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Manterola Lorea L Instituto Biodonostia and Hospital Universitario Donostia, San Sebastian, Spain (L.M., N.S., C.B., I.R., A.M., A.L.-M.); Center for Applied Medical Research (CIMA), Pamplona, Spain (E.G., V.S.); Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain (J.G.P-L., M.G-H., P.J., S.T., R.D.-V., J.R., A.G., E.X., M.M.A.); Polymat, University of the Basque Country, San Sebastian, Spain (A.A.); IMMA-CIOCC, Fundación Hospital de Madrid, Madrid, Spain (A.A.); Fundación Jimenez-Díaz, Madrid, Spain (J.G.-F.); Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra, Pamplona, Spain (T.T., I.Z.); Pitié-Salpètriere, Paris, France (S.P., - - 2014
BackgroundGlioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most frequent malignant brain tumor in adults, and its prognosis remains dismal despite intensive research and therapeutic advances. Diagnostic biomarkers would be clinically meaningful to allow for early detection of the tumor and for those cases in which surgery is contraindicated or biopsy results are ...
Pérez-Sepúlveda Alejandra - - 2013
Objective. To evaluate the role of key enzymes in the methionine-homocysteine metabolism (MHM) in the physiopathology of preeclampsia (PE). Methods. Plasma and placenta from pregnant women (32 controls and 16 PE patients) were analyzed after informed consent. Protein was quantified by western blot. RNA was obtained with RNA purification kit ...
Zhang L L Henry Ford Hospital, Bone and Joint Center, 2799 West Grand Blvd., Detroit, MI 48202, United States. - - 2012
The aim of this study was to examine serum non-coding RNAs as potential biomarkers for cartilage damage associated with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. Serum was obtained from 80 patients 1 year after surgery for ACL injury and 60 normal donors without overt skeletal injury. Total serum RNA was isolated, ...
Jog Sonali P - - 2012
Myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is a highly variable, multi-system disorder resulting from the expansion of an untranslated CTG tract in DMPK. In DM1 expanded CUG repeat RNAs form hairpin secondary structures that bind and aberrantly sequester the RNA splice regulator, MBNL1. RNA splice defects resulting as a consequence of MBNL1 depletion ...
Seripa Davide - - 2011
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6 enzyme is the major responsible for the metabolism of donepezil, an inhibitor of acetyl cholinesterase currently used for the symptomatic treatment of mild-to-moderate Alzheimer's disease (AD). Functional polymorphisms in the CYP2D6 gene may affect enzyme activity and thus, the metabolism of donepezil. The aim of this ...
Kim Eun-Joo - - 2011
A recent study has shown that optokinetic stimulation (OKS) can induce attentional distractibility in Alzheimer disease (AD). In this study, we investigated whether OKS also perturbs balanced attentional deficit in patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), a prodromal phase of AD, and explored whether the effects of OKS at ...
Sachdeva Sanjeev - - 2011
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) has been implicated in pathogenesis of IBS. We aimed to study frequency and predictors of SIBO in patients with IBS. We included 59 consecutive patients of IBS & 37 healthy controls (HC). Evaluation for SIBO was done by glucose breath test (GBT) using 100 gm ...
Zhu Carolyn W - - 2011
This study explores the longitudinal relationship between patient characteristics and use of 4 drug classes (antihypertensives, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and hormones) that showed significant changes in use rates over time in patients with Alzheimer disease. Patient/caregiver-reported prescription medication usage was categorized by drug class for 201 patients from the Predictors Study. ...
Jayasena Cn - - 2011
Background:  Acromegaly is characterised by the hyper-secretion of GH and IGF-1. This leads to an increased cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and metabolic morbidity resulting in excess mortality. There is controversy over which biomarker, GH or IGF-1, better predicts this increased morbidity and mortality. The relationship between the cumulative exposure to GH and ...
Paik C N - - 2011
Background  Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is expected in postgastrectomy patients; however, its role has not been clarified. This study was to estimate the prevalence of SIBO and investigate the clinical role of SIBO in postgastrectomy patients. Methods  This prospective study involved 76 patients who underwent gastrectomy for early gastric ...
Ronchi Cristina Lucia - - 2011
Objective: Radiation therapy (RT) is a useful adjuvant tool for acromegalic patients not cured by surgery and/or not responding to pharmacotherapy. However, its specific effects on cardio- and cerebrovascular morbidity are still on debate. Design: Retrospective analysis of 42 acromegalic patients cured after conventional radiotherapy (CRT, n=31) or radiosurgery by ...
