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Results 451 - 500 of 1694
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Panegyres Peter K - - 2007
The authors performed a prospective, unbiased analysis of a cohort of young patients assessed consecutively with the question of dementia. The onset of patients' cognitive symptoms was prior to the age of 65 years. A study group of 226 patients was followed for a mean duration of 4.59 +/- 2.23 ...
Lewczuk Piotr - - 2008
In this report we evaluated the clinical performance of APOE genotyping and three protein biomarkers (total tau, beta-amyloid(1-42), and tau phosphorylated at threonine 181) in a prospective multicenter study using the INNO-BIA AlzBio3 assay applied on Luminex platform. Concentration of biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was measured ...
Spina S - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal lobar degeneration with ubiquitin-immunoreactive (ub-ir) inclusions (FTLD-U) has been associated with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and ALS. Recently, mutations in Progranulin (PGRN), predicted to cause premature truncation of the PGRN coding sequence, were found in patients with inherited FTLD-U and ub-ir neuronal intranuclear inclusions (NII). OBJECTIVE: To describe clinical, ...
Rentzos Michael - - 2007
The objective of this study was to assess the role of interleukin-15 (IL-15) as a potential marker of immune reactions in patients with Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia. The authors measured by immunoassay serum IL-15 levels in 20 patients with Alzheimer's disease and 15 patients with vascular dementia and compared ...
Shinagawa Shunichiro - - 2007
AIMS: To investigate the frequency, rate of causes of dementia, and clinical characteristics of early-onset dementia in consecutive patients of a memory clinic. METHODS: A total of 668 consecutive demented patients were involved in this study. We examined the distribution of patients' diagnosis, differences in sex, education, dementia severity and ...
Sedaghat Fereshteh - - 2007
Extrapyramidal symptoms are observed in frontotemporal dementia (FTD). (123)I-FP-CIT (DaT scan) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can detect loss of presynaptic dopamine transporters in the striatum. We aimed to evaluate the dopaminergic status of the striatum in patients with FTD using DaT scan. Seven patients (age range 65-76 years), ...
Nilsson Karin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Plasma total homocysteine (tHcy) is often elevated in patients with mental illness. Since patients with mental illness and vascular disease exhibit a higher plasma tHcy concentration than patients without vascular disease, it is possible that elevated plasma tHcy in mental illness is mainly due to concomitant vascular disease. METHODS: ...
Abásolo Daniel - - 2007
The aim of this study was to analyze the electroencephalogram (EEG) background activity in Alzheimer's disease (AD) with two non-linear methods: Approximate Entropy (ApEn) and Auto Mutual Information (AMI). ApEn quantifies the regularity in data, while AMI detects linear and non-linear dependencies in time series. EEGs were recorded from the ...
Hansson Oskar - - 2007
Evidence supports an important role for beta-amyloid (Abeta) in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Here, we investigate baseline levels of the 40- and 42-amino-acid-long Abeta peptides (Abeta40 and Abeta42) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from a cohort of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI, n = 137) in relation to ...
Orsitto Giuseppe - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Polymorphism in the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene is the major genetic risk factor associated with late-onset Alzheimer's Disease (AD). However, it is still unclear if a relationship exists between the APOE epsilon4 allele and vascular dementia (VaD) in elderly subjects. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of APOE alleles in ...
Reynish E - - 2007
The long-term objective of the ICTUS study is to identify milestones in Alzheimer's disease (AD) progression and to develop a model to predict disease course in individual AD patients in Europe. The secondary objectives are to describe the patterns of prescribing, and the socioeconomic impact of AD in Europe. Between ...
Poza Jesús - - 2007
The aim of this study was to explore the ability of several spectral entropies to discriminate between spontaneous magnetoencephalographic (MEG) oscillations from 20 Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and 21 controls. Hence, the relative spectral power (RSP) in classical frequency bands was calculated from the averaged power spectral density. Given the ...
