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Berdejo Javier - - 2013
-Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography studies have shown that the maximum length of vegetation (MLV) ≥ 10 mm is a predictor of embolic events (EEs) in patients with infective endocarditis (IE). However, 2D measurements probably underestimate the vegetation dimensions. In this study we evaluate the feasibility of real-time three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (RT3DTEE) ...
Ham Nam Seok - - 2013
To determine whether magnified observation of short-segment Barrett's esophagus (BE) is useful for the detection of specialized intestinal metaplasia (SIM). Thirty patients with suspected short-segment BE underwent magnifying endoscopy up to × 80. The magnified images were analyzed with respect to their pit-patterns, which were simultaneously classified into five epithelial ...
Costa Luciano J - - 2013
It is unknown whether clinical characteristics can successfully predict which multiple myeloma (MM) patients would be poor mobilizers (PM) with growth factor (GF) alone so they can be assigned to mobilization with chemotherapy + GF or GF + plerixafor. MM patients (N=477) who underwent autologous mobilization with GF were retrospectively ...
van der Schee M P - - 2013
Exhaled breath contains disease-dependent volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which may serve as biomarkers distinguishing clinical phenotypes in asthma. Their measurement may be particularly beneficial in relation to treatment response. Our aim was to compare the performance of electronic nose (eNose) breath analysis with previously investigated techniques (sputum eosinophils, exhaled nitric ...
Nayak R R Department of Nephrology, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
We studied the accuracy of spot urine protein creatinine ratio (SpUr-PCR) to assess 24 h urine protein excretion (24 h-UP) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). A total of 100 proteinuric CKD patients of stages 3 and 4 were studied. 24 h urine was collected to measure 24 h-UP ...
Coertjens Patrícia Chaves PC Federal University of Piauí, Parnaíba, - - 2013
To compare TLC and RV values obtained by the single-breath helium dilution (SBHD) method with those obtained by whole-body plethysmography (WBP) in patients with normal lung function, patients with obstructive lung disease (OLD), and patients with restrictive lung disease (RLD), varying in severity, and to devise equations to estimate the ...
Sinning Jan-Malte - - 2013
Aims: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a strong but rather late predictor of mortality after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Early clinically useful markers for the detection of AKI and prediction of outcome are needed in order to control and improve management of periprocedural complications after TAVI. The aim of ...
Sang Gao - - 2013
Copeptin reflects the individual stress level, and is correlated with outcomes of critical illness. This study was designed to evaluate its relationship with disease severity, local complications, organ failure and mortality of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). Seventy-eight SAP patients and 78 sex- and age- matched healthy individuals were recruited. Plasma ...
Bustamante Alejandro - - 2013
Chitotriosidase, a component of innate immunity, constitutes a sensitive parameter of macrophage activation and its elevated plasma activity reflects an inflammatory response. Given the deleterious effects of inflammation in brain ischemia, we aimed to assess the prognostic value of chitotriosidase activity in acute stroke patients. The study comprised 159 acute ...
Fenster Brett E - - 2013
Although the "3 beat rule" is widely utiized to discriminate patent foramen ovale (PFO)-mediated right-to-left shunt (RTLS) from intrapulmonary RTLS using saline contrast transthoracic echocardiography (SCE), SCE diagnostic performance has yet to be validated using an invasive intracardiac standard. Percutaneous PFO occluder placement was recently shown to ameliorate hypoxia in ...
Nemoto Takuya - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to determine if routine clinical measures can predict the presence and severity of ultrasound synovitis in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. Bilateral 1-5 MCP (metacarpopharangeal) and wrist joints were examined using power Doppler (PD) ultrasound (US). Correlations between PD scores and routine clinical measures of ...
Nakao Jolene H - - 2013
Jolt accentuation or exacerbation of a baseline headache with horizontal rotation of the neck is a physical finding believed to assess for meningeal irritation. We conducted a prospective observational study of neurologically intact emergency department (ED) patients undergoing lumbar puncture in 2 inner city academic EDs to validate the sensitivity ...
Wong Grace Lai-Hung - - 2013
CU-HCC score is accurate to predict hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients. However, diagnosis of cirrhosis may be incorrect based on ultrasonography, leading to some errors in HCC prediction. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of LSM-HCC score, refined from CU-HCC score with liver stiffness measurement ...
Chen Chien-Lin - - 2013
Abstract Objective. Ineffective esophageal motility is frequently found in patients with gastroesophageal reflux diseases. Secondary peristalsis contributes to esophageal acid clearance. Mosapride improves gastrointestinal (GI) motility by acting on 5-hydroxytrypatamine4 receptors. The authors aimed to evaluate the effect of mosapride on secondary peristalsis in patients with ineffective esophageal motility. Material ...
Wang Xianwei - - 2013
The CKD-EPI (Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration) creatinine equation estimates glomerular filtration rate (GFR) more precisely than the MDRD (Modification of Diet in Renal Disease) Study equation. The risk implications of this equation have been compared with the MDRD Study equation in different demographic and clinical characteristics. However, whether a ...
Aatif Taoufiq T Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Renal Transplantation, Mohammed V Military Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mohammed V-Souissi University, Rabat - - - 2014
Background: Quantification of hemodialysis became more accurate and easier after the advent of ionic dialysance and the use of methods for estimating urea distribution volume (V). The aim of this study was to compare different methods of hemodialysis dose assessment: Kt/VDau (Daugirdas 
2nd generation), Kt/VOCM (Kt by OCM (Online Clearance ...
Mejaddam Ali Y - - 2013
Heart rate complexity (HRC), commonly described as a "new vital sign," has shown promise in predicting injury severity, but its use in clinical practice has been precluded by the absence of real-time data. This study was conducted to evaluate the utility of real-time, automated, instantaneous, hand-held heart rate entropy analysis ...
Talbot Renée - - 2013
To evaluate the accuracy of the visual field index (VFI) for the Humphrey Visual Field Analyzer in a population of patients with mild to moderate glaucoma. Retrospective cohort study. The study included 42 patients (61 eyes) with at least 11 years of follow-up, and annual automated visual fields (VFs). Patients ...
Kumar Kirthi R - - 2013
A causal relationship between oxyntic glands dilatation with protruding parietal cells, referred to as proton pump inhibitor (PPI) effects, and PPI use has been suspected but not established. We designed this study to evaluate the association between these changes and the use of PPIs and histamine2-receptor blockers (H2-blockers). We obtained ...
Melo Miguel - - 2013
Context:Thyroglobulin (Tg) levels measured at the time of remnant ablation after thyroid hormone withdrawal (THW) were shown to have prognostic value in predicting disease-free status.Objectives:To determine if stimulated Tg levels, measured at the time of remnant ablation performed under recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) stimulation, has value in predicting absence of ...
Pratt Arthur G - - 2013
Analyses of large clinical datasets from early arthritis cohorts permit the development of algorithms that may be used for outcome prediction in individual patients. The value added by routine use of musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) in an early arthritis setting, as a component of such predictive algorithms, remains to be determined. ...
Kang Seok Hui - - 2013
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate regression equations correcting estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and the clinical significance of the corrected eGFRs calculated using these equations. Patients and Methods: The authors determined how well corrected eGFR values calculated using regression equations predict residual renal function (RRF). Results: ...
Ciaccio Edward J - - 2013
When atrial fibrillation (AF) is incessant, imaging during a prolonged ventricular RR interval may improve image quality. It was hypothesized that long RR intervals could be predicted from preceding RR values. From the PhysioNet database, electrocardiogram RR intervals were obtained from 74 persistent AF patients. An RR interval lengthened by ...
Shin Hyun Wook - - 2013
The measurement of fecal elastas-1 in stools is a sensitive and relatively inexpensive noninvasive test. The aim of this study was to study fecal elastase levels in patients who develop pancreatic leakage after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) to determine if fecal elastase level can be used to predict patients at high risk ...
Hsu Jeremy Ming - - 2013
Military and civilian data would suggest that hemostatic resuscitation results in improved outcomes for exsanguinating patients. However, identification of those patients who are at risk of significant hemorrhage is not clearly defined. We attempted to identify factors that would predict the need for massive transfusion (MT) in an Australasian trauma ...
Rajappa M - - 2013
Systemic embolism is a serious and sometime fatal complication of rheumatic MS. We assessed the predictive power of D-Dimer level to predict occurrence of left atrial (LA) thrombi in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS). D-dimer levels were analyzed for 24 patients with rheumatic MS with LA clot and 22 ...
Chardoli Mojtaba M Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. - - 2013
As a significant number of patients diagnosed with transient ischemic attack (TIA) at emergency department are at risk to develop TIA or cerebral vascular accident (CVA), several attempts have been made to figure out a predictive method to detect those at higher risk of such attacks. We aimed to evaluate ...
Shamir Eyal Zvi - - 2013
Since abnormalities in distal upper limb development are among the minor physical anomalies associated with schizophrenia we attempted to determine whether patients with schizophrenia can be identified on the basis of specific morphologic and dermatoglyphic features of the hand. Photographs and prints of the hands of 38 patients with schizophrenia ...
Celikbilek Mehmet - - 2013
To evaluate the efficacy of the aspartate aminotransferase/platelet ratio index (APRI) and neutrophil-lymphocyte (N/L) ratio to predict liver damage in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We analyzed 89 patients diagnosed with CHB by percutaneous liver biopsy and 43 healthy subjects. Liver biopsy materials were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome. Patients' ...
Day Gregory S - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Noninvasive measures of activity within intrinsic brain networks may be clinically relevant, providing a marker of neurodegenerative disease and predicting clinical behaviors. OBJECTIVE To correlate baseline resting-state measures within the salience network and changes in behavior among patients with frontotemporal dementia. DESIGN Baseline resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data ...
Ludvigsson Jonas F - - 2013
Celiac disease (CD) is a lifelong immune-mediated disease with excess mortality. Early diagnosis is important to minimize disease symptoms, complications, and consumption of healthcare resources. Most patients remain undiagnosed. We developed two electronic medical record (EMR)-based algorithms to identify patients at high risk of CD and in need of CD ...
Wilson Jefferson R - - 2013
Study Design. Systematic Review and Survey.Objective. To perform an evidence synthesis of the literature and obtain information from the global spine-care community assessing the frequency, timing and predictors of symptom development in patients with radiographic evidence of cervical spinal cord compression, spinal canal narrowing, and/or ossification of posterior longitudinal ligament ...
Pavlov-Dolijanovic Slavica R - - 2013
The aim of this study is to assess the prognostic value of major provisional criteria for the development of systemic sclerosis (SSc) in primary Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) patients. We retrospectively studied the chart of 497 patients with primary RP in whom anticentromere (ACA) and antitopoisomerase I (ATA) antibodies tests and ...
Miao Wenli - - 2013
We assessed the ability of bispectral index (BIS) to predict clinical outcome (dead or alive within 2 weeks). In total, 90 coma patients with severe brain injuries underwent BIS monitoring, and serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) and S100 protein levels were assayed within the first 3 days of admission. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) ...
Magro Fernando - - 2013
Infliximab (IFX) is effective in treating Crohn's disease (CD) and C-reactive protein (CRP) is a useful biomarker in assessing inflammatory activity. Correlate CRP levels before beginning of IFX, at week 14 and CRP delta within the first year of IFX treatment. Retrospective study of CD patients undergoing treatment with IFX. ...
Bartoli Carlo R - - 2013
We describe a 36-year-old male with a HeartWare LVAD and a Medtronic Virtuoso DR pacemaker in whom increased intrathoracic impedance preceded suction events, low LVAD flows, symptoms of a heart failure exacerbation, and hospitalization. Measurement of intrathoracic impedance may identify fluid shifts prior to symptoms and predict adverse events in ...
Sirin Nermin G - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to analyze electrophysiological properties of four main stages of ictal patterns of patients with operated temporal lobe epilepsy related to hippocampal sclerosis. We included 48 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy-hippocampal sclerosis. Seizures were classified according to their electrophysiological properties and surgical outcomes as seizure-free ...
Ver Hoef Lawrence W - - 2013
Asymmetry of hippocampal internal architecture (HIA) clarity has been suggested to be a sign of hippocampal sclerosis (HS) and is frequently associated with other MRI findings of HS. The goal of this work is to use a previously developed HIA visual scoring system (Ver Hoef et al., 2013) to quantify ...
Jian Wenhua - - 2013
Several criteria are clinically applied in the assessment of significant bronchodilator responsiveness in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The present study aimed to investigate the differences in various degree of severity of COPD among these criteria. After 400 micrograms of salbutamol administered via spacer by metered dose inhaler (MDI), forced ...
Bilello John F JF Community Regional Medical Center, Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco-Fresno Campus, Fresno, California 93721, USA. - - 2013
The need for reintubation after weaning from mechanical ventilation (extubation failure) is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In blunt trauma patients with pulmonary contusion, factors predicting successful weaning have not been reliably defined. The purpose of this study was to identify criteria predicting successful extubation in these patients. Retrospective ...
Liu Xiaochun X University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX 77030, - - 2013
There are no identified clinical markers that reliably predict long-term progression of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in systemic sclerosis (SSc; scleroderma). Elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) levels have been reported in SSc patients. We examined the predictive significance of CRP level for long-term ILD progression in a large early SSc cohort. ...
Huang Yu-Hui - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between scintigraphy and videofluoroscopy (VFS) in swallowing evaluation and the ability of scintigraphy to predict penetration/aspiration in VFS. This is a case-control study enrolling 50 patients with dysphagia who received scintigraphy and VFS and 18 age-matched control subjects who received ...
Xue Yang - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term prognostic utility of mid-region prohormone adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) in stable outpatients with heart failure (HF). Echocardiogram and serum for MR-proADM and BNP levels were obtained in 724 stable outpatients. These patients were followed for up to 6 years for the primary ...
Zhang Zhaocai - - 2013
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPPA) is an emerging biomarker used in various medical fields but has yet to be evaluated in critical care medicine. This study evaluates the value of PAPPA as a biomarker in predicting myocardial dysfunction and 28-day mortality in patients with severe sepsis. Serum concentrations of PAPPA ...
Zhang Rui - - 2013
Hodgkin disease (HD) and medulloblastoma (MB) are common malignancies found in children and young adults, and radiotherapy is part of the standard treatment. It was reported that these patients who received radiation therapy have an increased risk of cardiovascular late effects. We compared the predicted risk of developing radiogenic cardiac ...
Carvalho H N - - 2013
Abstract Aims: Analyze the capacity of ICO, the ratio of waist circumference (WC) and height, in predicting hemodynamic impairment in Erectile Dysfunction (ED) patients, independently and integrated in Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) definitions. Methods: Four hundred and eighty-five ED patients followed in Urology consult from January 2008 until March 2012 were ...
Huntgeburth Michael - - 2013
To determine neurologic outcome in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) and treatment with mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH). Seventy-three consecutive OHCA patients treated with MTH were retrospectively analyzed. Serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) was measured 24, 48, and 72 h after admission. In patients with no motor response 48 h after termination of ...
Ookawara Susumu S Department of Internal Medicine, Nishikawa Town Hospital, Yamagata, - - 2014
Colloid osmotic pressure (COP) is important in calculating vascular permeability during hemodialysis (HD). However, few reports have directly measured COP in HD patients. Therefore, the currently published formulas may not be clinically optimal for predicting COP for HD patients. Here, the study aims were (i) to directly measure COP in ...
Diaz-Ledezma C - - 2013
Orthopaedic surgeons have accepted various radiological signs to be representative of acetabular retroversion, which is the main characteristic of focal over-coverage in patients with femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). Using a validated method for radiological analysis, we assessed the relevance of these signs to predict intra-articular lesions in 93 patients undergoing surgery for ...
Yen Yi-Hao - - 2013
Whether serum proteome changes can predict treatment response in chronic hepatitis C remains unclear. We investigated the association between serum proteome changes and virological responses in chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1b (HCV-1b) patients treated with pegylated interferon (PegIFN) plus ribavirin (RBV). One hundred and thirty-six HCV-1b patients who had ...
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