Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1234
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Barczynski Marcin - - 2009
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine the utility of bilateral internal jugular venous sampling with rapid parathyroid hormone assay (BIJV-IOPTH) in comparison to endocrine surgeon-performed ultrasonography of the neck as an alternative localizing modality in guiding patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) and negative sestamibi scans ...
Charrié Anne - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Mutations in the extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) gene are known to be implicated in some cases of primary hyperparathyroidism. However, not all patients display such mutations and so the mechanisms of primary hyperparathyroidism are still largely unknown. An autoimmune origin has been suggested, as autoantibodies against the CaSR have ...
Clark M Jonathan - - 2009
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To compare patients with a parathyroid hormone index (iPTH) level less than 100 pg/mL (low baseline) with patients with an index level greater than 100 pg/mL (high baseline) relative to intraoperative iPTH levels (IOPTH), surgical findings, imaging, and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS:: The medical records of ...
Cozzolino M - - 2009
Modern strategies to prevent secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT) in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients give great relevance to vitamin D replacement therapy. However, a sound approach to treatment requires taking into account many factors, including stage of CKD, underlying renal disorder, levels of circulating PTH, bone status, vitamin D deposits, and ...
Toh Seok Yee - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of nutrient deficiencies in patients who present for bariatric surgery, assess nutritional status after surgery, and compare these with preoperative levels. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted to identify preoperative and 1-year postoperative nutrition deficiencies in patients undergoing bariatric ...
Pakasi T A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Plasma zinc and vitamin A concentrations have been reported to be low in tuberculosis (TB) patients in some studies, although it is not clear whether this constitutes a risk for a more severe clinical presentation among TB patients. The acute phase reaction may also deplete zinc and vitamin A ...
Ozcan Umit Aksoy - - 2009
The aim of this study was to assess the role of color and spectral Doppler ultrasound (CDU) in the evaluation of enlarged parathyroid glands in hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. Fourteen hemodialysis patients with elevated intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels were evaluated prospectively with CDU. The volume of each observed ...
Prodan C I - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although vitamin B12 is routinely measured in patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) at the time of the initial diagnosis, it is not known if repeat vitamin B12 measurements are indicated to detect new deficiency cases. We aimed to determine the incidence of de-novo vitamin B12 deficiency over a period ...
Riss Philipp - - 2009
BACKGROUND: It is matter of discussion if quick parathyroid hormone (QPTH) monitoring is helpful in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and "localized single-gland disease" (SGD; concordant sestamibi and ultrasound results) to further increase the rate of success (permanent normocalcemia) of performing selective parathyroidectomy by minimally invasive parathyroid exploration (MIP). The ...
Al-Said Yousef A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Osteomalacia is an uncommon cause of muscle weakness. Our objectives were to describe features of myopathy associated with Vitamin D deficiency and examine the contributing factors leading to osteomalacic myopathy in our region. METHODS: Patients identified retrospectively for the six year period ending in December 2006 with the diagnosis ...
Bartley Jim - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: We performed a prospective observational study to estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in patients attending a general otolaryngology clinic in South Auckland, New Zealand. METHODS: From July 21,2008, to August 7, 2008, all new patients presenting to otolaryngology clinics at which one of the authors (D.R.) was ...
Pierrot-Deseilligny Charles - - 2009
Hypovitaminosis D is currently one of the most studied environmental risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS) and is potentially the most promising in terms of new clinical implications. These practical consequences, which could be applied to MS patients without further delay, constitute the main purpose of this review. Vitamin D ...
Krueger Thilo - - 2009
The purpose of this review is to summarize currently available evidence implicating vitamin K in the pathogenesis of vascular calcification (VC), in particular arterial medial calcification. In doing so, we try to provide a rationale for an interventional clinical study testing whether vitamin K supplementation can retard VC or even ...
