Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1153
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Köksal Deniz - - 2004
The diagnosis and management of pulmonary hydatid disease represents an important clinical problem in areas of the world endemic to echinococcal infection. We report two patients, ages 14 and 34, respectively, who were admitted to our clinic for investigation of nonresolving pneumonia. Neither had responded to antibiotics prior to admission. ...
Ayed Adel K AK Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, and Chest Diseases Hospital, Kuwait. - - 2004
To review our experience with specific characteristics, indications, and results of pulmonary resection in children with middle lobe/lingula syndrome. Retrospective cohort study. Thoracic Surgery Department, Chest Diseases Hospital, Kuwait. Thirteen children with middle lobe, lingula, or both syndromes were treated with pulmonary resection from January 1995 to December 1999. The ...
Mullatti Nandini - - 2003
Epilepsy in adult patients with hypothalamic hamartoma has not been well studied. It is uncommon but merits recognition. In this paper, 14 adult patients with hypothalamic hamartoma and epilepsy, of whom three developed epilepsy only in adult life, are presented. The later onset of epilepsy appears to be associated with ...
Portela L V C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether serum S100B levels could reflect a glial response in patients with epilepsy secondary to neurocysticercosis (NCC) and with idiopathic epilepsy. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum S100B levels were measured using an immunoluminometric assay in 20 patients with focal epilepsy related to chronic NCC (NCC group), and 19 ...
Seneviratne Udaya - - 2003
High prevalence of eating epilepsy has previously been reported from the Central Province of Sri Lanka, though it is considered to be a rare condition in the rest of the world. We prospectively studied 526 patients in a different province for seizure provoking factors. Eating epilepsy was found among 28 ...
Teixeira Ricardo A - - 2003
Fifty-one consecutive adult patients with epilepsy and early development destructive brain lesions were divided into three main groups according to the topographic distribution of the lesion on magnetic resonance imaging: hemispheric (H) (n=9); main arterial territory (AT) (n=25) and arterial borderzone (Bdz) (n=17). Eight (89%) patients from group H presented ...
Nickel Janpeter - - 2003
PURPOSE: To determine gender differences of hypometabolism and their implications for cognitive impairment in patients with medically refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE). METHODS: Regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMRGlu) was studied in 42 patients (21 male, 21 female) with either left- or right-sided mTLE (22 left, 20 right) and in ...
Reuber Markus - - 2003
Patients with epilepsy may have additional psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). It has been suggested that PNES are more common if patients with epilepsy are female, develop epilepsy later in life and have right-sided brain lesions. We examine whether these or other physical factors affect the risk of PNES in patients ...
Mula Marco - - 2003
To clarify the role of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) in developing psychiatric and cognitive adverse events during therapy with topiramate (TPM) in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). We analyzed the data of 70 patients with TLE and HS and 128 patients with cryptogenic TLE matched for age, sex, starting dose, ...
P. Joseph Cherian, V. ...
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) associated with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), mesial TLE (MTLE), is the commonest medically refractory adult epilepsy syndrome. Corpora amylacea (CoA) have been shown to be a marker of MTS. We compared 9 patients with MTS who had dense deposition of CoA in their hippocampi with 25 ...
Lim Vanessa K - - 2003
Previous research has demonstrated a relationship between the regularity of motor production and the ability to make accurate perceptual judgments. The current study investigated the temporal abilities of two groups of patients with known movement problems (musicians' and writers' cramp), some of whom have had many years of training in ...
Persson Håkan - - 2003
Previous studies indicate that epilepsy patients may have impaired autonomic cardiovascular control in the interictal state although it is unclear whether the observed reduction in cardiovascular responses is due to the epilepsy and the interictal epileptogenic discharges, or to the treatment with antiepileptic drugs. Spectral analysis of heart rate variability ...
Srikijvilaikul Teeradej - - 2003
PURPOSE: To identify the temporal lobe cortical dysplasia (CD) histopathology classification subtype and determine the seizure outcome of patients who underwent temporal lobectomy with coincident CD. METHODS: We reviewed the data of 28 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy who underwent surgery with pathologically verified CD at our institution from 1990 ...
