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Lee Sangheun S Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Internal Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Post-polypectomy bleeding is the most common colonoscopic polypectomy complication. However, the risk of post-polypectomy bleeding in liver cirrhosis is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the risk of post-polypectomy bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis. We included 89 patients with liver cirrhosis who received colonoscopic polypectomy between January 2006 and October ...
Huang Andrew H - - 2014
Objective :  To determine a correlation between the width of the cleft palate measured at the time of lip adhesion, definitive lip repair, and palatoplasty and the subsequent occlusal classification of patients born with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Design :  Retrospective, observational study. Setting :  Referral, urban, children's hospital ...
Hrabe Jennifer E JE 1Department of Surgery, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa 2Department of Epidemiology, University of Iowa College of Public Health, Iowa City, - - 2014
The unique surgical challenges of proctectomy may be amplified in obese patients. We examined surgical outcomes of a large, diverse sample of obese patients undergoing proctectomy. The purpose of this work was to determine whether increased BMI is associated with increased complications in proctectomy. This was a retrospective review. The ...
Sabatini Diletta D Emergency Toxicology and Poison Control Center Unit, Policlinico Umberto I and Department of Physiology and Pharmacology "V. Erspamer", School of Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, - - 2014
Acute digoxin intoxication is a life-threating condition associated with severe cardiotoxicity. Female gender, age, low lean body mass, hypertension, and renal insufficiency may worsen the prognosis. Arrhythmias caused by digitalis glycosides are characterized by an increased automaticity coupled with concomitant conduction delay. Bidirectional tachycardia is pathognomonic of digoxin intoxication, but ...
Lee Kil-Jun KJ Graduate School of Clinical Dental Science, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, - - 2013
This study was aimed at comparing the mandibular arch forms of Korean and Vietnamese patients by using facial axis (FA) points on three-dimensional (3D) models. Mandibular casts of 68 Korean (Class I malocclusion, 30; Class II malocclusion, 38) and 78 Vietnamese (Class I malocclusion, 41; Class II malocclusion, 37) patients ...
Bulbul Feridun F Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Gaziantep University, Gaziantep, - - 2014
Urotensin II (U-II) is a cyclic peptide that was first isolated from the caudal neurosecretory system of goby fish. U-II receptors were detected in the vascular endothelium, brain and kidney cortex. Urotensin is by far the most powerful vasoconstrictor identified. U-II molecules were previously isolated from the brain of rats ...
Molina-Berlanga Núria - - 2013
Abstract Objective: To compare lower incisor dentoalveolar compensation and mandible symphysis morphology among Class I and Class III malocclusion patients with different facial vertical skeletal patterns. Materials and Methods: Lower incisor extrusion and inclination, as well as buccal (LA) and lingual (LP) cortex depth, and mandibular symphysis height (LH) were ...
Zamora N - - 2013
Objectives: To analyse the ANB and Wits values and to study correlations between those two measurements and other measurements in diagnosing the anteroposterior maxilo-mandibular relationship with CBCT. Study Design: Ninety patients who had previously a CBCT (i-CAT®) as a diagnostic register were selected. A 3D cephalometry was designed using one ...
Schuchert Andreas - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of the analysis was to compare the outcome of heart failure patients in New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV to that of NYHA class III patients 1 year after implantation of a CRT device. METHODS: The analysis was based on the 405 CRT patients enrolled in the ...
Valente Kette D - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: Deletion of the chromosome 15q11-q13, the most common genetic mechanism associated with Angelman syndrome (AS), is highly associated with a severe phenotype. However, deletion is not a genetically homogeneous group as it is composed by two main groups: Class I with breakpoints at BP1 (proximal) and BP3 (distal) and ...
Monaco Annalisa - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of vision defects (myopia, astigmatism, strabismus, and hyperopia) in Class I, Class II, and Class III malocclusions. A total of 1,326 patients were screened to assess the prevalence of vision defects and malocclusion. All the patients classified as Class I, ...
Sanchez Olivier - - 2012
We analysed a cohort of patients with normotensive pulmonary embolism (PE) in order to assess whether combining echocardiography and biomarkers with the pulmonary embolism severity index (PESI) improves the risk-stratification in comparison to the PESI alone.The PESI was calculated in normotensive patients with PE who also underwent echocardiography and assays ...
