Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1284
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Verdelho A - - 2008
We aimed to describe and classify headaches associated with acute stroke, by interviewing patients consecutively admitted to a stroke unit using a validated headache questionnaire and the International Classification of Headache Disorders of the International Headache Society (IHS). One hundred and twenty-four patients (61% ischaemic and 39% haemorrhagic stroke) reported ...
Nitzan Dorrit W - - 2008
PURPOSE: Much reported variation and discord exist regarding mandibular condylar hyperplasia (CH). This study evaluated some of the characteristics of this disorder in a series of 61 patients with active CH. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 61 patients with active temporomandibular CH who had been evaluated in our departments ...
Liberman Anatoly - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To determine the pathogenesis and course of transient focal neurologic symptoms in pregnant women and to identify prognostic variables that will enable targeted workup. DESIGN: Case-control series. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Pregnant patients with acute transient focal neurologic symptoms. Women with histories of migraine, recurrent thromboembolism, or ...
Rojana-udomsart Arada - - 2008
Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis is a rare chronic inflammatory process of unknown origin that can cause neurological deficits owing to thickening of the dura. Patients with this condition commonly present with cranial neuropathy accompanied by localized headache. The clinical features, neuroimaging findings, histopathological features and treatment outcomes for three patients ...
Vincent M B - - 2009
The digiti quinti sign (DQS) was described as an indication of mild hemiparesis. It consists of a wider space between the fourth and fifth fingers at the affected side when the patient extends both arms horizontally to the front with the palms down. The three successively examined sporadic hemiplegic migraine ...
Kaniecki Robert - - 2008
Migraine is a debilitating condition characterized by a cycle of painful headaches and headache-related symptoms interspersed with periods of worry, distress, and apprehension. The negative impact of migraine on patient functioning, workplace productivity, and other daily activities has been demonstrated through the use of a variety of clinician- and patient-reported ...
Tuncel Deniz - - 2008
Migraine is the most common neurological disorder, but the molecular basis is still not completely understood. An impairment of mitochondrial oxidative metabolism might play a role in the pathophysiology. The goal of this study was to investigate the differences in oxidative stress status with the measurement of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase ...
Epelly Florence Deshusses - - 2008
It was suspected that the delusional convictions of bewitchment and devil persecution of two female patients (41 and 40-years-old) could be the consequence of an erroneous interpretation of the sensations induced by panic attacks, as several authors have previously suggested. The interest of this case report stems from the manner ...
Farronato G - - 2008
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the usefulness of rapid palatal expansion in growing patients to eliminate the nasal pyramid stenosis as a cause of primary headache. Patients were invited to participate in the clinical study at the University of Milan, Department of Orthodontics. Forty-one growing patients of ...
Calandre Elena P - - 2008
Active myofascial trigger points (MTrPs) have been found to contribute to chronic tension-type headache and migraine. The purpose of this case series was to examine if active trigger points (TrPs) provoking cluster-type referred pain could be found in cluster headache patients and, if so, to evaluate the effectiveness of active ...
Coppola Francesca - - 2008
Language disturbances have been previously described as word-finding difficulties in epileptic patients. These disturbances have been recently reported in migraineurs in treatment with topiramate but they have never been defined and assessed in these patients with the aid of neuropsychological testing. To verify the occurrence of language disturbances as a ...
Lovati Carlo - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate allodynia in patients with different primary headaches. BACKGROUND: Many migraineurs have allodynia during headache attacks; some may have allodynia outside attacks; allodynia may also be associated with other primary headaches. METHODS: A total of 260 consecutive primary headache patients presenting for the first time at a headache ...
Iwasaki Shinichi - - 2007
CONCLUSION: Lomerizine, a calcium channel blocker, may be effective as a treatment for migraine-associated vertigo (MAV). Objective. To determine the clinical characteristics of patients with MAV in Japan and the effectiveness of lomerizine. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review carried out in a university hospital of 33 ...
Coelho Fernando Morgadinho Santos - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown a high prevalence of migraine among narcoleptic patients. HLA-DQB1*0602 and HLA DRB1 alleles are closely associated with narcolepsy. An increase in the HLA-DRB1 allele frequency in patients with visual aura has raised greater awareness of the genetic background in migraine. PURPOSE: Since the regions DR and ...
Maizels Morris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic migraine and chronic daily headache syndromes have greater morbidity than patients with episodic migraine, and are less frequently diagnosed. A screening tool which identifies daily headache syndromes as well as migraine would promote more patients receiving appropriate treatment, including prophylaxis. METHODS: A post-hoc analysis of data ...
Rossi Cristiana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chronic migraine (CM) and medication-overuse headaches (MOH) are well-recognized disabling conditions affecting a significant portion of the headache population attending centers specialized in treating headaches. A dysfunctioning of the serotonergic system has been demonstrated in MOH and CM patients. Here we report on our assessment of the dysfunctioning of ...
Vuković Vlasta - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the lifetime prevalence of vertigo and dizziness in patients with migraine as compared with controls and to establish the lifetime prevalence of migrainous vertigo. BACKGROUND: Dizziness and vertigo are relatively frequent complaints in general population; however, the prevalence of migrainous vertigo ...
