Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1250
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Mea Eliana - - 2008
Recent evidence suggests that spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is not as rare as previously thought. Orthostatic headache is the prototypical manifestation of SIH, but various headache syndromes have also been reported such as migraine-like headache, tension-type headache and non-specific headaches among the others. The International Headache Society (IHS) has recently ...
Leone Massimo - - 2008
Chronic daily headache that does not respond or no longer responds to prophylaxis is commonly encountered at specialist headache centres. Animal and brain imaging studies indicate that peripheral neurostimulation affects brain areas involved in pain modulation, providing a rationale for its use in these conditions. We examine problems related to ...
Prakash Sanjay - - 2008
Dizziness and vertigo are frequently reported by patients with migraine. In migrainous vertigo (MV), vertigo is causally related to migraine. Patients of MV usually have an attenuated or absent headache with their vertigo as compared with their usual headache of migraine. Here we report three female patients of MV in ...
Kim J H - - 2008
We used voxel-based morphometry (VBM) to compare grey matter volume (GMV) between 20 migraine patients (five with aura and 15 without aura) with normal conventional magnetic resonance imaging findings and 33 healthy controls matched for age and sex. A separate analysis was also performed to delineate a possible correlation between ...
Irimia P - - 2008
Our objective was to compare the presence of self-reported unilateral photophobia or phonophobia, or both, during headache attacks comparing patients with trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias (TACs)--including cluster headache, short-lasting unilateral neuralgiform headache attacks with conjunctival injection and tearing (SUNCT) and paroxysmal hemicrania--or hemicrania continua, and other headache types. We conducted a ...
Magis Delphine - - 2008
About 1% of all chronic cluster headache patients become intractable (iCCH; ie, they are refractory to adequate regimens of all established preventive drugs). Various lesional interventions have been attempted in these patients, none with lasting benefits. In recent years, nondestructive neurostimulation methods have raised new hope. Hypothalamic deep brain stimulation ...
Nardone Raffaele - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Head pain arises within the trigeminal nociceptive system. Current theories propose that the trigeminal system is intimately involved in the pathogenesis of migraine. Short-latency responses can be recorded in sternocleidomastoid muscles after stimulation of the trigeminal nerve (trigemino-cervical reflex). This brainstem reflex could be a suitable method to evaluate ...
Vieira D S S - - 2008
Chronic migraine (CM) has been associated with idiopathic intracranial hypertension without papilloedema (IIHWOP), a significant percentage of these cases occurring in obese patients with intractable headache. A prospective study from February 2005 to June 2006 was made of 62 CM patients who fulfilled International Headache Society diagnostic criteria and had ...
Hansen J M - - 2008
Familial hemiplegic migraine type 1 (FHM-1) is a dominantly inherited subtype of migraine with aura and transient hemiplegia associated with mutations in the CACNA1A gene. FHM-1 shares many phenotypical similarities with common types of migraine, indicating common neurobiological pathways. Experimental studies have established that activation of the nitric oxide-cyclic guanosine ...
Leistad Rune Bang - - 2008
One common feature of chronic musculoskeletal pain and headaches are that they are both influenced by stress. Among these, tension-type headache (TTH), fibromyalgia (FMS) and chronic shoulder/neck pain (SNP) appear to have several similarities, both with regard to pathophysiology, clinical features and demographics. The main hypothesis of the present study ...
Wang S-J - - 2008
We consecutively recruited 21 patients (all women, mean 54 +/- 8 years) with bath-related thunderclap headache (BRTH). Thirteen of them were in menopause, two had just ceased hormonal therapy, and one was at 3 months postpartum. Bathing was the initial trigger for thunderclap headaches in nine patients (43%). Many patients ...
Bicakci Sebnem - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Headache in patients with systemic lupus eryhtematosus (SLE) is considered a common neurological finding, although the relationship is unclear. Another obscure point is the relationship between headache and neuroradiologic findings in these patients. AIM: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the correlation between headache characteristics and intracranial lesions ...
Liang J-F - - 2008
Hypnic headache is rarely reported in Asians, and the proposed International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD)-2 criteria have never been field-tested. We studied 17 consecutive Taiwanese patients (M/F: 9/8, mean age at onset 69.6 years) with hypnic headache from a headache clinic. Fifteen patients (88%) reported >15 headache attack days ...
Hirth Asle - - 2008
There is an increased prevalence of patent foramen ovale in patients with migraine, leading to the suggestion that migraine is more common in patients with potential right-to-left shunts. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of migraine in adults with large right-to-left shunts because of cyanotic congenital ...
De Hertogh W - - 2008
To compare the cervical kinaesthetic sensibility of cervicogenic headache (CEH) patients and asymptomatic controls, the head repositioning accuracy of 10 CEH patients and 23 asymptomatic controls was measured. Should an impaired kinaesthetic sensibility be demonstrated, its assessment could be of diagnostic value in the evaluation of patients with suspected CEH. ...
Bosco D - - 2008
The pathophysiology of pituitary-associated headache is unknown, although structural and functional features of the tumour are proposed mechanisms. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether headache in a population with pituitary micro-adenomas was related to hyperprolactinemia. We recruited 29 patients with microprolactinoma and headache: 16 with migraine (group ...
Truong Tam - - 2008
The prevalence of migraine headaches (MH) is 12% in the general population and increases to 40% in patients with patent foramen ovale. This study evaluated the prevalence of MH in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Of 466 patients contacted from the UCLA Adult Congenital Heart Disease Center, 395 (85%) ...
Verdelho A - - 2008
We aimed to describe and classify headaches associated with acute stroke, by interviewing patients consecutively admitted to a stroke unit using a validated headache questionnaire and the International Classification of Headache Disorders of the International Headache Society (IHS). One hundred and twenty-four patients (61% ischaemic and 39% haemorrhagic stroke) reported ...
Nitzan Dorrit W - - 2008
PURPOSE: Much reported variation and discord exist regarding mandibular condylar hyperplasia (CH). This study evaluated some of the characteristics of this disorder in a series of 61 patients with active CH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 61 patients with active temporomandibular CH who had been evaluated in our departments ...
Liberman Anatoly - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the pathogenesis and course of transient focal neurologic symptoms in pregnant women and to identify prognostic variables that will enable targeted workup. DESIGN: Case-control series. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Pregnant patients with acute transient focal neurologic symptoms. Women with histories of migraine, recurrent thromboembolism, or ...
Rojana-udomsart Arada - - 2008
Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis is a rare chronic inflammatory process of unknown origin that can cause neurological deficits owing to thickening of the dura. Patients with this condition commonly present with cranial neuropathy accompanied by localized headache. The clinical features, neuroimaging findings, histopathological features and treatment outcomes for three patients ...
Vincent M B - - 2009
The digiti quinti sign (DQS) was described as an indication of mild hemiparesis. It consists of a wider space between the fourth and fifth fingers at the affected side when the patient extends both arms horizontally to the front with the palms down. The three successively examined sporadic hemiplegic migraine ...
Kaniecki Robert - - 2008
Migraine is a debilitating condition characterized by a cycle of painful headaches and headache-related symptoms interspersed with periods of worry, distress, and apprehension. The negative impact of migraine on patient functioning, workplace productivity, and other daily activities has been demonstrated through the use of a variety of clinician- and patient-reported ...
Tuncel Deniz - - 2008
Migraine is the most common neurological disorder, but the molecular basis is still not completely understood. An impairment of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism might play a role in the pathophysiology. The goal of this study was to investigate the differences in oxidative stress status with the measurement of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase ...
Epelly Florence Deshusses - - 2008
It was suspected that the delusional convictions of bewitchment and devil persecution of two female patients (41 and 40-years-old) could be the consequence of an erroneous interpretation of the sensations induced by panic attacks, as several authors have previously suggested. The interest of this case report stems from the manner ...
Farronato G - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of rapid palatal expansion in growing patients to eliminate the nasal pyramid stenosis as a cause of primary headache. Patients were invited to participate in the clinical study at the University of Milan, Department of Orthodontics. Forty-one growing patients of ...
Calandre Elena P - - 2008
Active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) have been found to contribute to chronic tension-type headache and migraine. The purpose of this case series was to examine if active trigger points (TrPs) provoking cluster-type referred pain could be found in cluster headache patients and, if so, to evaluate the effectiveness of active ...
Coppola Francesca - - 2008
Language disturbances have been previously described as word-finding difficulties in epileptic patients. These disturbances have been recently reported in migraineurs in treatment with topiramate but they have never been defined and assessed in these patients with the aid of neuropsychological testing. To verify the occurrence of language disturbances as a ...
Lovati Carlo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate allodynia in patients with different primary headaches. BACKGROUND: Many migraineurs have allodynia during headache attacks; some may have allodynia outside attacks; allodynia may also be associated with other primary headaches. METHODS: A total of 260 consecutive primary headache patients presenting for the first time at a headache ...
Iwasaki Shinichi - - 2007
CONCLUSION: Lomerizine, a calcium channel blocker, may be effective as a treatment for migraine-associated vertigo (MAV). Objective. To determine the clinical characteristics of patients with MAV in Japan and the effectiveness of lomerizine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review carried out in a university hospital of 33 ...
Coelho Fernando Morgadinho Santos - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a high prevalence of migraine among narcoleptic patients. HLA-DQB1*0602 and HLA DRB1 alleles are closely associated with narcolepsy. An increase in the HLA-DRB1 allele frequency in patients with visual aura has raised greater awareness of the genetic background in migraine. PURPOSE: Since the regions DR and ...
Maizels Morris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic migraine and chronic daily headache syndromes have greater morbidity than patients with episodic migraine, and are less frequently diagnosed. A screening tool which identifies daily headache syndromes as well as migraine would promote more patients receiving appropriate treatment, including prophylaxis. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of data ...
Rossi Cristiana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic migraine (CM) and medication-overuse headaches (MOH) are well-recognized disabling conditions affecting a significant portion of the headache population attending centers specialized in treating headaches. A dysfunctioning of the serotonergic system has been demonstrated in MOH and CM patients. Here we report on our assessment of the dysfunctioning of ...
Vuković Vlasta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the lifetime prevalence of vertigo and dizziness in patients with migraine as compared with controls and to establish the lifetime prevalence of migrainous vertigo. BACKGROUND: Dizziness and vertigo are relatively frequent complaints in general population; however, the prevalence of migrainous vertigo ...
Mueller Loretta L - - 2007
Headache is one of the chief complaints among patients visiting primary care physicians. Diagnosis begins with exclusion of secondary causes for headache. More than 90% of patients will have a primary-type headache, so diagnosis can often be completed without further testing. Although tension-type headaches are the most common kind of ...
Baumann C R - - 2007
Patients fulfilling the essential criteria for restless legs syndrome (RLS), but in whom the response to conventional dopaminergic treatment and the presence of periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) are lacking, are occasionally encountered. The aim of this study was to systematically characterize this population. In a consecutive series of ...
Schulz U G - - 2007
Previous studies suggest an abnormal cerebral cortical energy metabolism in migraineurs. If causally related to the pathophysiology of migraine, these abnormalities might show a dose-response relationship with the duration and severity of aura symptoms. While such a trend has been suggested in phosphorus spectroscopy (31P-MRS) studies, it has not been ...
Baslo M B - - 2007
The aim of this study was to delineate any dysfunction of neuromuscular transmission (NMT) by single-fibre electromyography (SFEMG) in some rare types of migraine. Recent studies have shown subclinical dysfunction of NMT in migraine with aura and cluster headache by using SFEMG, whereas another recent study has shown NMT to ...
Frese A - - 2007
The aim of this study was to provide data on the prognosis and treatment options of headache associated with sexual activity (HSA). Sixty patients diagnosed with HSA between 1996 and 2004 were followed up between 2003 and 2006 at least 12 months after the first interview. The further course of ...
Tatlidede Asli Demirta? - - 2007
Recent evidence supports that the prevalence of patent foramen ovale is higher in patients with migraine with aura. We conducted a case-control study and searched for intra-atrial right to left shunt in 53 patients with migraine. PFO was detected by means of transthoracic echocardiography with administration of contrast medium during ...
Hu Xingyue - - 2007
CONTEXT: In previous studies, patients with migraine and tension-type headaches have shown asymmetries at the central nervous system level. AIMS: Hence we would like to figure out whether the lateral cerebral dominance might be more pronounced in the line bisection performance with these patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Patients were enrolled ...
Gologorsky Yakov - - 2007
This is the first report of a cerebellar cryptococcoma in a previously healthy, HIV-negative child. Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungus that typically affects patients who are HIV-positive and other patients with compromised immune systems. Isolated cryptococcomas of the central nervous system (CNS) have been previously described in immunocompetent adults; ...
Boz Cavit - - 2007
The purpose of the present study was to assess a group of patients with chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) and control subjects using the personality questionnaire proposed by Cloninger and to determine possible changes in the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) patterns of CTTH patients after therapy with serotonergic antidepressants. Forty-five ...
Linder Steven L - - 2007
Post-traumatic headaches as well as post-traumatic syndrome can occur in patients after mild, moderate, or severe traumatic brain injury. Most of the patients' symptoms clear within the first 3 to 6 months; however, there are no precise criteria for predicting the clinical outcome. The diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic headaches were ...
Domitrz Izabela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common neurological disorder, the origins of which remain unknown. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is considered to have a role in migraine. The relationship between migraine and patent foramen ovale may be stronger in patients suffering from migraine with aura compared to patients with common migraine. OBJECTIVES: ...
Ergün U - - 2007
Pain is subjective and pain assessment depends on the patient's self-report. The measurement of pain needs simple tools, especially in patients with low education. There are limited reports about pain assessment in this type of patient. The aims of the present study were to develop a pain scale that is ...
Mathew Ninan T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate predictors of response to botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA; BOTOX, Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) in patients with chronic daily headache (CDH). BACKGROUND: Chronic migraine (CM) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) form the majority of CDH disorders. Controlled trials indicate that BoNTAis effective in reducing the frequency ...
Evans Randolph W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the use of more detailed close-ended questions as part of the routine headache history is helpful when patients initially deny that they are sensitive to light and noise during migraine headaches. BACKGROUND: According to the International Headache Society 2004 criteria, the diagnosis of migraine requires the ...
Maizels Morris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a highly prevalent chronic disorder associated with significant morbidity. Chronic daily headache syndromes, while less common, are less likely to be recognized, and impair quality of life to an even greater extent than episodic migraine. A variety of screening and diagnostic tools for migraine have been proposed ...
Gu Tao - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the metabolite concentration ratios including N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds (Cho) and creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cr) in thalami of patients with migraine without aura, patients with trigeminal neuralgia and healthy comparison subjects using multi-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). METHODS: 1H-MRS was performed with a 3.0 T MR ...
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