Search Results
Results 151 - 200 of 1222
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Kalita J - - 2010
An observational study. We report clinical, MRI and urodynamic findings in spinal tuberculosis. Tertiary care teaching hospital. Patients with spinal tuberculosis having micturition disturbances or high postvoidal residual (PVR) urine were subjected to clinical evaluation, urodynamic and spinal MRI. Urinary symptoms were scored as per the American Urological Association Symptom ...
Hanneken Sandra - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is the most common porphyria in childhood, presenting with painful and burning skin sensations as well as erythema and edema after sun exposure. It represents an inherited disorder of heme metabolism that is due to a reduced ferrochelatase enzyme activity. The diagnosis is usually established when ...
Zaremski Jason L - - 2010
A 26-yr-old man with a C4 American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale B spinal cord injury was admitted due to a left calf pressure ulcer. The patient's initial laboratory results and physical examination findings were unremarkable, except for a stage IV pressure ulcer. On day 7, the patient developed fever ...
Pouw M H - - 2010
Prospective multi-center cohort study. To compare the neurological and functional recovery between tetraplegic Brown-Séquard-plus syndrome (BSPS) and incomplete tetraplegia (non-BSPS). European Multicenter Study of Human Spinal Cord Injury (EM-SCI). BSPS was defined as a traumatic incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) with ipsilateral weakness and contralateral loss of pinprick sensation at ...
Kim Su Hyun - - 2010
Longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis (LETM) is a syndrome with extensive spinal cord lesions spanning three or more vertebral segments on spinal cord MRI. Although many reports have indicated that LETM is a characteristic feature of neuoromyelitis optica (NMO) in Western countries, the clinical characteristics and risk for development of NMO ...
Kumru Hatice - - 2010
Spasticity with increased tone and spasms is frequent in patients after spinal cord injury (SCI). Damage to descending corticospinal pathways that normally exert spinal segmental control is thought to play an important causal role in spasticity. The authors examined whether the modulation of excitability of the primary motor cortex with ...
Guilfoyle Mathew R MR Department of Neurosurgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK. - - 2010
We describe the case of a patient with known Wegener's Granulomatosis who developed a spontaneous intradural haematoma in the thoracic spine against a background of a recent relapse in her vasculitis. Decompression resulted in a rapid recovery of lower limb function. We propose involvement of the spinal meninges in the ...
Saito Akihiro - - 2010
To examine the electrophysiologic characteristics of the subvalvular mitral region, we retrospectively searched for the presence of subvalvular diastolic potentials (DP) in 91 patients (mean age, 46.9 ± 16.6 years) who underwent catheter ablation of left-sided accessory pathways (AP). We detected low-amplitude (0.19 ± 0.09 mV) DP in 14 patients ...
Ghandehari Kavian - - 2010
Background. Spinal Cord Infarction (SCI) is a rare and disabling disease. This hospital-based study was conducted for clinical evaluation of SCI patients in east of Iran. Methods. Consecutive SCI patients admitted in Ghaem hospital,Mashhad during 2006-2010 were enrolled in a prospective clinical study. Diagnosis of SCI was made by neurologists ...
Syczewska Małgorzata - - 2010
The gait pattern in scoliotic patients differed from the gait pattern of the healthy subjects. The aim of the present paper was to describe the dependence of the gait pathology on the severity of the spinal deformity. Thirty five patients with confirmed scoliosis participated in the study. All patients underwent ...
Invernizzi Marco - - 2010
PURPOSE: To provide a translation and cultural adaptation of the Spinal Cord Independence Measure version III scale for Italy (i-SCIM3) and to validate this version of the scale. METHOD: i-SCIM3 was developed involving a forward-backward translation and administered to patients with spinal cord lesions (SCL) admitted to two centers. Two ...
Vitale Michael G - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord monitoring is now considered standard care during surgery for spinal deformity. Combined somatosensory and motor evoked potential monitoring allows the detection of early spinal cord dysfunction in most patients. The purpose of the current study was to identify clinical factors that increase the risk of intraoperative electrophysical ...
Duschau-Wicke Alexander - - 2010
Manual body weight supported treadmill training and robot-aided treadmill training are frequently used techniques for the gait rehabilitation of individuals after stroke and spinal cord injury. Current evidence suggests that robot-aided gait training may be improved by making robotic behavior more patient-cooperative. In this study, we have investigated the immediate ...
Muñoz-Rojas María Verónica - - 2010
In mucopolysaccharidosis VI, or Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, deficiency of N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase leads to storage of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and MPS VI patients often develop spinal cord compression during the course of the disease due to GAG storage within the cervical meninges, requiring neurosurgical intervention, as intravenous (IV) enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) is ...
Matsuda H - - 2010
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the incidence of spinal cord injury (SCI) after thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR), we investigate the intercostal/lumbar arteries that supply the Adamkiewicz artery (ICA-AKA). PATIENTS: Among 81 patients subjected to TEVAR, we retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 50 patients (range: 57-86 (median age: 77) years, 41 ...
Valsasina P - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether (1) the tactile-associated cord functional MRI (fMRI) changes vary in the different clinical stages of relapse-onset multiple sclerosis (MS), and (2) the pattern of cord fMRI changes relates to severity of MS clinical disability. METHODS: Cervical cord fMRI was acquired from 49 MS patients (30 relapsing-remitting ...
Drury Tucker - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: The effect of degenerative spondylolisthesis on functional performance and self reported quality of life in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis was compared to patients with lumbar spinal stenosis and no degenerative spondylolisthesis. OBJECTIVE: To define the relationship degenerative spondylolisthesis shares with functional performance and self reported quality of ...
Lin Chih-Hsiang - - 2009
PURPOSE: To analyze the clinical characteristics of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with spinal metastasis. METHODS: During a period of 14 years, 42 HCC patients with cranial and/or spinal metastasis were identified. Among them, 12 had spinal involvement and thus were included for study. The clinical, laboratory and neuroimaging data of these ...
Benito Penalva J - - 2010
Prospective longitudinal study. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) on the soleus H reflex in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) before and after locomotion training. Neurorehabilitation hospital in Barcelona, Spain. H reflex was elicited in 29 incomplete patients with SCI ...
Horikoshi Toru - - 2010
Magnetic resonance imaging may show a fluid collection in the spinal epidural space of patients with spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome (SIHS), but the chronological changes remain unclear. Brain and spine MR imaging findings were analyzed in 16 patients (9 women and 7 men, mean age 48.6 years) with SIHS before ...
Sistonen Saara J - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Clinical characteristics of spinal deformities that commonly occur in patients with esophageal atresia (EA) are unclear. The objective of this study was to assess the incidence and natural history of spinal anomalies and scoliosis in patients with EA. METHODS: A population-based cohort of 100 adults who had an operation ...
Chandran Vinod V Division of Rheumatology, University of Toronto, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2009
To evaluate changes in symptoms, spinal mobility, and radiographic features in patients with axial psoriatic arthritis (AxPsA). Patients with AxPsA were identified from the University of Toronto Psoriatic Arthritis clinic database. Axial symptoms, metrology, and radiographic features at study entry were compared to 5-year and 10-year followup assessments. Data were ...
Chen Woei-Luen - - 2009
PURPOSE: Many patients who suffer from spinal cord injuries with paraplegia cannot recover to walk independently. They need to use a special walking orthoses to support their body to walk properly. Traditionally, long leg braces (LLB) were fitted to patients for walking. Unfortunately, the results were not satisfactory as this ...
Ploumis A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The increased risk for venous thromboembolic events following spinal trauma is well established. The purpose of the present study was to examine the literature in order to determine the optimum thromboprophylaxis regimen for patients with acute spinal injuries with or without spinal cord injury. METHODS: EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Cochrane ...
Harrop James S - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective database. OBJECTIVE: To define the variability of neurologic examination and recovery after nonpenetrating complete thoracic spinal cord injuries (American Spinal Injury Association [ASIA] A). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Neurologic examinations after spinal cord injury (SCI) can be difficult and inconsistent. Unlike cervical SCI patients, ...
Kato Yoshihiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A clinical diagnosis support tool for lumbar spinal stenosis was developed by the Japanese Society for Spine Surgery and Related Research. However, the use of this tool has not yet been validated. METHODS: Patients with symptoms in the lower extremities and who visited the Department of Orthopedics initially were ...
Spiess Martina R - - 2009
The neurological severity of a spinal cord injury (SCI) is commonly classified according to the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) Impairment Scale (AIS). The aim of this study was to assess the course of the AIS following SCI, and to discern the nature of any changes in the classification that ...
Prigent H - - 2010
Corsets are widely used to improve trunk stability in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and can improve respiratory function. The aim of the present study was to identify predictors of respiratory benefits from wearing a corset in SCI patients. In a prospective observational study, respiratory function was tested in ...
Taghipoor Keyvan Davatgaran - - 2009
OBJECT: Pressure ulcers (PUs) are common complications in patients with complete spinal cord injury (SCI) or incomplete SCI in which sensory function is spared. Most studies analyzing associated factors of PU and SCI have been performed in cases of traumatic SCI and in just a few cases of nontraumatic SCI. ...
Suppiej A - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A tethered cord (TC) has been reported in as much as 50% of the patients affected by anorectal malformation (ARM). No guidelines for timing and modality of diagnosis and treatment have been established. We present the preliminary results of a multidisciplinary protocol carried out at our center. METHODS: Seventy-four ...
Yagci Ilker - - 2009
The aim of this prospective, blinded and controlled study is to evaluate the utility of lumbar paraspinal mapping in the diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis. The subjects were assessed and allocated into three groups according to clinical and radiologic features with a standardized assessment protocol. These three groups were clinical ...
McGirt Matthew J - - 2009
OBJECT: Tethered cord syndrome (TCS) is frequently associated with scoliosis in the pediatric population. Following spinal cord untethering, many patients continue to experience progression of spinal deformity. However, the incidence rate, time course, and risk factors for scoliosis progression following tethered cord release remain unclear. The aim of this study ...
Fauth C - - 2009
We analyzed two unrelated male patients in whom neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) was not suspected until they presented with malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumours (MPNSTs) in their thirties and forties, respectively. Patient A presented with progressive peroneus paresis due to a rapidly growing MPNST in the thigh. MRI examination revealed ...
Alexandrino A P - - 2009
A case-control evaluating seminal citrate in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). Several studies have shown neurological prostatic dysfunction in patients with SCI, as confirmed by low levels of seminal prostate-specific antigen (PSA), which is used as a parameter of gland activity. However, seminal citrate, produced almost exclusively by the ...
Woon Colin Yi-Loong - - 2009
Spontaneous spinal epidural haematomas (SSEHs) are rare causes of spinal cord compression. We present 2 cases of thoracic SSEHs with similar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features. Patient 1 was on long-term oral anticoagulants and patient 2 had uncontrolled hypertension. Patient 1 presented with a dense motor deficit, whereas patient 2 ...
Berthonnaud E - - 2009
The 3D analyses of spinal shapes and postural features give a great number of data. The global patient posture includes his pelvic morphology and tilting, and his pelvic and spinal balance. In some scoliotic spines, the spinal curve belongs to a unique plane. In other scoliotic patients, the spinal curve ...
Yoon Jung Han - - 2009
HyperIgEemia and atopy have recently been reported to be related to various neurological diseases such as Hirayama disease and idiopathic myelitis. The aims of this study are to determine frequency of atopy or hyperIgEemia in idiopathic myelitis and to characterize the clinical and laboratory profiles of atopic myelitis (AM). From ...
Mik Gokce - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Intraspinal anomalies are common in patients with congenital scoliosis and are a known risk factor for neurological complications. Smaller but normal-appearing spinal cords have not been described in association with congenital scoliosis, nor have they been considered to be an anomaly with a similar neurological risk. We previously reported ...
Dragovich Anthony - - 2009
Four active duty military personnel and two retired soldiers/military contractors were treated with spinal or peripheral nerve stimulators. All six personnel were able to deploy after the stimulators were placed. Five patients had no incidents during their deployments. One patient completed four deployments but had mechanical complications that necessitated eventual ...
Kurtaran A - - 2009
A cross-sectional survey. To investigate the changes in the occupation of patients after spinal cord injury (SCI) and the factors that cause this change. The study involved 192 Turkish patients (41 female, 151 male) who had suffered SCI. The mean age of patients was 36.1+/-12.0 years. The mean follow-up time ...
Chin Ki Jinn - - 2009
PURPOSE: Spinal anesthesia can be challenging in patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty because of poorly palpable surface landmarks and age-related changes in the lumbar spine. We hypothesized that pre-procedural ultrasound imaging would be effective in identifying the lumbar intervertebral spaces and would provide an accurate measure of the depth to ...
Benedetti B - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Diffusion tensor (DT) MRI enables quantification of the severity of brain and cervical cord pathology in multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: To investigate DT MRI patterns of cervical cord damage in patients with benign MS (BMS) and secondary progressive MS (SPMS), in order to achieve a better understanding of the ...
Johansson C - - 2009
To evaluate the validity and responsiveness of the Spinal Cord Index of Function (SIF), a new instrument on activity level, measuring the ability to perform various transfers in non-walking patients with a spinal cord lesion. Spinal Injuries Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. Twenty-nine patients with a spinal cord lesion ...
Senocak Ozlem - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Magnetic lumbar stimulation was used to detect spinal nerve degeneration in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate delays in the motor conduction time in the cauda equina of patients with LSS. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies suggested a bilateral slowing of motor conduction in ...
Dedivitis R A - - 2009
A retrospective study was conducted to analyse videokymographic findings from patients who underwent vertical frontolateral laryngectomy with reconstruction using a sternohyoid muscle flap. Overall, 22 patients with T1b and T2 glottic tumours and more than one year of follow-up were studied. Two experienced observers analysed the recorded videokymographic data. A ...
Pahys Joshua M - - 2009
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in patients with presumed infantile idiopathic scoliosis (IIS). OBJECTIVE: To identify the prevalence of intraspinal anomalies in patients with presumed IIS at a single, large volume institution and further define the role for a screening MRI. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND ...
Kumru Hatice - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: Plastic changes in the human central nervous system can occur at multiple levels, including circuits rostral to the lesion level in spinal cord injury (SCI). GABA is the most important inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain. The authors hypothesized that one of the consequences of plasticity in SCI patients could ...
Rapała Kazimierz - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Publications concerning the shape of the spinal canal and degenerative changes in the intervertebral joints have not described this issue in full detail to date, especially with regard to the causes of pain syndromes associated with degenerative changes in intervertebral joints. The aim of the study was to assess ...
Lee Chang Sub - - 2009
OBJECT: Congenital dermal sinus (CDS) usually develops in the midline of the body as a single tract. To date, only a few patients with multiple CDS tracts and ostia have been reported. The authors analyzed the clinical features of patients with spinal CDS and multiple ostia and proposed a novel ...
Cheng Mei-Yun - - 2009
The purpose of this article is to investigate the relationship between clinical features and imaging characteristics of spinal cord infarction (SCI). Twenty patients (11 women/9 men) were diagnosed at the Chang Gung Memorial Hospital between March 1993 and March 2007. Data of clinical features, possible causes and imaging findings were ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >