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Wang Rui-lan - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: Measurement of biomarkers is a potential approach to early prediction of the risk of mortality in patients with sepsis. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prognostic value of pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (pro-ANP) and pro-adrenomedullin (pro-ADM) levels in a cohort of medical intensive care patients and ...
Chang Todd P - - 2010
BACKGROUND: According to the literature, serum beta-natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels have been shown to increase in adult trauma patients, specifically for those with traumatic brain injury and in those with intracranial hemorrhage. It has been suggested that BNP levels may be an ideal serum marker for traumatic brain injury. It ...
Düngen Hans-Dirk - - 2010
In this randomized, double-blind clinical study, we investigated the relationship between autoantibodies against cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and disease severity in elderly congestive heart failure (CHF) patients before and after titration of beta-blocker therapy. Anti-cTnI, cTnI, and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) levels in blood from 138 patients (73 +/- ...
Jeong Ki Young - - 2011
Background The prognostic role of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) in patients with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has not been evaluated. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether NT-proBNP level could predict mortality in hospitalised CAP patients. Methods We performed a structured medical record review of all hospitalised ...
Chung Lorinda L VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA 94304, USA. - - 2010
REVEAL (the Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Disease Management) is the largest US cohort of patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) confirmed by right-sided heart catheterization (RHC), providing a more comprehensive subgroup characterization than previously possible. We used REVEAL to analyze the clinical features of patients ...
Núñez Julio - - 2010
Elevated brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and tumour marker antigen carbohydrate 125 (CA125) levels have shown to be associated with higher risk for adverse outcomes in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). Nevertheless, no attempt has been made to explore the utility of combining these two biomarkers. We sought to assess ...
Hoke Matthias - - 2010
Pseudoaneurysms are characterized by extravascular circulation and therefore may lead to an activation of the coagulation cascade. We investigated d-dimer levels in patients with and without postcatheterization femoral pseudoaneurysms and hypothesized that d-dimer levels correlate with the presence of pseudoaneurysms at the vascular access site. Patients with clinical suspected groin ...
Pimenta Joana - - 2010
BACKGROUND: B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations are high in cirrhosis, possibly related to volume status and cirrhotic cardiomyopathy. The prognostic significance of BNP in cirrhosis is unknown. AIMS: We aimed to evaluate (i) the influence of haemodynamic parameters and volaemia, assessed by impedance cardiography (ICG), in BNP levels, (ii) the ...
Finn A - - 2010
The delivery rates of 298 patients having preimplantation genetic diagnosis with aneuploidy screening (PGS) were compared with the delivery rates of 144 PGS patients that cancelled the plan for PGS with embryo transfer on day 2 or day 3. The goal of this study was to compare the impact of ...
Whitcomb David C - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: Patients with severe acute pancreatitis (AP) typically develop vascular leak syndrome, resulting in hemoconcentration, hypotension, pulmonary edema, and renal insufficiency. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) and 2 (Ang-2) are autocrine peptides that reduce or increase endothelial permeability, respectively. The aim of this study was to determine whether Ang-1 and/or Ang-2 levels are ...
Dellas Claudia - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the predictive value of heart-type fatty acid-binding protein (H-FABP) in normotensive patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE). BACKGROUND: Risk stratification of initially normotensive patients with PE on the basis of right ventricular dysfunction or injury remains controversial. Previous studies investigating biomarkers or imaging modalities included unselected patients, ...
Koide Kimi - - 2010
Persistent elevation of cardiac troponin T (cTnT) predicts an adverse clinical outcome in patients with chronic heart failure (HF), but the underlying mechanisms remain to be determined. We investigated the association between predischarge cTnT elevation and coexistent pathophysiology in patients with decompensated HF. Plasma cTnT levels were determined before discharge ...
Marzano Angelo Valerio - - 2010
Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare neutrophilic dermatosis which may present in a classic ulcerative form or in atypical bullous, vegetative or pustular variants. It can be associated with several disorders or be idiopathic. Although systemic immunosuppressants remain the choice therapy for most cases of PG, a local approach should ...
Sinkovic Andreja - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors after acute myocardial infarction (MI) prevent heart failure and recurrent ischemic events. Our aim was to evaluate the effect of ramipril on N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and on markers of hemostasis, including plasminogen-activator-inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), von Willebrand factor (vWF), factor VIII (FVIII) and fibrinogen, in ...
Saritas Ayhan - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate the relationship between increased B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels in stroke patients and clinical parameters such as age, sex, medical history, blood pressure, Glasgow Coma Score (GCS) and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective study of ...
Taira Taku T Bellevue/NYU Medical Center New York, NY 10016, - - 2010
The lower threshold for D-dimer in evaluating patients with low clinical risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) ranges from 200 to 500 ng/mL. We compared the rates of VTE in patients based on D-dimer values. We hypothesized that the rate of VTE in low-risk patients with D-dimer levels less than 500 ...
Rychli Kathrin - - 2010
Whereas angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from preexisting vessels, may be beneficial in restoring failing myocardium, apoptosis may contribute to the progression of heart failure (HF). We investigated the role of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), a recently discovered antiangiogenic factor with additional proapoptotic effects, in patients with advanced ...
