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Results 351 - 400 of 1085
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Cobo Sánchez José Luis - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) present hydro-electrolytic alterations due to the lack of adequate regulation of the internal medium. Of these alterations hyperkalaemia is frequent and produce neuromuscular symptoms, electrocardiographic changes and arrhythmias. Literature affirms that patients with ESRD present less prominent hyperkalaemia-related electrocardiographic changes than those patients ...
Wikström Björn - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Uraemic pruritus affects many patients receiving chronic dialysis therapy for end-stage renal disease. It is a distressing symptom which has a negative impact on quality of life (QoL) of the patients. The condition is also very frustrating for both patients and physicians since no effective treatment for relief of ...
Vymazal Josef - - 2007
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant inherited neurodegenerative disease. It has been hypothesized that changes of iron content in the brain may be involved in the pathogenesis of HD. To ascertain the hypothesis, we investigated the relationship between T2 relaxation time (T2), the number of cytosine-adenine-guanine triplet repeats (CAG) ...
Malyszko Jolanta - - 2007
AIM: Resistin is an adipocytokine that recently generated much interest. Because of the fact that inflammation, endothelial cell damage or injury is invariably associated with such clinical conditions as thrombosis, atherosclerosis and their major clinical consequences, that is, cardiovascular disease and resistin play a role in linking inflammation and cardiovascular ...
Ribaï Pascale - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Juvenile Huntington disease (JHD) is a rare clinical entity characterized by an age at onset younger than 20 years. Patients usually have an expansion of more than 60 CAG repeats in the Huntington disease (HD) gene, and the disease is usually inherited from the father. In general, precise age ...
Ramalakshmi S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: In the present study, we aimed to determine levels of free carnitine in hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in India and to correlate carnitine deficiency with various clinical parameters. METHODS: Patients on HD and PD at two tertiary care centers were selected for the study. Baseline data ...
Sugaya Kimio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The mean age of starting hemodialysis (HD) in patients with end-stage renal failure is gradually increasing in Japan. It is not uncommon for HD to be commenced in bedridden elderly patients who cannot give informed consent, because of brain damage. However, we have not been able to provide useful ...
Teo Boon Wee - - 2007
BACKGROUND: In 1995, we described the technique of adapting a haemodialysis (HD) machine to produce a composition-adjustable, bicarbonate-based fluid (as our primary source for dialysate) for continuous HD in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with acute renal failure (ARF). The following studies the clinical effects, biochemical changes and economic costs ...
Boehme Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pentraxins are mediators of inflammation as well as markers of the acute-phase reaction. While elevation of C-reactive protein (CRP) in patients with renal failure and its association with cardiovascular disease is well described, there are no data on pentraxin 3 (PTX3) in this population. METHODS: Plasma was obtained from ...
Görür K - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: Wound healing, epithelial regrowth and collagen synthesis are very important factors in the repair of the traumatised tympanic membrane. The aim of the present study was to determine the role of plasma fibronectine in the aetiopathogenesis of tympanosclerosis. METHODS: This prospective study included 58 patients with and 49 without ...
Kanduma E G - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To determine the levels of both TSA and HD antibody in sera of patients with various malignancies and evaluate their potential role as diagnostic and/ or prognostic markers. DESIGN: Laboratory based analysis. SETTINGS: Kenyatta National Hospital, Kenya Medical Research Institute and the Department of Biochemistry, University of Nairobi. SUBJECTS: ...
Morano Susanna - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the synergic effect of propionyl L-carnitine (PLC) plus sildenafil in reducing monocyte oxidative activity and endothelial dysfunction markers in diabetic patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: Thirty-two type 2 diabetic patients with ED (according to the International Index of Erectile Function-5 [IIEF-5]) were randomized to receive PLC ...
Koc Zafer - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To present the prevalence and imaging findings of patients with hydatid disease (HD) showing features of migration or herniation of the hydatid cysts (HCs) and underline the clinical significance of this condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between May 2003 and June 2006, 212 patients with HD were diagnosed by abdomen ...
Salvetti Massimo - - 2007
The objective of this study was to detect ultrastructural changes in myocardium related to collagen content by ultrasound tissue characterization in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in uncomplicated hypertensive control subjects. In 25 hemodialysis (HD) patients, in 25 patients with moderate to severe chronic renal failure (CRF), and ...
Chang Chung-Hsin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) is the most common malignancy in dialysis patients of Taiwan. The reason for such a high incidence of TCC is undetermined. The correlation between the underlying renal disease and the development of TCC was investigated. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed the clinical data and outcome ...
Hoek Frans J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Residual renal function influences morbidity, mortality and quality of life of chronic dialysis patients. Residual glomerular filtration rate (rGFR) is therefore an important parameter in the follow-up of these patients. Because rGFR is measured as the mean of creatinine and urea clearance, a complete 24 h urine collection is ...
Wada Kentaro - - 2007
An 81-year-old man, with chronic renal failure due to chronic glomerulonephritis on maintenance hemodialysis (HD) for 4.5 years, was admitted to our hospital because of rapidly developing hyperglycemia and hypertension. He had been under good control on HD with no history of hyperglycemia. One month prior to admission he felt ...
Hermans M M H - - 2007
Calcifying atherosclerosis is an active process, which is controlled by calcification inhibitors and inducers. Fetuin-A, an acute phase glycoprotein, is one of the more powerful circulating inhibitors of hydroxyapatite formation. A prospective multicenter cohort study was initiated to include both hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients in an evaluation ...
Sylvestre Lucimary C - - 2007
Malnutrition and inflammation are closely linked in adult chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients and are both related to poor outcome, but data on pediatric patients are lacking. To describe the prevalence of inflammation, evaluate nutritional status, their correlation to each other, and their possible determinants in pediatric patients with CKD ...
Dyachenko P - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Few controlled studies have compared nail disorders in patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) and haemodialysis (HD)-dependent individuals with a healthy population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of nail disorders in patients with CRF and patients undergoing HD treatment with a healthy population, ...
Buyukhatipoglu Hakan - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: Atherosclerotic vascular disease is the most frequent complication seen in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Evidence suggests that inflammation may play a role in the pathogenesis and progression of atherosclerosis. Our aim was to evaluate the causative role of inflammation in atherosclerosis among HD patients. METHODS: Intima-media thickness (IMT) in carotid ...
da Silva Adriane C - - 2007
In this paper, we studied the influence of uremia and hemodialysis on oxidative parameters and delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (delta-ALA-D) activity in control subjects, patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) on hemodialysis treatment (HD) and in patients not undergoing hemodialysis (ND). An increased lipid peroxidation was observed in the serum of ...
Chavers Blanche M - - 2007
Infection is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with ESRD. Infection-related hospitalization (IH) incidence among US Medicare incident pediatric and adult dialysis and transplant patients within 3 yr of presentation was compared from 1996 to 2001: Hemodialysis (HD) patients (pediatric n = 1469; adult n = 305,323); ...
Cukuranovic Rade - - 2007
AIM: To analyze hemodialysis (HD) treatment of patients with Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) from five endemic villages in the South Morava Region of Serbia. Analyses of patterns of incidence may generate hypotheses about the underlying causes of BEN, and prevalence data provide information on the current and likely future burden ...
Sahin Garip - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Patients with K/DOQI stage 5 chronic kidney disease (CKD) have higher incidence of cardiovascular events due to the oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction (ED). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), which might prevent cardiovascular events by improving oxidative stress on endothelial cells ...
Nemcsik J - - 2007
Despite recent intensive investigations, physiological and pathological role of semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) is far from clear. In this study, serum SSAO activity was determined, radiochemically, in various groups of uremic patients: haemodialysed (HD), peritoneally dialysed (PD) and those receiving conservative treatment but still not dialysed (ND), as well as ...
Michelis Regina - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Beta2-microglobulin (beta2m) is a major component in dialysis-related amyloidosis, a disabling disease affecting long-term dialysis patients. METHODS: Beta2m and other components were analyzed in saliva and serum from 53 individuals in 4 subgroups: healthy normal controls, diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients. RESULTS: Median ...
Cetin Meryem - - 2007
The aim of this study was to compare microbial findings and their resistance to antibiotics between hemodialysis patients and patients without end-stage renal failure with diabetic foot infections. An 18-month-long descriptive study analyzed bacterial isolates obtained from 32 hemodialysis (HD) patients with diabetic foot infection in an Antakya hemodialysis center ...
Uchida Kousuke - - 2007
The influence of the type of dialysis on survival of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is controversial. To compare survival among patients with ESRD receiving peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD), we conducted a prospective cohort study in a single center from April 1995 to March 2005. During that ...
Savica Vincenzo - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hyperphosphatemia is recognized as contributing to the increased risk of cardiac death in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients. Currently available pharmacologic treatment for hyperphosphatemia is based on phosphate binders but, despite treatment, only half of the patients fall within the range for serum phosphorus of the ...
Schlitt Axel - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) is mainly involved in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism. The role of PLTP in atherogenesis is still controversial. We aimed to investigate PLTP activity in hemodialysis (HD) patients, a population which has an increased risk for the development of atherosclerosis. METHODS: PLTP activity and other markers ...
Lai Yi-Chun - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIM: Renal replacement therapies (RRTs) have been used for the acute management of inborn errors of metabolism. Hemodialysis is the most effective modality. The aim of this article is to demonstrate that high-volume hemofiltration can offer an alternative way to effectively remove small molecules. METHODS: Eight patients presented with acute ...
Samouilidou E - - 2007
Oxidative stress plays a significant role in the development of inflammation in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD). This study intends to evaluate the relationship between C-reactive protein (CRP) and the newly established marker of lipid peroxidation, d-ROMs (reactive oxygen metabolites), in comparison with different indicators of oxidative stress. Plasma total antioxidant ...