Buklina S B - - 2003
A total of 104 patients with hemispheric arteriovenous malformations (AVM; in the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes), along with 21 patients with craniopharyngiomas and 21 patients with aresorptive hydrocephalus, were studied. Impairments of the recall of knowledge acquired before disease onset were found in 12 patients with hemispheric AVM. All ...
Kuba R - - 2003
The aim of the investigation was to evaluate the ictal EEG in the putamen and the temporal and frontal lobes during contralateral ictal limb dystonia (ID). Ten epilepsy surgery candidates participated in the study. All of them were investigated using intracerebral and/or subdural electrodes. In four of the patients, the ...
Trompetto C - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the motor function of the transcallosal pathways in patients with clinical diagnosis of corticobasal degeneration (CBD). METHODS: In a group of 7 patients (4 males, 3 females; mean age 70.6 years) with clinical diagnosis of probable CBD (and in 8 age-matched normal controls) we evaluated the suppression ...
Ravizza Susan M - - 2003
To assess cortical and subcortical contributions to phonemic processing, patients with left frontal, temporal-parietal, or cerebellar lesions as well as those with Parkinson's disease were tested on phonemic identification and production tasks. In Experiment 1, patients and controls were asked to identify syllables on both a voicing and place of ...
Hamidou Mohamed A - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical and laboratory characteristics of patients with systemic vasculitis associated with temporal artery involvement. METHODS: From a cohort of 120 patients fulfilling American College of Rheumatology criteria for temporal arteritis, we retrospectively identified 7 patients with systemic necrotizing vasculitis associated with histological temporal arteritis. RESULTS: Among ...
Dinkelacker Vera - - 2003
Levetiracetam (LEV) was shown to be very efficacious and well tolerated as add-on therapy for refractory epilepsy. Here we report 33 patients with longstanding histories of epilepsy who experienced aggressive episodes during LEV therapy. This corresponds to 3.5% of LEV-treated patients as compared with less than 1% of patients not ...
Plotkin M - - 2003
AIM: Evaluation of the use of statistical parametrical mapping (SPM) of FDG-PET for seizure lateralization in frontal lobe epilepsy. PATIENTS: 38 patients with suspected frontal lobe epilepsy supported by clinical findings and video-EEG monitoring. METHOD: Statistical parametrical maps were generated by subtraction of individual scans from a control group, formed ...
Pfadenhauer Karl - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of the diagnostic contribution of color coded duplex sonography (CCDS) of the superficial temporal (STA) and the occipital artery (OCCA) in biopsy-controlled patients suspected of having temporal arteritis (TA). METHODS: Prospective study in 67 patients suspected of having TA who underwent CCDS of the STA in all cases ...
Hausmann Markus - - 2003
The authors examined line bisection in 4 patients with resection of the corpus callosum and in 22 control participants. The control participants showed a leftward bias, especially with the left hand, implying right-hemispheric dominance in spatial attention. Two patients with anterior callosotomy showed similar biases, suggesting that the anterior callosum ...
Roy A K - - 2003
The association of epilepsy and psychosis is studied. Among the 500 patients of epilepsy evaluated, there were 12 patients, 8 males and 4 females with epilepsy-related psychosis. Their average age was 38 years. The interval between the age of onset of epilepsy and psychotic features was 9 years. Complex partial ...
Kamel I R - - 2003
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the incidence of variations of the middle hepatic vein (MHV) branches and their impact on formal right hepatectomy for living-donor liver transplantation. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients who underwent hepatic multidetector row computed tomography (CT) were evaluated. Three-dimensional volume rendering techniques were used to evaluate the different branching ...
Conway Martin A - - 2003
A group of patients with lesions to the frontal lobes, a group with lesions to the temporal lobes, and groups of non-brain damaged controls took part in three experiments. The first experiment used directed forgetting (DF) by items, the second DF by lists, and the third retrieval induced forgetting (RIF). ...
