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Results 351 - 400 of 1223
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Hansen N L - - 2005
It is possible to obtain information about the synaptic drive to motoneurons during walking by analyzing motor-unit coupling in the time and frequency domains. The purpose of the present study was to compare motor-unit coupling during walking in healthy subjects and patients with incomplete spinal cord lesion to obtain evidence ...
Uloza Virgilijus - - 2005
Values for acoustic voice measurements were obtained from 88 normal individuals and 98 pathological cases of mass lesions of vocal fold and 50 cases of unilateral vocal fold paralysis. Overall, all items reflecting perturbations of pitch and amplitude as well as glottal noise were significantly higher in the groups of ...
Delk John - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: A new Tactile Pump for the American Medical Systems (AMS) 700 Inflatable Penile Prosthesis (IPP) had been developed in an effort to improve usability for the patient. Aim. To assess the ease of use of the new Tactile Pump. METHODS: A prospective, multicenter study was conducted at four investigative ...
Bhatoe Harjinder Singh - - 2005
OBJECT: Lipomas of the spinal cord are often a component of spinal dysraphic states. Nondysraphic intramedullary spinal cord lipomas are rare, and their presentation, in the form of gradually worsening myelopathy, is nonspecific. The authors report on the methods used for diagnosis and treatment in patients presenting with these lesions ...
Chosa Etsuo - - 2005
To evaluate whether hemoglobin oxygen saturation and hemoglobin concentration of the leg are useful indicators for circulatory compromise in patients with lumbar spinal canal stenosis, we investigated the changes in the indices during level gait using reflectance spectrophotometry. Thirty-three patients with lumbar spinal stenosis were studied. Preoperatively, the hemoglobin oxygen ...
Gupta Puneet
<b>Background: </b> Degenerative lumbar canal stenosis is a multifaceted problem presenting as backache and neurological claudication. <b> Methods:</b> In fifteen patients of acquired degenerative lumbar canal stenosis multi level interlaminar fenestration with discectomy, if required, was carried out. Retrospective analysis was done to assess the out come by assessing the ...
Elias Jorge J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a systemic mycosis caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The involvement of the central nervous system (CNS) in paracoccidioidomycosis is higher than previously thought and 2 clinical presentations have been reported, meningitis and pseudotumoral. METHODS: Twenty medical records of patients with CNS paracoccidioidomycosis treated from 1986 to 2003 ...
Robinson A J - - 2005
AIM: To present part of the rationale behind the recent update to the M12 guideline in The Royal College of Radiologists' publication "Making the best use of a department of clinical radiology", 4th edition 1998, which stated that ultrasound was useful in screening for dysraphism in infants with cutaneous markers ...
Mingaila Sigitas - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors influencing the effectiveness of occupational therapy of patients with spinal cord injury in early rehabilitation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were obtained on 136 patients with spinal cord injury admitted to the Department of Rehabilitation, Kaunas University of Medicine Hospital in 1999-2005. The study population consisted of ...
Li-Yun Guo G Department of Precision Instruments, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084 China (phone: 086-010-62773470; e-mail: - - 2005
In order to improve the effect of robotic rehabilitation therapy, we need to find out which elements of robot training influence it. Our aim is to analysis the relation between the patients-active force and the effect. This paper reviews a clinical therapy involving 6 hemiplegia patients with the upper extremity ...
Kim S H SH Department of Biomedical Engineering, Inje University, Kimhae, 621-749 - - 2005
Visible evidence of spinal column damage is only apparent in 14% of the patients who receive spinal damage. We use a humidity sensor array. The humidity sensor (HDP-05) is arranged and attached to pre-assigned regions along the spinal column nerve of the actual patient. Applying pressure to the urinary bladder ...
Jongjit Jithathai - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigation functional independence and rehabilitation outcomes of traumatic spinal cord patients. The data were obtained for 38 patients with traumatic spinal cord lesions admitted to the physical therapy unit from 1997 to 2001. The mean age was 32 +/- 6.48 years. Functional improvement ...