Chen Kuan-Hsing - - 2011
INTRODUCTION:: The aim of this study was to investigate clinical significance of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) in nondiabetic patients on maintenance peritoneal dialysis (PD). METHODS:: In total, 362 maintenance PD patients were enrolled and followed up for 2-years. According to 1997 definitions, patients were divided into 3 groups: diabetic (n ...
Ziegler Bruna - - 2011
Objectives To determine the gender-specific relationships between glucose intolerance and clinical score, lung function, chest radiograph score and exercise capacity in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). Methods The study was a cross-sectional design that included CF patients aged 10 years and older. The patients were submitted to clinical and nutritional ...
Mowery Nathan T - - 2011
PURPOSE: We hypothesize that a failure to normalize a patient's glucose on an automated euglycemia protocol signals an adverse response after trauma and that this response can identify patients with an increased mortality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were 1246 ventilated, critically ill trauma patients who were placed on an automated ...
Boehncke S - - 2011
Severe psoriasis is associated with significant cardiovascular mortality. We investigated the effects of continuous systemic therapy on the cardiovascular risk of patients with severe plaque-type psoriasis. A total of 42 consecutive patients receiving systemic treatment for their severe plaque-type psoriasis were included. The clinical course was monitored over 24 weeks. ...
Schroeder A Sebastian - - 2011
MPI-CDG (formally called CDG 1b), caused by phosphomannose isomerase (MPI) deficiency, leads to hypoglycaemia, protein losing enteropathy, hepatopathy, and thrombotic events, whereas neurologic development remains unaffected. Dietary supplementation of mannose can reverse clinical symptoms by entering the N-glycosylation pathway downstream of MPI. When oral intake of mannose in patients with ...
Bai Feng - - 2011
The cerebellum is known to be a relatively well preserved structure, but subtle alterations may occur early in the evolution of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients appear to be particularly vulnerable to AD. However, little is currently known whether altered patterns of cerebellar function occur in ...
Kawaguchi Takumi - - 2011
Nocturnal hypoglycemia is an aggravating factor for liver cirrhosis. However, in patients with compensated liver cirrhosis, a clinical parameter associated with nocturnal hypoglycemia remains unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate a clinical parameter associated with nocturnal hypoglycemia in patients with hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related compensated liver cirrhosis. ...
Li Zheng - - 2011
The aim of this study was to investigate lipid profiles in patients with end-stage renal disease receiving hemodialysis (HD), continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), or no dialysis (nondialytic treatment group, NT), and to analyze the association between dyslipidemia in CAPD patients with glucose-containing dialysate dosages. Lipid profiles were determined in ...
Kusbeci Ozge Yilmaz - - 2011
Alzheimer disease (AD), a chronic progressive neurodegenerative disorder, has a mainly unknown multifactorial etiology. Neuroinflammatory mechanisms might contribute to the cascade of events leading to neuronal degeneration. Central nervous system infections have been previously suggested as possible etiological agents in the development of sporadic AD. Toxoplasmosis can be associated with ...
Rohun Krystyna - - 2011
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has relatively asymptomatic course, but even at its onset, it worsens the prognosis of patients, mainly because of the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Several population-based screening programs as well as initiatives focused on certain risk groups were undertaken to better diagnose early stages of CKD. ...
Dungan Kathleen M - - 2011
diabetes and CHF are common comorbidities in hospitalized patients but the relationship between glycaemic control, glycaemic variability, and mortality in patients with both conditions is unclear. we used administrative data to retrospectively identify patients with a diagnosis of CHF who underwent frequent glucose assessments. TWMG was compared with other measures ...
Vassiliadi Dimitra A - - 2010
Objective:  The prevalence of subclinical hypercortisolism (SH) in unilateral incidentalomas (UI) has been extensively studied; however patients with bilateral incidentalomas (BI) have not been thoroughly investigated. We therefore aimed to describe the characteristics of patients with BI compared to their unilateral counterparts. The surgical outcome in a small number of ...
Rosario Pedro Weslley - - 2010
The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of acromegaly in adults with diabetes mellitus (DM) or glucose intolerance (GI) and to estimate its prevalence in the general population. A total of 2,270 patients with DM or GI and age from 20 to 70 years were studied. Patients with ...
