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Green Deanna M - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of current treatment recommendations for vitamin D insufficiency in children with CF is unknown. Therefore, we assessed the effectiveness of vitamin D(2) 50,000 IU once daily for 28 days for vitamin D insufficiency. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of pediatric CF patients from 2006-2008. Vitamin D(2) 50,000 IU ...
Lucas Charles E - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hypocalcemia after severe shock or sepsis stimulates release of parathyroid hormone (PTH), which abates with recovery. Sustained sepsis with multiple organ failure (MOF), however, may cause a resurgent release of PTH and life-threatening hypercalcemia. METHODS: Thirty critically ill patients with prolonged sepsis developed combined hypercalcemia with elevated serum PTH ...
Kalyoncu Umut - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) can be complicated by reactive macrophage activation syndrome (rMAS). The objective of this study was to evaluate vitamin B(12) values in AOSD with and without rMAS. METHODS: All patients' files with AOSD in one center were retrospectively reviewed. Hemophagocytosis was defined as phagocytosis of various ...
Shigematsu Takashi - - 2010
Lanthanum carbonate is a non-calcium-based phosphate binder for hyperphosphatemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The efficacy and safety of lanthanum carbonate (LaC) on hyperphosphatemia in patients has been well documented in clinical trials in Western countries and recent relatively short-term clinical trials in Japan. Evidence supporting its safety ...
Zaya Ninef E - - 2010
We report an unusual case of hypocalcemia and respiratory distress related to acid-suppressive therapy. The patient was a 50-year-old woman with bilateral laryngeal paralysis and hypoparythyroidism resulting from a thyroidectomy performed more than 30 years previously. She required large doses of calcium supplementation to maintain a normal calcium level. Her ...
Zhang Qian - - 2010
Accelerated cardiovascular calcification often occurs in patients with cardiovascular disease who are on hemodialysis. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the effects of sevelamer hydrochloride and calcium-based phosphate binders on coronary artery calcification, C-reactive protein, alkaline phosphatase and intact parathyroid hormone in patients undergoing hemodialysis. We used the key words ...
Moyes V J - - 2010
Background. Management of multiple-endocrine neoplasia type 1- (MEN1-) associated hyperparathyroidism is associated with high recurrence rates and high surgical morbidity due to multiple neck explorations. Cinacalcet, a calcimimetic agent licensed for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism and parathyroid carcinoma, may provide a medical alternative for the management of these complex ...
Kanekar Amar - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency is not uncommon even in the sunny land of India. Lack of sun exposure and inadequate oral intake are both responsible for vitamin D deficiency. This article provides a retrospective, examining the effects of Vitamin D deficiency in 71 patients. The study's inclusion criterion was low vitamin ...
Valle Díaz de la Guardia Francisco - - 2010
The relationship between hyperparathyroidism and lithiasis is quite known, so the study of parathyroid glands is especially mandatory in the face of relapses. Our objective is to analyze both primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) associated with renal lithiasis and the evolution of this condition after parathyroidectomy, as well as to study factors ...
Reichel Helmut - - 2010
In the long term, secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) causes severe osseous and non-osseous problems in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Active vitamin D metabolites, i.e. calcitriol and alfacalcidol, have been utilized for sHPT treatment for more than 20 years. Yet, data on predialysis CKD patients are rather sparse. We monitored ...
Oleson Christina V - - 2010
Inadequate levels of vitamin D increase the risk of osteoporosis, a highly prevalent condition in patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Reduced sunlight and dark skin further contribute to low vitamin D levels. To compare serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [vitamin D25(OH)] levels in acute and chronic SCI and to ...
Miroliaee Arash - - 2010
Liver has an important role in metabolism of vitamin D. This study aimed to evaluate the patterns of vitamin D-parathyroid hormone (PTH) disturbance and correlate it in patients with non-cholestatic chronic liver disease (CLD). A total of 40 healthy controls and 90 consecutive patients with evidence of non-cholestatic CLD due ...
