Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 953
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Masson Serge - - 2008
In patients with chronic heart failure (HF), amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels are among the strongest independent predictors of hazard, and their measurement is useful for prognostication across the entire spectrum of HF disease severity. In patients with chronic HF, repeated determinations of NT-proBNP levels appear to convey additional ...
Baggish Aaron L - - 2008
In patients presenting with acute dyspnea of any cause, elevation of amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptides (NT-proBNP) is powerfully prognostic for adverse outcomes, including death. Among those with acute destabilized heart failure (HF), an NT-proBNP cut point of approximately 5,000 ng/L is powerfully predictive of death by 76 days after presentation. ...
Gonçalves Alexandra - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Preserved left ventricular systolic function (LVSF) is observed in up to 50% of patients with heart failure (HF). We aimed to determine the prognostic value of LVSF and identify prognostic indices in patients hospitalized due to HF with preserved and depressed LVSF. METHODS: We evaluated clinical records of 304 ...
Amir Offer - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Serum natriuretic peptide levels are useful diagnostic and prognostic markers in patients with acute decompensated heart failure, but have been little used to stratify urgency of treatment in the outpatient situation. OBJECTIVES: To examine the use of natriuretic peptide to guide priority of patient referral to a heart failure ...
Whalley Gillian A - - 2008
AIMS: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), left ventricular (LV) systolic function, and mitral filling pattern (MFP) are prognostic indicators in patients with heart failure (HF). This study evaluated the potential role of E/Ea for predicting cardiovascular (CV) events in patients with suspected HF. This non-invasive measure of LV filling pressure has ...
Gradel Kim O - - 2008
We examined whether the number of positive bottles in a routinely used three-bottle blood culture (BC) set predicted one-year mortality in adult patients with non-typhoid Salmonella (NTS). Data from 1994 through 2003 in North Jutland County, Denmark, were retrieved from health databases and medical records. We used the number of ...
Bruno C M - - 2008
AIM: Aim of the study was to investigate plasma levels of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (s-ICAM-1) and vascular cellular adhesion molecule-1 (s-VCAM-1) in a cohort of type 2 diabetic patients, compared to healthy control subjects, to verify whether there are differences between these two molecules and to evaluate a possible correlation ...
Karapanou Virginia - - 2008
Irreversibly inflamed pulp (IIP) constitutes both a pathophysiologic and a diagnostic challenge. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples were obtained with Periopaper strips from IIP and adjacent and contralateral teeth for interleukin-8 (CXCL8) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) measurements. Pain intensity was reported by using a verbal numeric scale (1-10). TNF-alpha ...
Lefebvre Aurélie - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the accuracy of plasma N-terminal-pro-B-type natriuretic peptide concentrations (NT-proBNP) as a diagnostic tool to recognize acute respiratory failure (ARF) of cardiac origin. METHODS: Prospective observational study in 100 medical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. NT-proBNP was measured at ICU admission, and diagnosis of cardiac dysfunction was performed ...
Dodos Fotiní - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Anthracycline therapy is limited by cardiotoxicity. Currently no diagnostic parameter is available allowing ubiquitous and reliable detection of preclinical anthracycline cardiomyopathy and prediction of prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 100 consecutive patients receiving anthracycline-based chemotherapy serial measurements of left ventricular systolic and diastolic function, Tei index (a Doppler echocardiographic ...
Simon Tobias - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (DCM) are at high risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD). However, the predictive value of prophylactic implantation of implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICD) in this patient cohort is yet unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whether NT pro BNP levels and/or reproducible non sustained ventricular tachycardias (NSVTs) are ...
Maeder Micha T - - 2008
In contrast to their established role in the evaluation of acute dyspnea in emergency department (ED) patients, applications of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal-proBNP (NT-proBNP) in patients outside of the ED are less well defined. A PubMed-based electronic and hand search for articles dealing with BNP and NT-proBNP in ...
