Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1231
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >
Smit P C - - 2000
To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of a direct, minimally invasive adenomectomy (MIA) as an alternative to conventional neck exploration (CNE) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism. Because primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by a solitary adenoma in 85% to 90% of patients, a direct adenomectomy through a mini-incision would theoretically suffice ...
Rumi G G - - 2000
Crohn's disease (CD) is frequently complicated by various nutritional disturbances. Although it is important to correct these disturbances, the nutritional status of CD patients has been poorly documented, especially concerning vitamin status. The aims of this study were (a) to measure the serum concentrations of vitamin A and six other ...
Nakagawa M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Prediction of the extent of calcium supplement will facilitate safe and efficient management of hypocalcemia in the early postoperative stage of total parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation (PTXa) in patients with renal osteodystrophy. METHODS: The correlation between the extent of calcium deficiency, estimated by the amount of calcium supplement over 48 ...
Hackam D G - - 2000
High levels of plasma homocyst(e)ine (H[e]) are associated with increased vascular risk. Treatment is being contemplated, but the level at which patients should be treated is not known. We compared the response of carotid plaque to vitamin therapy in patients with H(e) above and below 14 micromol/L, a level commonly ...
Picca S - - 2000
We describe three adolescent patients on chronic hemodialysis with a pubertal growth spurt who developed severe hyperparathyroidism during recombinant human growth hormone treatment. Parathyroid hormone levels were raised in parallel with the increase in linear growth in all patients. In two patients, hyperparathyroidism was successfully controlled with an increase in ...
Kawada A - - 2000
We describe a case of photosensitivity due to pyridoxine hydrochloride (vitamin B(6)) in a heterozygote of hypophosphatasia. Photopatch tests using pyridoxine hydrochloride and pyridoxal 5'-phosphate, compounds referred to as vitamin B(6), with ultraviolet light A irradiation were positive. Laboratory examination showed low serum alkaline phosphatase. Tissue-nonspecific alkaline phosphatase exon amplification ...
Hasse C - - 2000
We observed several cases of patients who believed they were free of symptoms or signs of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) preoperatively. reported a change of complaints following parathyroidectomy (PTX). We, therefore, decided to examine a larger group of patients to discover if these findings were incidental or of more general significance. ...
Moriwaki K - - 2000
Polyneuropathy is one of the most frequent manifestations in chronic uremia. Among the factors related to polyneuropathy, vitamin B6 deficiency is well known. The exact prevalence of vitamin B6 deficiency related to neurological manifestations has not been previously reported. We studied vitamin B6 status, collected self-reported symptoms, and carried out ...
Richards M L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Patients with hyperparathyroidism have alterations in carbohydrate metabolism characterized by insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and glucose intolerance. The clinical significance of these findings in the management of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) after parathyroidectomy for hyperparathyroidism has been controversial. METHODS: A retrospective review identified 87 patients with DM and hyperparathyroidism ...
Vallejos V - - 1999
PURPOSE: The aim of the work was to study the diagnostic value of Tc-99m tetrofosmin to localize anomalous parathyroid glands in patients with hyperparathyroid disease. METHODS: We studied 31 patients, 19 with primary and 12 with secondary hyperparathyroid disease. Five of these patients were renal graft recipients. All patients underwent ...
Stitik T P - - 1999
Irreversible skeletal changes have been described in patients with dermatologic disorders treated with isotretinoin (Accutane), a synthetic vitamin A derivative. Although retinoids were developed to avoid toxicity associated with vitamin A, skeletal lesions and rheumatologic consequences are possible hazards of isotretinoin treatment. Enthesopathy is one of the potential musculoskeletal sequelae ...
Levy Y - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) have vasomotor dysregulation, the etiology of which has not yet been elucidated. We investigated plasma levels of homocysteine and folate in patients with primary or secondary RP in comparison with healthy subjects. METHODS: Plasma from patients with RP, either primary (n = 10) or ...
Frasoldati A - - 1999
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of incidentally found parathyroid adenomas (incidentalomas) in patients undergoing sonography of the neck for thyroid disease. METHODS: A total of 1,686 patients (305 men and 1,381 women) underwent sonography of the neck; the mean age was 49.6 +/- 21.7 ...
Rizzoli R - - 1999
The pathogenesis of hypercalcemia of malignancy comprises increased net bone resorption and enhanced renal tubular reabsorption of calcium (Ca). To evaluate the prevalence of an increased renal tubular reabsorption of Ca index [tubular reabsorption of calcium index (TRCaI)] in cancer patients with hypercalcemia and of elevated circulating levels of PTH-related ...
Sato Y - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To assess the influence of immobilization upon vitamin D status and bone mass in chronically hospitalized, disabled, elderly patients following stroke. DESIGN: cross-sectional study. SETTING: Department of geriatric neurology in a Japanese hospital. SUBJECTS: 129 chronically hospitalized, disabled, elderly stroke patients and 28 age-matched controls. RESULTS: We observed a ...
Minisola S - - 1999
The purpose of this study was to estimate clinical validity of a new available immunoradiometric assay for circulating intact human BGP (N-tact Osteo SP) by measuring this protein in a large number of normal subjects and patients with the most common metabolic bone diseases. One hundred normal subjects were studied ...
Kanzawa M - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Genetic contributions to bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover are well known. In the present study, we analysed the relationship between restriction fragment length polymorphisms of the PTH gene and the development of primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) as well as its severity. PATIENTS: Seventy-nine pHPT patients and 104 age-matched ...
Sagar M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The S-mephenytoin hydroxylase is a polymorphic cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzyme, identified as CYP2C19, which catalyses the metabolism of omeprazole and some other drugs. AIM: To determine whether long-term treatment with omeprazole affects serum vitamin B12 levels, and if so to what extent it depends on CYP2C19 activity. METHODS: Serum ...
Kharb S - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: Alpha tocopherol is the biologically and chemically active form of vitamin E and is the most abundant lipid-soluble antioxidant in humans protecting the cell membranes. Serum concentration of the antioxidant alpha tocopherol was measured in critically ill patients in whom the excessive generation of reactive oxygen species could compromise ...
Heap L C - - 1999
Some patients with chronic fatigue syndrome say they benefit from taking vitamin supplements. We assessed functional status for the B vitamins pyridoxine, riboflavin and thiamine in 12 vitamin-untreated CFS patients and in 18 healthy controls matched for age and sex. Vitamin-dependent activities--aspartate aminotransferase (AST) for pyridoxine, glutathione reductase (GTR) for ...
Adams J S - - 1999
The 4-aminoquinolines, including chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine, have been successfully employed to treat patients with granuloma-forming disease-associated, vitamin D metabolite-mediated hypercalcemia. The calcium-lowering efficacy of these drugs has not been prospectively evaluated in patients with lymphoma and elevated 1,25-(OH)2D levels. Four such hypercalcemic patients with stage IV B-cell lymphoma were treated, ...
Kageshita T - - 1999
We analysed serum levels of calcium and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTH-rP) in 59 patients with melanoma by immunoradiometric assay, since only a few studies have been conducted on hypercalcaemia and serum levels of PTH-rP in patients with melanoma. Hypercalcaemia was found in seven of the 59 patients with melanoma. The ...
Yamashita H - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To test the authors' hypothesis of the causal mechanism(s) of postoperative tetany in patients with Graves disease. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies by the authors suggested that postoperative tetany in patients with Graves disease occurs during the period of bone restoration and resulted from continuation of a calcium flux ...
Henning B F - - 1999
The fasting serum concentrations of total homocysteine and metabolites of transsulfuration (cystathionine, cysteine, methylmalonic acid, 2-methylcitric acid) and remethylation (methionine) were determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in 40 nondialyzed patients with chronic renal disease and in 50 patients with end-stage renal disease requiring chronic maintenance hemodialysis. The nondialyzed patients and ...
Lin M T - - 1999
Charts of 16 children with nephrocalcinosis between 1990 and 1997 were reviewed. The cause of nephrocalcinosis was believed to be iatrogenic in 7 patients (43.8%) and non-iatrogenic in 9 (56.2%). Vitamin D therapy was responsible for 5 patients of iatrogenic nephrocalcinosis, and furosemide therapy for the remaining iatrogenic patients. Non-iatrogenic ...
Teruel J L - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D compounds are usually indicated for the treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism in dialysis patients. The possibility to induce a reversal of hyperparathyroidism with calcium supplementation alone is controversial. The present study was conducted to assess if oral calcium carbonate may constitute a therapeutic option for the control of ...
Yu I - - 1998
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The most appropriate type of surgery for hyperparathyroidism secondary to renal failure remains controversial. We report a 5-year experience of patients with hyperparathyroidism secondary to end-stage renal disease who underwent subtotal parathyroidectomy. We believe that this is the procedure of choice, offering several advantages over total parathyroidectomy with and ...
Sierra M - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid autotransplantation has been widely used in thyroid operations. Few studies have assessed the function of the autotransplanted glands. The aim of this study was to evaluate the success rate, pattern of biochemical function, and scintigraphic appearance of parathyroid autografts in patients undergoing thyroid operations. METHODS: Twelve patients in ...
van der Dijs F P - - 1998
We investigated whether pediatric patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) (9 +/- 4 years; 27 homozygous SCD [HbSS]; 19 sickle-C disease [HbSC]) have different folate status compared with age-, sex-, and race-matched normal hemoglobin (HbAA) controls (n = 20), and whether their folate status can be improved by folate supplementation. ...
Carlstedt F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The present study explores serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) and blood ionized calcium (Ca2+) levels in relation to the severity of disease and mortality in the intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: In a pilot study, 37 consecutive critically ill patients admitted to the ICU were studied with determinations of serum ...
Andreassen H - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Several papers have reported on vitamin D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and other regulators of calcium metabolism in patients with Crohn's disease, but results have been conflicting. Bone mineral density (BMD) has been found to be reduced in several papers. A recent study from our laboratory suggested that the expected ...
Nierman D M - - 1998
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Chronically critically ill (CCI) patients are primarily elderly people who have survived a life-threatening episode of sepsis but remain profoundly debilitated and ventilator dependent. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of bone hyperresorption and parathyroid hormone (PTH)-vitamin D axis abnormalities in these patients. DESIGN: ...
Debruyne F F Neus-, Keel- en Oorziekten, Gelaat- en Halschirurgie, U.Z. - - 1998
Serum parathyroid hormone, calcium and phosphate were daily monitored in 12, 30 and 30 patients respectively during the early postoperative period after removal of a solitary parathyroid adenoma. In all patients PTH concentration dropped to very low values on the first postoperative day, whereafter a rapid recovery began. So the ...
Nagaba Y - - 1998
Adynamic bone disease unrelated to aluminum deposition, with low parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels, has increased in patients with end-stage renal failure. Some patients present with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism despite calcitriol administration and phosphate restriction. Because therapeutic and environmental factors are now similar among hemodialyzed patients, the variable incidence of secondary ...
Cook G J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Reoperation in patients with recurrent hyperparathyroidism usually requires localisation of abnormal glands. Current imaging techniques are not always successful in this group of patients. An evaluation of [11C]methionine positron emission tomography (PET) has been made to assess the ability of the technique to localise abnormal glands in patients with ...
Prabha M R - - 1998
Total serum calcium levels were estimated in 60 adult patients with malaria to know the prevalence of hypocalcemia in different types of malaria and its clinical implications. As hypocalcemia is known to cause Q-Tc interval prolongation, electrocardiograms were obtained in all patients with low calcium levels. Twenty seven (45%) patients ...
Doppman J L - - 1998
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether the release of parathyroid hormone (PTH) from parathyroid tumors during selective parathyroid arteriography can help localize the tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 20 patients (six men, 14 women; age range, 24-72 years) with parathyroid tumors undergoing parathyroid arteriography after failed surgery, serial measurements of PTH were ...
Chou F F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Autotransplantation of diseased parathyroid glands into subcutaneous adipose tissue has been mentioned previously, but as far as we know there is no previous systemic study concerning parathyroid function after subcutaneous autotransplantation. METHODS: From January 1993 to June 1996, total parathyroidectomy and autotransplantation were carried out in 46 patients with ...
Sözen A B - - 1998
This study was arranged to examine whether vitamin B12 deficiency may cause autonomic dysfunction. Time-domain and long-term frequency-domain heart rate variability parameters from 12 patients with pernicious anemia were compared to 12 age and sex matched controls. In B12 deficient patient group time-domain parameters; SDNN (100.4 +/- 37.86 vs. 131.91 ...
Singer F R - - 1998
Thirteen patients with severe Paget's disease of bone [mean serum alkaline phosphatase (SAP) level 17 times the upper limit of normal] were treated with 30 mg oral risedronate daily for 8 weeks. Patients were followed for 16 weeks without treatment. The change from baseline SAP was the primary end point. ...
Jackson C E - - 1998
BACKGROUND: An association between primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) has been noted; however, a causal relation between these disorders has not been confirmed. PATIENTS/ METHODS: We report five patients (three men, two women) meeting El Escorial criteria for ALS who also had PHP. In three patients, the ...
Chen H - - 1998
Although the incidence of hyperparathyroidism (HPT) in the elderly exceeds 1.5%, limited resources and co-morbidity inhibit referral for parathyroidectomy. To determine the risks and benefits of surgery, we examined the outcomes of elderly patients who underwent exploration for primary HPT. Data from 211 consecutive patients who underwent parathyroidectomy by one ...
Taylor H C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To describe the hitherto unrecognized occurrence of transient ionized hypocalcemia with acute adrenal insufficiency and its therapy. METHODS: We present three case reports with documented longitudinal laboratory findings. RESULTS: Transient ionized hypocalcemia of acute illness has been noted in children and adults and is associated with increased mortality. Precipitating ...
Bergman J A - - 1998
Over a ten-year period 26 patients were evaluated by the authors for elevated serum calcium and parathormone levels. All patients were clinically asymptomatic and were referred for parathyroid evaluation following a diagnosis of hypercalcemia made on routine SMA-12 studies. Twenty-four patients had positive thallium/technetium subtraction studies; two were suggestive of ...
Patel P C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the utility of a rapid intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) immunoradiometric assay in the surgical management of parathyroid disease, particularly with reference to limiting extent of cervical exploration. DESIGN: Nonrandomized prospective study. SETTING: Academic tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Forty-three consecutive patients undergoing parathyroid exploration for adenoma or hyperplasia ...
Jeanguillaume C - - 1998
PURPOSE: To compare iodine-123-technetium-99m-sestamibi subtraction scintigraphy with ultrasonography (US) for detection of parathyroid abnormalities in uremic patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen adult uremic patients with severe secondary hyperparathyroidism underwent subtraction scintigraphy before total or subtotal parathyroidectomy. Subtraction scintigrams were acquired with a double-energy-window technique. US was performed ...
Loh K C - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is an uncommonly diagnosed condition among adolescents and young adults. We review the clinical characteristics of these patients based on our institutional experience. SUBJECTS: Patients aged 12-28 years treated for PHPT at our institution from 1990 to 1996 were evaluated by a review of medical records ...
Hedbäck G - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the risk of death among patients treated for primary hyperparathyroidism during the past decade. METHODS: Using the national patient register, all patients operated on for primary hyperparathyroidism in Sweden during 1987-94 were identified and then searched for in the national register ...
Ovsiew F - - 1998
The use of verapamil in three cases of severe hyperkinetic movement disorders resulted in dramatic improvement in patients who had been refractory to many other treatments over a prolonged period. A videotape illustration of one of the patients is provided. The mechanism of action and evidence of efficacy of calcium-channel ...
Mellibovsky L - - 1998
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are a group of clonal disturbances with defective cellular differentiation. Vitamin D3 (VD) analogues can act on the differentiation and maturity of different cell lines. We studied the effects of VD on a series of patients with MDS in an open-design trial. Nineteen patients, 12 men and ...
< 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 >