Sıklar Zeynep - - 2010
Patients with growth hormone releasing hormone receptor (GHRHR) mutations exhibit pronounced dwarfism and are phenotypically and biochemically indistinguishable from other forms of isolated growth hormone deficiency (IGHD). We presented here two siblings with clinical findings of IGHD due to a nonsense mutation in the GHRHR gene who reached their target ...
Pakasi Trevino A - - 2010
A previous study showed that combination of zinc and vitamin A reduced sputum conversion time in pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients. We studied the efficacy of which single micronutrient contributed more to the sputum conversion time. In a double-blind randomized community trial, newly sputum smear positive pulmonary TB patients were assigned ...
Banugaria Suhrad G - - 2010
Glycogen storage disease type I (GSD I) is caused by inherited defects of the glucose 6-phosphatase complex, resulting in fasting hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis, hyperuricemia and hyperlipidemia. Sixteen out of 26 (61.5%) GSD I patients in our study had suboptimal levels (<30 ng/ml) of 25-hydroxyvitamin-D (25(OH)D) despite supplementation of vitamin D ...
Virdis Agostino A Department of Internal Medicine, University of Pisa, Via Roma, 67, 56100 Pisa, Italy. - - 2010
The aim of this study was to assess whether patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) show reduced endothelial function and to determine the mechanisms involved. The impact of parathyroidectomy (PTx) on endothelial function was also assessed. Endothelial dysfunction is reported in patients with PHPT, but the mechanisms involved are unknown. We ...
Arteh J - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with cholestatic liver disease such as primary biliary cirrhosis. Some studies have suggested that cirrhosis can predispose patients to development of osteoporosis because of altered calcium and vitamin D homeostasis. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency ...
Carneiro-Pla Denise - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative localization is the first step for focused parathyroidectomy. Surgeon-performed ultrasonography (SUS) is used often as a single method of localization; however, when equivocal, sestamibi (MIBI) scan is still indicated. Intra-operative differential jugular venous sampling (DJVS) is positive in 71-80% of patients. The purpose of this study is to ...
Dugonji? Sanja - - 2009
BACKGROUND/AIM: Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is an endocrine disease with the third highest incidence of all endocrine disorders after diabetes mellitus and hyperthyroidism. pHPT is typically caused by a solitary parathyroid adenoma, less frequently by multiple parathyroid gland disease (MGD) and rarely by parathyroid carcinoma. Secondary hyperparatyroidism (sHPT) is a common ...
Repplinger Daniel - - 2009
BACKGROUND: To determine whether a symptomatic presentation was associated with parathyroid hyperplasia, we retrospectively examined pre-operative symptom profiles of patients who underwent parathyroidectomy. METHODS: From October 2007 to July 2008, 111 patients with primary hyperparathyroidism completed a preoperative symptom questionnaire prior to parathyroidectomy. The symptom profiles of patients with and ...
Hindi? Elif - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Parathyroidectomy (PTX), either subtotal or total with forearm autografting, is a well-established treatment for refractory renal hyperparathyroidism (RHPT). However, 20-30% of patients develop persistent or recurrent disease. Obtaining accurate localization before reoperation is difficult. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study group comprised 21 consecutive adult patients (18 undergoing haemodialysis and ...
Moalem Jacob - - 2009
Although most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) are ideal candidates for minimally invasive parathyroidectomy, some will have more than one enlarged gland and require bilateral neck exploration to achieve biochemical cure. We evaluated the clinical evidence for when to choose bilateral neck exploration for patients with PHPT. We searched PubMed ...
Zittermann Armin - - 2009
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To summarize recent findings on vitamin D deficiency and mortality. The serum concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], the metabolic precursor of the vitamin D hormone calcitriol, is the standard for assessing vitamin D status. Deficient 25(OH)D concentrations (<25 nmol/l) are prevalent in Europe and North America. RECENT ...
Fuster David - - 2009
To evaluate the effect of calcimimetics with 99mTc-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (MIBI) parathyroid scintigraphy in secondary hyperparathyroidism. This prospective study included 30 consecutive haemodialysis patients with inadequately controlled secondary hyperparathyroidism despite standard medical treatment. Patients were given a single daily oral dose of 30 mg of cinacalcet. A baseline and 1-year follow-up dual-phase ...