Bílek R - - 2008
The function of chromogranin A (CGA) is reviewed, and the radioimmunometric determination of plasma CGA was evaluated as a marker of pheochromocytoma using a comparison of pheochromocytoma patients immediately before surgery (group P, n=25, 635+/-451 ng/ml) with other groups of patients, i.e. pheochromocytoma patients approximately 1 year after removal of ...
Maeder Micha Tobias - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In patients with clinically stable chronic heart failure, circulating B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels may exhibit considerable variation over a period of a few days. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical impact of this phenomenon. METHODS: In 23 patients with clinically stable mild-to-moderate systolic heart ...
Obayashi Konen - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the affective state biochemically and quantitatively in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients using salivary chromogranin A (CgA) measurement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twelve moderate and 12 terminal ALS patients defined using the ALS Health State Scale were studied. The correlation between salivary CgA levels and the 40-item ALS ...
Yang Mo - - 2008
Hematological changes in patients with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) are common and frequently include thrombocytopenia. Using a ELISA method, we found an increase in thrombopoietin (TPO) levels in the plasma of convalesced SARS patients (290+/-53 pg/ml) and active SARS patients (251+/-23 pg/ml) comparing to that from normal control patients ...
Mikulewicz MaƂgorzata - - 2008
At present there is consent that patients with acute pulmonary embolism (APE) and hemodynamic instability have poor prognosis and benefit from thrombolytic therapy or embolectomy, whereas hemodynamically stable patients without echocardiographic signs of right ventricular overload/dysfunction (RVO) have good prognosis and should be treated with anticoagulation alone. The optimal treatment ...
Yildiz Senol - - 2008
PURPOSE: Diabetic patients receive hyperbaric oxygen therapy for non-healing lower extremity ulcers. Exposure to hyperbaric hyperoxia during hyperbaric oxygen therapy may affect cardiovascular functions by different mechanisms. Patients may experience serious problems such as pulmonary edema and death during hyperbaric oxygen therapy. The effect of hyperbaric oxygen therapy on cardiovascular ...
Akyildiz Hizir - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The acute onset of intense abdominal pain requires rapid evaluation, and since D-dimer level is reported to be useful in the diagnosis of patients with suspected acute superior mesenteric artery occlusion, our aim was to evaluate the value of D-dimer testing in the diagnosis of acute surgical abdomen with ...
Goei Dustin - - 2008
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is related to stress-induced myocardial ischemia and/or volume overload, both common in patients with renal dysfunction. This might compromise the prognostic usefulness of NT-pro-BNP in patients with renal impairment before vascular surgery. We assessed the prognostic value of NT-pro-BNP in the entire strata of renal ...
Nishimura Tomoyasu - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A new bronchoscopic microsampling (BMS) probe has recently been developed, which allows the minimally invasivecollection of epithelial lining fluid (ELF) simultaneously from multiple sites. While the number of immunocompetent patients with pulmonary Mycobacterium avium complex(MAC) disease is growing, the precise pathogenesis of the disease remains to be clarified. OBJECTIVES: ...
Helleskov Madsen Lene - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Several studies have documented the importance of troponin elevation as a prognostic marker in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). The reason for the elevated concentrations is not clarified. We do not know whether the different assays recognize the same patients within ESRD populations. The aim of this study was to ...
Cemri M - - 2008
CONTEXT: The N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide levels (NT pro-BNP) are increased in cases of volume or pressure overload. AIMS: To examine NT pro-BNP levels and enclose whether any relationship is present between the levels of NT pro-BNP and extensive echocardiographic parameters in asymptomatic patients with mild to moderate aortic ...
Sun Linlin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular events (CVE) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. These patients are often excluded from CV clinical trials, and the prognostic factors associated with CVE in patients with ESRD have not been fully explored. We investigated the role of BNP and ...