Yamada Shokei - - 2004
The adults with tethered cord syndrome (TCS) are divided into two groups: group-1 adult TCS patients with spinal dysraphism; and group-2 patients without dysraphism who develop signs and symptoms in adulthood. A significant number of group-2 patients failed to show elongation of the spinal cord and abnormally thick filum terminale. ...
Schmid D M - - 2004
This prospective study aimed at determining whether nocturnal penile tumescence and rigidity (NPTR) findings correlate to the neurologic disorders in spinal cord injured (SCI) patients suffering from erectile dysfunction (ED). A total of 25 acute SCI male patients with post-traumatic ED underwent neurological, electrophysiological and urodynamic examinations, respectively, as well ...
Anbar Ran D - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To highlight the concept that stress can be associated with dyspnea in children. METHODS: A chart review identified 22 patients (age range, 9-17 years) referred to a pediatric pulmonologist, who were offered instruction in self-hypnosis for treatment of dyspnea that persisted despite medical therapy. Patients were offered the opportunity ...
Gotuzzo E - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Human T cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is associated with tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP). Peru is an area of endemicity for HTLV-1. METHODS: All patients with suspected cases of TSP referred to our institute (Institute of Tropical Medicine Alexander von Humboldt, Lima, Peru) from 1989 through 2002 were ...
Johnson Michael B - - 2004
Thirty-four patients with ambulatory spastic diplegia (ages 10-19.8 years) who were part of a prospective study of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) had standardized radiographs before and after SDR. Follow-up ranged from 5 to 11.6 years after surgery. Two different surgical approaches were used: laminectomy (14 patients) and laminoplasty (20 patients). ...
Toyoda Hiromitsu - - 2004
OBJECT: Although respiratory function is often impaired by acute cervical spinal cord injury, changes in respiratory function in patients with chronic cervical myelopathy (CCM) are not well documented. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the respiratory function of patients with CCM. METHODS: Spirometric parameters were measured in 94 ...
Thompson Todd P - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: The authors reviewed a series of nontraumatic spinal cord injuries associated with surfing lessons. OBJECTIVES: To characterize a unique syndrome of paraplegia/paraparesis to improve clinical recognition, treatment, and prevention. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surfer's myelopathy is a previously unreported nontraumatic spinal cord injury that affects inexperienced surfers. Nine ...
Okuda Teruaki - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A pathologic study of the ligamentum flavum in degenerative lumbar disease. OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the clinical significance of each pathologic finding of the ligamentum flavum. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: In many reports, researchers observed the ligamentum flavum removed partially during surgery and did not evaluate the whole image ...
Stagi S - - 2004
Type I Chiari malformation is a disorder characterized by a displacement of the cerebellar tonsils through the foramen magnum into the upper cervical spinal canal and, contrary to type II Arnold-Chiari malformation, without the presence of myelomeningocele. As described in the literature, patients suffering from Arnold-Chiari malformation with myelomeningocele can ...
Woiciechowsky Christian - - 2004
Degenerative spondylolisthesis of the cervical spine is rare. Patients show signs of progredient myelopathy, radiculopathy and pain. Treatment strategies include ventral, dorsal and combined fusion techniques with or without repositioning and decompression. In this study, we present 16 patients with degenerative cervical spondylolisthesis. The leading symptom was severe myelopathy in ...
Verhoef M - - 2004
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of secondary impairments in young adults with spina bifida and to relate the prevalence to the type of spina bifida and the level of lesion. This cross-sectional study is part of the ASPINE (Adolescents with Spina Bifida in the Netherlands) ...
Shiiya Norihiko - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Tau is a protein localized primarily in neurons, especially in the axonal compartment. Cerebrospinal fluid tau levels are elevated in acute stroke and head traumas. The purpose of this study is to elucidate the alterations of cerebrospinal fluid tau levels in patients with or without neurologic complication after aortic ...
Hesse S - - 2004
Single case studies. To describe the technique of intensive locomotor training on an electromechanical gait trainer (GT) combined with functional electrical stimulation (FES). Neurological Rehabilitation Clinic, Berlin, Germany. Four spinal cord-injured (SCI) patients, one tetraparetic, two paraparetic, and one patient with an incomplete cauda syndrome, more than 3 months postinjury, ...