Björkman Mikko P - - 2009
To identify the clinical conditions associated with low parathyroid hormone (PTH) in patients with vitamin D deficiency and to evaluate the stability of the blunted PTH response to vitamin D deficiency over 6 months. Secondary analysis of a randomized double-blind controlled vitamin D supplementation trial. Four long-term care hospitals in ...
Yeh Shih-Mong - - 2009
Soft tissue and vascular calcifications are commonly present in uremic patients secondary to disturbances in calcium and phosphate balance and secondary to hyperparathyroidism. We report a uremic patient who developed uncontrolled hyperparathyroidism rapidly within 6 months after commencing hemodialysis (HD) therapy, with clinical presentations of tumoral calcinosis, calciphylaxis, and myocardial ...
Caron Philippe - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) is caused by parathyroid adenomas or hyperplasia, and occasionally by parathyroid carcinoma. Recently a high third generation/second generation PTH ratio has been observed in some patients with parathyroid carcinoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report the case of a 60-year old woman who was presented a fourth ...
Joshi Rajesh - - 2009
We retrospectively studied seven children (six girls, one boy) aged from 7.5 to 25 months who presented to our institution after taking large doses of vitamin D (900 000-4 000 000 U) prescribed by medical practitioners for wrong indications like failure to thrive, etc. The clinical manifestations were constipation, decreased ...
Kirdak Turkay - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To compare the preoperative clinical symptoms and associated conditions and findings in operations in age- and sex-matched patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) living in the two different regions of the world to determine whether PHPT differs in various countries. METHODS: Fifty-two patients from Bursa, Turkey were matched with 52 ...
Berger Aaron D - - 2009
PURPOSE: Primary hyperparathyroidism is a common cause of hypercalcemia with resulting hypercalciuria and a subset of these patients with primary hyperparathyroidism present with urolithiasis. We evaluated the metabolic stone profile in patients presenting for parathyroid surgery and determined whether there were differences between those with and without a history of ...
Pieters Barbe - - 2009
Blood-brain barrier dysfunction may be an early phenomenon in the development of the small vessel disease, which underlies white matter lesions. Because vitamin B12 plays a role in maintaining the integrity of the blood-brain barrier, we studied serum vitamin B12 level in relation to such lesions. In 124 patients with ...
Gowda Madhu - - 2009
Background: Recent studies have shown that children with severe haemophilia could have moderately reduced bone density compared with gender- and age-matched control subjects. Patients with more established changes resulting from haemophilic joint disease exhibited the lowest bone mineral density. The reason for this includes factors such as lack of weight-bearing ...
Christensen Signe Engkjaer - - 2009
Objectives  Bone metabolism is only superficially described in familiar hypocalciuric hypercalcaemia (FHH). We describe and compare biochemical and osteodensitometric variables in FHH and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and assess whether they can improve the diagnostic discrimination between the groups. Design  Cross-sectional. Patients  Sixty-six FHH patients with known calcium-sensing receptor (CASR) gene ...
Seeherunvong Wacharee - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of abnormal vitamin D status in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease (CKD). STUDY DESIGN: This was an outpatient cross-sectional, retrospective study of 258 patients, mean age 12.3 +/- 5.2 years, with an average estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 106 +/- 51 mL/min/1.73 ...
De Broe Marc E - - 2009
Tremendous progress has been made over recent years in the understanding of the mechanisms regulating calcium, phosphorus, vitamin D, and parathyroid hormone homeostasis in the normal human body and in patients with different degrees of renal failure. In addition, some of these findings have been translated into clinical practice, be ...
Kumar Jitender - - 2009
Abstract Background: The incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) is increasing at an alarming rate, especially in developing countries, such as India. It is often advocated that a vegetarian lifestyle could reduce the burden of CAD. However, in spite of a majority of Indians being vegetarians, the incidence of CAD ...
