Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1246
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Heyman Joanne K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether current practice in teaching hospitals in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory delivers adequate dietary protein in the management of malnutrition in adults with cirrhosis, in accordance with European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN) guidelines for nutrition in liver disease. STUDY DESIGN: ...
Giouleme Olga I - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoporosis has been recognized in patients with liver cirrhosis, although the prevalence and the exact mechanisms vary considerably in the literature. We have studied the prevalence of bone disease in cirrhotic patients, the pathogenesis and the relation to the etiology and the severity of liver failure. METHODOLOGY: The study ...
Biguzzi Eugenia - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Thrombomodulin (TM) and endothelial protein C receptor (EPCR) are two transmembrane endothelial receptors involved in the protein C pathway, that regulates coagulation and inflammation processes. We postulated that soluble thrombomodulin and EPCR are plasmatic markers of progression to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and prognostic indicators in cirrhotic patients. MATERIALS AND ...
Sersté Thomas - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIM: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a severe complication of cirrhosis but its exact pathogenesis has not yet been elucidated and the role of portal hypertension in the development of SBP has been suggested. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that an association exists between the ...
Alazmi Waleed M - - 2006
It is estimated that 43% of patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) will progress to liver fibrosis or cirrhosis. Although NASH is more common in Hispanics, most studies have been conducted on Caucasians, and there is scarce information regarding ethnic differences in this disease. The aim of this study was to ...
Yu Jian-Wu - - 2006
AIM: To predict prognosis in patients with acute-on-chronic hepatitis (AOCH) using the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) scoring system and to study the effects of age, sex, etiology, low serum sodium, and persistent ascites on MELD. METHODS: The MELD scores of 300 patients with AOCH were calculated according to ...
Carvalho Luciana - - 2006
BACKGROUND: [corrected] Protein-calorie malnutrition is a frequent finding in patients with chronic liver disease, but investigations of nutritional status have been rarely performed in individuals seen at outpatient clinics AIM: To evaluate the nutritional status of patients with alcoholic and nonalcoholic cirrhosis, attended for the first time at a reference ...
Schepke Michael - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIM: Hepatorenal syndrome (HRS) is associated with a poor prognosis. The incidence and prognostic impact of kidney dysfunction due to other causes in cirrhotic patients are less well known. The current study prospectively evaluated the incidence and the prognostic relevance of different etiologies of kidney failure in cirrhotic patients. METHODS: ...
Unsal Nuray Halilo─člu - - 2006
PURPOSE: The aim of this retrospective study was to compare the splenic vein diameter and longitudinal size of the spleen in patients with portal hypertension in whom Gamna-Gandy bodies were present in their spleen with those of cirrhotic patients without Gamna-Gandy bodies and a control group. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between ...
Zhang Yong - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To investigate the prevalence of gallstone disease in Chinese patients with liver cirrhosis and to identify risk factors for cholelithiasis. METHODS: Blood samples were tested and ultrasonographic examination of the upper abdomen was conducted to observe the prevalence of gallstones in 90 compensated cirrhotic patients (Child-Pugh A), ...
Ates Fehmi - - 2006
Many studies have demonstrated that cirrhosis is frequently associated with autonomic dysfunction. The aim of this study was to test autonomic dysfunction in cirrhotic patients by analyzing heart rate variability (HRV), to determine whether or not the degree of autonomic dysfunction is correlated with the severity of disease, and, also, ...
Kanlayanee Archasantisuk
Thesis (M.Sc. in Pharm.)--Chulalongkorn University, 2003
Sangro Bruno - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate the antitumor effect of resin microspheres loaded with 90-yttrium against hepatocellular carcinoma and their safety in the setting of liver cirrhosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 24 consecutive patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated by radioembolization in the period from September 2003 to February 2005 were reviewed. ...
Baik Soon Koo - - 2006
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate both the correlation between abnormal Doppler ultrasonography (US) hepatic vein waveforms and the hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) and the response to drug treatment in patients with cirrhosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethics committee approval and informed consent of patients and control subjects were obtained. In 78 ...
Battaglia Samuel - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Patients with liver cirrhosis exhibit peripheral vasodilatation and decreased vasoconstrictor responsiveness. We investigated the role of the endothelium in these patients. METHODS: Nine patients with cirrhosis and seven controls were recruited. Responses to acetylcholine, bradykinin and sodium nitroprusside were obtained using forearm plethysmography. Responses to norepinephrine (100 ...
Demoncheaux Eric A G - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Patients with advanced liver diseases tend to develop a hyperdynamic circulation which complicates cirrhosis. Impairment of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism has been implicated in the pathogenesis of portal hypertension. The aim of this study was to determine nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent whole body NO production in patients with decompensated ...
Quateen A - - 2006
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of direct porto-caval shunts in patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) in whom there is no access to the hepatic veins during transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS). We included six consecutive patients with fulminant/acute Budd-Chiari syndrome (mean age: 35 ...
Kazemi Farhad - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Periodic endoscopic screening for oesophageal varices is recommended in patients with cirrhosis, but might be limited to a subgroup of patients if a simple non-invasive test was available to select those at risk of bleeding. METHODS: We studied in 165 patients with cirrhosis the relation between the presence of ...
