Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1151
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Stella Florindo - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of patients with complex partial epilepsy with the normal controls in the subtests of an instrument used to assess intelligence function. METHOD: Fifty epileptic patients, whose ages ranged from 19 to 49 years and 20 normal controls without any neuropsychiatric disorders. The Wechsler-Bellevue adult intelligence ...
Burneo J G - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) has been proposed as a lateralizing method for the presurgical evaluation of patients with medically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). Studies have shown correlations between temporal lobe (TL) NAA and seizure frequency, and TL NAA/Cr and the duration of epilepsy in patients with ...
Brickman Adam M - - 2004
The size of the thalamus was assessed in 106 patients with schizophrenia and 42 normal controls using high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. The thalamus was traced at five axial levels proportionately spaced from dorsal to ventral directions. Patients with schizophrenia had significantly smaller thalamic areas at more ventral levels. Thalamic size ...
Sztriha L - - 2004
Primary microcephaly is a heterogeneous group of cerebral malformations either with a relatively well-preserved or an abnormal gyral pattern. We describe the MRI findings and clinical features of 14 children with the combination of microcephaly and an abnormal gyral pattern. All children except one were Arabs and nine out of ...
Spiera Robert - - 2004
Cranial arteritis (CA), also called giant cell arteritis or temporal arteritis, is a vasculitis primarily affecting adults over age 50. It is a large vessel vasculitis, and giant cells classically can be identified on histopathologic examination of temporal arteries, but are not essential for diagnosis. Patients typically present with severe ...
Kellinghaus Christoph - - 2004
Frontal lobe epilepsy accounts for only 10-20% of the patients in surgical series, but the incidence in non-surgical patient cohorts seems to be much higher. The typical clinical presentation of the seizures includes contralateral clonic movements, uni- or bilateral tonic motor activity as well as complex automatism. The yield of ...
Pataraia E - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To examine brain activation profiles for receptive language function, using magnetoencephalography (MEG), in patients with left hemisphere space-occupying lesions and patients with left temporal lobe epilepsy due to mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS) and to evaluate whether cross- and intrahemispheric plasticity for language varied as a function of lesion type ...
Mitra D - - 2004
AIM: To study the temporal evolution of high intensity zones (HIZ) on MRI in patients with degenerative disease of the lumbar spine, and to evaluate whether any correlation exist between such evolution and in patient's symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: HIZs in the MRI of 56 patients were included in the ...
Tataroglu Cengiz - - 2004
We studied motor cortical thresholds (TIs) and cortical silent periods (SPs) evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in 110 epileptic patients. Sixty-two had primary generalised, 48 had partial type seizures. Fifteen out 110 patients were analysed both before and after anticonvulsant medication. Our aims were to evaluate the TI levels ...
De Tiège X - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Epileptic syndromes with continuous spikes and waves during sleep (CSWS) represent a wide spectrum of epileptic conditions associated with cognitive dysfunctions that have the EEG pattern of CSWS as a common feature. Reported are the results of voxel-based analyses of brain glucose metabolism performed in a group of 18 ...
Fauser Susanne - - 2004
Postictal coughing has so far been reported to indicate a temporal origin of focal epilepsy. A trend towards non-dominant hemisphere lateralization and mesial temporal localization has been suggested. However, postictal coughing has also been reported in a few patients with extratemporal epilepsies. We have retrospectively evaluated the localizing and lateralizing ...
Bartolomei F - - 2004
PURPOSE: We recorded with intracerebral electrodes the onset of limbic seizures in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) to identify the dynamic interactions between the hippocampus (HIP), amygdala (AMY) and entorhinal cortex (EC). METHODS: Interactions were quantified by analyzing the interdependencies between stereo-electroencephalographic (SEEG) signals using a nonlinear cross-correlation ...
Townsend Tiffany N - - 2004
The objective of this study was to assess temporal lobe white matter (WM) quantitatively using T2 relaxometry in patients with pharmacologically intractable temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). T2 relaxometry was performed using a dual-echo sequence with 23 contiguous oblique coronal slices in 56 consecutive TLE patients and in 30 healthy subjects. ...
El-Khayat Hamed A - - 2004
PURPOSE: This study investigated the effect of epilepsy and/or antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) on the physical growth, pubertal development, and androgenic status of girls with epilepsy between ages 8 and 18 years. METHODS: Sixty-six female patients with epilepsy, their mean ages 13.47 +/- 3.5 years, were included. Anthropometric measurements, staging of ...
Kepecs Migdana R - - 2004
PURPOSE: Pharmacotherapy for photosensitive epilepsy is not always effective and is associated with well-recognized toxicities. Nonpharmacologic approaches to the management of photosensitive epilepsy have included the use of sunglasses of various types. Blue lenses have been shown to suppress the photoparoxysmal response more effectively than lenses of other colors with ...
Yarosh Cherylon A - - 2004
We examined step-tracking movements of the wrist and associated EMG activity in seven patients (age range, 27-73 yr) and in seven normal subjects that were matched to patients in age, sex, and handedness. All patients exhibited a hemiparesis that resulted from a unilateral cerebrovascular accident (CVA) that included motor areas ...
