of fingertip forces when grasping and lifting an ...
Akanuma Nozomi - - 2003
PURPOSE: To estimate the value of neuropsychological measurements in determining the side of seizure onset for presurgical assessment in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. The lateralising value of neuropsychological protocols was evaluated for all patients and in subpopulations depending on surgical outcome with regard to seizure control, speech dominance, neuropathology, ...
Fuerst Darren - - 2003
Twelve patients with refractory temporal lobe epilepsy and unilateral hippocampal sclerosis had repeat volumetric magnetic resonance imaging scans after a mean of 3.4 years to determine whether progressive hippocampal volume loss occurred. Seizure-free patients showed no change in hippocampal volume. Patients with continuing seizures had a decline in ipsilateral hippocampal ...
Leutmezer Fritz - - 2003
PURPOSE: We studied heart-rate (HR) changes at the transition from the preictal to the ictal state in patients with focal epilepsies to gain some insight into the mechanisms involved in the neuronal regulation of cardiovascular function. METHODS: We assessed ECG changes during 145 seizures recorded with scalp EEG in 58 ...
Desjardins Paul - - 2003
Induction of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) has been described in a wide range of neurological diseases including animal models of epilepsy. The present study was undertaken to assess COX-2 expression in hippocampal biopsies from patients with therapy-refractive temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). For this purpose, hippocampal CA1 subfield was dissected from epileptic patients ...
Kobayashi E - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the clinical phenotype with hippocampal volumes (HcVs) and signal changes in patients with familial mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (FMTLE). METHODS: FMTLE was defined when at least two first-degree relatives in a family had a clinical-EEG diagnosis of MTLE. Hippocampal formation measurements were performed using 1- to 3-mm ...
Akdeniz Fisun - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Evidence indicates that valproate (VPA) may have an adverse impact on reproductive endocrine and metabolic functions in women with epilepsy. This study explores whether the association of VPA with reproductive endocrine abnormalities is applicable to women with bipolar disorder (BD) or is unique to women with epilepsy. METHODS: Thirty ...
Moon So-Young - - 2003
We report a 52-yr-old Korean woman with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) whose diagnosis was confirmed by skin biopsy and the presence of a novel mutation in the NOTCH3 gene. The patient's clinical features were rather unusual in that 1) clinical presentations were only two ...
Narváez Javier - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical spectrum of polymyalgia rheumatica (PMR) and temporal arteritis (TA) and their relationship over a period of 15 years in an area of north-eastern Spain. METHODS: We undertook a descriptive study of an unselected population of 163 patients with PMR and/or TA diagnosed from 1985 to ...
Theodore William H - - 2003
CONTEXT: Febrile seizures may lead to later epilepsy. They have been associated with hippocampal atrophy but their effect on total cerebral volume is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare total cerebral volume in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with and without a history of complex febrile seizures (CFS). DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: ...
Schott Jonathan M JM Dementia Research Group, Institute of Neurology, University College London, Queen Square, United - - 2003
Regional and global cerebral atrophy are inevitable features of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We assessed volumes and atrophy rates of brain structures in patients with familial AD during the period that they developed symptoms. Five patients with presymptomatic AD and 20 controls had two or more annual volumetric MRI brain scans. ...
Schmidt Dieter - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Duplex sonography of the temporal artery may be helpful in the diagnosis of cranial arteritis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The superficial temporal arteries of 36 patients with cranial arteritis or suspected arteritis were examined using both duplex ultrasonography (US) and biopsy. The data of these patients were divided into two ...
Loddenkemper Tobias - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine the lateralizing value of ictal urinary urgency. METHODS: A retrospective database search was performed for patients with ictal urinary urgency admitted to the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit at the Cleveland Clinic between 1994 and 2001. RESULTS: Six patients were identified; intracarotid amytal test demonstrated left hemispheric speech dominance ...
Jacob Anu - - 2003
The selection of patients with medically refractory temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) for surgery depends on the concordance of data from clinical, imaging and electroencephalographic evaluation. Though clinical examination is often normal, emotional facial paresis has been described in patients with TLE. Utilizing a well-characterized group of mesial TLE (MTLE) patients, ...
Placidi Fabio - - 2002
PURPOSE: To study the possible correlation between interictal EEG patterns and neuroradiologic data obtained by dynamic susceptibility contrast (DSC) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with partial epilepsy. METHODS: Seventeen subjects with cryptogenic partial epilepsy underwent long-term video-EEG monitoring and DSC-MRI in the same session. Ten patients had temporal lobe ...
Veznedaroglu Erol - - 2002
OBJECT: Several lines of evidence have demonstrated a number of cellular changes that occur within the hippocampus in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). These include aberrant migration of granule cells and sprouting of mossy fibers, processes that have been linked to the hyperexcitability phenomenon observed in cases of TLE. ...
Maestú Fernando - - 2002
The purpose of the present study was to compare magnetoencephalography (MEG) data with the results of the intracarotid amytal procedure (IAP). Twenty-one native Spanish-speaking patients with intractable epilepsy underwent MEG language mapping. A subset of 8 patients also underwent an IAP. With the exception of 2 patients who showed right ...
