Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 953
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Valli N - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to prospectively evaluate patients with suspected or known heart disease using plasma brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) measurement and radionuclide ventriculography to examine whether left ventricular dysfunction is associated with an abnormal rise of BNP concentration. METHODS: Patients (n=153) and controls (n=14) underwent radionuclide ...
Ashitani J - - 2001
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To investigate the roles of human alpha-defensin (HAD), human beta-defensin (HBD)-1, and HBD-2, novel antimicrobial peptides, in patients with Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare infection (MAI). PATIENTS: The study included 25 patients (10 men) with MAI who visited our hospital between June 1998 and August 1999. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: In patients ...
Geppert A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary endothelial activation caused by high pulmonary capillary pressures may be involved in the pathogenesis of cardiogenic pulmonary edema (CPE). We studied soluble selectins and soluble ICAM-1 as markers of cell activation in the systemic and pulmonary circulation of patients with respiratory failure (RF) due to CPE (RFCPE) as ...
Ooi D S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Increased plasma troponin T (cTnT), but not troponin I (cTnI), is frequently observed in end-stage renal failure patients. Although generally considered spurious, we previously reported an associated increased mortality at 12 months. METHODS: We studied long-term outcomes in 244 patients on chronic hemodialysis for up to 34 months, correlating ...
Lim T A - - 2001
We derived the predicted effect compartment concentration of thiopental, at loss of the eyelash reflex, following three different injection regimens. Sixty patients were given thiopental for induction of anaesthesia. Twenty patients received multiple small boluses, 20 patients received a single bolus and 20 patients received an infusion. Computer simulation was ...
Biberthaler P - - 2001
Management of patients with minor head trauma (MHT) continues to be debated in the literature. Measurement of S-100b in serum has been introduced into the discussion as an additional screening tool for intracerebral injuries because routine cranial computed tomography (CCT) of a large number of patients causes logistic difficulties, and ...
Ge R L - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Individuals with chronic mountain sickness (CMS) show severe hypoxemia, excessive polycythemia, and marked pulmonary hypertension. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of CMS are still not completely understood. METHODS: We determined plasma atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), red cell 2,3-diphosphoglycerate (2,3-DPG), hematocrit, hemoglobin, and arterialized ear lobe blood gas values in 13 patients ...
Reichenberger F - - 2001
Endothelin (ET) is a broncho- and vasoconstrictive cytokine, but it also possesses proinflammatory and mitogenic activity. It is suggested to be involved in the pathogenesis of fibrotic lung diseases. We analyzed the concentration of ET 1 in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid in 95 patients with different lung diseases, among ...
Oku H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Overproduction of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) in the retina is demonstrated in experimental diabetic animals. To clarify the possible involvement of ET-1 and NO in the pathogenesis of diabetic retinopathy, the authors examined the vitreous levels of these principal endothelium-derived vasoactive substances in patients with proliferative diabetic ...
Fuse K - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Clinical manifestations of acute myocarditis, with distinct onset, vary from asymptomatic to fatal. The predictors of the course of the disease in patients with acute myocarditis at initial presentation have not yet been established. In this study, we examined the predictive values of various parameters in the disease course ...
Bettencourt P - - 2000
BACKGROUND: A number of prognostic indexes have been developed to predict the outcome of patients with severe heart failure (HF). In patients with mild to moderate HF, however, there is no consensus regarding the usefulness of such indexes. The goal of this study is to determine the prognostic value of ...
Hovsepian D M - - 2000
PURPOSE: Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is abundantly expressed in abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs), where it plays a pivotal role in connective tissue destruction. Elevated plasma concentrations of MMP-9 (MMP-9PL) also have been reported in patients with AAAs, but it is unclear if this can distinguish patients with AAAs from those with ...
Mizuno Y - - 2000
We investigated the relation between left ventricular structure and the secretion patterns of A- and B-type natriuretic peptides (ANP and BNP) by comparing their plasma levels in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) and patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). The secretion of ANP and BNP was much higher in patients ...
Carmen Sánchez M - - 2000
The prevalence of low-turnover lesions in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) is high. Our aims are to evaluate the prevalence of adynamic bone disease (ABD) in PD patients, analyze risk factors, and define the association of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels measured under different plasma calcium concentrations with this lesion. ...
Januzzi J L - - 2000
Elevated serum troponins following an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) predict a poor clinical outcome. Glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors reduce adverse clinical outcomes in patients with ACS, although their effect on serum troponin I (TnI) in this setting has not been described. We therefore studied the effects of the GP IIb/IIIa ...
Pachman L M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the association between the TNFalpha-308A allele and 1) duration of active disease, 2) peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) synthesis of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) in vitro, and 3) pathologic calcifications in patients with juvenile dermatomyositis (DM). METHODS: The TNFalpha-308 alleles were determined by polymerase chain reaction ...
Hill A T - - 2000
PURPOSE: Viable bacteria are often isolated from airway secretions in clinically stable patients with chronic bronchitis. We hypothesized that the number of organisms and bacterial species might be important modulators of airway inflammation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We performed quantitative sputum cultures in 160 stable patients [55 with chronic obstructive pulmonary ...