Lai Mitchell K P - - 2010
Neuropsychiatric behaviours occur frequently in Alzheimer's disease and other dementias and are thought to arise from the neurodegenerative process. However, it is unclear whether neurodegenerative changes in the hippocampus are associated with neuropsychiatric behaviours such as aggression. In this study, semiquantitative measurements of cell loss, atrophy, neuritic plaque and neurofibrillary ...
Kipps Christopher M CM Wessex Neurological Centre, Southampton University NHS Trust, Southampton, UK. - - 2010
The clinical features of behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) are well established; however, recent work has identified patients fulfilling diagnostic criteria for the disease who do not appear to progress clinically. This review describes means of distinguishing this group at an early stage from patients who are likely to deteriorate. ...
Kendziorra Kai - - 2011
Postmortem studies indicate a loss of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChRs) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to establish whether these changes in the cholinergic system occur at an early stage of AD, we carried out positron emission tomography (PET) with a specific radioligand for the α4β2* nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α4β2* ...
Sankari Ziad - - 2011
This paper presents a comprehensive EEG study for interhemispheric, intrahemispheric, and distal coherence in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. The objective is to glean new insights into the brain of AD patients. EEGs are obtained from 20 AD-probable patients and 7 healthy (control) subjects. Pair-wise electrode coherence is calculated over each ...
Hatipoglu Müjgan Güngör - - 2011
doi: 10.1111/j.1741-2358.2010.00401.x The clinical evaluation of the oral status in Alzheimer-type dementia patients Background:  To evaluate the oral health status in patients with Alzheimer dementia (AD), and the association of the disease severity with the oral findings. Methods:  The study was conducted on the study group (31 AD patients) and ...
Bonanni L - - 2010
Earlier P300 studies were conducted when the prevalence of dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB) was unknown. Our study aims to examine whether P300 abnormalities are present in DLB and to evidence possible differences between DLB and Alzheimer's disease (AD). A second aim of this study is to look for correlations ...
Pivac Nela N Division of Molecular Medicine, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Croatia. - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an irreversible, progressive neurodegenerative disorder with a high prevalence. Since behavioral disturbances, such as psychotic symptoms, represent a key feature of AD, genes related to dopamine, serotonin and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), are considered as candidate genes for AD. BDNF is a neurotrophin that regulates ...
Kennelly S P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Nilvadipine may lower rates of conversion from mild-cognitive impairment to Alzheimer's disease (AD), in hypertensive patients. However, it remains to be determined whether treatment with nilvadipine is safe in AD patients, given the higher incidence of orthostatic hypotension (OH) in this population, who may be more likely to suffer ...
D'Onofrio Grazia - - 2010
BACKGROUND : Neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS) are a common feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), resulting in particular AD endophenotypes. The common AD genetic risk factor apolipoprotein E (APOE) has been suggested underlying these AD endophenotypes. METHODS: APOE genotyping, a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA), and Neuropsychiatric Inventory were performed on 322 consecutive ...
Marcello Elena - - 2012
Synapse-asssociated protein-97 (SAP97) is responsible for the trafficking of both glutamate receptor subunits, GluR1 and NR2A, and α-secretase ADAM10 to the synaptic membrane. Here we evaluate the trafficking capability of SAP97 in Alzheimer disease (AD) patients' brain. We analyzed autoptic hippocampus and superior frontal gyrus, respectively as an affected and ...
De Reuck Jacques - - 2011
Small cerebral bleeds are frequently observed on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with Alzheimer dementia (AD). Histological confirmations in post-mortem brains are scarce. This study describes the prevalence of cerebrovascular lesions and the quantification of the "bleeding load" in post-mortem brains of patients with neurodegenerative dementias. Forty-five brains of AD ...
Riggio Oliviero - - 2011
The Inhibitory Control Test has been proposed as a tool to detect the persistence of cognitive defects after the resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE). We tested learning abilities of cirrhotic patients using the Psychometric Hepatic Encephalopathy Score (PHES). One hundred six cirrhotic patients who agreed to be examined twice ...
Stanton B R - - 2010
Aims Apathy is a neurocognitive syndrome of reduced goal-directed behaviour, which is an important cause of disability in neurodegenerative disorders. We aimed to test the hypothesis that apathy in two disorders would be associated with reduced activation in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and supplementary motor area during a novel fMRI ...
Leinonen Ville - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Amyloid-β(Aβ) aggregates are presumed to be found in the brain at an early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD) but have seldom been assessed by brain biopsy during life in often elderly patients. METHODS: Between 1991 and 2006 we evaluated 468 patients with suspected normal pressure hydrocephalus with intraventricular pressure ...
Teschke R - - 2010
Ingestion of the medicinal herb kava has been associated with hepatotoxicity. We aimed to compare two different quantitative methods of causality assessment of patients with assumed hepatotoxicity by the herb. We assessed causality in 26 patients from Germany and Switzerland, using two structured quantitative analytical methods: the system of Maria ...
Shiraishi Kenji - - 2010
Three young osteosarcoma patients with adenocarcinoma (AD) or atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) of the lung are reported. A 14-year-old male patient with femoral osteosarcoma had solitary AD (case 1); a 23-year-old female patient with femoral osteosarcoma had AAH and lung metastasis (case 2); and a 17-year-old male patient with humeral ...
Zhu Carolyn W CW *This Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical Center (GRECC) and HSR&D Center for the Study of Health Care Across Systems and Sites of Care, James J. Peters VA Medical Center, Bronx †Brookdale Department of Geriatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine ∥Gertrude H. Sergievsky Center and the Department of Neurology, Columbia University Medical Center **Department of Psychology, Mount Sinai School of Medicine ‡Eli Lily & Company §Cognitive Neuroscience Division of the Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer's Disease and the Aging Brain, New York, NY ¶Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD ♯Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2010
This study examined in detail patterns of cholinesterase inhibitors (ChEIs) and memantine use and explored the relationship between patient characteristics and such use. Patients with probable Alzheimer disease AD (n=201) were recruited from the Predictors Study in 3 academic AD centers and followed from early disease stages for up to ...
Thorsell Annika - - 2010
Synaptic pathology occurs early in Alzheimer's disease (AD) development, and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for synaptic damage may be altered early in the disease process. In the present study we examined cerebrospinal fluid levels of the postsynaptic protein neurogranin in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or AD and controls. The ...
Laske Christoph - - 2011
The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in neuronal survival, synaptic plasticity, and memory. Several recent studies have demonstrated altered BDNF serum levels in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. However, the association of BDNF serum levels with the rate of cognitive decline in AD patients is still unclear. ...
Morillas-Ruiz J M - - 2010
A large body of evidence supports a role of oxidative stress in Alzheimer disease (AD) and in cerebrovascular disease. Blood levels of homocysteine may be increased in AD and hyperhomocysteinemia may contribute to disease pathophysiology by vascular and direct neurotoxic mechanisms. Even in the absence of vitamin deficiency, plasma total ...
Lillo Patricia - - 2011
Abstract Our objectives were to assess the frequency of behavioural changes in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and to compare the clinical profile of ALS patients with those with behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Ninety-two patients with ALS and their carers participated in a postal survey. ALS patients completed ...
Cordonnier Charlotte - - 2010
In intracerebral haemorrhage, the most frequent underlying vasculopathies are cerebral amyloid angiopathy and hypertensive vasculopathy. Although both are associated with cognitive impairment, no study has focused on pre-existing dementia in patients with intracerebral haemorrhage. Therefore, we aimed to determine prevalence and mechanisms of pre-existing dementia in a large cohort of ...
Hu W T - - 2010
We examined the utility of distinguishing between patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and Alzheimer disease (AD) using quantitative cerebral blood flow (CBF) imaging with arterial spin labeled (ASL) perfusion MRI. Forty-two patients with FTLD and 18 patients with AD, defined by autopsy or CSF-derived biomarkers for AD, and 23 ...
Na Hae-Ri - - 2011
Donepezil has not been evaluated in Korean patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) for up to 1 year. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the differential efficacy of donepezil in Korean AD patients with and without concomitant cerebrovascular lesions (CVL). This study was a 48-week open-label trial of donepezil ...
Forlenza Orestes Vicente - - 2010
Abnormalities in neurotrophic systems have been reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD), as shown by decreased serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels and association with BDNF genetic polymorphisms. In this study, we investigate whether these findings can be detected in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), which is recognized as a ...
Okonkwo Ozioma C - - 2010
Patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) demonstrate decline in everyday function. In this study, we investigated whether whole brain atrophy and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype are associated with the rate of functional decline in MCI. Participants were 164 healthy controls, 258 MCI patients, and 103 patients with mild Alzheimer's ...
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