Hammers A - - 2002
In 20% of potential surgical candidates with refractory epilepsy, current optimal MRI does not identify the cause. GABA is the principal inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain, and GABA(A) receptors are expressed by most neurones. [(11)C]Flumazenil (FMZ) PET images the majority of GABA(A) receptor subtypes. We investigated abnormalities of FMZ binding ...
Urbach Horst - - 2002
PURPOSE: To analyze the role of selective middle cerebral artery (MCA) Wada tests in the presurgical workup of patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsies. METHODS: Twenty MCA Wada test procedures were performed to identify eloquent cortex (a) in nine patients with hemispheric lesions involving the motor cortex (connatal MCA infarct, n ...
Leonhardt Georg - - 2002
Hyperventilation (HV) can be used to provoke epileptiform activity and occasionally seizures in generalised and in focal epilepsies. Based on the hypothesis that HV might alter brain diffusion in the epileptogenic areas of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), we examined these alterations using quantitative diffusion MR imaging (DI) in ...
Boccardi Marina - - 2002
In this paper we explored patterns of frontal and temporal asymmetry in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and tried to isolate clinical correlates associated with asymmetry or lack thereof. Volumes of frontal and temporal lobes, hippocampus and entorhinal cortex were measured using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 10 patients with FTD. Age- ...
Clarke Stephanie S Division de Neuropsychologie, CHUV, 1011 Lausanne, Switzerland. - - 2002
A sound that we hear in a natural setting allows us to identify the sound source and localize it in space. The two aspects can be disrupted independently as shown in a study of 15 patients with focal right-hemispheric lesions. Four patients were normal in sound recognition but severely impaired ...
Vates G Edward - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) can be treated successfully, but treatment can pose unacceptable risks if the AVM is located in eloquent cortex. Because AVMs are developmental lesions, the location of primary cortical function may be deranged. We used magnetic source imaging (MSI) to identify the central sulcus and to determine ...
Kwon Jay C - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Patients' tendency to draw near or into the target when copying figures, a phenomenon termed closing-in, has been previously described. That the closing-in could occur when copying hand gestures has also been noted. OBJECTIVES: To study a patient with corticobasal degeneration to quantify his manual approach behavior and to ...
Kim Yu Kyeong - - 2002
The sensitivity of (18)F-FDG PET to localize epileptogenic zones in frontal lobe epilepsy was evaluated by both visual assessment and statistical parametric mapping (SPM). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with frontal lobe epilepsy were examined. All patients showed good outcome after surgical resection (Engel class I or II). On pathologic examination, 22 ...
Krings T - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In patients with mass lesions near "eloquent" cortical areas different preoperative mapping techniques can be used. Two of the most widely used approaches include positron emission tomography (PET) and functional MRI (fMRI). We employed both methods in the same patients undergoing presurgical evaluation and compared the results to those ...
Tassi L - - 2002
Since the original description by Taylor, the term focal cortical dysplasia has been used to refer to a wide range of alterations of the cortical mantle. More recently, these conditions have been described from neuroimaging, neuropathological and genetic standpoints, generating several classifications. It is widely recognized that these classifications are ...
Newberg A - - 2002
There are no positron emission tomography (PET) studies reported in the literature with regards to brain metabolism and function in patients with Lyme disease. These patients frequently present with various neurological symptoms, including memory problems. We used [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET to determine the metabolic landscape in 23 patients with Lyme ...
Boshuisen Marjolein L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Our goal was to identify brain structures involved in anticipatory anxiety in panic disorder (PD) patients compared to control subjects. METHODS: Seventeen PD patients and 21 healthy control subjects were studied with H(2)(15)O positron emission tomography scan, before and after a pentagastrin challenge. RESULTS: During anticipatory anxiety we found ...
Hu Zhiping - - 2002
The objective of this prospective study was to investigate further the clinical features of patients with giant cell (temporal) arteritis (GCA). All patients diagnosed from July 1999 to March 2001 at the Department of Neurology of the Second Xiangya Hospital in China were included. The final diagnosis was based on ...
Sumich Alex - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The nature and time course of temporal lobe abnormalities in psychotic illness remain controversial. Confounds include disease chronicity, gender, and handedness. The present study investigated temporal substructures in right-handed male patients experiencing their first episode of psychotic illness. METHOD: Magnetic resonance imaging scans were obtained for 25 minimally treated ...
Montenegro Maria Augusta - - 2002
CONTEXT: Although the causes of some malformations of cortical development (MCD) have been established, others remain unclear. There are several lines of evidence supporting the theory of a complex mechanism that involves genetic and environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the interrelationship of genetics and prenatal injury in the genesis of ...
Kirchner A - - 2002
This study was designed to study the influence of gender and lateral hemispheric asymmetry on heart rate modulation during temporal lobe seizures. Heart rate was recorded during complex partial seizures in 10 female and 11 male patients (12 with a right temporal lobe focus, nine with a left focus), with ...
Demaerel P - - 2002
Several genes have been found to influence the different cells involved in the processes of foliation and fissuration in the mouse and rat cerebellum. In the light of these new concepts and on the basis of the imaging findings in 42 patients, a classification is proposed for abnormalities of foliation ...