Almafragi Amar - - 2009
Calciphylaxis is a rare complication that occurs in 1% of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) each year. Extensive microvascular calcification and occlusion/thrombosis lead to violaceous skin lesions, which progress to nonhealing ulcers with secondary infection, often leading to sepsis and death. The lower extremities are predominantly involved (roughly 90% ...
Mizobuchi Masahide - - 2009
Vascular calcification is frequently observed and is closely associated with cardiovascular mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Vascular calcification is largely divided into two types. One is atherosclerotic intimal layer calcification and the other is medial layer calcification (Monckeberg's calcification). The latter is more common in patients with ...
Kazama Junichiro James - - 2009
The use of an oral phosphate binder is a promising and most practical strategy for the prevention of vascular calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). To secure the safety: 1) the oral phosphate binder must not cause adverse effects in the gastrointestinal tract; 2) the oral phosphate binder ...
Kocer B - - 2009
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) may have low serum vitamin B12 and folate levels and high levels of homocysteine. We aimed to evaluate serum vitamin B12, folate, homocysteine, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (Hct) levels in patients with MS. We examined the relationship between these parameters and ...
Bandeira Francisco - - 2009
Studies on the prevalence of site-specific osteoporosis in patients with different clinical presentations of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are scarce in the literature. The present study aims to determine the prevalence of cortical osteoporosis in such patients by using 3-site dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (lumbar spine, femoral neck, 1/3 radius). We studied ...
St Peter Wendy L - - 2009
Cinacalcet was introduced in mid-2004 to treat secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients. We aimed to characterize adult patients who received cinacalcet prescriptions and to determine (1) dosage titration and effects on laboratory values, active intravenous vitamin D use, and phosphate binder prescriptions and (2) percentage who achieved National Kidney Foundation ...
Lee Young Kyung - - 2009
Transcobalamin-bound vitamin B(12), or holotranscobalamin (HoloTC), a biologically active form, is believed to be a sensitive marker of vitamin B(12) deficiency. We investigated the prevalence of vitamin B(12) deficiency in gastrectomized patients using HoloTC and total vitamin B(12) to determine the diagnostic utility of HoloTC. We enrolled 128 gastrectomized patients ...
Nikolov Igor G - - 2009
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is frequently complicated by arterial calcification. The latter is part of the associated mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). Hypercalcemia and hyperphosphatemia have long been known to play a major role in the occurrence of vascular and other soft tissue calcification in patients with CKD, together with ...
Kyriakou Andreas - - 2009
Endocrine dysfunction in Thalassaemia major (TM) is a common and disturbing complication, which requires prompt recognition and treatment. The contribution of the underlying molecular defect in TM to the development of endocrinopathies is significant because the patients with the more severe genetic defects have a greater rate of iron loading ...
Horvath Beata - - 2009
In our prospective study the effect of Sclerovit (0.8 mg folic acid, 20 mug vitamin B12,5 mg vitamin B6,100 mg vitamin E) on inflammatory markers, hemorheological parameters, platelet aggregation, von Willebrand factor activity as a marker of endothelium dysfunction, plasma lipids, plasma levels of folic acid, vitamin B12 and homocysteine ...
Bahadir C - - 2009
The association of Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a well described but very rare entity. This association supports the hypothesis of a variant of multi-endocrine neoplasia syndrome. We report a 52-year-old woman with NF1, PHPT and spinal deformity. She had cutaneous lesions of neurofibromatosis. X-ray imaging ...
Kihara Minoru - - 2009
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease. Primary hyperparathyroidism is known to occur at an early age in MEN1 patients. In MEN1 patients, special care regarding not only surgery for hyperparathyroidism but also other MEN1-related tumors is required. Between 1998 and 2007, 482 patients, including ...
Cheong Y T - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Renal hyperparathyroidism with attendant osteodystrophy is a frequent and severe morbidity affecting the quality of life of end stage renal failure patients surviving on long-term renal replacement therapy. A small subgroup of these patients with severe cardiorespiratory dysfunction was deemed at very high risk for general anaesthesia (GA). We ...