Adachi Yoko - - 2008
Previous reports have shown that N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-Pro-BNP) is a predictive marker for mortality in both peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of the present study was to clarify whether NT-Pro-BNP reflects a specific status in PD patients. We analyzed 40 stable PD patients, allocating ...
Taylor Walter R J - - 2008
In the absence of a parenteral drug, oral oseltamivir is currently recommended by the WHO for treating H5N1 influenza. Whether oseltamivir absorption is adequate in severe influenza is unknown. We measured the steady state, plasma concentrations of nasogastrically administered oseltamivir 150 mg bid and its active metabolite, oseltamivir carboxylate (OC), ...
Gruson Damien - - 2007
Objective. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal-pro-BNP (Nt-proBNP) are commonly used for the triage of patients in the emergency department (ED) with dyspnoea and/or chest pain. The aim of our study was to determine the accuracy of N-terminal-pro-ANP (Nt-proANP) in such patients. Material and methods. Nt-proANP was measured by home-made ...
Simeoni Sara - - 2008
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterized by vascular dysfunction that may lead to pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH). The N-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide (NT-proNBP), a marker of cardiac failure, is a diagnostic marker of early PAH in patients with SSc without heart failure. Our aim was to determine whether NT-proBNP levels ...
David Sascha - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Natriuretic peptides such as N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) have become increasingly important in diagnosing left ventricular dysfunction (LVD), however, in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), their use is confounded by concomitant volume overload and reduced renal excretion. We hypothesized that a serum NT-proBNP cut-off value adjusted for ...
Daniels Lori B - - 2007
Natriuretic peptides (NPs) are released from the heart in response to pressure and volume overload. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal-proBNP have become important diagnostic tools for assessing patients who present acutely with dyspnea. The NP level reflects a compilation of systolic and diastolic function as well as right ventricular ...
Iida M - - 2008
Plasma levels of von Willebrand factor (vWF), a marker of endothelial dysfunction/damage, are elevated in high-risk hypertensive patients and in patients with severe aortic regurgitation (AR). Patients with mild-to-moderate AR, frequently detected in hypertensive elderly, have additional left ventricular morphological and functional dysfunctions. We hypothesized that hypertensive patients with mild-to-moderate ...
Moreira Maria da Consolação V Mda - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Chagas' disease (CD) affects around 18 million people in Latin America. To determine the diagnostic and prognostic value of natriuretic peptides in patients with CD, we measured atrial (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and compared the findings with other dilated cardiomyopathies (DCM). METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from ...
Leibowitz David - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels correlate with prognosis in patients with cardiac disease and may be useful in the risk stratification of cardiac patients undergoing noncardiac surgery (NCS). The objective of this study was to examine whether BNP levels predict perioperative events in cardiac patients undergoing NCS. METHODS: Patients ...
Weber Michael - - 2008
BACKGROUND: BNP and its N-terminal fragment NT-proBNP have proven to be of diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with valvular aortic stenosis. Data regarding those biomarkers in patients with chronic aortic regurgitation (AR) are sparse. Thus it was the aim of the present study to evaluate the diagnostic and the ...
Kaski J P - - 2008
BACKGROUND: In adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels correlate with dyspnoea class and other markers of disease severity. In children with HCM, symptoms are a poor guide to disease severity and no studies have evaluated the clinical utility of BNP testing. OBJECTIVE: To assess the ...
Ingle L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies suggest that "diastolic heart failure" (DHF) is common and has a prognosis similar to that of systolic heart failure (SHF). We wanted to assess whether patients with breathlessness who were being treated for DHF had objective evidence of cardiac impairment and exercise limitation. METHODS: Consecutive patients with ...
Nilsson Karin - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that vascular disease contributes to cognitive impairment and dementia. Clarification of the role of vascular risk factors in dementia is important because most are modifiable, in contrast to other risk factors such as age and genetics. METHODS: In 451 patients with mental illness we have ...