Mueller Loretta L - - 2007
Headache is one of the chief complaints among patients visiting primary care physicians. Diagnosis begins with exclusion of secondary causes for headache. More than 90% of patients will have a primary-type headache, so diagnosis can often be completed without further testing. Although tension-type headaches are the most common kind of ...
Baumann C R - - 2007
Patients fulfilling the essential criteria for restless legs syndrome (RLS), but in whom the response to conventional dopaminergic treatment and the presence of periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) are lacking, are occasionally encountered. The aim of this study was to systematically characterize this population. In a consecutive series of ...
Schulz U G - - 2007
Previous studies suggest an abnormal cerebral cortical energy metabolism in migraineurs. If causally related to the pathophysiology of migraine, these abnormalities might show a dose-response relationship with the duration and severity of aura symptoms. While such a trend has been suggested in phosphorus spectroscopy (31P-MRS) studies, it has not been ...
Baslo M B - - 2007
The aim of this study was to delineate any dysfunction of neuromuscular transmission (NMT) by single-fibre electromyography (SFEMG) in some rare types of migraine. Recent studies have shown subclinical dysfunction of NMT in migraine with aura and cluster headache by using SFEMG, whereas another recent study has shown NMT to ...
Frese A - - 2007
The aim of this study was to provide data on the prognosis and treatment options of headache associated with sexual activity (HSA). Sixty patients diagnosed with HSA between 1996 and 2004 were followed up between 2003 and 2006 at least 12 months after the first interview. The further course of ...
Tatlidede Asli Demirta? - - 2007
Recent evidence supports that the prevalence of patent foramen ovale is higher in patients with migraine with aura. We conducted a case-control study and searched for intra-atrial right to left shunt in 53 patients with migraine. PFO was detected by means of transthoracic echocardiography with administration of contrast medium during ...
Hu Xingyue - - 2007
CONTEXT: In previous studies, patients with migraine and tension-type headaches have shown asymmetries at the central nervous system level. AIMS: Hence we would like to figure out whether the lateral cerebral dominance might be more pronounced in the line bisection performance with these patients. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Patients were enrolled ...
Gologorsky Yakov - - 2007
This is the first report of a cerebellar cryptococcoma in a previously healthy, HIV-negative child. Cryptococcus neoformans is an opportunistic fungus that typically affects patients who are HIV-positive and other patients with compromised immune systems. Isolated cryptococcomas of the central nervous system (CNS) have been previously described in immunocompetent adults; ...
Boz Cavit - - 2007
The purpose of the present study was to assess a group of patients with chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) and control subjects using the personality questionnaire proposed by Cloninger and to determine possible changes in the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) patterns of CTTH patients after therapy with serotonergic antidepressants. Forty-five ...
Linder Steven L - - 2007
Post-traumatic headaches as well as post-traumatic syndrome can occur in patients after mild, moderate, or severe traumatic brain injury. Most of the patients' symptoms clear within the first 3 to 6 months; however, there are no precise criteria for predicting the clinical outcome. The diagnostic criteria for post-traumatic headaches were ...
Domitrz Izabela - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common neurological disorder, the origins of which remain unknown. Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is considered to have a role in migraine. The relationship between migraine and patent foramen ovale may be stronger in patients suffering from migraine with aura compared to patients with common migraine. OBJECTIVES: ...
Ergün U - - 2007
Pain is subjective and pain assessment depends on the patient's self-report. The measurement of pain needs simple tools, especially in patients with low education. There are limited reports about pain assessment in this type of patient. The aims of the present study were to develop a pain scale that is ...
Mathew Ninan T - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate predictors of response to botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA; BOTOX, Allergan Inc., Irvine, CA, USA) in patients with chronic daily headache (CDH). BACKGROUND: Chronic migraine (CM) and chronic tension-type headache (CTTH) form the majority of CDH disorders. Controlled trials indicate that BoNTAis effective in reducing the frequency ...
Evans Randolph W - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the use of more detailed close-ended questions as part of the routine headache history is helpful when patients initially deny that they are sensitive to light and noise during migraine headaches. BACKGROUND: According to the International Headache Society 2004 criteria, the diagnosis of migraine requires the ...
Maizels Morris - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Migraine is a highly prevalent chronic disorder associated with significant morbidity. Chronic daily headache syndromes, while less common, are less likely to be recognized, and impair quality of life to an even greater extent than episodic migraine. A variety of screening and diagnostic tools for migraine have been proposed ...
Gu Tao - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the metabolite concentration ratios including N-acetylaspartate (NAA), choline-containing compounds (Cho) and creatine plus phosphocreatine (Cr) in thalami of patients with migraine without aura, patients with trigeminal neuralgia and healthy comparison subjects using multi-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS). METHODS: 1H-MRS was performed with a 3.0 T MR ...
Debes Anette - - 2007
PURPOSE: Following the approval of Octagam in 1995, an open prospective observational cohort study has been initiated to observe the tolerability of the intravenous immunoglobulin Octagam. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term safety profile of Octagam in daily use in the treatment of various primary (PID) and secondary (SID) ...
Artto V - - 2007
The objective of this study was to investigate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of triptans in patients who suffer from familial or sporadic hemiplegic migraine. Seventy-six subjects had used triptans at least once as an abortive treatment. Average triptan response was 6.9 (SD +/-3.1) and adverse event severity 4.9 (SD ...
Ertas Mustafa - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the neuromuscular transmission (NMT) of the patients with transient global amnesia (TGA) using single fiber electromyography (SFEMG). BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of TGA remains unknown and several elements support the hypothesis of a shared background with migraine. Recent studies showed that some migraineurs have subclinical abnormalities of NMT ...
Cha Yoon-Hee - - 2007
The interrelations of migraine and vertigo are complex, eluding a simple localization either centrally or peripherally. Spontaneous episodic vertigo, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, and Meniere's disease all occur more frequently in patients with migraine than in those without. Family studies support a hereditary predisposition to migraine associated vertigo. In this ...
Sostak Petra - - 2007
The objective of this open single-centre study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of botulinum toxin type-A (BTX-A) as add-on in the prophylactic treatment of cluster headache (CH). Twelve male patients with episodic (n=3) or chronic (n=9) CH, unresponsive to common prophylactic medications, were treated with a cumulative dose ...
Rocha-Filho Pedro A S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate jaw movements and the masticatory muscle in patients who underwent craniotomy for treatment of cerebral aneurysm. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. RESULTS: There were 71 patients evaluated between 4 and 6 months after craniotomy, by means of a systematized approach. Their mean ...
Lo Y L - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Although controversy exists with regard to the presence of hypoexcitability versus hyperexcitability of the visual cortex in migraine patients, there remain a group who do not perceive phosphenes (P-). However, its clinical implications have not been systematically addressed. In this study, we hypothesize that P- patients classified as migraine ...
Cohen Anna S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: High dose verapamil is an increasingly common preventive treatment in cluster headache (CH). Side effects include atrioventricular block and bradycardia, although their incidence in this population is not clear. METHOD: This audit study assessed the incidence of arrhythmias on high dose verapamil in patients with cluster headache. RESULTS: Of ...
Zanchin G - - 2007
Intolerance to smell is often reported by migraine patients. This study evaluates osmophobia in connection with the diagnosis of migraine and episodic tension-type headache (ETTH). The characteristics of this symptom are also investigated. We recruited from our Headache Centre 1005 patients (772 female, 233 male; age 37 +/- 11 years), ...
Dworkin Robert H - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the healthcare costs of acute and chronic pain associated with herpes zoster. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. SETTING: Inpatient and outpatient care. PARTICIPANTS: Patients were selected from Medicare, commercial insurance, and Medicaid claims databases if they had a diagnosis of herpes zoster or postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) or were ...
McMillan H J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: This critical review provides a summary of the clinical presentation, neuroimaging, treatment and prognosis in pediatric ophthalmoplegic migraine (OM). The features of OM are not in keeping with its classification as a migraine-variant. METHOD: We review 3 new and 37 reported pediatric OM cases. RESULTS: Headache was an inconsistent ...
Trigylidas T - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Chiari I malformations (CMI) involve pathological hindbrain abnormalities reported to be correlated with a hypoplastic posterior fossa. CMI was traditionally characterized by the downward herniation of the cerebellar tonsils with a descent of 5 mm or more below the foramen magnum. The fullness of the cisterna magna and CSF ...
Biehl K - - 2007
In order to investigate the comorbidity of migraine and headache associated with sexual activity (HSA), we performed a case-control study based on migraine patients. By means of a questionnaire and a personal interview, 100 migraine patients and 100 control subjects were examined regarding a diagnosis of HSA. In five subjects ...
Schankin C J - - 2007
Eighty-five brain tumour patients were examined for further characteristics of brain tumour-associated headache. The overall prevalence of headache in this population was 60%, but headache was the sole symptom in only 2%. Pain was generally dull, of moderate intensity, and not specifically localized. Nearly 40% met the criteria of tension-type ...
Vanmolkot F H - - 2007
Interictal serum C-reactive protein (CRP) was measured in 50 young adult patients with migraine and compared with 50 controls. The median CRP level was 1.42 mg/l in patients with migraine and 0.90 mg/l in controls (P = 0.03). This finding supports the role of inflammation in migraine, but needs confirmation ...
Radhakrishnan Ravi S - - 2007
We compared the morbidity of patients with meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) with that in patients with all other respiratory conditions treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) (no MAS). If ECMO for MAS was associated with a lower complication rate, then relaxed ECMO entry criteria could be considered. A retrospective review ...
Coban A - - 2007
The aim was to investigate neuromuscular transmission (NMT) by single-fibre EMG (SFEMG) in a large series of patients having migraine with aura (MA) or cluster headache (CH). Recent studies using SFEMG have shown subclinical dysfunction of NMT in MA and CH. Forty-three patients having MA, 51 with CH and 38 ...
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