Bilgic Ayse - - 2007
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Arteriovenous fistulae (AVF) thrombosis is a common cause of morbidity in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Increased soluble endothelial protein C receptor (sEPCR) levels have been associated with increased risk of venous thrombosis. We aimed to investigate the possible effects of sEPCR levels on the development of AVF thrombosis in adult ...
Sertic Jadranka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The lifespan of patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) is reduced, and coronary artery disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in these patients. The progression of atherosclerosis is accelerated and angiogenesis is impaired in CRF. Risk factors that could contribute to further understanding of vascular pathology ...
Telarović Srdana - - 2007
Uremia-related restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a known form of secondary RLS. This cross-sectional survey included patients (n = 82) on stable hemodialysis (HD; >3 months, Kt/V >1.2) who were iron-replete, free of neurodegenerative or psychiatric disorders, severe polyneuropathy and radiculopathy, not exposed to antipsychotics/antidepressants, and not severely anemic. Forty-nine ...
Murakami Kazutaka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Diffuse hyperpigmentation is common among patients with chronic renal failure undergoing hemodialysis (HD). We have examined serum levels of 5-S-cysteinyldopa (5SCD, a pheomelanin precursor), pheomelanin, eumelanin, and protein-bound (PB-) 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and PB-5SCD in HD patients. METHODS: Pheomelanin and eumelanin were assayed by chemical degradation methods. RESULTS: Serum levels ...
Arikan Hakki - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Apolipoprotein-E (ApoE) gene polymorphism has an important role in lipoprotein metabolism and could participate in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is also regarded as a risk factor for CVD. The aim of the present study is to further investigate the possible link(s) between ApoE ...
Hiramatsu Takeyuki - - 2007
Cardiovascular complications are the major cause of mortality in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Some reports show that ultrasonographic parameters for cardiovascular remodeling predict mortality in ESRD patients as well as in the general population. In the present study, we compared long-term longitudinal changes in cardiac parameters between elderly patients ...
Shin Seok Joon - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The prognosis and outcome of patients with end-stage renal disease are related to the quality of predialysis care and the timing of referral. Late referral (LR) has been correlated with more frequent hospital admissions, malnutrition and cardiovascular mortality after hemodilaysis (HD) is started. METHODS: We investigated the effects of ...
Muscaritoli Maurizio - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Anorexia is frequently found in end-stage renal disease and is a reliable predictor of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The pathogenesis of anorexia is complex and the appetite-modulating hormone ghrelin could be involved. Two forms of circulating ghrelin have been described: acylated ghrelin (<10% of circulating ghrelin) ...
Hiramatsu Takeyuki - - 2007
Cardiovascular complications are obviously important in the management of dialysis patients, and ultrasonography can be used to evaluate cardiac indices that can predict these complications. However, long-term longitudinal changes in ultrasonographic cardiovascular indices in dialysis patients are not well known. Also, the implications of lipid metabolism for cardiovascular change in ...
Cozzolino Mario - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification (VC) and accelerated atherosclerosis are major causes of cardiovascular (CV) morbidity and mortality in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Inhibitory proteins are associated with reduced VC and may play a key role in preventing CV in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. Fetuin-A, also known as alpha(2)-Heremans-Schmid glycoprotein (AHSG), is ...
Wong C K - - 2007
Chronic renal failure (CRF) patients suffer from a chronic inflammation. They are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease. In order to investigate this inflammatory process and cardiovascular risk factors associated with haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD), we compared serum/plasma pro-inflammatory cytokines, C-reactive protein (CRP), and cardiac troponin T (cTnT) ...
Kumagai Hiromichi - - 2007
Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) frequently appears in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and it has been established as a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. Recent studies have shown that inflammation might be a key mediator between PEM and cardiovascular events. On the other hand, it remains unknown whether over-nutrition has an ...
Al-Hilali Nabieh - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the response to recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) during treatment of anemia in dialysis patients with hyperparathyroidism. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 118 patients with stage 5 renal failure on dialysis therapy were selected for this study. Anemia was treated with ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) play an important role in the atherosclerosis. Recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) has become widely used to treat anemic hemodialyzed (HD) patients; however, an increased mortality has been reported for HD patients with cardiovascular disease when randomly assigned to normal hematocrit by ...
Altintepe Lütfullah - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Crush syndrome developing as a result of earthquake and other natural disasters has been investigated from many angles to date. Data are scarce, however, on cases associated with the spontaneous crash of buildings. This study presents the results on seven rhabdomyolysis patients treated in our clinics out of nine ...
Grooteman Muriel P C - - 2007
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) levels are increased in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Reports on the effect of various dialysis strategies on ADMA, symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) and L-arginine levels are inconclusive. In this randomized crossover study, 15 patients were dialyzed for 4 weeks with 4 dialyzers, differing in biocompatibility and flux. Dimethylarginine and ...
Skába Richard - - 2006
Hirschsprung's disease (HD) can be associated with the development of neuroendocrine tumours such as medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC). The RET proto-oncogene is the major gene responsible for both HD and MTC. Mutations in exon 10 (codons 609, 611, 618, 620) were found in patients with co-occurrence of HD and MTC. ...
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