Ziv Naomi - - 2007
Previous studies have demonstrated the benefits of music therapy in Alzheimer's patients, focusing either on improvement of healthy cognitive and social skills, or reduction of agitation symptoms. The present study examined the effect of background music on both positive and negative behaviors, during a time in which patients were not ...
Langmore Susan E - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hyperorality, compulsive eating and aspiration because of food gorging, has been described in patients with frontotemporal lobar dementia (FTLD), but swallowing function in this population has not been reported. OBJECTIVE: To identify the swallowing status in a sample of patients with FTLD. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Referral center, ambulatory ...
Parmenter B A - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Studies examining the epsilon4 allele of the APOE gene as a factor affecting the severity of multiple sclerosis (MS) have yielded conflicting results. The focus of these studies on physical disability to the neglect of cognitive impairment is surprising in light of the associations between the epsilon4 allele and ...
Rami Lorena - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To prospectively follow up a group of amnesic patients at risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD), to characterize a group of patients whose features were intermediate between amnesic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and probable AD, prodromal AD (Prd-AD), and to investigate if these patients were at higher risk for AD ...
Chiappelli Francesco - - 2007
The emerging domain of epigenetics in molecular medicine finds application for a variety of patient populations. Here, we present fundamental neuroendocrine immune evidence obtained in patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer's type (sDAT), and discuss the implications of these data from the viewpoint of translational epigenetics of Alzheimer's disease. ...
Rapeli Pekka - - 2007
Both methadone- and buprenorphine-treated opioid-dependent patients frequently show cognitive deficits in attention, working memory, and verbal memory. However, no study has compared these patient groups with each other during early opioid substitution treatment (OST). Therefore, we investigated attention, working memory, and verbal memory of opioid-dependent patients within six weeks after ...
Luzzi Simona S Department of Neuroscience, University of Ancona, Italy. - - 2007
Performance on tests of odour discrimination, naming, and matching was compared in patients with four distinct forms of neurodegenerative disease: Alzheimer's disease (AD), semantic dementia (SD), frontotemporal dementia (FTD), and corticobasal degeneration (CBD). The SD patients were found to have a severe impairment of identification from olfaction despite having normal ...
Atchison Timothy B - - 2007
Decline in basic self-care abilities is an important risk factor for institutionalization in individuals with dementia. The ability to predict such decline would be of clinical importance in working with families of dementia patients. Research has suggested that cognitive decline may precede loss of functional capacity. This paper utilized a ...
Uchida Yoshitaka - - 2006
PURPOSE: This study was performed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of brain perfusion SPECT in patients visiting the cognitive disorder clinic for initial evaluation using 3D-SSP compared with using standard transaxial section. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standard transaxial section displays and 3D-SSP z-score maps obtained after administration of Tc-99m ECD or ...
Giacino Joseph T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To describe the theoretic framework, design, and potential clinical applications of functional neuroimaging protocols in patients with disorders of consciousness. DATA SOURCES: Recent published literature and authors' own work. STUDY SELECTION: Studies using functional neuroimaging techniques to investigate cognitive processing in patients diagnosed with vegetative and minimally conscious state. ...
Freer Jack P - - 2006
BACKGROUND: There is a growing awareness of the need for discussion of advance directives (ADs) in the ambulatory setting, but rates of completion remain low. Clarification of patients' perceptions and knowledge would help in designing future strategies. METHODS: This is a prospective study of adult ambulatory patients at four academic ...
Derejko Mirosława - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pattern of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) deficits in Parkinson's disease patients in relation to cognitive decline and to assess the clinical usefulness of single photon emission tomography (SPET) scanning in differentiation between Parkinson's disease patients with dementia and those without cognitive deficits. METHODS: We performed ...
Danesh-Meyer H V - - 2006
In this case-control study, we compared the optic nerves (ONs) by clinical examination and scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (SLO) of 40 patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) and 50 controls. There was a reduction in the number of ON fibers in patients with AD, with a threefold greater odds ratio for a ...