Haciyanli M - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) is widely used worldwide for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). It is usually combined with a perioperative adjunct for high success rate. AIM: To demonstrate that MIP can be successfully performed in a selected group of patients with presumabally solitary adenoma as the cause ...
Kakuta Takatoshi - - 2009
A 6-month observational study was conducted in 61 patients (33 men and 28 women, mean age 54.8 +/- 12.4 years) treated with cinacalcet in whom parathyroid intervention was indicated. Thirty-seven patients had baseline intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels of >500 pg/mL, but only five still had levels this high after ...
Taniguchi Masatomo - - 2009
Appropriate control of serum calcium (Ca) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) levels is required for better prognosis of dialysis patients. Cinacalcet is known to reduce not only serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) but also Ca and Pi levels; however, it remains unclear whether cinacalcet can ultimately improve the prognosis of such patients. ...
Nicolae I - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Recently, it became more evident that skin is a target for neuroendocrine signals. AIMS: (1) To evaluate the relationship between tumour aggressiveness and hypercalcaemia in patients with non-melanoma skin cancer; (2) to identify clinical, functional, biological alterations caused by this setting; (3) calcium redistribution from extracellular fluids to intracellular ...
Neves Pedro L - - 2010
The increased mortality rate observed in patients with chronic kidney disease is related to the high prevalence of cardiovascular disease in this population. Recently, it has been shown that interventional therapy with statins and/or vitamin D could improve the outcomes of these patients. The aim of this study was to ...
Yoshida Hiroaki - - 2010
The aim of this retrospective study of patients with tongue pain who showed no improvement after initial treatment and examination was to find out if their lack of response correlated with serum concentrations of zinc, vitamin B12, folic acid, and copper, and if it was associated with coexisting systemic diseases. ...
Cayo Ashley K - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is the only curative therapy for patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (1HPT). Although cure rates of parathyroidectomy are generally high, failure is most often due to unrecognized multigland disease (MGD), which compromises 15-20% of patients with 1HPT. The use of intraoperative PTH (ioPTH) monitoring is well established for ...
Fisher Leon - - 2009
Little is known about the role of fat-soluble vitamins K and D in liver function and bone metabolism in biliary and pancreatic diseases associated with cholestasis and/or fat malabsorption. The aim of this study was to determine vitamin K of bone, vitamin D and parathyroid hormone status in patients with ...
Lee H W - - 2009
SETTING: National Masan Tuberculosis Hospital, Masan, South Korea. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pharmacokinetics of prothionamide (PTH) in South Korean patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) and to investigate whether differences in body mass index (BMI) could explain observed differences in PTH disposition. DESIGN: Seventeen patients participated in the study; all had ...
Thompson Marla - - 2009
A 25-year-old patient with end-stage renal disease on maintenance peritoneal dialysis underwent parathyroidectomy when his secondary hyperparathyroidism did not respond to medical management. However, over the subsequent months he developed extremely raised parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. When surgical removal of the autotransplant was considered, preoperative work-up revealed a PTH level ...
Ueda Naohisa - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We previously reported on vitamin E malabsorption after gastrectomy. In this study, we focused on neurological dysfunction due to serum vitamin E decrease during the postgastrectomy period in lager number of patients. METHODS: We examined the type of gastrectomy, type of reconstruction, serum vitamin E level, and neurological status ...
Garakyaraghi Mohammad - - 2010
Both calcium and vitamin D play important roles in cardiac muscle contraction and performance. In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the status of serum calcium, PTH and 25(OH)D(3) and their correlation with left ventricular Function and NYHA Functional class in 95 heart failure patients referred to Shahid Chamran Hospital, Isfahan, ...
Tanaka Yuko - - 2010
Although hypercalcemia is a common complication of breast carcinoma (BC), it may be due to primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT), which has a similar sex or age predilection to that of BC. The rate of underlying asymptomatic pHPT in BC patients with hypercalcemia is exceptionally high, so the clinical data were retrospectively ...
Eller-Vainicher Cristina - - 2009
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is a common endocrine disease that is associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) in approximately 2% of PHPT cases. Lack of a family history and other specific expressions may lead to underestimated MEN1 prevalence in PHPT. The aim of this study was to identify clinical ...
Wang Yu-Hui - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the status of vitamin B12 deficiency in elderly inpatients in the department of neurology. METHODS: A total number of 827 patients in the department of neurology of Shanghai Punan hospital, from March 2007 to July 2008, were employed in the present study. They were 60 years or ...
Chopra Puneet - - 2009
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a disease characterized by hypercalcaemia attributable to autonomous overproduction of parathormone. Many patients with primary hyperparathyroidism are asymptomatic. Osteoporosis and nephrolithiasis are some of the major sequelae seen in the symptomatic patients. Parathyroidectomy is the only curative therapy. However anaesthetic management of such patients may be problematic ...
Vacca Alessandra - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate 25-OH vitamin D concentrations in 2 independent systemic sclerosis (SSc) populations from France and Italy. METHODS: We studied 156 consecutive SSc patients comparable for demographic characteristics: 90 from Northern France and 66 from Southern Italy. 25-OH vitamin D, intact parathyroid hormone, and serum total calcium and phosphorus ...
McMahan Jonathan - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To report and describe a case of refractory hypercalcemia of malignancy (HCM) associated with metastatic, transitional-cell carcinoma of the left ureter. CASE SUMMARY: A 71-year-old male complaining of generalized weakness and night sweats for the past 3 months was sent to the emergency department when routine laboratory tests revealed ...
Iqbal Saira Perwaiz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Folate and vitamin B12 deficiencies have been known to cause megaloblastic anaemia. Since the deficiencies of these two vitamins are very common in Pakistani population, it would be imperative to investigate their role in causing megaloblastic anaemia. The objective of this study was to find out the contribution of ...
Chen Herbert - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Many surgeons have shown that radio-guided resection of parathyroid glands can facilitate intraoperative localization in selected patients with primary hyperparathyroidism, especially in the reoperative setting. However, in patients with negative technetium Tc 99m-sestamibi (hereafter referred to as "sestamibi") scans, the usefulness of the gamma probe is unclear. Thus, we ...
Berkovitz Saul - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) may be at risk of osteoporosis due to their relative lack of physical activity and excessive time spent indoors, leading to reduced vitamin D synthesis. We hypothesized that serum 25-OH vitamin D levels are lower in CFS patients than in the general British ...
Marc??n R - - 2009
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of hyperparathyroidism among a population of kidney graft recipients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated biochemical bone parameters of 509 renal transplant recipients with a mean follow-up of 113 +/- 76 months. Among these patients, 257 patients were treated ...
Rodriguez Mariano - - 2009
Despite the innovations in the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism, there are uremic patients with marked elevation in PTH levels. Uremic toxicity is in part attributable to the excess of circulating PTH. It has been known for many years that PTH may induce changes in cell calcium, a key intracellular signal ...
Arora Shalini - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Focused, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) is widely accepted when preoperative imaging localizes a single parathyroid adenoma. Many surgeons use (99m)Tc-sestamibi scintigraphy (MIBI) +/-, a cervical ultrasound for preoperative localization. We propose that surgeon-performed ultrasound (SUS) is the only imaging modality required in most patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT), resulting ...
Goswami Ravinder - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Remission of disease activity is a characteristic feature of autoimmune endocrine disorders such as Graves' disease, Addison's disease and occasionally in patients with premature ovarian failure. Autoimmunity is also implicated in sporadic idiopathic hypoparathyroidism (SIH) with clinical remission of disease reported in three cases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the rate ...
Mann G Bruce - - 2009
PURPOSE: An observational study to assess the prevalence of secondary causes of low bone density in patients with breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Female patients within 5 years of breast cancer diagnosis and age older than 50 years at diagnosis were recruited. Consenting patients completed a questionnaire and had blood ...
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