Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1088
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Altintepe Lütfullah - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Crush syndrome developing as a result of earthquake and other natural disasters has been investigated from many angles to date. Data are scarce, however, on cases associated with the spontaneous crash of buildings. This study presents the results on seven rhabdomyolysis patients treated in our clinics out of nine ...
Grooteman Muriel P C - - 2007
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels are increased in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Reports on the effect of various dialysis strategies on ADMA, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine levels are inconclusive. In this randomized crossover study, 15 patients were dialyzed for 4 weeks with 4 dialyzers, differing in biocompatibility and flux. Dimethylarginine and ...
Skába Richard - - 2006
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) can be associated with the development of neuroendocrine tumours such as medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). The RET proto-oncogene is the major gene responsible for both HD and MTC. Mutations in exon 10 (codons 609, 611, 618, 620) were found in patients with co-occurrence of HD and MTC. ...
Jofré Rosa - - 2006
Mortality is markedly elevated in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Between 30 and 50% of prevalent patients have elevated serum levels of inflammatory markers such as C-reactive protein and IL-6. The presence of inflammation, chronic or episodic, has been found to be associated with increased mortality risk. The causes of inflammation are ...
Giaime Philippe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is a common complication of hemodialysis sessions (HDSs). Adenosine may contribute to the drop in blood pressure during IDH events because it has hypotensive effects. As A(2A) adenosine receptor expression is essential for blood pressure control, we compared the expression of A(2A) receptors (Bmax, K(D), and ...
Carrega Louis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Haemodialysis (HD) sometimes accelerates left ventricular failure (LVF). As adenosine (ADO) is strongly implicated in cardiovascular functions, particularly via A(2A) receptor activation and as changes of peripheral A(2A) receptors mirror changes occurring in the cardiovascular system, we examined the influence of HD and LVF on both ADO plasma concentration ...
Borawski Jacek - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Periodontitis contributes to generalized inflammation and development of systemic diseases, including atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Its extent in maintenance haemodialysis (HD) patients is disputable and not known in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and pre-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. METHODS: One hundred and six patients (35 on HD, ...
Prado de Negreiros Nogueira Maduro Isolda - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Protein calorie malnutrition (PCM) in patients on hemodialysis (HD) is multifactorial; however, HD per se induces nutrient losses. The aim of the present study was to characterize the losses of total nitrogen (TN) and free amino acids (FAs) through the dialysate and to determine the relationship between this loss ...
Uzum Atilla - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Several medications have been tested with the aim of decreasing oxidative stress and erythrocyte osmotic fragility in patients on dialysis. The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of vitamin E therapy on oxidative stress and erythrocyte osmotic fragility in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal ...
Yildiz Mustafa - - 2006
AIM: The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that chronic inflammation impairs vascular function and leads to an arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV) increase in patients with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-three patients (17 women) with FMF, and 23 age- and sex-matched controls ...
Selby Nicholas M - - 2006
Dialysis patients who develop cardiac failure have a poor prognosis. Recurrent subclinical myocardial ischemia is important in the genesis of heart failure in nondialysis patients. It has previously been demonstrated that subclinical ischemia occurs during hemodialysis; therefore, this study examined whether the improved stability of cool-temperature dialysis lessens this phenomenon. ...
Tarrass Faissal - - 2006
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) has been reported in hemodialysis (HD) patients, but data regarding its incidence and mechanisms are scarce. The aims of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of unexplained PH in long-term HD patients, and to examine some possible etiologic factors for its occurrence. The prevalence of PH ...
Pechlivanis I - - 2006
We studied the frequency of patients who had chronic subdural haematomas (CSDH) and Huntington's disease (HD) in a 1-year study period. In our department a total of 58 patients with CSDH were treated. Four patients (6.9% of them) had HD. Surgical evacuation of the haematoma was performed in all four ...
Dulic-Sills Anna - - 2006
Circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) localise to sites of ischaemia and play a role in vascular repair and re-endothelialisation of injured blood vessels. Low levels of EPCs are associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the general population. It is not clear at present whether and how the numbers of circulating ...
Wang Xin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A high body mass index (BMI) has been reported to confer a survival advantage in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. On the other hand, body fat accumulation, especially visceral adipose tissue, is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease, as well as a clinically important source of adipokines. Uncoupling ...
Kuroda Takeshi - - 2006
The aim was to analyze the clinical outcome of a group of 51 patients diagnosed with systemic amyloidosis associated with rheumatoid arthritis who received hemodialysis (HD) as renal replacement therapy. We monitored the clinical course of the disease and factors that could influence survival. Determination of the onset of the ...
Buargub Mahdia - - 2006
A prospective non-randomized study was conducted at the Department of Infectious Diseases at Tripoli Medical Center. We evaluated the tolerance and efficacy of interferon-alpha (IFN) monotherapy in our hemodialysis (HD) patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Patients with evidence of active viral infection i.e. positive polymerase chain reaction ...
Debrah Alexander Yaw - - 2006
Lymphatic filariasis is a disease of considerable socioeconomic burden in the tropics. Presently used antifilarial drugs are able to strongly reduce transmission and will thus ultimately lower the burden of morbidity associated with the infection, however, a chemotherapeutic principle that directly induces a halt or improvement in the progression of ...
Kamimura M A - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Chronic kidney disease is associated with several metabolic disturbances that can affect energy metabolism. As resting energy expenditure (REE) is scarcely investigated in patients on hemodialysis (HD) therapy, we aimed to evaluate the REE and its determinants in HD patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Dialysis Unit of the Nephrology ...
Kaya Selçuk - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the relationship between fascioliasis and serum malondialdehyde (MDA) levels, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities. We also investigated whether there are significant differences in MDA levels and antioxidant enzymatic activities between acute and chronic fascioliasis. METHODS: Forty fascioliasis patients who were ...
Nescolarde Selva, Lexa
ABSTRACT The main objective of this thesis is to contribute to the prevention and control of the cardiovascular risk, hydration state and nutritional state in dialysis patients using non-invasive electrical impedance measurements. The thesis is structured in three parts with the following objectives: 1) to establish electrical impedance reference data ...
Siegel Abby B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Age > 60 years and impaired performance status (PS) are adverse prognostic features in the International Prognostic Index for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; however, patients aged > 60 years compose a heterogeneous population, and commonly used PS measures are subjective and incomplete. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Validated tests are used in geriatric ...
Selim G - - 2006
Among non-traditional cardiovascular risk factors both malnutrition and inflammation appear to be strong predictors of mortality and morbidity in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Our study objective was to determine predictors of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, considering the nutritional and immunologic parameters, in a cohort of HD patients treated in a single ...
Guo Weihong - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Eighty to ninety percent of Hirschsprung's disease (HD) patients present in newborns. However, the diagnosis of HD in the neonatal period remains difficult. Our present study aims to propose a diagnostic scoring system and hope this will increase early diagnosis of HD and avoid unnecessary rectal biopsy. METHODS: In ...
Dachille G - - 2006
AIM: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is very common in patients with renal failure, probably as a side effect of long-term treatments and dialysis, among other etiologic factors. Over the last few years, new highly effective oral treatments for ED have been introduced in the market. We designed a prospective trial in ...
Nasri H - - 2006
AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate the potential relationship between left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and left ventricular ejection fraction with serum leptin in end-stage renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis (HD) treatment. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 41 patients (15 women, 26 men) with ...
Buyan Necla - - 2006
AIM: The aim of the present study is: (i) to evaluate the serum concentrations of leptin and resistin in the paediatric patients with chronic renal impairment (CRI), on haemodialysis (HD) and on peritoneal dialysis (PD) treatment; (ii) to examine the relationship between these hormones; and (iii) to investigate the possible ...
Salahi H - - 2006
Repeated access to the circulation is essential to perform adequate maintenance hemodialysis (HD). Dysfunction of fistulae is the most common reason for a second intervention and recurrent hospitalization. The aim of this study was to evaluate the complications of HD fistulas seeking to evaluate the impact of age, site of ...
Guerini Rocco D - - 2006
AIM: This study was designed to define impairment of body functions and structures, limitations in activity, restrictions in participation, and health-related quality of life of chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients, in order to assign proper rehabilitation programs. METHODS: Forty-five patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) from the Dialysis Unit of the ...
Hartz Arthur - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Assess reasons for improved control for patients with initially poorly controlled diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients in seven practices with type 2 diabetes were selected if within a 6-month period they had two glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels of at least 8.0%. Patient factors that may influence control were ...
Brennan J Matthew - - 2006
Accurate intravascular volume assessment is critical in the treatment of patients who receive chronic hemodialysis (HD) therapy. Clinically assessed dry weight is a poor surrogate of intravascular volume; however, ultrasound assessment of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is an effective tool for volume management. This study sought to determine the ...
Bleyer A J - - 2006
Hemodialysis (HD) is an intermittent procedure during which large fluid and electrolyte shifts occur. We hypothesized that sudden death occurrences in HD patients are related to the timing of HD, and that they occur more frequently in the 12 h period starting with dialysis and in the 12 h period ...
Pulido Tomás - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To establish the prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) in autopsy material at a tertiary cardiac referral center and its importance as a cause of death in patients with heart disease (HD). DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: National Heart Institute, Mexico City. PATIENTS: One thousand thirty-two patients who died at ...
Portolés Jose - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Anemia management guidelines describe the importance of anemia as a risk factor in hemodialysis and the need for clinical prospective studies focused on this role of anemia. Response to treatment with iron and epoetin is multifactorial, and results are still far from the targets set by the guidelines. The ...
Pallardó Federico V - - 2006
Oxidative stress has been associated with Down syndrome (DS) and with its major phenotypic features, such as early ageing. In order to evaluate an in vivo pro-oxidant state, the following analytes were measured in a group of DS patients aged 2 months to 57 years: (a) leukocyte 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG); (b) ...
Simic-Ogrizovic S - - 2006
Recent studies give contradictory data regarding the role of hyperhomocysteinemia (hyperHcy) in cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aims of the present study were to detect the most powerful variables associated with hyperHcy as well as to evaluate the relationship between hyperHcy and CV morbidity and ...
Morena M - - 2006
Thrombosis of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is the leading cause of vascular access (VA) loss usually due to silent stenosis. Therefore, assessment of relevant risk factors of VA monitoring may provide insight into potential therapeutic targets for stenosis and thrombosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of ...
Hentrich M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the outcome of Hodgkin's disease (HD) in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with respect to the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cohort study included patients with HIV-HD diagnosed from June 1984 to ...
Ho Aileen K - - 2006
The objective of this study was to determine insight in patients with Huntington's disease (HD) by contrasting patients' ability to rate their own behavior with their ability to rate a person other than themselves. HD patients and carers completed the Dysexecutive Questionnaire (DEX), rating themselves and each other at two ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2007
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs)/their inhibitors (TIMPs) system and elevated oxidative stress (SOX) have been implicated as important factors in atherosclerosis and vascular remodeling. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether MMPs/TIMPs system is associated with SOX in hemodialyzed (HD) patients. We compared the serum levels of metalloproteinases and ...
Capeillère-Blandin Chantal - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In haemodialysis (HD) patients, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) were previously ascribed to oxidized plasma proteins, resulting mainly from increased myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity. The aim of the present study was to assess the mechanisms leading to the generation of AOPP during the course of chronic kidney disease including end-stage ...
Hebb Matthew O - - 2006
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Huntington's disease (HD) produces debilitating motor abnormalities that are poorly responsive to medical therapy. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) may offer a treatment option for afflicted patients, but its role in the management of HD remains unclear. In the present case, DBS leads were implanted bilaterally into the ...
Cetin O O Department of Biochemistry, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2006
A moderate increase in plasma total homocysteine (t-hcy) is considered to be an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in general population. One of the mechanisms by which hyperhomocysteinemia contributes to cardiovascular risk has been explained to be the increased thrombotic potential. Elevated t-hcy levels were also reported in ...
Kirmizis Dimitrios - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Among the non-classic cardiovascular disease risk factors in end-stage renal disease patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD), plasma fibrinogen, D-dimer, and von Willebrand factor (vWf) levels are potential markers of cardiovascular morbidity. We designed this case-control study to investigate their validity and any differences between them. MATERIAL/METHODS: Twenty-five HD patients ...
Brembilla-Perrot Beatrice - - 2006
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the interests of electrophysiologic study (EPS) after infusion of isoproterenol in patients with syncope and negative EPS in control state. METHODS: 1350 patients were consecutively admitted for syncope and EPS. Patients were included if they had no history of tachycardia, a normal ...
Hojs-Fabjan Tanja - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Polyneuropathy (PNP) is a common complication in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Electrophysiological parameters are quantitative indices of its severity. The aim of our study was to find the prevalence of pathologic electrophysiological parameters, to assess their prevalence in relation to duration of HD treatment and age, to establish which parameters ...
Sayarlioglu Hayriye - - 2006
Epidemiological studies suggest various kinds of immune dysregulation in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between immune functions and nutritional status of HD patients. We studied 54 patients with ESRD on chronic HD, included 34 females and 20 males with mean age 46.6 ...
Cozzolino Mario - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of mortality in hemodialysis (HD). An elevated incidence of cardiovascular calcifications (CVC) is observed in HD. Fetuin-A is an important inhibitor of CVC. Reduced fetuin-A levels associate with inflammation and increased cardiovascular (CV) mortality in HD. In this study we investigated the ...
Hodkova Magdalena - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of oral vitamin E therapy on serum concentrations of several markers of micro-inflammation and cardiovascular disease in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS: 29 HD patients were randomized into two groups: 15 patients were treated orally with 400 mg of ...
Ficek RafaƂ - - 2006
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Elevated plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) concentration is frequently found in patients with chronic renal failure on hemodialysis (HD) and correlates with their mortality. The present study aimed to analyze the relationship between plasma TNFalpha concentrations and survival of patients with nonseptic acute renal failure (ARF). METHODS: Twenty-seven patients ...
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