Miyahara Hiroshi - - 2004
Four rare cases of spindle cell carcinoma of the larynx are reported and the histo-pathological and immuno-histochemical findings are described. The spindle cell carcinoma involved the right vocal cord of an 88-year-old and an 86-year-old male patients and the anterior commissure of a 76-year-old and a 68-year-old male patients. Two ...
Iles J F - - 2004
The vestibular system was activated by galvanic electrical stimulation in 22 patients with spinal cord injury. Three patients were studied standing and all were studied sitting. Electromyographic responses recorded in soleus (standing patients) and the erectores spinae (all patients) were compared with data from 18 control subjects. The vestibular stimulus ...
Tu Yi-Fang - - 2004
Spinal cord damage is a rare neurological complication of bacterial meningitis. From 1988 to 2001, three of 186 pediatric patients with acute bacterial meningitis presented with acute flaccid paralysis due to myelopathy. The disease-onset ages and causative pathogens of the three patients were 2 days (group B streptococcus), 3 months ...
Aryan Henry E - - 2004
Syringomyelia is associated with Arnold-Chiari Type I malformations. Syringobulbia describes the phenomenon of syrinx extension into the brain stem. Syringocephaly is the further dissection of the fluid-filled cavity into the cerebral peduncles and cerebrum. In this case report, we describe a patient who presented with bulbar, sensory, motor, and coordination ...
Heffez Dan S - - 2004
While patients with fibromyalgia report symptoms consistent with cervical myelopathy, a detailed neurological evaluation is not routine. We sought to determine if patients with fibromyalgia manifest objective neurological signs of cervical myelopathy. Two hundred and seventy patients, 18 years and older, who carried the diagnosis of fibromyalgia but who had ...
Davis Daniel P - - 2004
Previous reports have recommended the use of a "classic triad" of fever, spine pain, and neurologic deficits to diagnose spinal epidural abscess (SEA); however, the prognosis for complete recovery is poor once these deficits are present. This retrospective case-control study investigates the impact of diagnostic delays on outcome and explores ...
Mahadevan J J Service de Neuroradiologie diagnostique et thérapeutique, CHU de Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre; France - - - 2004
Cerebral arteriovenous malformations (CAVM) can be associated with Hereditary Haemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT), a dominantly inherited vascular disorder with variable penetrance and expressivity. The presentation and angiographic features were analysed retrospectively. The purpose is to point to special groups of AVM patients within the overall CAVMs and to discuss the issue ...
Maruta T - - 2004
We undertook a radiographic analysis with pre-operative computed tomographic myelography in 78 patients with idiopathic scoliosis in order to analyse rotation of the spinal cord and to investigate its clinical significance. The angle of rotation of the cord had a statistically significant relationship to both that of the apical vertebra ...
Scivoletto Giorgio - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate neurologic recovery of spinal cord lesion patients and its relationship to some lesion and patient features. DESIGN: Retrospective review of the charts. SETTING: Rehabilitation hospital in Italy. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 284 consecutive, newly injured patients were included with evaluation of lesion to admission time, etiology, lesion ...
Roposch Andreas - - 2004
Brachmann-de Lange syndrome (BDLS) is a disorder of unknown cause that is recognized on the basis of characteristic facies in association with growth retardation, mental retardation and, in many cases, upper limb anomalies. Because of its association with skeletal anomalies, patients with the syndrome are often referred to the paediatric ...
Bielamowicz Steven - - 2004
In this study, we evaluated the relationship between laryngeal function measures and glottal gap ratio and normalized measures of supraglottic behaviors in patients with unilateral vocal fold paresis (UVFP). Thirty-one patients were found to have unilateral vocal fold paresis by videoendoscopy and laryngeal electromyography, and 13 controls participated in this ...
Swinkels Annette - - 2004
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional comparison of spinal position sense in 50 patients with mild ankylosing spondylitis and 50 healthy controls. OBJECTIVES: To determine if spinal position sense is impaired in patients with mild ankylosing spondylitis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pathologic processes in ankylosing spondylitis target sites in the spine where ...
