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Briani Chiara - - 2011
POEMS syndrome and amyloidosis are rare plasma cell diseases that share common features, including polyneuropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate serum vascular endothelial growth factor (sVEGF) in patients with amyloidosis and to evaluate changes in response to treatment. Twenty-five patients [17 primary light-chain amyloidosis (AL-A), 7 transthyretin ...
Ming-Kai Chen - - 2010
Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is characterized by inappropriate secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). The proportion of PHPT with asymptomatic or nontypical symptoms is continuously increasing. PHPT typically affects elderly women, and it is characterized by few symptoms or complications. We explored a case of a 77-year-old woman with previously undiagnosed PHPT ...
Lonergan R - - 2010
Introduction Reports suggest increasing multiple sclerosis (MS) prevalence, which distinctively rises with latitude. Genetic factors contribute but vitamin D deficiency is a possible co-factor. Hypotheses In Ireland, vitamin D is lower in MS patients than in controls. Greater prevalence at higher latitudes corresponds to lower vitamin D levels. Prevalence is ...
Whitney Joanna L - - 2011
A 3-year-old Ragdoll cat was referred for investigation of polyuria, polydipsia, vomiting, weight loss and hypercalcaemia. Serum biochemical abnormalities included total and ionised hypercalcaemia and hypophosphataemia. Following clinical investigations a diagnosis of idiopathic hypercalcaemia was made. Because of the severity of the hypercalcaemia and the associated clinical signs, treatment for ...
Agmon-Levin N - - 2011
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterised by thrombosis, obstetric complications and the presence of anti-phospholipid antibodies such as anti-β2GPI-Abs. These antibodies may set off the coagulation cascade via several mechanisms, including the induction of tissue factor (TF) expression. Vitamin D has recently emerged as an immunomodulator that ...
Szodoray P - - 2011
Objectives: Disproportionate vitamin D levels may play an important role in the development of certain systemic autoimmune and rheumatic diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and to compare serological and clinical parameters in ...
Razzaque M Shawkat - - 2011
Vitamin D is a multifunctional hormone that can affect many essential biological functions, ranging from the immune regulation to mineral ion metabolism. A close association between altered activity of vitamin D and vascular calcification has been reported in various human diseases, including in patients with atherosclerosis, osteoporosis, and chronic kidney ...
Duncan Christine N - - 2011
Children may be at increased risk for vitamin D deficiency following HSCT because of lack of sun exposure, the recommended use of sunscreen, dietary insufficiency, malabsorption, and the use of certain medications. We prospectively assessed the prevalence of and risk factors for 25-hydroxy (25-OH) vitamin D deficiency in 67 patients ...
Gifre Laia - - 2011
The aim of this study was to analyse the clinical manifestations and the most frequent causes of osteomalacia (OM) in a group of 28 patients diagnosed with this disorder during a 20-year period. OM was diagnosed by bone biopsy and/or by Bingham and Fitzpatrick criteria (two of the following: low ...
Zitt Emanuel - - 2011
Progressive secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) is characterized by parathyroid gland hyperplasia which may ultimately require parathyroidectomy (PTX). Although PTX is generally a successful treatment for those patients subjected to surgery, a significant proportion develops recurrent sHPT following PTX. ECHO was a pan-European observational study which evaluated the achievement of KDOQI(TM) treatment ...
Schrempf Wiebke - - 2011
Vitamin B(12) (VitB(12), cobalamin) deficiency has been associated with various neuropsychiatric conditions, such as peripheral neuropathy, subacute combined degeneration, affective disorders, and cognitive impairment. Current assays analyze vitamin B(12), of which only a small percentage is metabolically active. Measurement of its active fraction, holotranscobalamin, might be of greater relevance, but ...
Marzouki Hani Z - - 2010
To determine the most common location of parathyroid adenomas. Data from 147 patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for primary hyperparathyroidism in Montreal at a McGill University teaching hospital between January 2001 and January 2008 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with histopathologic confirmation of parathyroid hyperplasia were excluded from the study (n = ...
Kovatcheva Roussanka D - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with primary hyperparathyroidism either decline or are not candidates for surgical parathyroidectomy. There are drawbacks to medical therapy as well as percutaneous ethanol injection as alternative therapies for primary hyperparathyroidism. Therefore, in this pilot study, our aim was to test the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of a ...
Tang Jean Y - - 2010
To evaluate vitamin D status in patients with basal cell nevus syndrome (BCNS) who practice photoprotection because of their genetic predisposition to skin cancer and to determine risk factors for deficiency. Retrospective cohort study. Academic medical centers. Forty-one ambulatory patients with BCNS who participated in a 2-year chemoprevention clinical trial. ...
Giovanella Luca - - 2011
Hypercalcemia occurs in 10-20% of patients with hyperthyroidism, but its pathogenesis is still unclear. To evaluate changes in parathyroid hormone-related peptide (PTH-rP) concentration in hyperthyroid patients compared with healthy controls. We studied PTH-rP, parathormone (PTH) and ionized calcium levels in 153 hyperthyroid patients, and 89 control subjects. These variables were ...
Drechsler Christiane - - 2011
Obesity is associated with secondary hyperparathyroidism in the general population. It is unknown whether body mass index (BMI) affects parathyroid hormone (PTH) level and its association with mortality in dialysis patients. From a prospective cohort study of incident dialysis patients in the Netherlands (NECOSAD), we selected all patients with recorded ...
Fish Emily - - 2010
Abnormal vitamin D levels are common in bariatric surgery patients. The incidence of deficiencies and the response to therapy is not accurately delineated. The purpose of this study was to define the vitamin D status of patients who undergo either a malabsorptive (gastric bypass) or restrictive (adjustable gastric band) bariatric ...
Al Saran Khalid - - 2010
To determine the efficacy and safety of cinacalcet, a calcimimetic drug that suppress parathyroid hormone (PTH) production, we studied its effect on 20 patients (13 males) on maintenance hemodialysis (HD), 80% of them have persistent high PTH levels (i.e. more than 80 pmol/L), the remaining patients had PTH levels more ...
Singh Bhawna - - 2010
Neuropsychiatric and hematological manifestations of vitamin B12 deficiency are well known. The present report highlights the biochemical basis for the impaired synthesis of DNA and neurological disorders associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. We present a case of an old patient who developed acute ataxia, dizziness and imbalance 2 days after ...
Rosenvinge Melanie M - - 2010
To determine patient and treatment characteristics associated with vitamin D deficiency (VDD) in an UK inner city HIV-1-positive adult cohort. Two hundred twenty-seven HIV-positive patients attending prospectively for routine blood tests in winter had serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentrations and other routine chemistry measured. Those with and ...
Long Amanda N - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency has received increased academic interest because of its association with many common disease processes. The goal of our study was to document the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. A retrospective chart review of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (ng/ml) levels at the University of Tennessee Health Science Center was conducted ...
Nazıroğlu Mustafa - - 2010
We aimed to investigate effects of vitamins C and E (VCE) supplementation with exercise (EX) on antioxidant vitamin and lipid peroxidation (LP) levels in blood of patients with fibromyalgia (FM). A controlled study was performed on blood samples from 32 female FM patients and 30 age-matched controls. The patients were ...
Tolouian R - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Seasonal and racial differences in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels have been studied extensively in the general population but not in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels, the best available index of vitamin D nutrition, was measured at the end of summer (September) in 142 ...
Bolotin Diana - - 2010
A healthy 5-year-old Caucasian girl presented to the pediatric dermatology clinic for poor hair growth. The patient's father described slow hair growth and finely textured hair since birth. The patient had her first haircut 1 month before presentation. The family denied bald areas on the scalp, significant hair shedding, and ...
Laway Bashir Ahmad - - 2010
A case of pseudovitamin D deficiency (Vitamin D dependent rickets type I) is presented, who initially responded to physiological doses of calcitriol but developed nephrolithiasis and hypercalciuria around puberty. Hypercalciuria was corrected after stopping calcitriol. Pseudo vitamin D deficiency rickets also called vitamin D dependent rickets type I (VDDR 1) ...
Khandalavala Birgit N - - 2010
Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is a form of bariatric surgery that produces substantial and sustained weight loss, improved co-morbidities, and a higher quality of life. However, it does have associated sequelae such as vitamin D deficiency. With limited published data, a comprehensive review of vitamin D levels in BPD patients was ...
Lac P T - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Investigate whether changes in vitamin D levels affected erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) requirements in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients with anemia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of nondialysis-dependent patients with CKD of all stages. Patients were anemic and on ESA with at least 2 documented 25-hydroxylated vitamin D (D25) ...
Adler Joel T - - 2010
Deficiency of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) is a stimulus for the secretion of parathyroid hormone (PTH). During surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism, 25OHD deficiency may artificially elevate PTH, decreasing the sensitivity of intraoperative PTH (ioPTH) measurements. Of 351 patients with known 25OHD status who underwent curative surgical treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism, 198 ...
Cavalier Etienne - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid carcinoma (PCa) is a rare disease that can be difficult to differentiate initially from severe benign parathyroid adenoma. PCa oversecrete the amino form of PTH, which is recognized by third-generation but not by second-generation PTH immunoassays. In normal individuals, the third-generation to second-generation PTH ratio should be less ...
Skandarajah Anita - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Familial hyperparathyroidism, especially Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1, is more likely to present with primary hyperparathyroidism (1 degrees HPT) at a young age, mandating bilateral exploration of the parathyroid glands. However, the majority of young patients will not be gene carriers or have a family history. Recent evidence suggests ...
Alvarado Raul - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Focused parathyroidectomy (FP) is offered to 60% to 70% of patients presenting to our unit with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). A recent report identified bilateral internal jugular venous sampling (BIJVS) as a useful tool for localization of parathyroid adenomas in patients with scan-negative PHPT. The purpose of this study was ...
Yang Rui - - 2010
This study examined the changes of activities of vitamin K-dependent clotting factors (VKDCF) under various pathological conditions and explored the relationship between acquired deficiency of VKDCFs and hemorrhage. Clinical data of 35 patients who were diagnosed as having acquired deficiency of VKDCF were retrospectively analyzed. Coagulation factors involved in the ...
Pitt Susan C - - 2010
The aim of the present study was to examine the utility of intraoperative parathyroid hormone (ioPTH) monitoring in patients with secondary (2) and tertiary (3) hyperparathyroidism (HPT). We identified 105 patients with 2HPT (n = 33) and 3HPT (n = 72) who underwent ioPTH monitoring during parathyroidectomy. Data are reported ...
Gardham Clare - - 2010
Clinical management of mineral bone disorder in patients with kidney failure is guided by biochemical targets, in particular parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration. The biologic variation of PTH and other bone mineral markers was measured in hemodialysis patients to better define their role in management. Intact PTH, biointact (whole-molecule) PTH, calcium, ...
Hoesl Mirka - - 2010
Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by an increased skin cancer risk due to defective repair of ultraviolet (UV)-radiation induced DNA damage. Therefore patients with XP are required to apply stringent sun-protection. Since the skin needs UV-B irradiation for de novo vitamin D synthesis, it has ...
Caramaschi Paola - - 2010
Vitamin D displays many extraosseous immunomodulatory effects. The aim of the study was to evaluate the level of vitamin D in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and to analyze the associations between the concentration of the vitamin and clinical manifestations. In March-April 2009, 65 consecutive SSc patients underwent evaluation of ...
Ivanyi Philipp - - 2010
PURPOSE: Multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitors (MTKIs) are the standard in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). In spite their clinical activity, interaction with physiological functions has been shown. Here, we report on alterations of the bone mineral metabolism in patients with mRCC treated with MTKIs. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients ...
Jones Glenville - - 2010
The roles of vitamin D, mediated through its conversion to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (calcitriol), have been expanded recently through new knowledge about the range of tissues capable of activating it and the breadth of the genes under its regulatory control. This basic science together with the fact that numerous studies across ...
Bednarek-Skublewska Anna - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin D3 has diverse biological effects extending beyond the maintenance of calcium and phosphorus homeostasis and ensuring the proper functioning of the body. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the levels of vitamin D3 and its association with nutritional status, immunological activity, and selected markers of cardiovascular disease in patients on ...
Swanson Todd W - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of patient and adenoma characteristics on (99m)Tc-methoxy isobutyl isonitrile (MIBI) scan performance in individuals diagnosed with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP). METHODS: Records of patients undergoing parathyroidectomy for PHP over 6 years at a single center were reviewed. RESULTS: The overall ...
Youngwirth Linda - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) deficiency or hypoparathyroidism after total thyroidectomy is not an uncommon postoperative complication. Patients who have PTH deficiency will develop profound hypocalcemia if not properly treated with oral calcium supplementation and activated vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol or calcitriol). However, there is little published on the long-term outcomes of ...
Qunibi W Y - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency (VDDI) is common in CKD patients and may be associated with abnormal mineral metabolism. It is not clear whether the K/DOQI recommended doses of ergocalciferol are adequate for correction of VDDI and hyperparathyroidism. METHODS: Retrospective study of 88 patients with CKD Stages 1 - 5 and ...
Gopal R A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) has a variable clinical presentation and symptomatic PHPT is still the predominant form of the disease in India. Data from western India is lacking. AIM: To present the clinical profile of PHPT from western India. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary ...
Cutillas-Marco E - - 2010
Low vitamin D levels have been found in patients with autoimmune diseases, including type I diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. The main source of vitamin D is exposure to sunlight, but the same solar radiation is known to exacerbate lupus erythematosus. We investigated the prevalence of ...
Pelletier Solenne - - 2010
Although many studies have recently addressed the mineral and bone disorder of chronic kidney disease (CKD-MBD), only limited information is available for elderly dialysis patients. We prospectively collected serum phosphorus, calcium, parathyroid hormone (PTH), 25(OH) vitamin D, albumin, C-reactive protein, protein intake and CKD-MBD treatments in 9169 maintenance haemodialysis patients ...
Chen Han-Hsiang - - 2010
In Taiwan, urolithiasis remains a common manifestation of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). We designed this study to estimate the prevalence of PHPT in asymptomatic adults and to assess the complications already present when the disease was diagnosed. In the first phase of the study, we retrospectively reviewed 50 patients diagnosed with ...
Eckert Matthew J - - 2010
Previous reports have demonstrated a significant incidence of fat-soluble vitamin deficiency after bariatric surgery. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of vitamin A deficiency after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and to correlate the laboratory findings with ocular symptoms potentially related to vitamin A deficiency. All patients ...
Bhadada S K - - 2010
Hypophosphataemic rickets/osteomalacia (HRO) is an uncommon metabolic bone disorder which affects all ages and either sex. It is characterized by low concentration of serum phosphate levels leading to impairment of mineralization of bone matrix with variable aetiology. We present clinical profile and treatment outcome of 17 patients of HRO. Seventeen ...
Verhave G - - 2010
There is increasing evidence for health benefits accomplished by activated vitamin D through interaction with the vitamin D receptor (VDR) that go beyond calcium and bone homeostasis and regulation of parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion. Treatment with vitamin D receptor agonists (VDRAs) is associated with reduced mortality in (pre)dialysis patients. Interestingly, ...
Wiseman James E - - 2010
Measurement of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) level following total thyroidectomy (TTx) may allow prediction of postoperative hypocalcemia. We present an algorithmic method of managing hypocalcemia pre-emptively, based on the PTH level 1 h after operation. We examined 423 consecutive patients undergoing TTx at a single institution. A subset of patients ...
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