Kumar Jitender - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The incidence of coronary artery disease (CAD) is increasing at an alarming rate, especially in developing countries, such as India. It is often advocated that a vegetarian lifestyle could reduce the burden of CAD. However, in spite of a majority of Indians being vegetarians, the incidence of CAD is ...
Ashman Neil - - 2009
It has recently been proposed that statins act as vitamin D analogs in binding the ubiquitously expressed vitamin D receptor, accounting for the perceived pleiotropic effects of statins (a reduction in cancer risk, prevention of organ transplant rejection and autoimmune disease). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) offers a useful test of ...
Ketteler Markus - - 2009
Data on calcium and phosphate metabolism in the predialysis stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are scarce when compared with the available information on patients on dialysis. Visible derangements of calcium and phosphate levels start to become apparent when GFR falls below 40 ml/min. In some but not all patients, ...
Usmani Sharjeel - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and usefulness of (99m)Tc-sestamibi scintigraphy and gamma probe localization of parathyroid glands in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and establish radio-guided minimally invasive parathyroidectomy at Hussain Makki Al Jumma Center for Specialized Surgery, Kuwait. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twelve patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (mean age: 48 +/- ...
Hansen Ditte - - 2009
Secondary hyperparathyroidism is a common feature in patients with chronic kidney disease. Its serious clinical consequences include renal osteodystrophy, calcific uremic arteriolopathy, and vascular calcifications that increase morbidity and mortality.Reduced synthesis of active vitamin D contributes to secondary hyperparathyroidism. Therefore, this condition is managed with activated vitamin D. However, hypercalcemia ...
Gulcelik Nese Ersoz - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of diabetes mellitus in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism and, conversely, primary hyperparathyroidism in diabetic patients are approximately threefold higher than the respective expected prevalence in the general populace. The diagnosis is straightforward when the patient presents hypercalcemia and inappropriately elevated serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. We report ...
Ito Yasuhiro - - 2009
Extrathyroid extension is a prominent prognostic factor of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). In the UICC TNM classification, minimal extension to the sternothyroid muscle and perithyroid soft tissue is classified as T3 and further massive extension is classified as T4, the highest T grade. However, there have been few studies on ...
Ahmed Waqas - - 2009
Our specific aims were to determine whether low serum 25 (OH) vitamin D (D2 + D3) (<32 ng/mL) was associated with myalgia in statin-treated patients and whether the myalgia could be reversed by vitamin D supplementation while continuing statins. After excluding subjects who took corticosteroids or supplemental vitamin D, serum ...
Bouchard Josée - - 2009
AIM: Calcidiol insufficiency is highly prevalent in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and osteoporotic patients. We assessed and compared calcidiol levels in these two groups from the same geographical area to differentiate environmental factors from characteristics related to CKD. METHODS: We measured calcidiol levels in 160 predialysis (group 1) and 53 ...
Yano Yukiko - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transient hypocalcemia is one of the postoperative complications of thyroidectomy for Graves' disease, and perioperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) assays are used to predict postoperative hypocalcemia. We evaluated long-term changes in parathyroid function after surgery for Graves' disease. METHODS: Serum PTH values were measured in Graves' patients with postoperative hypocalcemia, ...
Chertok-Shacham Elena - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Severe primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) has been associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity. Hypertension, dyslipidemia and impaired glucose metabolism were demonstrated in severe PHP, with improvement after surgery in these variables. Such an association in mild PHP is not known. The study was conducted to determine biomarkers of hypercoagulability and inflammation ...
Yip Linwah - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In the evaluation of patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP), specific query for a personal or family history of MEN1 (Hx) is recommended widely, but responses are rarely positiv. We instituted a 6-question panel (6Q) to routinely screen for MEN1 preoperatively. METHODS: The clinical database entries of 939 patients explored ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >