Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1251
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Gu Tao - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the metabolite concentration ratios including N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds (Cho) and creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cr) in thalami of patients with migraine without aura, patients with trigeminal neuralgia and healthy comparison subjects using multi-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). METHODS: 1H-MRS was performed with a 3.0 T MR ...
Debes Anette - - 2007
PURPOSE: Following the approval of Octagam in 1995, an open prospective observational cohort study has been initiated to observe the tolerability of the intravenous immunoglobulin Octagam. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term safety profile of Octagam in daily use in the treatment of various primary (PID) and secondary (SID) ...
Artto V - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of triptans in patients who suffer from familial or sporadic hemiplegic migraine. Seventy-six subjects had used triptans at least once as an abortive treatment. Average triptan response was 6.9 (SD +/-3.1) and adverse event severity 4.9 (SD ...
Ertas Mustafa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neuromuscular transmission (NMT) of the patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) using single fiber electromyography (SFEMG). BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of TGA remains unknown and several elements support the hypothesis of a shared background with migraine. Recent studies showed that some migraineurs have subclinical abnormalities of NMT ...
Cha Yoon-Hee - - 2007
The interrelations of migraine and vertigo are complex, eluding a simple localization either centrally or peripherally. Spontaneous episodic vertigo, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and Meniere's disease all occur more frequently in patients with migraine than in those without. Family studies support a hereditary predisposition to migraine associated vertigo. In this ...
Sostak Petra - - 2007
The objective of this open single-centre study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of botulinum toxin type-A (BTX-A) as add-on in the prophylactic treatment of cluster headache (CH). Twelve male patients with episodic (n=3) or chronic (n=9) CH, unresponsive to common prophylactic medications, were treated with a cumulative dose ...
Rocha-Filho Pedro A S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate jaw movements and the masticatory muscle in patients who underwent craniotomy for treatment of cerebral aneurysm. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. RESULTS: There were 71 patients evaluated between 4 and 6 months after craniotomy, by means of a systematized approach. Their mean ...
Lo Y L - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Although controversy exists with regard to the presence of hypoexcitability versus hyperexcitability of the visual cortex in migraine patients, there remain a group who do not perceive phosphenes (P-). However, its clinical implications have not been systematically addressed. In this study, we hypothesize that P- patients classified as migraine ...
Cohen Anna S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High dose verapamil is an increasingly common preventive treatment in cluster headache (CH). Side effects include atrioventricular block and bradycardia, although their incidence in this population is not clear. METHOD: This audit study assessed the incidence of arrhythmias on high dose verapamil in patients with cluster headache. RESULTS: Of ...
Zanchin G - - 2007
Intolerance to smell is often reported by migraine patients. This study evaluates osmophobia in connection with the diagnosis of migraine and episodic tension-type headache (ETTH). The characteristics of this symptom are also investigated. We recruited from our Headache Centre 1005 patients (772 female, 233 male; age 37 +/- 11 years), ...
Dworkin Robert H - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the healthcare costs of acute and chronic pain associated with herpes zoster. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient care. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were selected from Medicare, commercial insurance, and Medicaid claims databases if they had a diagnosis of herpes zoster or postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) or were ...
McMillan H J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This critical review provides a summary of the clinical presentation, neuroimaging, treatment and prognosis in pediatric ophthalmoplegic migraine (OM). The features of OM are not in keeping with its classification as a migraine-variant. METHOD: We review 3 new and 37 reported pediatric OM cases. RESULTS: Headache was an inconsistent ...
Trigylidas T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Chiari I malformations (CMI) involve pathological hindbrain abnormalities reported to be correlated with a hypoplastic posterior fossa. CMI was traditionally characterized by the downward herniation of the cerebellar tonsils with a descent of 5 mm or more below the foramen magnum. The fullness of the cisterna magna and CSF ...
Biehl K - - 2007
In order to investigate the comorbidity of migraine and headache associated with sexual activity (HSA), we performed a case-control study based on migraine patients. By means of a questionnaire and a personal interview, 100 migraine patients and 100 control subjects were examined regarding a diagnosis of HSA. In five subjects ...
Schankin C J - - 2007
Eighty-five brain tumour patients were examined for further characteristics of brain tumour-associated headache. The overall prevalence of headache in this population was 60%, but headache was the sole symptom in only 2%. Pain was generally dull, of moderate intensity, and not specifically localized. Nearly 40% met the criteria of tension-type ...
Vanmolkot F H - - 2007
Interictal serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured in 50 young adult patients with migraine and compared with 50 controls. The median CRP level was 1.42 mg/l in patients with migraine and 0.90 mg/l in controls (P = 0.03). This finding supports the role of inflammation in migraine, but needs confirmation ...
Radhakrishnan Ravi S - - 2007
We compared the morbidity of patients with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) with that in patients with all other respiratory conditions treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (no MAS). If ECMO for MAS was associated with a lower complication rate, then relaxed ECMO entry criteria could be considered. A retrospective review ...
Coban A - - 2007
The aim was to investigate neuromuscular transmission (NMT) by single-fibre EMG (SFEMG) in a large series of patients having migraine with aura (MA) or cluster headache (CH). Recent studies using SFEMG have shown subclinical dysfunction of NMT in MA and CH. Forty-three patients having MA, 51 with CH and 38 ...
Jardine D L - - 2007
Eight elderly patients with postural hypotension who presented with transient ischaemic attacks are reported. Six patients underwent head-up tilt testing with continuous blood pressure monitoring. During tilt, postural hypotension was found in five patients and in three patients transient ischaemic attacks were reproduced. Postural hypotension is probably a rare cause ...
Takagi K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic headache after whiplash injury is common, but the underlying mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. On the basis of human neuroanatomy, we hypothesize that rear-end collision can cause leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) into the epidural space most frequently at the lumbosacral level, inducing chronic headache. METHODS: ...
Shammas Nicolas W - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Recent data suggest that percutaneous closure of interatrial septal defect (IASD) is associated with a reduction in the intensity, frequency and duration of migraine headaches. In this study we review our own data to determine if we can reproduce the relationship between IASD closure in patients with a history ...
Al-Qattan M M - - 2007
In a prospective study of 50 adult patients with primary idiopathic trigger finger, four patients (8%) required simultaneous division of the proximal 3 to 4mm of the A2 pulley as well as the A1 pulley in order to completely resolve the triggering. At final follow up at 6 to 12 ...
Moschiano F - - 2007
Changes in cerebral white matter at CT or MRI have been reported in patients with migraine, especially in those with migraine with aura. Similar pictures may be present in asymptomatic subjects, and their nature is not completely understood, but their infarct-like nature is strongly suggested. Clinicians play an important role ...
Kim Dong-Min - - 2007
Eschar is an important finding for the diagnosis of scrub typhus. The IFA test for possible scrub typhus was performed. The presence or absence of eschar was thoroughly examined. Among the 176 scrub typhus cases confirmed by IFA, 162 (92.0%) cases had eschar; 128 patients (79.5%) had eschars on the ...
Kong Doo-Sik - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the incidence, character, and outcome of headache in patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms who had been treated to avoid the risk of rupture. BACKGROUND: There are a variety of clinical manifestations associated with unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Among them, chronic headache is ...
Leira Rogelio - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) in migraine during headache and asymptomatic periods. METHODS: Thirty-four patients with migraine with and without aura (according to International Headache Society criteria) were studied. Clinical characteristic of headache were recorded. Blood samples for measurement of MMP-9 were drawn during headache ...
Ng-Mak Daisy S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: While treating migraine early when the headache is mild is believed to link to improved treatment outcomes, it is not clear whether patients can correctly self-identify a headache as a migraine at onset in real-world settings. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to assess the likelihood that patients can correctly self-identify ...
Demetriades Andreas K AK Department of Neurosurgery, St George's Hospital, London, England, - - 2007
44-year-old man presented to his local emergency department wearing a baseball cap and complaining of headaches that had progressively worsened over the preceding 11 weeks. After we provided generous analgesia and performed simple investigations that failed to identify a diagnosis, the patient removed his cap to reveal an assortment of ...
Schoonman G G - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although mental stress is commonly considered to be an important trigger factor for migraine, experimental evidence for this belief is yet lacking. OBJECTIVE: To study the temporal relationship between changes in stress-related parameters (both subjective and objective) and the onset of a migraine attack. METHODS: This was a prospective, ...
Donnet A - - 2007
Cluster headache (CH) is a relatively rare disease and episodic CH is more frequent than chronic CH. Few studies have described the characteristics of patients with chronic CH. This was a descriptive study carried out by eight tertiary care specialist headache centres in France participating in the Observatory of Migraine ...
Obermann M - - 2007
Epidemiological data on trigeminal unilateral autonomic symptoms in patients with migraine are scarce. The authors wanted to provide a population-based evaluation of the prevalence of unilateral autonomic features in migraine patients and an assessment of the expression of unilaterality of autonomic symptoms and head pain in patients with UAs compared ...
Ellrich J - - 2007
Craniofacial nociceptive processing in patients (n = 25) suffering from unilateral cluster headache was assessed by laser-evoked cortical potentials (LEPs). Latencies and amplitudes of late (N2, P2) and middle-latency (N1) LEPs were measured in chronic (CCH, n = 9) and episodic cluster headache (ECH, n = 17). In CCH patients ...
Li Ho Lun - - 2007
We evaluated the efficacy and safety of topiramate for migraine prophylaxis among Chinese patients in a multicenter prospective observational study. We found that topiramate at low doses was effective in preventing migraine headache in Chinese patients and was generally well tolerated. There was no difference in baseline headache frequency or ...
Burns Brian - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cluster headache is a form of primary headache that features repeated attacks of excruciatingly severe headache usually occurring several times a day. Patients with chronic cluster headache have unremitting illness that necessitates daily preventive medical treatment for years. When medically intractable, the condition has previously been treatable only with ...
Schwedt T J - - 2007
Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) may be effective for the treatment of headaches that are recalcitrant to medical therapy. The objective of this study was to determine if response to occipital nerve block (ONB) predicts response to ONS in patients with chronic, medically intractable headaches. We evaluated 15 patients who underwent ...
Chelimsky Thomas C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is associated with migraine, and migraine in turn is associated with orthostatic tachycardia, few studies have explored the association of CVS and autonomic dysfunction. We describe the results of autonomic testing in 6 children with characteristic CVS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: All patients fully met ...
Staab Jeffrey P - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To improve treatment outcomes for patients with chronic dizziness by identifying clinical conditions associated with persistent symptoms and delineating key diagnostic features that differentiate its causes and direct attention to specific treatments. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study from 1998 to 2004. SETTING: Tertiary care balance center. PATIENTS: A total of ...
Ozdemir Davut - - 2007
Tularemia caused by Francisella tularensis, which is considered a biological warfare agent, is a widely distributed zoonosis. In this study, we aimed to compare a 2005 outbreak of tularemia that was confirmed as waterborne by PCR to outbreak of tularemia that was reported as waterborne in 2000 and to investigate ...
Scarrone S - - 2007
It has been previously shown from our laboratory that abnormal functioning of Na/K ATPase can cause spreading depression, the likely mechanism of migraine aura. We used lymphocytes to investigate whether or not membrane Na/K ATPase is altered in migraine with aura patients. Lymphocytes were prepared from such patients, aged 20-45 ...
Lai T H - - 2007
The incidence and clinical relevance of subdural haematoma (SDH) in patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) remain undetermined. We reviewed 40 consecutive SIH patients (18 female, 22 male) in a tertiary hospital. Eight (20%) of them had SDH and nine (23%), non-haemorrhagic subdural collections. The presence of SDH was associated ...
Kong Doo-Sik - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Some patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) often do not demonstrate typical orthostatic headache, which is contrary to the typical SIH syndrome. They usually have an obscure and intermittent headache, regardless of their positional change. OBJECT: The objective of this study is to investigate the clinical course of atypical ...
Tembl Jose - - 2007
Little information exists about a causal association between PFO and migraine. Some patients identify Valsalva-provoking activities (VPA) as migraine triggers. Therefore, we speculate about a pathogenic connection. The object of the study is to investigate the prevalence of right-to-left shunt (RLS) in a cohort of patients suffering migraine with aura ...
Fernández-de-las-Peñas C - - 2007
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether nummular headache (NH) patients show increased pericranial tenderness in relation to healthy subjects, and to compare pericranial tenderness between both NH and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) patients. Three tenderness (total, cephalic and neck) scores were objectively and blinded assessed in ...
Ashkenazi A - - 2007
Cutaneous allodynia is common in migraine. In the majority of previous studies on allodynia in migraine, only patients with episodic migraine (EM) were included. Little is known on patterns of allodynia in chronic migraine (CM). Since the presence of allodynia is associated with a poor response to triptans, a clinically ...
Degirmenci Bumin - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the diffusion-weighted MRI changes, apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values, and conventional MRI findings in specific brain areas during migraine attacks in patients with and without aura. METHODS: Included in the study were 22 patients (2 male, 20 female) aged between 17 and 49 years who were diagnosed ...
Sánchez-Román S - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess the personality profile of a sample of Mexican patients with migraine using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). A cross-sectional study was performed including adult migraine patients identified from the outpatient neurology clinics of two large teaching hospitals in Mexico City. Patients ...
Tănăsescu R - - 2007
The antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is defined by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL), associated with thrombosis or recurrent spontaneous abortions. APS can occur alone or secondary to other conditions, especially associated to inflammatory systemic autoimmune diseases. Among the neurological manifestations associated with aPL, only ischemic stroke is recognized by the ...
García-Leiva Juan M - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Tenderness and referred pain have been described in migraine and involved in its pathogenesis. The present study was performed to evaluate the prophylactic effectiveness of ropivacaine injections during a 12-week period. INTERVENTIONS: A total of 52 patients agreed to participate in the study. Trigger points were explored by manual ...
Couppé Christian - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Myofascial pain syndromes due to trigger points (TrPs) are clinical entities, but more evidence is needed to evaluate TrP palpation. Chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) is the most prevalent chronic headache with high socioeconomic costs. The primary aim was to study whether TrP palpation can distinguish patients with headache patients ...
Onat Ahmet Mesut - - 2007
Familial Mediterranean Fever (FMF) is characterized by recurrent acute attacks of fever and serositis, and colchicine is the primary treatment. The pathogenesis of the disease has not been fully understood. Resistance to colchicine remains to be a problem in up to 30% of the patients and yet there seems to ...
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