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Results 301 - 350 of 1104
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Narbutt Joanna - - 2008
As most studies on pemphigus vulgaris (PV) pathogenesis concern its active stage, we aimed to evaluate the serum concentration of TNF-alpha, IL-1, and IL-6 in PV patients in clinical remission. The study group consisted of sera from 19 PV patients in active stage and from 24 patients in clinical remission. ...
Seneş Mehmet - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiomyopathy (CMP) is a common debilitating illness, associated with a high mortality and poor quality of life. There is extensive evidence from in vitro and animal experiments that CMP is a state of increased oxidative stress. Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) are important markers to evaluate ...
Uzun Halfize - - 2008
PURPOSE: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), nitric oxide (NOx), and C-reactive protein (CRP) are important risk factors for endothelial dysfunction and mortality in the end stage renal diseases population. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between renal replacement therapy and endothelial dysfunction. METHODS: Plasma NOx, ADMA and CRP ...
Ilonen Ilkka - - 2008
Cytokines are released within the liver in response to hepatic injury, and acute liver failure (ALF) triggers systemic inflammation. Pro-inflammatory (tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha] and interleukin-8 [IL-8]) and anti-inflammatory (interleukin-10 [IL-10] and interleukin-6 [IL-6]) cytokines and the lymphocyte activation marker (interleukin-2-soluble receptor alpha chain [IL-2sRalpha]) were monitored in 49 ALF ...
Sempere Laura - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a systemic inflammatory disease. It is already known that obesity and central fat distribution are related to the severity of AP, but the intimate mechanism of this relationship remains unknown. Obesity and central fat distribution are associated with an inflammatory state that could ...
Dziedzic Tomasz - - 2008
Acute cerebral ischemia triggers interleukin-6 (IL-6) release into cerebrospinal fluid and blood. IL-6 induces synthesis of the acute phase proteins (APPs) in the liver. Higher blood IL-6 level in stroke patients is associated with larger infarct size, greater neurological deficit on admission, early neurological worsening, and increased risk of death ...
Huge Volker - - 2008
Sensory abnormalities are a key feature of Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS). In order to characterise these changes in patients suffering from acute or chronic CRPS I, we used Quantitative Sensory Testing (QST) in comparison to an age and gender matched control group. 61 patients presenting with CRPS I of ...
Debrunner Marianne - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory response is an important feature of acute coronary syndromes and myocardial infarction (MI). The prognostic value of proinflammatory cytokines in patients with acute MI complicated by cardiogenic shock is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 41 patients admitted with acute MI (age 60 +/- 11 years, six females, 19 ...
Rallidis L S - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing evidence that inflammation and hypercoagulability play an important role in the pathophysiology of acute ischaemic stroke. We examined the in-hospital prognostic value on mortality of C-reactive protein (CRP), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), fibrinogen and D-dimer in middle-aged ischaemic stroke patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited 231 ...
Silva E A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To verify the validity of measuring the levels of Mycobacterium leprae-specific anti-phenolic glycolipid (PGL)-I antibody, neopterin, a product of activated macrophages, and C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute phase protein, in serial serum samples from patients for monitoring the leprosy spectrum and reactions during the course of multi-drug treatment (MDT). ...
Wright Gavin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In acute liver failure (ALF), it is unclear whether the systemic inflammatory response associated with intracranial hypertension is related to brain cytokine production. AIM: To determine the relationship of brain cytokine production with severity of intracranial hypertension in ALF patients. METHOD: We studied 16 patients with ALF. All patients ...
Marketou M E - - 2008
Diabetes mellitus (DM) may cause an increase in the inflammatory status and oxidative stress as well as sympathetic nervous system overactivity, even in the absence of any other organic heart disease. We investigated the effect of perindopril, an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-i), on indexes of systemic inflammation and oxidative stress ...
Otake Hiromasa - - 2008
The present study investigated the relation between plasma high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and adiponectin and coronary plaque components in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Previous studies showed a pivotal role of inflammation in the progression of atherosclerosis and the prognostic value of several biomarkers. However, relations among inflammatory biomarkers ...
Richey Luke M - - 2007
PURPOSE: Cancer cachexia is a devastating and understudied illness in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). The primary objective was to identify clinical characteristics and serum levels of cytokines and cachexia-related factors in patients with HNSCC. The secondary objective was to detect the occurrence of cytokine and ...
Mentula Panu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Obesity is a known risk factor for severe acute pancreatitis (AP), but the mechanism by which it affects the severity of AP is not fully understood. The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity and inflammatory markers in AP. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty patients ...
Diakakis Georgios F - - 2008
AIM: This study was designed to assess cardiac adrenergic nerve activity, using iodine (I)-123-labeled metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG), in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and to investigate its relation to circulating levels of proinflammatory cytokines. METHODS: We studied 22 patients with IGT (aged 34-68 years) and 18 age-matched healthy controls, using ...
Singh Rajeev - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Data on synovial fluid (SF) cytokine concentrations in patients with reactive arthritis (ReA) or undifferentiated spondyloarthropathy (uSpA) are limited and contradictory. We measured levels of several proinflammatory and immunoregulatory cytokines in SF and sera from patients with ReA/uSpA. METHODS: Interleukin 17 (IL-17), IL-6, interferon-g (IFN-g), and IL-12p40, and immunoregulatory ...
Schefold Joerg C - - 2007
In sepsis, endotoxin, interleukin 6 (IL-6), and complement-activation product 5a (C5a) trigger inflammatory cascades resulting in monocytic deactivation. When this occurs, the outcome is often uncontrolled infection, multiple organ dysfunction, and death. We tested here whether simultaneous reduction of systemic endotoxin, IL-6, and C5a levels could be achieved via selective ...
du Cheyron Damien - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between the adrenal production of gluco- and mineralocorticoids, the inflammatory status and the outcome in critically ill patients with liver cirrhosis. DESIGN: Prospective descriptive study. SETTING: Medical intensive care unit (ICU) in a university hospital. PATIENTS: Fifty consecutive patients with liver cirrhosis. INTERVENTIONS: A corticotropin ...
Berković Maja Cigrovski - - 2007
IL-6 is a pleiotropic cytokine with still controversial role in tumorigenesis of different cancer types. Its promoter SNP-174 C/G is associated with increased IL-6 transcription and in some tumor types with elevated IL-6 serum levels. The role of IL-6 polymorphisms and IL-6 serum values and their correlation in the gastroenteropancreatic ...
Vedder A C - - 2007
Fabry disease, or alpha-galactosidase A (alpha-Gal A) deficiency, is a lysosomal storage disorder in which accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb(3)) is thought to be responsible for the development of renal, cardiac and cerebral complications. The availability of enzyme replacement therapy has led to an increased awareness and the screening of patients ...
Lorin P - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To describe the video-nystagmographic characteristics, treatment, and results of a specific canalith repositioning procedure (CRP) on patients with canalolithiasis of the anterior semicircular canal (ASC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted from January 2005 to March 2006 on 16 patients treated for a benign paroxysmal positional ...
Belgaumkar Vasudha A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae which is an obligate intracellular pathogen. It is characterised by a broad spectrum of clinical forms dictated by the patient's immune response to the organism. The tuberculoid pole has good cell mediated immunity to M. leprae, with few lesions ...
Akinci Emine - - 2007
Vertigo is encountered frequently in emergency services. Researchers have explored the role of serologic markers in the differentiation of central and peripheral vertigo. The study reported here was designed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of serologic markers (fibrinogen, D-dimer, and C-reactive protein [CRP]) in the differential diagnosis of peripheral and ...
Jimeno Antonio - - 2007
This trial evaluated the effect of gefitinib on the plasma circulating levels of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-2 and -9 of patients treated on a pediatric Phase I trial. Complete plasma correlative studies were obtained from 16 of the 25 enrolled patients. ...
Kaufmann Ines - - 2007
In order to elucidate the interaction between pain, stress and innate immunity in complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), we assessed pain and stress levels in CRPS patients and compared ex vivo functions of neutrophils between patients with CRPS and healthy volunteers. As compared with healthy volunteers, the following major alterations ...
Luc Mathieu - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In ankylosing spondylitis (AS), tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers are recommended for patients with high symptomatic disease activity. Few data are available about objective signs of inflammation such as increased C-reactive protein (CRP). We assessed the retention rate of TNF blockers in patients with axial AS, according to baseline ...
Yilmaz Fatma Meriç - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are important factors in mortality and morbidity of dialysis patients. Cardiovascular risk assessment is important in order to arrange the treatment strategies. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and various CVD risk factors in dialysis patients. METHODS: 22 HD and ...
Gay André - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS-I) is now considered as a central nervous system disease with peripheral manifestations. CRPS-I may result from a mismatch between sensory input and motor output leading to a disorganization of motor programming in cortical structures. According to previous studies in the field of ...
Anavekar Namrata S - - 2007
A retrospective analysis was performed of patients meeting the clinicopathological diagnosis of Sweet's syndrome identified over a 10-year period, in a metropolitan hospital. Nine patients met the inclusion criteria. Two patients had preceding streptococcal infection, two had associated inflammatory bowel disease, two had idiopathic Sweet's syndrome, and three had an ...
Rioufol Gilles - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate the determinants and outcomes of multiple complex lesions (MCLs) on coronary angiography in patients with an acute myocardial infarction. METHODS: One thousand one hundred fifty-two consecutive nonselected myocardial infarction patients who underwent coronary angiography within 24 hours after admission were analyzed. A complex lesion was ...
González-Alvaro Isidoro - - 2007
Aims: The objective of this study was to investigate whether baseline receptor activator for nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL) and osteoprotegerin (OPG) serum (s) levels can predict the therapeutic response to TNF antagonists (a-TNF). We studied 75 rheumatoid arthritis patients (81% female) with a longstanding refractory disease. The variables of ...