Reichlin Tobias - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a biomarker of inflammation and oxidative stress produced by neutrophils, monocytes, and endothelial cells. Concentrations of MPO predict mortality in patients with chronic heart failure. This study sought to investigate the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of MPO in patients with acute heart failure (AHF). METHODS: ...
Aliyu Zakari Y - - 2010
N-terminal (NT) pro-brain natriuretic peptide (proBNP) > or =160 ng/l has a 78% positive predictive value for pulmonary hypertension and is associated with increased mortality in US sickle cell disease patients, but the importance in sickle cell disease patients in Africa is not known. In a cross-sectional study at Ahmadu ...
Gono Takahisa - - 2010
Acute/subacute interstitial pneumonia (A/SIP) is an intractable and fatal complication of DM. Since a useful indicator predicting the complication of A/SIP has not been found, the aim of this study was to determine whether serum ferritin is a potential predictive indicator of the occurrence of A/SIP in 64 patients with ...
Sav Tansu - - 2010
AIM: Peritoneal dialysis patients with ultrafiltration failure frequently have fluid overload. It is known that the increase in the ultrafiltration is associated with decrease in the left ventricle (LV) dysfunction. This study was designed to examine the potential effects of serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) on cardiac functions and to ...
Lee Hwee Min - - 2010
'Normal' range for cardiac troponin I (TnI) has changed with more sensitive tests, but the validity of low-level elevations is contentious. We aimed to describe the characteristics and outcome of patients with an initial TnI level 1-5 times the upper limit of normal. Retrospective study of patients assessed for ACS ...
Tolosana Jose María - - 2010
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) play a role in left ventricular structural remodelling. The aim of our study was to analyse MMP-2 and TIMP-1 levels as predictors of poor response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). A cohort of 42 CRT patients from our centre was prospectively evaluated ...
Oravec Rejane Maria - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors related to NT-proBNP levels in systemic sclerosis (SSc). DESIGN AND METHODS: NT-proBNP was measured in 119 patients with SSc and 20 controls. Patients with transtricuspid gradient (TG) > or =36 mm Hg or > or =31 mmHg plus dyspnea were considered to have suspected systemic sclerosis-associated ...
Mohammed Asim A - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia is a well-known predictor of mortality in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure. Associations between hyponatremia and other prognostic variables in acutely decompensated heart failure, such as amino-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide remain unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six hundred twenty-eight patients presenting to the emergency department with acutely ...
McGill Darryl - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Cardiac biomarkers are emerging as a potentially powerful prognostic tool for renal-dialysis patients. The optimal biomarker and/or combination of biomarkers for predicting mortality remain uncertain. This study evaluates the prognostic value of the new high-sensitivity troponin T (TnT) assay compared to established biomarkers. METHODS: All patients had blood sampled ...
Tatani Solange B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Although the residual lesions after surgical correction of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) can be evaluated by Doppler echocardiography (DE), the relation of DE parameters with the proBNP level, a potential biomarker of right ventricle overload, is not well known. The objective of this study was to evaluate the DE ...
Giannakoulas Georgios - - 2010
Neurohormonal activation is prevalent in adults with congenital heart disease, but its relation to outcome remains unknown. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) were measured prospectively in 49 patients with adult congenital heart disease, who were followed up for a median of 7.9 years (interquartile range 7.7 ...
Hill Anita A Department of Haematology, St. James's Institute of Oncology, Leeds. - - 2010
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a common complication of haemolytic anaemia. Intravascular haemolysis leads to nitric oxide (NO) depletion, endothelial and smooth muscle dysregulation, and vasculopathy, characterized by progressive hypertension. PH has been reported in patients with paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria (PNH), a life-threatening haemolytic disease. We explored the relationship between haemolysis, ...
Negro Sofia - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Combination of drugs for subcutaneous infusion is common practice in palliative medicine, however, there is no information pertaining to the compatibility and stability of tramadol combined in ternary admixtures and no information exists regarding its clinical performance. METHODS: Tramadol hydrochloride, haloperidol lactate, and hyoscine N-butyl bromide have been examined ...
Melina Giovanni - - 2010
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: It has been shown previously that elevated plasma levels of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and its N-terminal fragment (NT-pro-BNP) are related to the degree and progression of native aortic valve disease. In addition, NT-pro-BNP levels have been shown to decrease after successful aortic valve ...
Amir Offer - - 2010
Cheyne-Stokes breathing (CSB) has been associated with heart failure (HF) patients for many years; however, its true prevalence and its prognostic implications are still obscure. The goal of this study was to investigate the prevalence and the possible prognostic implications of nocturnal CSB in advanced heart failure patients. We performed ...
Yoo Changhoon - - 2010
PURPOSE: Imatinib plasma trough levels (C(min)) have been reported to correlate with treatment outcomes in patients with gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs). We therefore have evaluated the correlation between imatinib C(min) and the clinical characteristics of patients with GIST. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Steady-state imatinib C(min) in 107 patients with GIST who ...