Wesierska-Gadek Józefa - - 2006
Although there have been significant advances in understanding the clinical and biochemical features of primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), there is still a paucity of data on the usefulness of biomarkers as prognostic indicators. This is particularly important at the time of initial diagnosis. Indeed, the widespread use of antimitochondrial antibody ...
Najafi Sani Mehri - - 2006
AIM: To study the effect of oral garlic on arterial oxygen pressure in children with hepatopulmonary syndrome. METHODS: Garlic powder in a capsule form was given to 15 children with hepatopulmonary syndrome (confirmed by contrast echocardiography) at the dosage of 1 g/1.73 m(2) per day. Patients were evaluated clinically and ...
Rondonotti Emanuele - - 2006
The available data on the use of VCE in patients who have cirrhosis and portal hypertension are inadequate to reach a firm conclusion about the usefulness of this diagnostic tool in this patient population. In fact, only retrospective case series exist, in which the characteristics of the patients are heterogeneous ...
Panagaria Namita - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess and compare the nutritional status of alcoholic and non alcoholic cirrhotic patients. METHODS: 81 patients with liver cirrhosis--41 alcoholic (AC) & 40 non alcoholic (NAC), were selected. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric measurements viz. skin fold thickness, arm and muscle ...
Kalambokis Georgios - - 2006
GOALS: To evaluate the effects of diuretic treatment, octreotide, or both on portal hemodynamics in nonazotemic cirrhotic patients with ascites. BACKGROUND: Diuretics and octreotide have been associated with a decrease in portal pressure in cirrhotic patients, suggested to be mediated by plasma volume depletion and splanchnic vasoconstriction, respectively. However, liver ...
Chen Chiao-Yun - - 2006
PURPOSE: To prospectively investigate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and choline levels measured at hydrogen 1 ((1)H) magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopy, to monitor therapeutic responses of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained, and all patients and control subjects provided ...
Yohei Fukumoto / Yuko ...
Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is a chronic liver disease and no definite therapy has been established yet. The patient had jaundice during her clinical course of PBC. As the development of jaundice is an important sign of a poor prognosis, secretin, which is reported to have a choloretic effect, was ...
Langiulli Michael - - 2006
We investigated the prevalence of intrapulmonary shunts in 82 patients with hepatic cirrhosis referred for echocardiography as part of liver transplantation evaluation. Intrapulmonary shunts were present in 49 of 82 patients (60%). Baseline characteristics were similar in patients with and without intrapulmonary shunts. Mean follow up was 41 +/- 15 ...
Newton Julia L - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Standardized mortality ratio for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is 2.87. Even after accounting for liver and cancer-related deaths there is an unexplained excess mortality associated with PBC. We have assessed heart rate variability (HRV) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) risk factors associated with cardiovascular mortality, in 57 PBC patients and ...
Kalaitzakis Evangelos - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: It has been suggested that increased intestinal permeability plays a pathogenic role in bacterial infections, such as spontaneous bacterial peritonitis, in patients with liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to assess whether intestinal permeability is altered in cirrhotic patients with and without ascites. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Intestinal ...
Amitrano Lucio - - 2006
It was the aim of the present study to investigate factor II levels in liver cirrhosis (LC) patients with portal vein thrombosis (PVT) carrying the heterozygous G20210A prothrombin (PT) mutation. Plasma concentrations of factor II, VII, X, V, protein C (PC) total protein S (tPS) antithrombin (AT) and D-dimers (DD) ...
Clerbaux Thierry - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To trace the entire oxyhemoglobin dissociation curve (ODC) in a cohort of cirrhotic patients in stable condition who were candidates for orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: A large academic hospital. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We traced the entire ODC in whole blood in standard conditions ...
Hernández-Guerra Manuel - - 2006
Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) causes postsinusoidal portal hypertension, which leads to complications similar to those observed in cirrhosis. However, no studies have investigated whether patients with BCS develop the hyperdynamic circulatory syndrome present in patients with cirrhosis who have portal hypertension. We evaluated systemic and cardiopulmonary hemodynamics, plasma renin activity, aldosterone ...
Kalambokis Georgios - - 2006
Dietary sodium restriction and diuretic treatment have been shown to be effective in the treatment of ascites in the majority of cirrhotic patients. However, approximately 5 to 10% of patients develop refractory ascites, which is defined as ascites that does not respond to intensive diuretic therapy (diuretic-resistant) or ascites that ...
Rosner Mitchell H - - 2006
Ascites is a significant complication of cirrhosis that occurs in approximately 50% of patients. The mortality rate is high in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. Conventional interventions rest with dietary sodium restriction, diuretic use, large-volume paracentesis, peritoneovenous shunts and transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts. The mainstay of therapy, however, is the ...
Eggers Verena - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The most frequent diagnoses for liver transplantation are virus-induced cirrhosis (VIC) and alcoholic liver disease (ALD), after an abstinence period of at least 6 months. Chronic ethanol consumption has been linked to an abnormal neuroendocrine-immune axis and to an altered surgical stress response inducing an increased infection rate. Preoperative ...