Shirakabe Akihiro - - 2012
Background: The relationship between acute kidney injury (AKI) in the acute phase of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and patient outcome has not yet been reported. Methods and Results: Data for 625 patients with ADHF admitted to the intensive care unit were analyzed. No AKI occurred in 281 patients (no AKI) during ...
Okur Hacer Kuzu - - 2012
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been known to be associated with atherosclerosis and hypoxia which was suggested to have an important role in this process by the way of increased oxidative stress. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the effects of ...
Chitra S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) is a chronic debilitating disease and a well-recognized, potentially malignant condition of the oral cavity associated with betel quid chewing. Betel quid chewing is a popular oral habit in India and shows strong association in the incidence of OSMF. The objective of the study was ...
Banerjee Ushasi - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress induced lipid peroxidation along with a reduced Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase activity has been implicated in the pathophysiology of bipolar disorders (BPD). Although, lithium therapy results in significant improvement in the symptoms of the disease, studies regarding its effect on the altered sodium pump activity and lipid peroxidation status have ...
Ezzedine K K Department of Dermatology and National Centre for Rare Skin Disorders, Bordeaux, France. - - 2011
Although mixed forms have been described recently, segmental (SV) and nonsegmental vitiligo (NSV) are considered as clinically distinct. However, limited epidemiological data are available to help distinguish associated factors, and recent genome-wide association studies have been restricted to NSV. The higher prevalence of SV in children is helpful when comparing ...
Doníz-Padilla Lesly - - 2011
Objective: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is characterized by different defects in immunoregulatory mechanisms. The immunoglobulin-like transcript receptor 2 (ILT2 or LIR1/CD85j) exerts an important immunoregulatory role. We hypothesized that the lymphocytes from AITD patients have a diminished expression and function of ILT2. The aim of this work was to study ...
Li Cuie - - 2012
The objective of this study was to investigate the features of voice changes in thyroid adenoma patients secondary to a unilateral thyroid lobectomy that did not result in laryngeal nerve injury. Prospective study. Pre- and postoperative fiberlaryngoscopic and voice acoustic analyses were performed on 32 adult patients (eight males and ...
Toussaint Nigel D - - 2011
Aim:  Vascular calcification is prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease. Abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) can be detected by X-ray, although AAC is less well documented in anatomical distribution and severity compared with coronary calcification. Using simple radiological imaging we aimed to assess AAC and determine associations in prevalent Australian ...
Bahn Rebecca S - - 2011
Thyroid nodules are very common, and although the majority are benign, approximately 5% may harbor malignancy. The evaluation of the patient with solitary thyroid nodule is generally straightforward and will typically include measurement of serum TSH to assess thyroid function and fine-needle aspiration biopsy of the nodule, with or without ...
Ng Yee Yung - - 2012
We investigated dialysis duration, dose of erythropoietin (EPO), and clinical manifestations in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients with subclinical hypothyroidism. This cross-sectional study, performed in 3 centers, assessed 122 adult patients on PD for more than 6 months with regard to demographic data, dialysis duration, thyroid function, biochemical data, EPO dose, ...
Passeri E - - 2011
Context: Newborns with congenital hypothyroidism (CH) have an increased risk for congenital heart defects (CHD) due to a common embryonic developmental program between thyroid gland and heart and great vessels. Objective: Our objective was to investigate the prevalence and origin of thyroid disorders in young patients with CHD. Design and ...
Zafon C - - 2011
Background: The use of recombinant human TSH is indicated to evaluate thyroid carcinoma patients. In recent years, some authors have reported that rhTSH could serve as a dynamic test of thyroid reserve. The aim of the present study was to determine whether or not rhTSH can predict the evolution from ...
Peluso Rosario - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of chronic autoimmune thyroiditis or Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) in a group of patients with spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: We evaluated serum levels of thyroid-stimulating hormone, free triiodothyronine, and free thyroxine, and titers of antithyroglobulin and antithyroid peroxidase (anti-TPO) antibodies in 357 consecutive patients with SpA. We ...
Coorough Nicholas - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is an essential tool for the management of thyroid nodules. Recently, several national organizations have recommended FNA of all thyroid nodules >1 cm. With the increase use of imaging in the practice of medicine over the last decade, the number of incidentally discovered thyroid nodules ...
Boj Carceller D - - 2011
To assess the effectiveness of radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy and the incidence of hypothyroidism post RAI in patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism or clinical hyperthyroidism with Multinodular Goiter (MNG). A retrospective study of 69 consecutive patients treated with (131)I for MNG during the year 2008 observed for six months. All patients ...
Bicikova Marie - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Serum levels of neuro- and immunomodulatory adrenal steroids together with selected hormonal, lipid and other relevant biochemical parameters were investigated to examine the differences between first-episode schizophrenia patients and age-matched healthy subjects, and the effect of treatment with atypical antipsychotics. METHODS: The patient´s group consisted of 22 drug-naive patients ...
Untch Brian R - - 2011
Surgeon-performed cervical ultrasound (SUS) and 99Tc-sestamibi scanning (MIBI) are both useful in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). We sought to determine the relative contributions of SUS and MIBI to accurately predict adenoma location. We performed a database review of 516 patients undergoing surgery for PHPT between 2001 and 2010. SUS ...
Nishimori Hidefumi - - 2011
Recent series of incidental thyroid activity on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) in patients evaluated for nonthyroidal malignancy, which we refer to as a "PEToma," have suggested that such lesions are associated with a significant incidence of primary thyroid cancer. We retrospectively reviewed 6457 FDG-PET scans performed on 4726 patients ...
Yang Samantha P L - - 2011
Apathetic thyrotoxicosis is distinctly unusual in thyroid storm and features of meningoencephalitis are very rare. Here we present such a patient. The patient was a 67-year-old Chinese woman who presented with acute generalized weakness, decreased mentation, fever, and rapid deterioration to coma, accompanied by meningism, initially mimicking meningoencephalitis. Further investigations ...
Malandrino Pasqualino - - 2011
Context: Treatment and follow-up of patients thyroidectomized for differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) mainly depends on the identification of the patient's risk of recurrence. Thyroglobulin (Tg) is the most important marker of persistent/recurrent disease. The recent introduction of a new, more sensitive Tg measurement allows for the early detection of the ...
Ozdemir Iy - - 2011
Background  Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the periodic appearance of aphthous lesions on the oral mucosa. TH1 cytokines plays a key role in the aetiopathogenesis. Autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD) is the most common autoimmune disease and is frequently accompanied by various other autoimmune diseases. Objective  ...
Vriens Dennis - - 2011
Indeterminate results at fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of thyroid nodules pose a clinical dilemma, because only 20% to 30% of patients suffer from malignancy. Previous studies suggested that the false-negative ratio of [(18) F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) is very low; therefore, it may help identify patients who would benefit from ...
Yoshihara Ai - - 2011
Thyroid-associated orbitopathy (TAO) is characterized by immune-mediated inflammation of the extraocular muscles surrounding orbital connective tissue and adipose tissue. Severe orbitopathy related to autoimmune thyroid disease often occurs in patients with Grave's disease, but it is rare in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The pathogenesis of TAO is unclear. Several studies ...
Singer J - - 2011
Family and twin studies suggest a genetic predisposition for euthyroid goiters. However, iodine deficiency and smoking are important exogenous factors for goiter development. We investigated goiter predisposition by a matched case control study in a region with recently documented low normal iodine supply. A sum of 376 patients were included ...
Vianello F - - 2011
AIM: Recombinant human thyroid-stimulating hormone (rhTSH) has been approved in Europe as a preparation tool for radioiodine ablation of post-surgical thyroid remnants in patients with low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC). Published studies report that, both thyroid hormone withdrawal and rhTSH preparation result in similar rates of successful remnant ablation, but ...
Rotondi Mario - - 2011
Objective:  Metformin is widely used for the treatment of type-2 diabetes. Growing evidence supports the beneficial effects of metformin also in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It was recently reported that metformin has a TSH-lowering effect in hypothyroid patients with diabetes being treated with metformin. Design:  Aim of this ...
Faggiano A - - 2011
AM: Patients with Fabry disease (FD), a genetic disorder caused by lysosomal a-galactosidase-A enzyme deficiency and characterized by a systemic accumulation of globotriaosylceramides, present high prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism. The pathogenic mechanism is thought not to be related to anti-thyroid autoimmunity and may be dependent by intra-thyroid lipid accumulation. In ...
Wormer Blair A - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine the indications and outcome of surgery in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). All patients who underwent thyroidectomy from 1990 to 2009 with pathologically confirmed HT were identified. Patients whose principle diagnosis was HT were evaluated for symptoms and outcome of thyroidectomy. Thirty-two ...
Tamilia Michael - - 2011
Most patients with differentiated thyroid cancer are treated with radioiodine (131-I) after thyroidectomy. The characteristics predictive of successful remnant ablation with low activities of 131-I are ill defined and could help stratify patients into those who should receive higher activities. In a case series of 193 consecutive patients with papillary ...
Sarı Serkan - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Retrosternal goiter incidence rates range between 0.2% and 45% of all goiters, and sternotomy is performed in some of patients. There is no consensus for selecting the patients on whom sternotomy should be performed. We aimed to determine the most important factor for predicting requirement of sternotomy. METHODS: This ...
Yoshizato Tetsuichi - - 2011
Peripheral edema often occurs in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with kinase inhibitors (TKIs). However, there are few reports indicating that the edema is caused by TKIs-induced hypothyroidism. We present the case of a 76-year-old man with chronic-phase CML who suffered from severe systemic edema after introduction of ...
Sanz Viedma S - - 2011
To evaluate the utility of (18F)FDG-PET for patients diagnosed of differentiated thyroid carcinoma who present risk of disease and invaluable levels of thyroglobulin (Tg) by the presence of antibodies antithyroglobulin (AbTg). Retrospective study of 7 women of 40 years old and histological diagnosis of differentiated thyroid cancer (7 papillary tumours) ...
McManus Catherine C Section of Endocrine Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53792-7375, - - 2011
In this study, patients with Hashimoto's Thyroiditis and significant symptoms were evaluated for improvement or resolution of preoperative symptoms after thyroidectomy. Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease characterized by production of antibodies such as anti-thyroperoxidase (TPO), which leads to destruction of the thyroid gland and a decrease in ...
Theodoraki A - - 2011
Background:  UK national guidelines recommend the measurement of TSH receptor antibodies (TRAb) in certain clinical scenarios. A commercial third generation TRAb autoantibody M22-biotin ELISA assay was introduced in May 2008 in our centre. Objective:  To evaluate the diagnostic performance of a TRAb assay in a retrospective and subsequently a prospective ...
Koulouri Olympia - - 2011
Objective:  Achieving optimal thyroid hormone replacement is more difficult in TSH deficiency compared to primary hypothyroidism because of the inability to be guided by serum TSH levels. A combination of clinical symptoms and free thyroxine levels (fT4) are typically used to make a diagnosis and monitor replacement. We investigated the ...
Rothman Ivey N - - 2011
Positron emission tomography (PET) positive lesions are common in the thyroid. The uptake can be focal or diffuse. Diffuse thyroid uptake is thought to be indicative of autoimmune thyroiditis and not for lesions of malignant potential. Hashimoto's thyroiditis as a cause for diffusely positive thyroid glands has been demonstrated. We ...
Figaro M Kathleen - - 2011
Lenalidomide is an antiangiogenic drug associated with hypothyroidism. We describe a case-series of lenalidomide use in hematological cancers and the prevalence of thyroid abnormalities. We reviewed medical records of patients treated with lenalidomide at a single center form 2005 to 2010 and extracted demographic, clinical, and laboratory data. Of 170 ...
Nagasaki Keisuke - - 2011
Background: The prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism (CH) increased during the period 1994-2002 in Japan. The reasons for these recently described increases in the prevalence of CH remain unclear. Moreover, the proportion of patients with different etiologies CH in the more recently diagnosed patients has not been established. In this study, ...
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