Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1089
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Wiswedel Ingrid - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing hemodialysis (HD) are apparently exposed to enhanced oxidative stress and to inflammation. It was the aim of this study to characterize the state of systemic oxidative stress of ESRD patients before and following HD using highly specific biomarkers, F(2)-isoprostanes and 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE). ...
Panichi Vincenzo - - 2008
Chronic inflammation may play an important role in early morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) production is enhanced in long-term HD patients and this activated phase response has been shown to be a predictor of cardiovascular disease in the uremic syndrome as well as in the general ...
Okano Kazuhiro - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerotic vascular diseases such as cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases are major causes for fatality of hemodialysis (HD) patients. Since adipocytokines are key players for arteriosclerosis in the concept of metabolic syndrome (MetS), we aimed to determine whether circulating levels of major three adipocytokines, adiponectin, TNF-alpha, and leptin, could be ...
Sigrist Mhairi K - - 2008
Although vascular calcification (VC) in dialysis patients is associated with increased cardiovascular events, the pathophysiology is still largely obscure. Microcirculatory dysfunction may contribute to demand myocardial ischaemia. We have studied cutaneous microcirculatory function in haemodialysis (HD) patients with and without large-vessel VC. 37 non-diabetic subjects (20 HD and 17 healthy ...
Eleftheriadis Theodoros - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Renal osteodystrophy is very common in hemodialysis (HD) patients. HD is a chronic inflammatory state. Studies in other pathological entities have shown an impact of chronic inflammation on bone metabolism. In the present study, the impact of chronic inflammation on bone turnover in HD patients was evaluated. PATIENTS AND ...
Gbadegesin Rasheed - - 2008
Increased vascular stiffness is an established risk marker of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in adults with end-stage renal disease, but its role in pediatric patients remains to be defined. We prospectively examined arterial compliances of adolescents and young adults on hemodialysis (HD) using diastolic pulse wave analysis (DPWA). Each of the ...
Sfrent-Cornateanu Roxana - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is associated with scleroderma (systemic sclerosis) and is supposed to favor disease progression by complex effects on the vascular endothelium and on fibroblasts. METHODS: Plasma oxidative process marker, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, and several markers of antioxidant defense capacity (plasma total antioxidant activity, serum albumin, uric acid and ...
Barr John R - - 2008
In July 2004, two individuals developed blisters after the destruction of a WWI-era munition. To determine the causative agent, urine samples were collected from both the highly blistered patient (patient 1; 6.5% of total body surface area) and patient 2, who had only one small blister. Their urine was analyzed ...
Gelev Saso - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are at increased risk for arterial intimal (AIC) and medial calcification (AMC). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study on 153 HD patients we evaluated the presence of AIC and AMC using plain radiography of the pelvis and the presence of atherosclerotic lesions using high-resolution B-mode ultrasonography of ...
Shen Yu-Chih - - 2008
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder characterized by midlife onset, progressive course and a combination of motor, cognitive and psychiatric symptoms. Since dysregulation of the glutamate/calcium signalling pathway is beginning to emerge as a potential cause of neuron degeneration, antagonists of glutamate pathways such as lamotrigine, may ...
Kalousová Marta - - 2008
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) take part in the pathogenesis of vascular, diabetic, and uremic complications. Their precursors are detoxified by the glyoxalase system. Our aim was to study A419C (E111A) single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of the glyoxalase I gene in hemodialysis (HD) patients. A419C SNP, several laboratory parameters including ...
Pacheco M Cristina - - 2008
Variability in cholinergic innervation may contribute to false-negative and false-positive evaluations for Hirschsprung disease (HD). We compared intraspecimen variability of histochemical acetylcholinesterase (ACE) activity in 62 distal rectal mucosal biopsy specimens from 33 patients with short-segment HD (SSHD), 14 patients with short-segment HD/Down syndrome (SSHD/DS), 10 patients with total colonic ...
Karamouzis Ioannis - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Increased oxidative stress in chronic kidney disease (CKD) was suggested to be both a cause and an effect of renal injury. However, the evolution of oxidant stress from early stages of renal function decline is not fully clear. This study aimed to determine the oxidant-antioxidant balance across the whole ...
Di Renzo Laura - - 2008
Low-grade inflammation is a common feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and persistent systemic inflammation is thought to be a strong predictor of cardiovascular events. Inflammation plays a role in determining the serum albumin levels in haemodialysis patients (HD) independently of the nutritional status. Increased cardiovascular mortality in CKD has ...
Selim G - - 2007
Late nephrology referral of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been suggested as increasing mortality after the initiation of dialysis. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of nephrology referral on the initiation of haemodyalisis (HD) and mortality during HD treatment in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) ...
Fadrowski Jeffrey J JJ Department of Pediatrics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA. - - 2007
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services End-Stage Renal Disease Clinical Performance Measures (CPM) Project contains one of the largest databases of prevalent pediatric dialysis patients in the United States. Since 2005, the CPM Project has included not only children on long-term hemodialysis (HD) therapy, but also those on long-term ...