Harzheim Michael - - 2004
Acute transverse myelitis (ATM) is a pathogenetically heterogeneous inflammatory disorder of the spinal cord. Therefore, the identification of clinical and paraclinical features providing clues of the underlying etiologies is needed. The clinical presentation, blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) findings as well as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neurophysiological features were ...
Serkov S V - - 2004
Recently, a novel leukoencephalopathy syndrome was described in eight patients with a distinct pattern of MRI abnormalities. Here we describe the clinical, laboratory, and MRI findings in five new, unrelated patients. The clinical picture was homogeneous with onset in childhood, a slowly progressive course, variable mental deficits, signs of pyramidal ...
Shiba Keisuke - - 2004
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: In patients with restricted abduction of the vocal cords, it has generally been accepted that glottis narrowing with laryngeal stridor during inspiration is attributed to static and passive obstruction of the glottis. However, active glottis narrowing can also be contributory. We tested the hypothesis that the vocal cord adductor ...
Ilaslan Hakan - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate patient age and sex and location and imaging appearances of primary vertebral osteosarcoma (PVOS) compared with histologic subtypes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective review (1915-2001) of imaging findings in patients with histologically proved primary osteosarcoma of vertebral column was performed. Two radiologists in consensus reviewed findings for location, ...
Savarirayan Ravi - - 2004
We report the longterm clinical and radiological progression in three unrelated patients with the tibia-metacarpal form of chondrodysplasia punctata (CDP-TM). The patients were followed for 37, 25, and 32 years, respectively. At follow-up intellectual function was normal, and physical function was well preserved. There was also marked resolution of several ...
Jankelowitz S K - - 2004
The authors recorded the acoustic startle response in 32 patients with stroke, 6 patients with incomplete cervical cord lesions, and 26 controls. Increased startle occurred in about one quarter of both stroke and spinal cord injury patients. The response in biceps demonstrated the greatest deviation from normal, with less marked ...
Kaya Men┼čure - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The injection of small doses of local anesthetic solutions through pencil-point directional needles and maintaining the lateral decubitus position for 15 to 30 minutes after the injection have been suggested to facilitate the unilateral distribution of spinal anesthesia. We evaluated the effects of hypobaric and hyperbaric bupivacaine ...
Strebel R T - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of apomorphine sublingual (SL) 3 mg, as a primary or secondary treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), and to determine possible differences in efficacy considering clinical, urodynamic and neurophysiological findings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 22 patients with ...
Sørensen P - - 2003
The aim of this study was to emphasize the importance of non-surgical treatment for subgroups of patients with spinal epidural abscesses (SEA). From 1988 to 2000, thirty cases of epidural spinal abscesses were retrospectively included in the study. The records and radiological studies were evaluated. Staphylococcus aureus was the most ...
Connell Richard A - - 2003
INTRODUCTION: Previous work suggests that patients with isolated penetrating trauma rarely require spinal immobilisation. This study aimed to identify the incidence of mechanically unstable, or potentially mechanically unstable, spinal column injuries in penetrating trauma patients. The study also aimed to identify the incidence of spinal cord injury as a result ...
Sridhara Suryanarayan Rao - - 2003
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate voice quality before and after thyroplasty type 1 in patients with symptomatic unilateral vocal cord paralysis. METHODS: Fifteen consecutive cases of unilateral symptomatic vocal cord paralysis of a known or idiopathic etiology with the duration of 6 months who have failed ...
Fried Guy W - - 2003
Spasticity is commonly seen after spinal cord injury, and a large percentage of patients with spinal cord injury will need treatment to control it. Although oral medications do a fair job of controlling spasticity in most patients, some patients will need additional forms of treatment. In many cases, oral medications ...
Ord J - - 2003
PURPOSE: We determined by statistical analysis whether method of management is associated with risk of bladder stone formation in spinal cord injured patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed of 457 patients admitted to Stoke Mandeville Hospital Spinal Injuries Center between 1985 and 1990 with more than ...
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