Ferreira Fabio Thadeu - - 2004
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Diffuse temporal lobe abnormalities can be observed on MRI of patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE). Our objective was to perform qualitative and quantitative analyses of temporal lobe structures in patients with familial MTLE (FMTLE) and nonfamilial MTLE. METHODS: Two groups of patients were ascertained: 67 FMTLE patients ...
Berilgen M Said - - 2004
We have investigated autonomic nervous system function during the interictal period in epileptic patients and the possible effects of autonomic dysfunction on respiratory functions. A total of 32 epileptic patients (23 generalized, 9 partial epilepsy) and 32 healthy volunteers were involved. Sympathetic skin response (SSR), for evaluating the sympathetic nervous ...
Ansakorpi Hanna - - 2004
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular dysregulation has been detected in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) by using cardiovascular reflex tests and analysis of heart rate variability (HRV). The two methods have not previously been used in the same study to compare them in the assessment of cardioregulatory function. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ...
Isaacs Keren L - - 2004
The goals of this work were to: (1) determine the prevalence of clinically significant obsessive-compulsive (OC) symptoms in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE), (2) characterize the differences in self-reported OC symptoms in patients with TLE and a normative control group, and (3) compare the severity of OC symptoms in ...
Mayer H - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Changes in cardiac rate and rhythm are often found in adult patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and could be involved in the pathogenesis of sudden unexplained death (SUDEP). However, little is known about heart rate (HR) variability in pediatric patients with TLE. OBJECTIVES: To investigate ictal and peri-ictal ...
Shoenfeld Yehuda - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of epilepsy in primary and secondary antiphospholipid syndrome (APS); to analyze the clinical and laboratory features characterizing those with epilepsy in a cohort of 538 patients with APS; and to find associated features that would suggest risk factors for epilepsy in APS. METHODS: We analyzed ...
Joo Eun Yeon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) often show bilateral temporal hypometabolism (BTH), but the nature of this finding has not been well established. OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical characteristics between unitemporal hypometabolism (UTH) and BTH patients in mesial TLE. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Epilepsy center at university hospital ...
Mintzer Scott - - 2004
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes in patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis whose scalp ictal EEG recordings localize to the opposite temporal lobe. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the data of all adult patients who had undergone depth electrode implantation for suspected temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) at UCLA ...
Gavaret Martine - - 2004
The objective of this study was to determine the validity of interictal spike (IIS) source localization in temporal lobe epilepsies (TLE) using stereoelectroencephalography as a validating method. Twenty patients with drug-resistant TLE were studied with high-resolution EEG and stereoelectroencephalography. Sixty-four scalp channels, a realistic head model, and different algorithms were ...
Lee J H - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Quantitative measurement of diffusion has been studied as an independent parameter for the identification and characterization of abnormal hippocampi and temporal lobes in epileptic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In order to study the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) from ...
Hughes John R JR Department of Neurology, University of Illinois Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, - - 2004
The goal of this study was to investigate in patients with partial epilepsy the relationship between bilateral spike and wave (BSW) complexes of a generalized epilepsy and the focal spikes of partial epilepsy. For the study 300 patients were collected, all with focal epilepsy on their last hospital visit: 150 ...
D'Agostino M D - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Posterior quadrantic dysplasia (PQD), a developmental malformation involving the temporal, parietal, and occipital lobes of one cerebral hemisphere, leads to intractable epilepsy. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical features of 19 patients with PQD and analyze the postsurgical outcome of those who underwent resection of dysplastic tissue. METHODS: The extent ...
Pal S K - - 2004
The study was based on the data of a sample of 400 epileptic patients (200 idiopathic and 200 symptomatic) and 100 normal healthy individuals serving as controls. The PTC threshold distribution was bimodal. The number of non-tasters among idiopathic epileptics (35.5%) and symptomatic epileptics (32.5%) was significantly higher than controls ...
Vadlamudi Lata - - 2004
AIMS: Scalp-EEG interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) may be less predictive of the outcome of frontal lobe epilepsy surgery than of temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. We identified factors associated with the location of scalp-EEG IEDs in intractable frontal lobe epilepsy. METHODS: Ten factors were assessed in a retrospective review of 53 ...
Prayson Richard A - - 2004
Infantile hemiparesis may be associated with significant morbidity and may have a profound impact on a child's physical and social development. There are little published data evaluating the clinicopathologic features of patients with infantile hemiparesis. The present study retrospectively examines these clinicopathologic features in a surgical series of 21 patients ...
Dietl Thomas - - 2004
Anterograde amnesia is a severely disabling state which has been reported as a consequence of bilateral mesiotemporal lesions in humans. In the present paper, recurrent epileptic seizures after temporal lobectomy are described as a rare cause of severe amnesia in two patients. Diffusion-weighted MRI in one patient showed cytotoxic edema ...
Vossler David G - - 2004
PURPOSE: To determine whether the specific location of electrographic seizure onset in the temporal lobe is related to hippocampal pathology in temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: Consecutive presurgical patients with scalp EEG-video evidence of TLE and no or mild hippocampal atrophy (HA) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were prospectively studied ...
Mitra D - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate the temporal evolution of type-1 end-plate changes on MRI in patients with degenerative disease of the lumbar spine and to evaluate whether any correlation exists between such evolution and the change in patients' symptoms. Forty-four patients with 48 Modic type-1 end-plate changes ...
Wuerfel J - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between the behavioural triad of hyper-religiosity, hypergraphia and hyposexuality in epilepsy, and volumes of the mesial temporal structures. METHOD: Magnetic resonance images were obtained from 33 patients with refractory epilepsy and mesial temporal structure volumes assessed. Amygdala and hippocampal volumes were then compared in high ...
Gärtner B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Evidence from previous volumetric magnetic resonance studies has revealed that patients with chronic temporal lobe epilepsy show atrophy of distinct subcortical nuclei, predominantly ipsilateral to the focus side. We were interested to find out if there is also selective subcortical atrophy in patients suffering from long standing extratemporal lobe ...
Buhl Ralf - - 2004
Between April 1991 and June 2002, 39 patients with an histologically proven oligoastrocytoma WHO grade II and III were operated on in our department. Twenty-two patients were male and 17 female. Mean age was 42 years (20-67 years). The tumor was localized in the frontal lobe in 22 patients, in ...
Meisenzahl E M - - 2004
Decrement of the auditory P300 component of the event-related potentials (ERP) is a robust finding in schizophrenic patients and seems to be most pronounced in the left temporal region. Structural MRI studies support the hypothesis that regional structural brain differences in this patient group include reduced volume in temporal lobe ...
Briellmann Regula S - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Increased T2 relaxation times in the ipsilateral hippocampus are present in patients with hippocampal sclerosis. Visual assessment of T2-weighted images of these patients suggests increased signal intensity in the anterior temporal lobe as well. Our aim was to assess hippocampal and anterior temporal T2 relaxation times in ...
Lorberboym Mordechai - - 2004
Children and adolescents with the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV (DSM-IV) diagnosis of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can have comorbid conditions such as conduct disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (comorbid type). The purpose of our study was to compare the pattern of regional cerebral perfusion in ...
Alberca Román - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) leads to a gradual and relatively isolated dissolution of language function. The factors that determine the selectivity of the disease process remain unknown. We had speculated that PPA may occasionally arise as a tardive manifestation of genetic or acquired vulnerabilities involving the language network of ...
BekiesiƄska-Figatowska Monika - - 2004
The results of brain MRI are presented in 22 patients with documented Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS), aged from 1 and 9/12 to 20 years. T1-, PD or FLAIR and T2-weighted SE/TSE images in three planes were obtained. Twenty-one patients showed microcephaly. Decreased size of frontal lobes and narrow frontal horns ...
Savic I - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: While it is generally accepted that the thalamo-cortical loop is abnormal in idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), it is uncertain whether this loop is similarly affected among different IGE syndromes. We recently demonstrated reduced frontal lobe levels of N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) in patients with juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME). The present ...
Shiotani Seiji - - 2004
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relation between gastrointestinal (GI) distension and hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) on postmortem computed tomography (PMCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our subjects were 190 PMCT obtained within two hours of non-traumatic death [175 patients underwent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and 15 patients ...
Walker John A - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Language mapping has been reported previously for bilingual patients undergoing cortical resection of an epileptic focus that may have developed early in life. In this setting, the cortical organization of language may have been affected by the effects of having a seizure focus established early in life. Adults presenting ...
Maehara Taketoshi - - 2004
PURPOSE: We assessed the diagnostic value of [11C]methionine (MET) positron emission tomography (PET) in the differential diagnosis of dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumors (DNETs) among benign tumors associated with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). METHODS: This series consisted of seven TLE patients with benign tumors in the temporal lobe. After MET-PET study, all ...
Devinsky Orrin - - 2004
Of the 1,200,000 Americans with partial epilepsy, temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) occurs in more than 400,000. Temporal lobe seizures are usually stereotypic in their symptoms and duration. A typical sequence is an aura followed by arrest of motor behavior, blank stare, and automatisms. Patients with TLE often show impairments in ...
Seddoh S Amebu - - 2004
Temporal control has often been suspected to be a critical factor in intonation production. In particular, disturbance in the production of fundamental frequency (F0) associated with intonation in patients with aphasia has been attributed to a primary underlying deficit in speech timing. The present study examined the speech timing abilities ...
Köksal Deniz - - 2004
The diagnosis and management of pulmonary hydatid disease represents an important clinical problem in areas of the world endemic to echinococcal infection. We report two patients, ages 14 and 34, respectively, who were admitted to our clinic for investigation of nonresolving pneumonia. Neither had responded to antibiotics prior to admission. ...
Ayed Adel K AK Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Kuwait University, and Chest Diseases Hospital, Kuwait. - - 2004
To review our experience with specific characteristics, indications, and results of pulmonary resection in children with middle lobe/lingula syndrome. Retrospective cohort study. Thoracic Surgery Department, Chest Diseases Hospital, Kuwait. Thirteen children with middle lobe, lingula, or both syndromes were treated with pulmonary resection from January 1995 to December 1999. The ...
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