Schiff Sami - - 2005
Abnormality in movement initiation may partially explain psychomotor delay of cirrhotic patients, even in the absence of overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE). Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms of psychomotor delay observed in patients with cirrhosis in the absence of overt HE. Fourteen patients with nonalcoholic ...
Abraldes Juan G - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: Color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) has been proposed as an alternative to portal pressure gradient (PPG) measurement to detect transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction but with inconsistent results. This study aimed at developing and validating CDUS criteria to assess TIPS dysfunction. METHODS: A total of 117 consecutive follow-up simultaneous ...
Riggio Oliviero - - 2005
Large spontaneous portal-systemic shunts have been occasionally described in patients with cirrhosis. This study was undertaken to assess the prevalence of portal-systemic shunts in patients with cirrhosis with recurrent or persistent hepatic encephalopathy (HE) as compared with patients with cirrhosis without HE. Fourteen patients with cirrhosis with recurrent or persistent ...
Kumar Raj - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of hepatorenal syndrome in patients with chronic liver disease and ascites. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: From July 2001 to March 2002 at Civil Hospital, Karachi. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 240 patients who were admitted in the Medical Wards ...
Ytting Henriette - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Q-T(c) interval is prolonged in a substantial fraction of patients with cirrhosis, thus indicating delayed repolarisation. However, no information is available in mild portal hypertensive patients. We therefore determined the Q-T(c) interval in cirrhotic patients with hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) < 12 mmHg. METHODS: Forty-four patients with ...
Kalambokis Georgios - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Terlipressin and somatostatin are the most preferable agents for the control of variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients. The present study evaluated the hemodynamic effects of somatostatin, terlipressin and somatostatin plus terlipressin in cirrhotic patients with portal hypertension, as well as the effect of each regimen on renal ...
Soga K - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether IFN prevents the development of HCC in patients with chronic hepatitis C. METHODOLOGY: 103 patients with chronic hepatitis C received IFN and 30 control patients were enrolled in this study. RESULTS: In 33 patients (32.0%) who received IFN, alanine aminotransferase ...
Bittmann Stefan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Biliary atresia is the result of a fibrosing destructive inflammatory process affecting intrahepatic and extrahepatic bile ducts, which lead to cirrhosis and portal hypertension. Without surgical intervention, mortality reaches 100%. The 5-year survival rate after portoenterostomy ranges from 13% to 60%, with approximately 60% of patients requiring liver transplantation ...
Duseja Ajay - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) have normal liver function tests except for raised transaminases until they have progressed to cirrhosis of liver. The objective of this study was to evaluate patients of NASH for the presence of hyperbilirubinemia at presentation. METHOD: Sixty-seven patients of NASH were studied for the ...
Krasinskas Alyssa M - - 2005
Intrahepatic noncirrhotic portal hypertension can be idiopathic or associated with known toxic, developmental, vascular, or biliary tract diseases. Most patients are successfully managed medically or with shunting procedures. The goal of this study was to explore the reasons some patients require orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). The clinical features, gross and ...
Ito Keiichi - - 2005
AIM: In patients with liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension, portal hypertensive colopathy is thought to be an important cause of lower gastrointestinal hemorrhage. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of colonic mucosal changes in patients with liver cirrhosis and its clinical significance. METHODS: We evaluated the colonoscopic findings and ...
Fan Lie-Ying - - 2005
AIM: To characterize gene polymorphism of several cytokine gene in-patients with AIH and PBC and to analyze the difference of the polymorphism distribution between Chinese patients and healthy controls. METHODS: The study population consisted of 62 patients with AIH, and 77 patients with PBC. The genetic profile of four cytokines ...
Marchianò A - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effect of iodinated contrast medium concentration on increased neoplastic lesion enhancement and its direct relation to diagnostic efficacy in biphasic spiral computed tomography for detection of hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS: A pilot, single-center, randomized, double-blind, crossover, comparative study was performed and included 22 participants. Each patient underwent ...
Ilkgul Ozer - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the present era of interventional radiology and liver transplantation, the role of mesocaval shunt surgery for portal hypertension in Budd-Chiari syndrome is reviewed. METHODOLOGY: This study analyzed the management of 35 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome between June 1994 and June 2004 in our institution. During this 10-year interval, ...
Hsu Ron-Bin - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Bacteremia is reported to occur in 4% to 9% of hospitalized patients with liver cirrhosis. Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae are the most commonly isolated organisms. Only sporadic cases of nontyphoid Salmonella bacteremia are reported in the literature. In this study, we sought to determine the clinical features and ...
Schlemmer Heinz-Peter Wilhelm - - 2005
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Alteration of the phospholipid composition of hepatic biomembranes may be one mechanism of alcoholic liver disease (ALD). We applied proton-decoupled (31)P magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging ({(1)H}-(31)P MRSI) to 40 patients with ALD and to 13 healthy controls to confirm that metabolic alterations in hepatic phospholipid intermediates could be detected ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >