Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1222
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Nosseir Michael - - 2007
AIMS: The vast majority of spinal cord lesions cause neurogenic bladder disorders. Detrusor hyperreflexia presents a major risk factor for renal damage in these patients. We evaluated the long-term results of patients with spinal cord injury treated at our institution. METHODS: Eighty spinal cord injury patients (60 male, 20 female; ...
Sipko Tomasz T Katedra Fizjoterapii AWF we - - 2006
The goal is to describe occurrences of functional motion system disorders in patients who exhibit the lumbar spinal disc disease. It is assumed that the lower back pain- radicular and pseudoradicular is caused by the lumbar spinal disc disease. Studies were performed in 19 patients who exhibited MRI determined hernia ...
Kalita J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Occurrence of nonprogressive juvenile-onset spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) predominantly in males suggests a possibility of X-linked disorder but there is no such report addressing this problem. AIMS: To evaluate CAG repeat expansion of androgen receptor (AR) gene in patients with nonprogressive juvenile-onset SMA. SETTING: Tertiary medical teaching institute. SUBJECTS ...
Dahlgren A - - 2007
Cross-sectional study. (1) To examine whether the Klein-Bell ADL Scale (K-B Scale) discriminates cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) patients in daily activities and to explore its applicability in this group of patients. (2) To examine the association between basic ADL and upper extremity function. (3) To investigate if grip ability ...
SkowroĊ„ska Marta - - 2006
We would like to present a case of a 51-year-old patient with two rare co-existing diseases. The patient was suffering from two tumours in the lumbar region of the spinal canal, which caused development of hydrocephalus. Diffuse white matter hyperintensities (WMH) were observed in our patient's brain imaging. She was ...
Pourbagher Aysin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiologic and clinical features, complications, imaging findings, and outcomes for brucellosis patients with osteoarticular involvement. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This prospective study was performed over 4 years (December 2000-December 2004). The subjects were 251 Turkish patients (age range, 2-77 years) who ...
Li Wen-cheng - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the anorectal status in patients with lumbosacral spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Twenty six patients (23 males, 3 females) with lumbosacral SCI and 13 normal volunteers were enrolled into this study as controls. The median age was 43.7 years (ranging 17-68 years) and the median time of ...
Abou-Raya S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to ascertain the degree of occurrence of tuberculous infection in patients presenting with low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Forty consecutive patients seeking primary medical attention for the main symptom of LBP and presenting to the Rheumatology Outpatient Clinic of our institution from ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
OBJECT: The angulation of the sacrum is easily measured. The authors have previously reported on patients who were symptomatic with a diagnosis of myelomeningocele who were found to have changes in their lumbosacral angle (LSA) corresponding to the onset of symptoms indicative of a tethered spinal cord. The aim of ...
Mazzini Letizia - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Our study was aimed to evaluate the feasibility and safety of intraspinal cord implantation of autologous mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in a few well-monitored amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients. METHODS: Seven patients affected by definite ALS were enrolled in the study and two patients were treated for compassionate use ...
Büyükbebeci Orhan - - 2006
Spinal tuberculous abscesses usually respond to anti-tuberculous drugs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of surgical drainage after failure of first-line anti-tuberculous drugs. Patients with spinal instability or vertebral collapse were excluded from the study. The authors retrospectively reviewed 11 patients. The operation was successful in ...
Chaurasia R N - - 2006
AIM: This study aimed to identify the clinical and radiological profile of non-traumatic myelopathies and various etiologies associated with them. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Two hundred and four patients of non-traumatic myelopathy were prospectively studied in different wards of Sir Sundar Lal Hospital, Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, ...
Sakayama Kenshi - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Hyaluronan (HA) was measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) to ascertain the clinical significance of this substance in patients with spinal disorders, a topic that, to the best of our knowledge, has not previously been studied. METHODS: We examined correlations of CSF HA concentration with age, sex, height, body weight, ...
Marshall M Blair - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The anatomy of the thoracic outlet is complex, and the optimum surgical approach to pathologic disease at this location is controversial. Although the Dartevelle approach to the apex seems to be a safer and more direct approach, this technique has not been widely adopted in the United States. We ...
Lee Chee-Siong - - 2006
To evaluate the prevalence of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), 47 clinically asymptomatic SCI patients received thallium-201 myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (Tl-201 SPECT) after dipyridamole administration for the diagnosis of CAD. There were 4 groups as follows; group 1: 13 patients ...
Patki Prasad - - 2006
PURPOSE: We evaluated urinary tract dysfunction in individuals with spinal injury who remained able to ambulate. We observed changes with time in urological management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients attending outpatient clinics with traumatic, incomplete (American Spinal Injury Association grades D and E) spinal cord injury during a 2-year period ...
Verettas D J - - 2006
Tuberculosis of the spine is not rare in immunocompromised patients and particularly in those with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Furthermore, the possible vascular compromise of the spinal cord in patients with diabetic nephropathy may result in symptoms of neurological involvement that could lead to deterioration and paralysis. We report a ...
Chalumeau-Lemoine Ludivine - - 2006
We describe a patient who suffered from an unusually severe form of neuromyelitis optica with a hyperacute time-course evolution requiring mechanical ventilation within 3 days. The patient died after 72 days and autopsy showed major spinal cord, optic nerve, and brainstem necrosis, and multifocal necrotic lesions on the cerebellum and ...
Renard Violette M - - 2006
OBJECT: Percutaneous spinal cord stimulation (SCS) electrodes are prone to migration even after scar tissue encapsulation. The authors devised a simple technique to eliminate longitudinal migration. METHODS: In 99 patients who received implanted percutaneous electrodes, less than 0.1 cm3 of silicone elastomer adhesive was injected between the anchoring sleeve and ...
Strom R G - - 2006
The authors reviewed charts of 78 myelopathy patients who underwent spinal angiography for possible arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Twenty-two patients had an AVM. No neurologic complications from angiography were observed. MRI findings of increased T2 signal or flow voids were strongly associated with AVMs. Spinal angiography should be performed in all ...
Dankaerts Wim - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: A comparative study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate sitting postures of asymptomatic individuals and nonspecific chronic low back pain (NS-CLBP) patients (pooled and subclassified) and evaluate the importance of subclassification. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND: Currently, little evidence exists to support the hypothesis that CLBP patients sit differently from pain-free controls. Although ...
Bogdanov E I - - 2006
Among 168 cases with neurologic findings of cervicothoracic syringomyelia and MRI findings of Chiari 1 malformation and/or underdevelopment of the posterior cranial fossa, 15 patients (9.1 %) had collapsed, flat syrinxes and 14 patients (8.3 %) did not have syrinxes. Both groups of patients had clinical findings of central myelopathy ...
Cohen-Gadol Aaron A - - 2006
OBJECT: The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of intracranial cavernous malformations (CMs) in a large series of predominantly Caucasian patients with spinal cord CMs. The authors also studied the natural history of spinal CMs in patients who were treated nonoperatively. METHODS: The medical records of 67 ...
Ku J H - - 2006
Retrospective study, based on cases of spinal cord injury (SCI). To establish hazard ratios for risk of epididymo-orchitis in SCI. South Korea. A total of 140 male patients injured before 1987 were eligible for this investigation and have been followed up on a yearly basis from January 1987 to December ...
Nakashima I - - 2006
This study investigates the relation between the serological status of NMO (neuromyelitis optica)-IgG and the clinical and MRI features in Japanese patients with multiple sclerosis. Serum NMO-IgG was tested in 35 Japanese patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis, including 19 with the optic-spinal form of multiple sclerosis (OSMS), three with the ...
Al-Fattah Hesham Abd - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To establish the anatomical relationships between the arytenoid and cricoid cartilages and apply these findings to design an arytenoidectomy based on a sound anatomical basis. STUDY DESIGN: In 50 patients the length of the vocal process and the distance between vocal process tip and upper border of the cricoid ...
Gupta N - - 2006
Retrospective chart review. To identify the prevalence of overweight and severely overweight (obese) in veterans with spinal cord injury. Veterans Administration Hospital in Wisconsin. A retrospective chart review of all the patients registered in the current database with the Spinal Cord Injury Unit in the Veterans Administration Hospital was undertaken ...
Wilk Bryan - - 2006
STUDY DESIGN: Movement analysis of spinal motion. OBJECTIVE: To compare spinal motion among females with normal spines, those with idiopathic scoliosis who had not had spinal fusion, and those who had undergone fusion for idiopathic scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous reports have documented loss of spinal motion following fusion ...
Lee Gabriel Y F - - 2006
OBJECT: The adult presentation of tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is well recognized but continues to pose significant diagnostic and management challenges. The authors performed a retrospective study of clinical outcomes after neurosurgical intervention in 60 adults with TCS. METHODS: All patients who underwent detethering surgery for caudal cord tethering at ...
Moviglia G A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This is a preliminary report on successful results obtained during treatment of two patients with chronic spinal cord injury. The therapeutic approach was based on the generation of controlled inflammatory activity at the injury site that induced a microenvironment for the subsequent administration of autologous, BM-driven transdifferentiated neural stem ...
Lima Carlos - - 2006
Olfactory mucosa is a readily accessible source of olfactory ensheathing and stem-like progenitor cells for neural repair. To determine the safety and feasibility of transplanting olfactory mucosa autografts into patients with traumatically injured spinal cords, a human pilot clinical study was conducted. Seven patients ranging from 18 to 32 years ...
Toyone Tomoaki - - 2005
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective consecutive series. OBJECTIVE: To determine patient expectations in lumbar spine surgery and assess the level of fulfillment of those expectations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Little has been offered in the literature in specific regards to lumbar spine surgery. METHODS: Ninety-eight patients, 49 patients who underwent discectomy for ...
Yilmaz Figen - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the motor, sensory, and functional recovery in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Forty-one patients with SCI participated in this study. Twenty patients were evaluated after discharge. Each patient was evaluated by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) impairment scale ...
Arai Hidee - - 2005
To elucidate autonomic function in spinal muscular atrophy, we evaluated finger cold-induced vasodilatation, sympathetic skin response, and R-R interval variation in 10 patients with spinal muscular atrophy: 7 of type 1, 2 of type 2, and 1 of type 3. Results of finger cold-induced vasodilatation, sympathetic skin response, and R-R ...
Lou E - - 2005
There is considerable controversy regarding the effectiveness of orthotic treatment for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Most researchers believe that, to be effective, the orthosis must be worn as prescribed for both compliance and tightness. Compliance is the time the brace is worn relative to the prescribed time. A battery-powered ...
Stanek Agata - - 2005
Background. The aim of our study was to assess the impact of whole-body cryotherapy with subsequent kinesitherapy on spinal mobility parameters in patients with ankylosing spondylitis. Material and methods. We enrolled 32 men with ankylosing spondylitis in a clinical trial. The subjects were randomly divided into 2 groups consisting of ...
Unsal Alparslan - - 2006
PURPOSE: To evaluate the varicocele frequency of patients with spinal cord injury by color Doppler ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients {48 patients with upper motor neuron injury (U-MNI) and 12 patients with lower-MNI} with traumatic spinal cord injury and age matched 48 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this prospective ...
Knoller Nachshon - - 2005
OBJECT: A Phase I, open-label nonrandomized study was conducted to assess the safety and tolerability of incubated autologous macrophages administered to patients with acute complete spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: This therapy was first tested in rat models of spinal cord transection and contusion, in which it was shown to ...
Postma K - - 2005
Validation study. An accelerometry-based Activity Monitor (AM) has proven to be a valid instrument to quantify mobility-related activities (lying, sitting, standing, walking, cycling, general (noncyclic) movement). The aim of this study was to assess whether, additional to other activities, wheelchair propulsion (hand-rim wheelchair propulsion and handbiking) can be validly detected ...
Higuchi Hideyuki - - 2005
We designed the present study to examine the influence of lumbosacral cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) volume on the spread and duration of hyperbaric bupivacaine spinal anesthesia when the injection is made with the patient in the lateral position compared with that when the patient is in a seated position. Seventy-four patients ...
Hagen E M - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To study the causes and the rehabilitation outcome of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) in patients older than 60 years at the time of injury. MATERIAL: Forty-four patients were included. METHODS: The American Spinal Injury Association Motor Impairment Scale on admission and at discharge and the Functional Independence Measure ...
Balagué Federico - - 2006
This is a prospective study with a follow-up period of 4 years. The study aimed to evaluate the possible clinical utility of three biomarkers [i.e., keratan sulfate (KS), hyaluronan, and cartilage oligomeric matrix protein] measured in peripheral blood in severe acute sciatica at intake and follow-up. Our previous study and ...
Frisbie J H - - 2005
Case reports. To describe Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) and associated circulatory abnormalities in three patients with spinal cord lesions. Veterans Administration Hospital, USA. One paraplegic patient with coronary artery disease in congestive heart failure, one tetraplegic patient with alcoholic cardiomyopathy and postural hypotension, and one tetraplegic complete patient with cardiomegaly, severe ...
Cengiz K K Ondokuz Mayis University, School of Medicine, Department of Nephrology, Kurupelit, TR 55139 Samsun, Turkey. - - 2005
Nine paraplegic patients due to spinal cord injury of various aetiology, developing renal amyloidosis are presented and the old literature is reviewed. All the patients were male and their mean age was 24.8 +/- 1.5 years. The mean interval between the start of primary disease and the diagnosis of amyloidosis ...
Wick L - - 2005
The purpose of our study was to evaluate magnetic resonance (MR) signal characteristics of acutely forming heterotopic ossification (HO) in paralyzed patients. Fourteen patients with spinal cord injury (female n=2, male n=12, mean age 38.3 years) and acute onset of radiographically proven HO had contrast-enhanced 1.5-T MRI within 13.4+/-18.3 days ...
Koyanagi Izumi - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Syringomyelia is a common intramedullary lesion associated with spinal arachnoiditis and obstruction of the foramen magnum such as in Chiari's malformation. Disturbance of cerebrospinal fluid flow around the spinal cord has an important role in the development of syringomyelia due to spinal arachnoiditis; however, the exact mechanisms have not ...
Huang Hongguang - - 2005
Between 1991 and 2002, 456 patients with an intracranial meningioma were treated. Thirty-nine of these had more than one meningioma (8.6%). The mean age was 58 years (27-85 years). Sex distribution was 8.8:1 (35 female, four male). There was no associated spinal meningioma. No patient had neurofibromatosis. In 19 patients ...
Sreedharan S - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH), though common, is often asymptomatic. However, spinal hyperostosis can predispose the affected to chronic myelopathic symptoms and acute spinal cord injury. CLINICAL PICTURE: We report on 3 patients with DISH, who sustained traumatic cervical cord injuries. Two were tetraplegic at presentation. The radiologic findings ...
Pardal-Fernández J M JM Unidad de Electromiografía Clínica, Servicio de Neurofisiología, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete, Espana. - - 2005
OBJECTIVE-PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to describe a gait disorder presenting as a bilateral sacral radiculopathy after vigorous cycling. Also, we discuss the pathogenic mechanisms and we revise the bibliography. The patient complained of a rapid painless weakness in legs, after intense and prolonged cycling 4 months ...
Hansen N L - - 2005
It is possible to obtain information about the synaptic drive to motoneurons during walking by analyzing motor-unit coupling in the time and frequency domains. The purpose of the present study was to compare motor-unit coupling during walking in healthy subjects and patients with incomplete spinal cord lesion to obtain evidence ...
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