Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1231
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Merouani A - - 2001
Hyperhomocysteinemia, a risk factor for vascular disease, is commonly found in adult patients with end-stage renal disease. Major determinants of elevated plasma homocysteine levels in these patients include deficiencies in folate and vitamin B12, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotype and renal function. Little information is available for children with chronic renal ...
Murray R M - - 2001
PTH and ionized calcium levels were measured in 131 patients with advanced prostate cancer, all of whom had received at least first-line hormone therapy. Patients were classified into those in remission, those with stable disease, or those with progressive disease according to their prostate-specific antigen response and their clinical status. ...
Thongprasom K - - 2001
Forty-one patients with oral lesions and symptoms were enrolled in the study. Their ages ranged from 16 to 79 years with a mean age of 48.5 years. They were divided into two groups. Group I consisted of 25 patients with oral lichen planus and group II consisted of 16 patients ...
Julius U - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Patients treated with lipid apheresis already suffer from familial hypercholesterolemia and severe coronary heart disease: any additional risk factor is dangerous for these patients. Hyperhomocysteinemia has been recognized as an independent risk factor for atherosclerotic disease. We checked the frequency of hyperhomocysteinemia in lipid apheresis patients and measured the ...
Katai M - - 2001
A prospective study on the natural course of primary hyperparathyroidism has recently been reported. Since hyperparathyroidism in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1) is genetically distinct from most forms of sporadic hyperparathyroidism, it is important to know the natural course of hyperparathyroidism in MEN 1 for better clinical management. ...
Kacker A - - 2001
We retrospectively evaluated the cases of 55 patients who had undergone surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism at our institution to determine whether their parathyroid glands were abnormal on both sides. Thirty-six of these patients had undergone a bilateral neck exploration, and 19 had had a unilateral investigation. Of the 36 bilaterally ...
Romagnuolo J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Homocysteine is a sulfur-containing amino acid formed during the demethylation of methionine. Vitamin B12 and folate deficiency and therapy with antifolate drugs may predispose patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to hyperhomocysteinemia. The known associations between hyperhomocysteinemia and smoking, osteoporosis, and thrombosis make it an interesting candidate as a ...
Westerdahl J - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: An increased mortality due to cardiovascular disease has been reported in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT). An association between urate and cardiovascular disease has been suggested. Metabolic abnormalities in pHPT may include urate. We therefore evaluated the metabolic arteriosclerotic risk profile in pHPT with special focus on the role ...
Coen G - - 2001
To evaluate the long-term results of parathyroidectomy (PTX) on parathyroid function, blood pressure and anemia, data of 45 patients with secondary Hyperparathyroidism in dialysis who had undergone PTX were collected retrospectively from 8 different dialysis units. The patients, 25 M and 20 F, mean age 56 +/- 11 years, who ...
Mishra S K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The features of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in developing countries have rarely been examined. This study explored the clinical characteristics of PHPT in India with the hypothesis that this may improve understanding of the pathogenesis of the disease worldwide. METHODS: Consecutive patients with PHPT (24 women, five men) were examined ...
Fierabracci P - - 2001
Hypercalcemia occurring in patients with advanced breast cancer (BC) is generally due to osteolytic metastases or to the activity of circulating tumor-derived products. In these conditions, the production of endogenous PTH is reduced. The frequency of hypercalcemia due to primary hyperparathyroidism in breast cancer is unknown. We examined the occurrence ...
Lemieux B B Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal - Hôpital Saint-Luc, Montréal, - - 2001
Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) has been reported in patients with celiac disease in association with secondary hyperparathyroidism. The present study investigated whether basal parathyroid hormone (PTH) remained elevated and whether abnormalities of parathyroid function were still present in celiac disease patients treated with a gluten-free diet. Basal seric measurements ...
De Vecchi A F - - 2001
Plasma homocysteine (tHcy) is an important risk factor for atherosclerosis in dialysis patients. Few data were reported on the prevalence and severity of hyperhomocysteinemia in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In addition, little attention was paid to the search of factors possibly involved in the pathogenesis of hyperhomocysteinemia in these patients. ...
McCaddon A - - 2001
Vitamin B12 assimilation might be disrupted in patients with Alzheimer's disease. We therefore measured B12 carrier protein saturation and inactive B12 'analogues' in patients compared with healthy elderly individuals in a prospective case-controlled survey. Twenty-three patients, aged 60 or over, with features compatible with DSM-IV criteria for primary degenerative dementia ...
Kendrick M L - - 2001
Reoperative surgery for hyperparathyroidism (HPT) is fraught with hazard. When preoperative imaging studies are inconclusive or patient comorbidities are extensive fine needle-aspiration (FNA) is helpful to confirm the presence of suspected parathyroid tissue in the neck. Some surgeons refrain from using FNA because of the concern of tissue implantation (parathyromatosis). ...
Yamashita H - - 2001
We reported previously that vitamin D deficiency is a causal mechanism of postoperative tetany in patients with Graves' disease. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency by reviewing serum 25(OH)D levels in 208 patients with Graves' disease (146 women, 62 men) during ...
Castellani M - - 2001
PURPOSE: Ultrasound (US) and scintigraphy are used most frequently of all the available imaging techniques for the preoperative evaluation of patients with possible primary hyperparathyroid disease. The aim of this study was to assess the value of dual-phase Tc-99m MIBI scintigraphy compared with US in the detection of adenomatous or ...
Rees T P - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Supplements of calcium and vitamin D are given to elderly patients in order to reduce the likelihood of osteoporotic fractures. The acceptability of the preparation is an important component of the compliance of such patients with their treatment. AIM: To compare the acceptability of Calcichew D3 Forte (CDF) and ...
Debruyne F - - 2001
The files were studied of 300 patients operated for primary hyperparathyroidism for the first time. Their median age was 60 years. The female/male ratio was 3/1, but in the younger patients males and females were about equally present. Preoperatively, one third was considered as asymptomatic with respect to hyperparathyroidism. In ...
Compher C W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with venous thrombosis and vitamin deficiency. Patients with short bowel syndrome have increased risk of venous thrombosis due to central catheters, and of vitamin deficiency due to malabsorption. The current investigation was designed to evaluate the relationship between history of venous thrombosis and current hyperhomocystinemia and ...
Boonen S - - 2001
There is little debate about the primacy of surgery in the management of symptomatic or complicated primary hyperparathyroidism. Rather, the question has been what to do about the many patients with nonclassical disease. Recent prospective data have confirmed that patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism who are not surgical candidates for ...
Yilmaz N - - 2001
The aim of this study is to evaluate whether any relationship between stroke and vitamin B12, folic acid concentration. We examined 50 patients with stroke (male: 26 and female: 24) aged between (mean +/- SD, year) 59 +/- 14 and 16 control subjects (male: 6 and female: 10) aged between ...
Shahar A - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The elderly are known to have higher rates of low and subnormal vitamin B12 levels than younger persons. Vitamin B12 deficiency has been extensively studied in the elderly, but primarily in outpatient settings. There is a paucity of data regarding the prevalence of low and low-normal B12 in frail, ...
Lumachi F - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the usefulness of the combination of Tc-sestamibi/Tc-pertechnetate subtraction scintigraphy (SS) and high-resolution neck ultrasonography (US) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) undergoing parathyroidectomy. DESIGN AND METHODS: Ninety-one patients with proved pHPT were studied, excluding patients with persistent or recurrent disease. There were 65 (71.4%) women and 26 ...
Kang A S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Calciphylaxis is a rare, painful, life-threatening problem of cutaneous necrosis and refractory healing in patients with uremia and secondary hyperparathyroidism. The pathogenesis involves abnormalities in calcium and phosphorus metabolism and acute deposition of calcium in tissues. METHOD: The clinical course of 16 patients who were diagnosed with calciphylaxis at ...