Cakirer Sinan - - 2003
The aim of this study was to present our experience in MRI diagnosis of 23 patients with the clinical findings suggesting Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS). Cranial MRI studies of the patients with a clinical history of at least one episode of unilateral or bilateral orbital and periorbital pain, and associated paresis ...
Guimarães Catarina Abraão - - 2002
Rasmussen's encephalitis is characterized by refractory epilepsy, neurological deterioration and progressive atrophy of one cerebral hemisphere. The objective of this study is to describe the importance of neuropsychological evaluation in the treatment decision and follow-up of patients with RasmusseĊ„s encephalitis. Neuropsychological assessment was performed in two steps. Firstly, the clinical ...
Spreer J - - 2002
The reliability of frontal and temporal fMRI activations for the determination of hemisphere language dominance was evaluated in comparison with intracarotid amytal testing (IAT). Twenty-two patients were studied by IAT (bilateral in 13, unilateral in 9 patients) and fMRI using a paradigm requiring semantic decisions. Global and regional (frontal and ...
Shimoji Takeyoshi - - 2002
INTRODUCTION: It has been believed that isolated, mild trigonocephaly rarely presents with clinical symptoms. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We diagnosed and operated on 65 patients with mild trigonocephaly and developmental delay up to July 2000. There were 47 boys and 18 girls in our series. All patients had symptoms such as ...
Lee Byung In - - 2002
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an essential diagnostic tool for the management of epilepsy at modern epilepsy clinics. This study was conducted to incorporate MRI features into the international classification of epilepsies and epilepsy syndromes (ICEES) proposed by the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE). METHODS: Three hundred consecutive patients ...
Teixeira Ricardo A - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the frequency and pathogenetic factors of crossed cerebellar atrophy (CCA) in adult patients with epilepsy secondary to destructive brain insults of early development. METHODS: We studied 51 adult patients with epilepsy and precocious destructive lesions. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the topographic distribution of ...
Spalice Alberto - - 2002
Periventricular nodular heterotopia is a malformation that occurs in both males and females and is associated with a variety of clinical and neuroradiologic signs. A gene called filamin-1 (FLN-1) has recently been identified. We review the clinical and imaging findings from a series of pediatric patients with periventricular nodular heterotopia. ...
Sudo Kazumasa - - 2002
In daily clinical practice we noticed that patients with intellectual impairment spontaneously flex the elbow within a few seconds of the forearm being manipulated during routine examination of spasticity of the muscles in the upper extremities. We termed this phenomenon elbow flexion response (EFR), and prospectively studied it in 229 ...
Sevim Serhan - - 2002
In this study, motor unit number estimate (MUNE) analysis with McComa's technique was used to detect any change in lower motor neuron count in juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). The study included 10 JME patients, 8 idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) patients, 7 patients with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), and 15 normal ...
Baird Amee D. - - 2002
Hypersexuality has occasionally been reported in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy following temporal lobe resection. The mechanism underlying this phenomenon is poorly understood. We describe seven patients who spontaneously reported dramatic postoperative changes in sexual behavior after unilateral temporal lobe resection. Five of the seven patients showed evidence of bilateral ...
Lee Dong Soo - - 2002
This study investigated whether repeated ictal single-photon emission tomography (SPET) is helpful in the localization of epileptogenic zones and whether it can provide information confirming that an area of increased perfusion is really the culprit epileptogenic lesion. Fifty-four repeated ictal SPET studies were performed in 24 patients with ambiguous or ...
Akhtar M J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the value of cardiovascular tests to diagnose convulsive syncope in children with apparent treatment-resistant epilepsy and to assess the extent of misdiagnosis of epilepsy in children. BACKGROUND: Adult studies have shown that up to 35% of epileptics may have been misdiagnosed. ...
Haselhorst R - - 2002
To examine possible metabolic frontal lobe alterations in i.v. heroin-dependent patients with different histories of concomitant substance use, N-acetylaspartate (NAA), a putative marker of neuronal viability, was measured by (1)H-MRS. Compared with controls, NAA levels in patients were reduced by 7% in gray matter (p = 0.015) but not in ...
Henkel Anja - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the localizing value of abdominal aura and its evolution into other seizure types. METHODS: The seizures of 491 consecutive patients with focal epilepsies were prospectively classified according to a recently introduced semiologic seizure classification. All patients underwent prolonged EEG video monitoring and MRI scan. Two hundred twenty-three ...
von Oertzen J - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To test the clinical usefulness and reliability of a new dual-echo turbo-spin-echo (TSE) sequence for rapid and regional hippocampal T2 relaxometry. METHODS: Hippocampal T2 relaxation time (HRT) was determined by a TSE sequence on three to four consecutive coronal images in 16 control subjects and 12 patients with mesial ...
Ansakorpi H - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: Disorders of cardiovascular and other autonomic nervous system functions are often found in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Cardiovascular dysregulation in TLE has previously been quantified assessing traditional time and frequency domain measures of heart rate (HR) variability from short term ECG recordings. However, new complexity and fractal ...
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