Rainesalo Sirpa - - 2003
Glutamate, the major excitatory amino acid neurotransmitter, is involved in epileptogenesis and initiation and spread of seizures. We studied glutamate uptake into blood platelets from patients with distinct epileptic syndromes: included were 20 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis (TLE+HS), 20 with juvenile myoclonus epilepsy (JME) and 20 ...
Guerrini Renzo - - 2003
Malformations of the cerebral cortex (MCC) are often associated with severe epilepsy and developmental delay. About 40% of drug-resistant epilepsies are caused by MCC. Classification of MCC is based on embryological brain development, recognising forms that result from faulty neuronal proliferation, neuronal migration and cortical organisation. Hemimegalencephaly, an enlarged dysplastic ...
Scott Rod C - - 2003
Mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) is the most common lesion in patients who require epilepsy surgery, and approximately 50% of patients with MTS have a history of prolonged febrile convulsion (PFC) in childhood. The latter led to the hypothesis that convulsive status epilepticus, including PFC, can cause MTS. Our recently published ...
Bernasconi A - - 2003
Experimental work in animal models of generalized epilepsy and clinical data in humans with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) indicate that the thalamo-cortical circuitry is involved in the generation of epileptic activity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vivo the chemical and structural integrity of the thalamus in ...
Brázdil Milan - - 2003
Hemispheric language dominance, as determined by intracarotid short-acting barbiturate injections (Wada testing), was retrospectively evaluated in 44 right-handed patients with medically intractable left (n=26) or right (n=18) temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Atypical hemispheric language dominance (right or bilateral) was revealed in 13.6% of all patients investigated. A significantly higher rate ...
Bernasconi Neda - - 2003
PURPOSE: We previously showed a reduction in the volume of the entorhinal cortex (EC) ipsilateral to the seizure focus in patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The purpose of this study was to examine the specificity of EC atrophy in epilepsy. METHODS: We performed volumetric measurement of the EC ...
Kapucu L Ozlem - - 2003
This study was performed to determine the utility of 99mTc-hexamethylpropylenamine oxime (HMPAO) brain single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in evaluating patients with childhood absence epilepsy. Twenty-three patients (13 female, 10 male), aged 7 to 15 years (mean age 10.3 +/- 2.2), were studied. All patients underwent a detailed neurologic ...
Tucci Valter - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: Cataplexy is the key symptom of the narcoleptic syndrome. It is usually triggered by emotions, which play an important role in the manifestation and severity of the disease. Accordingly, we compared the psychophysiologic effects on patients with narcolepsy and healthy subjects of processing visual stimuli that have established emotional ...
Fong G C Y - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: To examine epidemiological data on epilepsy for the Hong Kong west region. DESIGN. Descriptive study. SETTING: Epilepsy clinic, university teaching hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The epilepsy clinic of Queen Mary Hospital manages the majority of adult patients (aged 15 years or older) with chronic seizure disorders resident ...
Kobayashi Eliane - - 2003
PURPOSE: To describe postoperative outcome in patients with familial mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (FMTLE). METHODS: We studied FMTLE patients who underwent surgical treatment for refractory seizures. FMTLE was defined when at least two individuals in a family had a clinical EEG diagnosis of MTLE. Preoperative investigation included magnetic resonance imaging ...
Lachhwani Redeepak - - 2003
Despite evidence that surgery for temporal lobe epilepsy is safe and effective, physicians continue to view it as a last resort in people who do not respond to medical therapy. A randomized study in Canada has demonstrated significantly higher rates of freedom from seizures in patients who underwent surgery rather ...
Knake Susanne - - 2003
This study prospectively investigates whether noninvasive functional transcranial Doppler sonography (fTCD) is a useful tool to determine hemispheric language lateralization in the presurgical evaluation of patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). fTCD results were compared with the Wada test as the gold standard. Wada test and fTCD were ...
Prasad Avīnash - - 2003
In patients with mesiotemporal sclerosis, posterior hippocampal involvement at the ictal onset is not associated with an excellent outcome. A study confirmed that ictal onset in the posterior parahippocampal gyrus is associated with a less favorable outcome compared with ictal onset in the anterior parahippocampal gyrus in patients with mesiobasal ...