Suhr O B - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Cardiomyopathy is a well known complication in familial amyloidotic polyneuropathy (FAP). Troponin T and B-natriuretic peptide (BNP) have been shown to be excellent markers for heart complications in AL-amyloidosis. The aim of the study was to investigate troponin T, troponin I and BNP as markers for myocardial damage and ...
Kubler Piotr - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Optimal risk stratification in heart failure patients surviving an episode of acute decompensation has not yet been established. We investigated whether a lack of significant decrease in plasma levels of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) during hospital stay can identify patients at high risk of poor outcome. METHODS: We ...
Horacek J M - - 2007
AIM: Assessment of acute and chronic cardiotoxicity of anthracyclines in patients treated for acute leukemia (AL) with biochemical markers - "N-terminal pro brain natriuretic peptide" (NT-proBNP), cardiac troponin T (cTnT), creatine kinase MB (CK-MB mass), and echocardiography. METHODS: Twenty-six adult AL patients (mean age 46.2 +/- 12.4 years, 15 males) ...
Shah Keyur B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There are limited data for prognostic and diagnostic use of natriuretic peptides in intensive care unit (ICU) patients. We evaluate amino-terminal brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in the medical ICU, specifically its correlation with noncardiac admission diagnosis and prognosis of critically ill patients. METHODS: NT-proBNP (pg/mL) was measured in 179 ...
Sommerer C - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: The cardiac biomarkers cardiac Troponin T (cTNT) and NT-proBNP tend to be elevated in nearly all hemodialysis patients. The high percentage and magnitude of these increased molecules is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis patients. This study investigates the impact of the dialysis procedure itself on cardiac ...
Bavbek Nüket - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To compare ultrafiltration under continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and automated PD (APD), disclosing potential effects on serum B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels and echocardiographic findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional clinical study included 32 patients on CAPD and 30 patients on APD without clinical evidence of heart failure ...
Petretta Mario - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of B-type natriuretic peptide (N-proBNP), renal dysfunction and anemia in chronic heart failure (CHF) patients. METHODS: We analyzed data from a prospective cohort of 153 patients (mean age 64 years) with CHF referred to our hospital center. Clinical, echocardiographic and ...
Ozkara Adem - - 2007
N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is elevated in patients with heart failure. Numerous clinical trials have evaluated the efficacy of spironolactone in heart failure; however, no studies have directly examined the effects of spironolactone treatment on NT-proBNP level. This study investigated whether NT-proBNP levels decrease with daily spironolactone treatment. The ...
Aggarwal Sanjeev - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anthracyclines (AC) are useful antineoplastic agents, whose utility is limited by progressive cardiotoxicity. Our purpose was to evaluate plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), as a screening test for detecting late cardiac dysfunction in AC-treated children and to determine the prevalence of late cardiac dysfunction at low cumulative AC doses. ...
Yuen Chun-Man - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prognostic value of the level of interleukin (IL)-18 in patients after acute ischemic stroke (IS) has not been completely investigated. This prospective cohort study examined whether the circulating IL-18 level can predict 90-day outcome of IS. METHODS AND RESULTS: Plasma IL-18 level was obtained from blood samples taken ...
Rivers Emanuel P - - 2007
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) has diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic utility in critically ill patients. For severe sepsis and septic shock patients in particular, similar clinical utility from the most proximal aspects of hospital presentation to the intensive care unit has not been examined. BNP levels were measured at 0, 3, ...
Geisler John P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine whether vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in tumors correlates with the incidence of an elevated prothrombin time (PT), specifically an international normalized ratio (INR) > or = 1.4, in patients undergoing primary surgical cytoreduction for ovarian cancer. METHODS: INRs were ...
Reed Matthew J - - 2007
To assess the value of a near-patient brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) test to predict medium term (3 month) serious outcome for adult syncope patients presenting to a UK emergency department (ED). This was a prospective cohort pilot study. Consecutive patients aged > or = 16 years presenting with syncope over ...
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