Christenson Robert H - - 2010
BACKGROUND: BNP and N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) concentrations may be depressed in patients with increased body mass index (BMI). Whether increased BMI affects accuracy of these biomarkers for diagnosing decompensated heart failure (HF) and predicting outcomes is unknown. METHODS: We measured BNP and NT-proBNP in 685 patients with possible decompensated HF ...
Silvain Johanne - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the ability of the bedside test Hemochron Jr. Hemonox (International Technidyne Corporation, Edison, New Jersey) to identify patients with insufficient anti-Xa activity level in the catheterization laboratory. BACKGROUND: Inadequate anticoagulation in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with increased periprocedural ischemic events. METHODS: In ...
Leszek Przemys?aw - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to select the most relevant markers of impaired left ventricle (LV) function in patients with heart failure (HF) symptoms due to severe chronic mitral regurgitation (MR). METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-six patients with decompensated HF due to severe MR underwent echocardiography, 6-minute walk test ...
Bellone Andrea - - 2010
BACKGROUND: It has been established that plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations in patients with acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (ACPE) increase in proportion to heart failure. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment on plasma BNP concentrations in patients ...
Ikonomidis Ignatios - - 2010
The mechanisms of the N-terminal-pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) release in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with preserved ejection fraction (EF) are unclear. We investigated whether left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, as assessed by tissue Doppler imaging (TDI), is related to NT-pro-BNP levels in ICU patients with preserved EF and has a ...
van Gestel Yvette R B M - - 2010
N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is commonly used to identify a cardiac cause of dyspnoea. However, patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may also have increased plasma NT-proBNP levels because of right-sided myocardial stress caused by pulmonary hypertension. We investigated the relationship between COPD and elevated NT-proBNP levels as ...
Santilli F - - 2010
SUMMARY BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism is a relatively common complication of chronic heart failure (HF) and the place of antiplatelet therapy is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: We characterized the rate of thromboxane and prostacyclin biosynthesis in chronic HF of ischemic origin, with the aim of separating the influence of HF on platelet activation from ...
Valle Roberto - - 2010
The key management goals for the stabilization of patients admitted for acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF) include relief of congestion and restoration of hemodynamic stability. Nevertheless, in spite of clinical improvement, many patients are discharged with hemodynamic congestion. In response to volume expansion, the heart secretes the brain natriuretic peptide ...
Kallergis Eleftherios M - - 2010
Because humoral alterations have been implicated in the generation and perpetuation of atrial fibrillation (AF), we aimed to elucidate possible abnormalities in atrial endocrine function in the setting of lone AF. Levels of plasma apelin and amino terminal fragment of the brain natriuretic peptide prohormone (NT-pro-BNP) were measured in 40 ...
Orak Murat - - 2010
In our study, in addition to evaluating the relation between Pro-Brain natriuretic peptide (Pro-BNP), myoglobin and creatinine kinase (CK) levels and morbidity and mortality, we aimed at identifying the demographic characteristics of patients admited to emergency service after exposure to high electrical voltage. In this prospective study, 48 emergency service ...
Wieshammer Siegfried - - 2010
Appreciation of the anti-inflammatory actions of theophylline at low serum concentrations has revived the interest in this drug, but its cardiac side effects remain a concern. The serum level of N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a marker for cardiac stress. This study examined the association between theophylline intake and ...
Sir Jung-Ju - - 2010
We evaluated whether BNP has additive value to SPECT in patients with normal left ventricular (LV) systolic function. Data from 224 consecutive patients who underwent rest (201)Tl-dipyridamole stress (99m)Tc-sestamibi gated SPECT and coronary angiography due to chest pain were analyzed. Patients with true positive SPECT showed significant higher BNP level ...
Aydin Sibel Zehra - - 2010
In the current study we aimed to investigate the effect of MBL deficiency in radiographic damage of the spine in a large group of AS patients. One hundred and ninety-one AS patients and 85 healthy controls were studied. Disease activity, radiological scores, and demographic features were recorded. MBL levels were ...
Mokhtar Galila M - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in sickle cell disease and thalassemia patients in relation to clinical and laboratory parameters of hemolysis and hemosidersosis, as well as plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP). The study also aimed to define the role of ...
Pérez-Calvo Juan I - - 2010
To determine whether serum Cystatin C (CysC) and NTproBNP have prognostic value among patients with long-standing chronic lung disease. Prospective, observational, non-interventional study. CysC and NTproBNP are prognostic markers in several cardiac conditions. In addition, CysC acts as an antiprotease following Cathepsin activation, which has been involved in the pathogenesis ...
Lotfy Mahmoud - - 2010
Liver fibrosis is the common consequence of chronic liver injury of any etiology, disrupting the normal architecture,and causing hepatocellular dysfunction and portal hypertension. Since the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may be involved in chronic liver diseases, in the present study we assayed renin levels using ELISA in groups of Egyptian patients ...
Protti Alessandro - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Lactic acidosis can develop during biguanide (metformin and phenformin) intoxication, possibly as a consequence of mitochondrial dysfunction. To verify this hypothesis, we investigated whether body oxygen consumption (VO2), that primarily depends on mitochondrial respiration, is depressed in patients with biguanide intoxication. METHODS: Multicentre retrospective analysis of data collected from ...
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