Kumar A - - 2000
AIM: To evaluate the accuracy of Tc-99m sestamibi scintography in pre-operative localization of a single parathyroid adenoma and to determine if neck exploration can be limited to the side of the adenoma. METHODS: Over a period of 4 years, 30 patients with primary hyperparathyroid disease underwent surgical treatment in the ...
Marasini B - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) have raised homocysteine (Hcy) plasma levels, thought to be an independent risk factor for vascular disease, and to study the relationship between Hcy and endothelial damage, and between Hcy and methylene-tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) genotypes, and patients' vitamin nutritional status, which are ...
Sunder-Plassmann G - - 2000
An elevated total homocysteine (tHcy) plasma concentration is associated with increased morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease in the general population and in patients with impaired renal function. The prevalence of hyperhomocysteinaemia (plasma levels above 15 micromol/l) in the general population is less than 5% and can be as ...
Poungvarin N - - 2000
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) influences the calcium metabolism. The idea of cardiovascular effects of PTH is not new. Target cells for PTH are cardiomyocytes and smooth muscle cells. Evidence from previous studies suggest that many patients with heart disease have elevated PTH concentrations. Our objective was to determine PTH status in ...
Davis T M - - 2000
Retinol (vitamin A alcohol) is an accepted adjunctive treatment in infections such as measles. There is also indirect evidence from in vitro, animal and human studies that retinol supplementation may be beneficial in severe malaria. There have, however, been no studies that have examined the pharmacokinetics of acute retinol supplementation ...
Raggi P - - 2000
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in dialysis patients, accounting for nearly half of all deaths among end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Even young dialysis patients are at risk. Cardiovascular disease in chronic renal failure patients has been associated with elevated serum phosphorus levels and elevated calcium-phosphorus (Ca ...
Pedrera J D - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study was to evaluate bone mass status (as measured by bone ultrasound) in patients on anticonvulsant therapy, and the influence that Vitamin D administration exerts over it. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We measured and compared the basal serum levels of 25(OH)D3, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and phalangeal ...
Block G A - - 2000
Control of serum phosphorus (P) levels is a central goal of managing patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). Hyperphosphatemia develops invariably with kidney failure, and inadequate control of serum P leads to an elevated calcium-phosphorus (Ca x P) product. Further contributing to an elevated Ca x P product is the ...
Sabeel A - - 2000
Massive soft tissue calcification involving the abdomen of a dialysis patient is described. As the result of severe secondary hyperparathyroidism associated with intensive calcifications, the patient was disabled and confined to a wheelchair. Following parathyroidectomy, soft tissue calcifications resolved remarkably, symptoms were relieved and the patient was able to walk. ...
Bilezikian J P - - 2000
The decision to recommend parathyroid surgery in patients with symptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism is clear. The decision to recommend parathyroid surgery in patients with asymptomatic primary hyperparathyroidism is clearer than it was 10 years ago. In addition to the NIH guidelines, the author believes that patients who have vertebral osteopenia, patients ...
Kaye A D - - 2000
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To develop a simple survey to determine the patient population actively utilizing dietary supplements and/or herbs, during the preoperative period. DESIGN: Prospective study, with survey instrument. SETTING: University medical center. PATIENTS: 1,017 patients presenting for preanesthetic evaluation prior to outpatient surgery. INTERVENTIONS: After undergoing preanesthetic evaluation, patients were ...
Tremblay R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: High-efficiency hemodialysis may induce a deficiency in hydrosoluble vitamins. Supplementation with B-complex vitamins has been shown to lower serum homocysteine concentrations in several groups, but relatively few studies have concerned hemodialysis patients. Our objectives were to determine the status in B-complex vitamins in a large cohort of unsupplemented hemodialysis ...
Yano S - - 2000
The present study was performed to investigate the association of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) genotypes with parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in hemodialysis patients. Subjects were 122 Japanese hemodialysis patients, including 39 patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The CaSR polymorphisms tested were codon 990 in intracellular domain (A/A, A/G, and G/G groups) ...
Adachi S - - 2000
To examine the development of chemical and clinical vitamin B12 deficiency after total gastrectomy, and to evaluate the efficacy of supplemental oral B12 administration. Postgastrectomy anemia is due to deficiencies of iron and vitamin B12, and parenteral B12 administration is the only appropriate treatment. However, no guidelines exist for the ...
Miodownik C - - 2000
There are several reports regarding the efficacy of vitamin B6 in the treatment of tardive dyskinesia (TD). Vitamin B6 plays a key role in the synthesis of several neurotransmitters, including serotonin, dopamine, norepinephrine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid, all of which have been proposed to be involved in the development of TD. ...
Luong K V - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the normocalcemic hyperparathyroidism in Vietnamese immigrants living in southern California. METHODS: Of 14 Vietnamese patients with primary hyperparathyroidism who were observed between 1991 and 1996, 50% (7 patients; 2 men and 5 women) had normal and/or fluctuating levels of serum total calcium. When the serum calcium was ...
Tamura T - - 2000
We hypothesized that elevated plasma homocysteine concentrations (hyperhomocysteinemia) exist in patients receiving antiepileptic drugs (AED), and a long-term administration of AED may result in an increased risk of occlusive vascular disease in these patients. A total of 62 patients who received AED monotherapy (phenytoin, lamotrigine, carbamazepine or valproate) participated in ...
Aytemir K - - 2000
The purpose of this study was to test the autonomic nervous system function of patients with vitamin B12 deficiency (megaloblastic anemia) by measuring heart rate variability (HRV). The study population consisted of 17 vitamin B12 deficient patients and 15 age- and sex-matched normal volunteers. HRV was measured by power spectral ...
Sato M - - 2000
We describe here the clinical aspects of hyperparathyroidism (HP) in Japanese multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1). The total number of MEN 1 patients was 37, and they originated from ten unrelated Japanese families. Nine of the ten families were proven to have heterozygous germline mutations of the MEN ...
Gopal H - - 2000
The phenomenon of hypercalcemia in immobilization is well known, but there is limited awareness of the potential for this complication in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on maintenance hemodialysis with reduced capacity for disposition of calcium. We describe such a patient who showed a calcemic response to just 3 ...
Billa V - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: Parathyroid dysfunction continues to produce significant morbidity in dialysis patients. Since the introduction of low calcium dialysate for peritoneal dialysis (PD), no large studies have been done to determine the prevalence of parathyroid dysfunction in these patients. This study was done to assess the prevalence of parathyroid disease in ...
D'Avanzo A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid autotransplantation is a well-established method to prevent hypoparathyroidism during parathyroid and thyroid operations. The reported success rate of parathyroid autotransplantation ranges from 75% to 100%. Recurrent hyperparathyroidism may develop after parathyroid autotransplantation, especially after the transplantation of hyperplastic or adenomatous parathyroid tissue. Hyperparathyroidism recurs most frequently after subtotal ...
Yamashita H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: We have found that postoperative tetany occurs in patients with Graves' disease who have secondary hyperparathyroidism caused by a deficiency in calcium and vitamin D concomitant with transient hypoparathyroidism after surgery. There are seasonal variations in serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations. The purpose of this study was to investigate ...
Schindler K - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that the prevalence of hyperhomocysteinemia is increased in critically ill patients and correlates with disease severity and mortality in these patients. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: Three medical intensive care units at the University of vienna Medical School serving both medical and surgical patients. PATIENTS: ...
Fernández-Miranda C - - 2000
Hyperhomocysteinemia, an independent risk cardiovascular factor, has been reported in renal transplanted patients (RTP). The aim of the present study was to evaluate homocysteine levels in RTP treated with cyclosporine or tacrolimus, and the changes observed in the two groups of patients after treatment with folic acid. Forty-two RTP with ...
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