Lerch Jason P - - 2008
We investigated the potential of fully automated measurements of cortical thickness to reproduce the clinical diagnosis in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) using 19 patients and 17 healthy controls. Thickness maps were analyzed using three different discriminant techniques to separate patients from controls. All analyses were performed using leave-one-out cross-validation to avoid ...
Brunnauer Alexander - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Psychomotor disturbances can frequently be found in depressed patients and may have an important influence on the ability to drive. Additionally, effects of sedation, as seen with some antidepressants, probably impair driving performance. The present study was designed to evaluate the effects of antidepressant monotherapy on psychomotor functions related ...
Wen H M - - 2006
The relationship between the apolipoprotein E (APOE) exon 4 polymorphism and white matter changes (WMC) in elderly subjects or patients with Alzheimer's disease is controversial. To investigate this polymorphism in relation to WMC in patients with lacunar infarcts, we prospectively observed 67 patients with acute lacunar infarct and 134 age- ...
de Simone V - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate driving competency and the relationship between neuropsychiatric symptoms and driving behavior in frontotemporal dementia (FTD) patients. METHODS: Fifteen patients with a diagnosis of FTD and 15 healthy controls were administered a driving simulation task. Measures of driving performance and neuropsychiatric symptoms were assessed. RESULTS: The FTD patients ...
Beyer Mona K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Dementia is common in Parkinson's disease, but the underlying brain pathology is not yet fully understood. AIM: To examine the changes in the brain of patients with Parkinson's disease with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia, using structural magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: Using voxel-based morphometry, the grey matter atrophy ...
Yener G G - - 2007
This is a pilot study describing event-related oscillations in patients with Alzheimer-type dementia (AD). Theta responses of 22 mild probable AD subjects according to NINCDS-ADRDA criteria (11 non-treated, 11 treated by cholinesterase inhibitors), and 20 healthy elderly controls were analyzed by using the conventional visual oddball paradigm. We aimed to ...
Stavitsky Karina - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) may be one of most common forms of dementia, relatively little is known about its cognitive and functional course. OBJECTIVE: To compare change over time in general cognitive status, memory test performance, psychiatric symptoms, neurological signs, and functional abilities in patients with probable ...
Hu William T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the clinical, radiological, and electrophysiological laboratory profiles and histological features of patients who developed cognitive impairment temporally associated with celiac disease. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Referral center. PATIENTS: Patients with the onset of progressive cognitive decline within 2 years of symptomatic onset or with a severe exacerbation ...
Le Rhun E - - 2006
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) syndrome is frequently misdiagnosed--particularly in favour of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Misdiagnosis is related to the heterogeneity of language disorders at onset, variability in the rate of clinical progression and the low prevalence of PPA syndrome, compared with AD. The aim of this study was to determine ...
Mauri Marco - - 2006
Several pathogenetic factors seem to contribute to the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Some data point to a role for traumatic brain injury (TBI), but this suggestion is not universally supported. Mayeux et al. have shown that TBI increases the risk of AD, but only through a synergistic relationship with ...
Hashimoto Shinichi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a recurrent inflammatory skin disease characterized by high serum levels of IgE and Th2-type cytokines such as IL-4, IL-5 or IL-13. Chemokines attract leukocytes in inflamed tissues. We have previously found that thymus and activation regulated chemokine (TARC)/CCL17 and macrophage-derived chemokine (MDC)/CCL22 are highly secreted ...
Gould R L RL MRC Centre for Neurodegeneration Research, King's College London, Institute of Psychiatry, Section of Old Age Psychiatry, London, UK. - - 2006
To determine whether patients with Alzheimer disease (AD) compensate for neuropathologic changes when performing a mnemonic task by recruiting 1) the same brain regions as age-matched, healthy controls, but to a greater extent; 2) additional brain regions not activated by controls; or 3) both. Twelve patients with mild probable AD ...
Frick B - - 2006
Inflammation and immune system activation seem to play an important role in the development and progression of dementia. Hyperhomocysteinemia is common in various forms of dementia, and a significant relationship was found between concentrations of homocysteine and immune activation marker neopterin. B vitamin supplementation is able to slow-down homocysteine formation ...
la Fougère Christian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In a previous study, binding of Tc-TRODAT-1 to the dopamine transporter (DAT) was found to be higher in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as compared to healthy controls. AIM: To determine whether the degree of Tc-TRODAT-1 binding to the striatal DAT may have a predictive role on ...
Janvin Carmen Cristea - - 2006
The aim of this study was to establish the rate of progression from mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to dementia in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). PD patients without dementia were recruited in 1997 from an ongoing prospective epidemiological study. The assessment included neurological and psychiatric examinations, a clinical interview based ...
Matsui, Hideaki
We described a 69-year-old woman with neurological manifestations due to mixed connective tissue disease (MCTD). The patient demonstrated subacute cognitive decline, seizure and gait disturbance with no connective tissue manifestation. She had been diagnosed with dementia at another hospital, later in our hospital, serological examinations disclosed high titers of anti-RNP ...
Holsinger R M D - - 2006
To assess the diagnostic utility of CSF BACE1 activity for discriminating Alzheimer disease (AD) from other dementias, particularly Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), the authors studied 26 patients with sporadic CJD, 21 patients with AD, and 21 patients with various non-AD, non-CJD dementias (DCs). CSF BACE1 activity was elevated in AD in ...
Giesel F L - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Quantitative markers of Alzheimer disease (AD), particularly in the early stages, are needed for clinical assessment and monitoring. We have evaluated a novel method to segment and visualize the ventricular system and obtain volumetric measures thereof. The temporal horn volume (THV) and index in patients with mild ...
Mendez Mario F - - 2006
Emotional blunting may underlie many of the behavioral features of frontotemporal dementia (FTD). The Scale for Emotional Blunting (SEB) was evaluated in 12 patients with early FTD, 12 patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), and 12 normal controls. There were overall group differences on the SEB, and the FTD patients had ...
Reilly Margaret C - - 2006
In mild Alzheimer's disease (AD), loss of relationship with the patient is a significant consequence for the partner (relative) and may be amenable to improvement with effective intervention. To evaluate relationship dynamics, the authors developed and tested content and discriminative validity of the self-administered Partner-Patient Questionnaire for Shared Activities among ...
Ishiwata A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Baseline brain single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) can predict mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients at risk for progressive MCI (PMCI). METHODS: Twenty-eight subjects [12 MCI, 6 with probable Alzheimer's Disease (AD), and 10 normal subjects] underwent baseline brain SPECT and were clinically followed for a mean period of 36 ...
Malaguarnera Lucia - - 2006
Inflammation has been involved in the development of dementia in cerebrovascular diseases. To investigate the cellular activation of the peripheral immune system in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VaD), we determined the presence of IL-18 and TGF-beta1 in the plasma by using ELISA. The levels of IL-18 ...
Rentzos Michael - - 2006
Interleukin-12 is a heterodimeric cytokine produced by activated blood monocytes, macrophages and glial cells. It enhances differentiation and proliferation of T cells and increases production of proinflammatory cytokines, such as Interferon-gamma and Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha. There is little information about the involvement of IL-12 in the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease ...
Religa D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether changes in brain biometals in Alzheimer disease (AD) and in normal brain tissue are tandemly associated with amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) burden and dementia severity. METHODS: The authors measured zinc, copper, iron, manganese, and aluminum and Abeta levels in postmortem neocortical tissue from patients with AD (n ...
Hayashida Y - - 2006
PURPOSE: To investigate whether measurements of brain structures on routine magnetic resonance (MR) images can be used to distinguish between normal subjects and patients with frontotemporal dementia (FTD) or Alzheimer's disease (AD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: MRI studies were performed on 30 patients with dementia (FTD, n = 15; AD, n ...
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