Soriani-Lefèvre Marie-Hélène - - 2003
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) is rare. Only limited series have been reported with SPECT or PET. Moreover, in the majority of studies, the left-to-right asymmetry ratio was used, leading to difficulties in right hemisphere analyzes. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with clinical criteria of PPA (Mesulam and Weintraub) were included and compared ...
Razvi S S M - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To assess the role of head up tilt testing (HUT) in diagnosing probable or possible vasovagal syncope (VVS) in patients referred from an epilepsy clinic. METHODS: One hundred thirty two patients underwent HUT over 36 months. Complete data were available on 128 patients (52 male) aged 14-80 (mean 36.7) ...
Brambilla Paolo - - 2003
Previous anatomical MRI studies have suggested abnormalities in amygdala volumes in bipolar disorder, whereas hippocampus, temporal lobe (TL), and superior temporal gyri (STG) measures have been reported to be normal. This study further investigated the existence of anatomical abnormalities in these brain structures in bipolar subjects, to attempt to replicate ...
Cherian P Joseph - - 2003
Temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) associated with mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS), mesial TLE (MTLE), is the commonest medically refractory adult epilepsy syndrome. Corpora amylacea (CoA) have been shown to be a marker of MTS. We compared 9 patients with MTS who had dense deposition of CoA in their hippocampi with 25 ...
Marchetti Renato Luiz - - 2003
We investigated anatomic alterations and lateralization effect in the mesial temporal lobe structures (amygdala and hippocampus) in epileptic psychosis MRI volumetric measurements. Patients with epileptic psychosis and normal controls were studied. Left hippocampus values were significantly smaller for patients (P<0.001). Hippocampal ratio was significantly greater for patients (P<0.01). Group (patients ...
Kanemoto Kousuke - - 2003
PURPOSE: To confirm the high frequency of interleukin (IL)-1beta-511T allele occurrence in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and hippocampal sclerosis (HS), with special attention given to the impact of prolonged febrile convulsions (PFCs) on IL-1beta genotype distribution. METHODS: Patients with evidence of unilateral HS on magnetic resonance (MR) images ...
Tatsch Klaus - - 2003
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is an inherited small-vessel disease caused by mutations in the NOTCH3 gene. As in sporadic small-vessel disease, ischemic lesions are largely confined to subcortical structures, whereas the cortex is spared. CADASIL, therefore, may serve as a model to study subcortically ...
Kobayashi Eliane - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of temporal lobe hypogenesis (TLH) associated with arachnoid cysts (AC) in patients with epilepsy. METHOD: We retrospectively revised 655 consecutive MRI scans from patients followed in our epilepsy clinic. We identified patients with temporal AC and then performed careful visual analysis in a workstation. Patients ...
van Elst L Tebartz - - 2003
Bilateral symmetrical hippocampal atrophy (BHA) has been implicated as a possible causal element in various neuropsychiatric disorders, in particular depressive disorder and schizophrenia. To test the hypothesis that bilateral symmetrical severe volume loss of the hippocampi is of causal relevance to these psychiatric syndromes rather than an epiphenomenon we assessed ...
Ozçelik Uğur - - 2003
Congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) is characterized by overdistension and air-trapping in the affected lobe, and is one of the causes of infantile respiratory distress. In this report, we review our 27 years of experience with 30 CLE patients. Patients' medical records were evaluated with regard to age, clinical presentation, diagnostic ...
Natsume Jun - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the specificity of thalamic atrophy in epilepsy. METHODS: Thalamic volume measurements were carried out using high-resolution MRI in 40 patients with pharmacologically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), 16 patients with extratemporal lobe epilepsy (ETE), and 17 with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE). Thalamic volumes of patients were compared ...
Fuller M - - 2003
The effect of magnetic fields on interictal firing rates was investigated in three epileptic patients with depth electrode implantation in the hippocampus for pre-surgical evaluation. The protocol consisted of 10 min test periods, during which magnetic fields were cycled for 1 min on and 1 min off, and intervening 5 ...
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