Brunelli T T Istituto di Clinica Medica Generale e Cardiologia, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2000
In vitro studies have recently demonstrated that homocysteine interacts with the aortic wall by inducing both elastolysis and endothelial perturbation. The aim of this study was to evaluate homocysteine plasma levels and their relationships with aortic diameter and endothelial damage in patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm. Fifty-eight consecutive male patients ...
Zupi E - - 2000
PROBLEM: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) is produced by the endometrium, and it has been shown that this cytokine has cyclic variations through the menstrual cycle. METHOD OF STUDY: In this study we assessed TNFalpha, estradiol and progesterone levels in the endometrium and serum of 21 patients with recent abnormal uterine ...
Blann A D - - 2000
Tissue factor (TF) is one of the major initiators of coagulation and raised plasma levels have been found in various cardiovascular diseases. TF activity is, however, regulated by tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), and alteration in levels of TF and/or TFPI may thus relate to thrombogenesis and atherogenesis. To investigate ...
Frattarelli J L - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine if basal E(2) screening increases the diagnostic accuracy of basal FSH screening and to determine whether basal E(2) levels correlate with outcome in ART cycles. DESIGN: Retrospective. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT(S): Two thousand six hundred thirty-four infertility patients. INTERVENTION(S): Cycle outcome was evaluated after grouping patients ...
Aouifi A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of procalcitonin (PCT) as a marker of postoperative infection after cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A prospective single institution three phase study. SETTING: University cardiac surgical intensive care unit (31 beds). PATIENTS: Phase 1: To determine the normal perioperative kinetics of PCT, 20 consecutive patients undergoing elective ...
Andersson P O - - 2000
Bystander immune suppression has been demonstrated in experimental models of oral immune tolerance induction. This phenomenon is associated with expression of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 and T-helper cell (Th) 2 cytokines. We have studied serum levels of Th cytokines and B- and T-lymphocyte subsets in chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), ...
Geppert A - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Elevated cytokine levels have been reported after ischemia/reperfusion injury and might cause a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). It is unknown whether patients with SIRS after CPR exhibit higher levels of soluble adhesion molecules than patients without SIRS and whether SIRS or elevation of ...
Inoue S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Plasma brain natriuretic polypeptide (BNP) levels have been used as biochemical markers of systolic left ventricular (LV) dysfunction. Although in vitro studies have shown the existence of BNP messenger RNA in the atria, the main production site of BNP is believed to be the ventricle. The hypothesis that the ...
Masson S - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Activation of neuroendocrine factors plays a major role in the pathophysiology and progression of heart failure. The aim of the present study was 1) to assess the clinical correlates of elevated plasma natriuretic peptides [atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP)] and Big endothelin-1 in a population ...
Hebbar M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Endostatin is an angiogenesis inhibitor derived from type XVIII collagen. The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of circulating endostatin in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc), and to assess the relationship between these concentrations, extension of tissular sclerosis, and presence of cutaneous scars or ulcers. METHODS: ...
García-Carrasco M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: Serum concentrations of soluble (s) L-selectin (CD62L) were measured in patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS) to relate these concentrations to clinical and immunological features of SS. METHODS: The study included 40 consecutive patients (38 women and two men) with a mean age of 61 years (range 24-78) who ...
Baqai R - - 2000
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of inteleukins with G. lamblia infection. METHODS: Serum interleukins were estimated in 42 patients suffering from giardiasis and 42 apparently healthy controls. Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF) was also studied in 14 patients and 14 controls. Interleukins (IL-2, IL-4, IL-10) ...
Nakamura M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Patients with Marfan syndrome show a hereditary abnormality of elastin metabolism that may cause aortic enlargement and dissection. We have hypothesized that abnormal elastin may alter peripheral vascular structure and function. METHODS: Forearm blood flow (FBF) (in milliliters per minute per 100 mL) response to the endothelium-dependent dilator acetylcholine ...
Yan S H - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the occurrence of DKA in Chinese adults. METHODS AND PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of adults presenting with DKA in a tertiary referral center from January 1992 to December 1997. We classified these patients into 3 groups: type 1, type 2 and new-onset diabetes. Clinical ...
Bettencourt P - - 2000
A diagnosis of heart failure (HF) can be difficult, especially in patients with mild symptomatology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the significance of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) in the diagnosis of HF with systolic or isolated diastolic ventricular dysfunction. One hundred patients and 9 controls were included ...
Sviri G E - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Hyponatremia has been shown in association with cerebral vasospasm (CVS) following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). In the past few years there has been increasing evidence that brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is responsible for natriuresis after SAH. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship ...
Guerreiro J B - - 2000
Mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) follow-up is based on subjective parameters. Using simplified quantitative cytology of nasal lavages (QNCs), we studied 20 ML patients, 10 patients with cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL), and 10 healthy subjects. Patients with ML were treated with antimony and followed up with otolaryngological examination plus QNCs for 6 months. ...
Musolino C. - - 2000
Vascular complications are the main cause of morbidity in polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET). To investigate plasma concentrations of soluble P-selectin (sP-Sel.), soluble E-selectin (sE-Sel.) and soluble thrombomodulin (sTM) in relation to the presence of thromboembolic events 38 patients with Chronic Myeloproliferative Disorders (CMD) (14 PV pts and ...
Scheuba C - - 1999
BACKGROUND: The aim of this prospective study was to distinguish biochemically between C-cell hyperplasia (CCH) and medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) before surgery. METHODS: Eighty-six consecutive patients with an abnormal stimulated calcitonin level (> 100 pg/mL) underwent thyroidectomy and lymph node dissection. In sporadic MTC, histopathologic findings and postoperative biochemical outcomes ...
Sayama H - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Recently, attention has been focused on endothelin-1 (ET-1) as an indicator of atherosclerosis. However, normal levels of ET-1 are frequently found in elderly patients. We investigated the relationships between echocardiographic findings and ET-1 in 117 inpatients for rehabilitation. METHODS: The patients were 34 men and 83 women, ...
Shoab S S - - 1999
AIM: to study the effect on plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) levels of oral purified flavonoid fraction treatment for sixty days in patients with chronic venous disease (CVD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: twenty patients <<CEAP>> (clinical stage 2-4) with chronic venous disease were included. Duplex ultrasonography was used to assess ...
Renz C L - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether pretreatment with intravenous antihistamines attenuates the symptoms of red-man syndrome associated with rapid vancomycin administration. DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study of patients undergoing elective arthroplasty. SETTING: Preoperative unit in a tertiary care center. PATIENTS: Forty preoperative patients (American Society of Anesthesiologists status I-III, receiving vancomycin ...
Suvajdzić N - - 1999
The extent of megakaryocytopoiesis (Mk-poiesis) and clinical outcome are evaluated in 14 patients with severe refractory chronic immune thrombocytopenia (rchr ITP). Three out of 14 patients died due to hemorrhage. The number of bleeding episodes and the number of treatment modalities proved to be both sensitive prognostic survival parameters (p ...
Pedersen A M - - 1999
We studied the relationship between dry mouth, general health and objective findings in 16 patients having primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) according to the 1993 European classification criteria as well as in healthy controls. Serum autoantibody to SSA/SSB (AB) was correlated to unstimulated whole saliva flow (UWS) and labial salivary gland ...
Glicklich D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) have become the treatment of choice for posttransplantation erythrocytosis (PTE). Yet the pathogenesis of PTE and the mechanisms of action of ACEI remain unclear. Therefore, we studied the dose response to erythropoietin (Ep), angiotensin II (AII), and the ACEI enalaprilat on the in vitro proliferation ...
Agarwal R - - 1999
The pathogenesis of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) is incompletely understood but it has been suggested that various cytokines may have a role in the process. In this study the profile of the cytokine Transforming Growth Factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta1) was investigated in the sera of 79 patients with various grades of ...
Brites C - - 1999
The use of reduced doses of Ritonavir (RIT) and Saquinavir (SQV) is considered a potent alternative in treating patients infected by HIV-1. We tested a combination of 300mg of RIT plus 600mg of SQV, twice daily, in association with two reverse transcriptase inhibitors to treat AIDS patients for a period ...
Roller R E - - 1999
We have investigated fibrinolytic parameters in 33 patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) before and 6, 24, and 48 hours after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) as well as in 35 gender-matched healthy controls, whose mean age was not significantly different from the mean age of the patients. PAOD patients ...
Ishikawa Y - - 1999
PURPOSE: To explore the use of neuroendocrine monitoring for more timely diagnosis of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) in Duchenne's muscular dystrophy (DMD) and to determine the effects of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) and beta-blockers on neuroendocrine levels, left ventricular diastolic diameter (LVDd), ejection fraction, and mortality rate on DMD. METHODS: Eighty-five ...
Takabatake N - - 1999
Unexplained weight loss is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Since leptin, an obesity gene product, is known to play important roles in the control of body weight and energy expenditure, we investigated serum leptin levels, along with circulating tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and soluble TNF receptor ...
Español I - - 1999
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The distinction between clonal and reactive thrombocytoses is a frequent problem and implies different therapeutic options. As thrombopoietin (TPO) is the main regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis and thrombopoiesis, we measured TPO levels in patients with thrombocytosis in an attempt to understand the regulation and potential utility of distinguishing ...
Coll-Vinent B - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether changes in concentrations of circulating adhesion molecules are related to disease activity in patients with giant cell arteritis (GCA). METHODS: A sandwich ELISA was used to measure soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), sICAM-3, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1), E-selectin (sE-selectin), and L-selectin (sL-selectin) in serum and ...
Winkler G - - 1999
AIMS: The aim of the study was to analyse the role of tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction in patients with different types of obesity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fasting serum TNF-alpha immunoreactive concentration (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, ELISA) and bioactivity (L929 cell cytotoxicity assay), endothelin-1 and C-peptide ...
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