Grootendorst Diana C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The conventional method for C-reactive protein (CRP) measurement is an immunoturbidimetric assay (imCRP, detection limit > or =3 mg/l). However, high-sensitivity CRP (hsCRP, detection limit >0.1 mg/l) has been advocated as preferable biomarker for cardiovascular risk assessment. The aim of this study was to determine agreement between imCRP and ...
Peluso G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of pilocarpine on the salivary peptide and protein profile in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) and to study the differences between patients with primary SS, patients with SS associated with other rheumatic diseases, and healthy control subjects. METHODS: Saliva specimens were obtained from 9 ...
Mäkelä Jyrki T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis is a multisystem disease in which various local and systemic complications lead to high mortality. We retrospectively examined the clinical and biochemical factors that may influence the risk of mortality on admission to emergency and intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: Sixty-eight patients were admitted into our ...
Lin Jou-Wei - - 2007
PURPOSE: This study was designed to illustrate the effects of C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin polymorphisms on serum CRP levels. METHODS: A total of 390 patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) were recruited and high-sensitivity CRP levels were measured. Six polymorphic alleles on the genes of CRP, IL-1, and the ...
Tsai Tzu-Hsien - - 2007
BACKGROUND: An elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) level plays a crucial role in cell biology of atherosclerosis and unstable plaque formation. However, direct evidence of CRP involvement in atherosclerotic plaque development and vulnerability is still limited. We hypothesized that CRP is present in the vulnerable plaques and that CRP staining intensity ...
Pay S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Several lines of evidence point to a polarized T-helper-1 (Th1) immune response in Behçet's disease (BD). However, it is not yet clear which factors are involved in the proposed Th1 mediated pathogenesis of BD. Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen presenting cells which play a crucial role in the polarization ...
Khalid U - - 2007
An elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) is a valuable marker of disease activity in Crohn's disease and predicts colectomy in ulcerative colitis. It is sometimes elevated in patients with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms following pelvic radiotherapy. Its significance in this context has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to ...
Chapidze Gulnara - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Associations between inflammation, metabolic syndrome (MetS), and cardiovascular disease have been reported. Limited information, however, is available on the prevalence of MetS and its relation to inflammation among Georgian cardiology patients. We investigated MetS components (elevated blood pressure, abdominal obesity, elevated triglyceride concentrations, decreased HDL-cholesterol concentrations, and elevated fasting ...
Pollono Daniel - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate disease reactivation in patients with Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) and its impact on adverse sequelae. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of 300 patients diagnosed with LCH between 1987 and 2002 with complete response to initial treatment was performed. RESULTS: Mean age at diagnosis was 5.3 years. ...
Morath Christian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) is routinely measured to differentiate autoimmune disorders from infection. There are reports, however, where PCT is high in the absence of infection, i.e. in vasculitis. To investigate the value of PCT in Goodpasture's syndrome, we reviewed the charts of patients with Goodpasture's syndrome who were treated from ...
Ruiz-Ruiz F J - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been identified as a predictor of death, new heart failure (HF) episodes and need for heart transplantation in patients with advanced HF. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between plasma IL-6 levels in patients with decompensated HF and either survival or new ...
Soriano S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Overall and cardiovascular mortality are significantly higher in hemodialysis patients with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP). The aim of this study was to determine whether CRP is a marker of overall and cardiovascular morbidity in chronic kidney disease (CKD) 3-5 patients. METHODS: 90 chronic kidney disease 3-5 patients were prospectively ...
Nagatomo Yuji - - 2007
It is uncertain whether beta-blocker therapy affects serum C-reactive protein (CRP) level in patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). We attempted to determine if beta-blocker therapy decreases serum CRP production and to correlate the production with biomarkers and cardiac function in such patients. Fifty-two patients with mild to moderate CHF ...
Berkun Yackov - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: In a significant proportion of patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF), serum amyloid A (SAA) remains elevated during attack-free periods, thereby increasing the risk of developing amyloidosis. The aim of the study was to determine various correlates of elevated SAA and evaluate the role of SAA measurement in the ...
Forrest Caroline M - - 2007
Since melatonin is antioxidant and has some anti-inflammatory actions, we have tested it as adjunctive treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, to determine whether it can improve patients' symptoms. A total of 75 patients were allocated randomly to receive melatonin 10 mg at night in addition to ongoing medication, or ...
Gibas Magdalena - - 2007
We hypothesized that beneficial role of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors in stable coronary artery disease (CAD) therapy may involve (among others) their anti-inflammatory effects, which may be reflected by serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels. For that reason, we have investigated the influence of short-term administration of quinapril on serum IL-6 concentration. ...
Kandi Basak - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Complex regional pain syndrome type I (CRPS I) is a primary polymorphic condition of persistent pain and swelling that frequently occurs secondary to trauma associated with vasomotor disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cutaneous findings in patients with CRPS I. METHODS: Eighteen patients with CRPS ...
Neuman Manuela G - - 2007
Cytokines play a role in the immunopathological and molecular mechanisms of sulfonamide-induced hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs). The objective of this study was to analyze the reliability and correlation between the clinical symptoms observed in affected patients (n = 86) because of a sulfonamide-induced HSR and their lymphocyte toxicity assay (LTA) values. ...
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