Díez Juan J - - 2008
Objective. Our aim has been evaluating the influence of an acute dose of cinacalcet on the gastrointestinal hormonal responses to a test meal in uraemic patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD) or haemodialysis (HD). Twenty patients (11 PD, 9 HD) on cinacalcet treatment (30-120 mg/day) were studied. Twelve ...
Senol Emel - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Increased oxidative stress (OS) and inflammation are associated with atherosclerotic coronary artery disease in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Ferritin may have other effects in addition to its role in storing intracellular iron. This study was performed to determine any relationships between markers of OS, nutrition and inflammation in HD patients ...
Klepac N - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Animal data and postmortem studies suggest a role of oxidative stress in the Huntington's disease (HD), but in vivo human studies have been scarce. AIM: To assess the presence of oxidative stress in HD patients and its occurrence relative to clinical symptoms. METHODS: Oxidative stress markers were determined in ...
Goldstein Stuart L - - 2008
Recent evidence from adult hemodialysis (HD) patient studies reveal improved biochemical control and reported health-related quality of life after transition from conventional thrice weekly to daily home maintenance HD treatment. Published pediatric frequent dialysis experiences demonstrate similar improvement but all used conventional HD machines, which employ a treated municipal water ...
Sasao Hisataka - - 2007
Poor clinical outcomes for hemodialysis (HD) patients compared to non-HD patients after coronary intervention have been reported. Although coronary intervention using sirolimus-eluting stents (SESs) might be expected to reduce restenosis in HD patients, little is known about the efficacy of the SESs. The purpose of the present study was to ...
Van Laecke Steven - - 2007
The outcome of older and especially of female diabetic patients appears to be worse on peritoneal dialysis (PD) than on hemodialysis (HD). This opinion is based mostly on data coming from the USA, whereas data from other regions seem to give a more balanced picture. The questions arise whether indeed ...
Schwartz Stefan - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Leucovorin and extracorporeal removal of methotrexate (MTX) have limited efficacy in delayed MTX elimination after high-dose methotrexate (HD-MTX) therapy. Glucarpidase (carboxypeptidase G2) cleaves MTX into nontoxic metabolites, but experience with this enzyme is limited in adult patients. We evaluated the effects of glucarpidase intervention in adult and elderly patients ...
Ruocco Heloísa H - - 2007
Our objective was to investigate thalamic neuronal dysfunction in patients with Huntington disease (HD). We performed localized single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of the thalamus in 22 HD patients and 25 healthy individuals. The mean age of patients was 48.5 years (ranging from 32 to 71 years). Age at ...
Vesentini Nicoletta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The pathobiological mechanisms by which Hcy can promote atherothrombosis are not completely understood. Many observations suggest that oxidative consequences of hyperhomocysteinemia have a distinct role in the development of occlusive vascular disease. The aim of this work was to investigate whether sensitivity of erythrocytes to chemically induced oxidative stress ...
Mauri Massimo C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to verify the existence of areas of clinical and neurofunctional homogeneity in a group of patients with auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) as an isolated symptom, attributable to what we have called "Hallucinatory Disorder" (HD) in an attempt to propose a clinical picture that ...
Lee Jee Hyun - - 2007
AIM: To determine the incidence and clinical aspects of allergic proctitis (AP) in infants with symptoms that mimic Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: One hundred and five patients less than 6 months of age, who underwent barium enema, anorectal manometry and rectal suction biopsy due to suspicion of HD, were enrolled. ...
Banoei Mohammad Mehdi - - 2007
The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) may play an essential role in the pathogenesis of the respiratory chain complex activities in neurodegenerative disorders such as Huntington's disease (HD). Research studies were conducted to determine the possible levels of mitochondrial defect (deletion) in HD patients and consideration of interaction between the expanded Huntingtin ...
Lausevic Mirjana - - 2007
Patients' health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important indicator of the effectiveness of the medical care they receive. Patients who reach end-stage renal disease are older and have a considerable extent of comorbidity. The objectives of this study were (i) to evaluate HRQoL in patients at the initiation of ...
Porcu M - - 2007
Severe thirst distress is frequent in haemodialysis (HD) patients, and some studies have noted a positive relationship between thirst and an increased interdialytic weight gain (IDWG). The goal of this explorative study was to describe the perception of thirst and correlated symptoms in HD patients, and verify the correlation between ...
Su Ho-Ming - - 2007
In order to ensure that they are reliable markers of atherosclerosis and suitable for repetitive follow-up of disease progression and management responses in hemodialysis (HD) patients, brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and ankle-brachial index (ABI) should be tested to see whether they change with different measurement time points. The aim ...
Rysz J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic renal failure (CRF) and hemodialysis (HD) accumulate an inflammatory milieu, contributing to increased systemic and airway oxidative stress that may lead to lung damage. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to assess exhaled hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), lung function and whole blood chemiluminescence in HD and CRF patients and healthy ...
Othmane Taha El Hadj Tel - - 2007
Aortic stiffening and aortic calcification are risk factors for cardiovascular events in hemodialysis (HD) patients, and these 2 risk factors are interrelated. Sevelamer decreases aortic calcification but its effect on aortic stiffness has not been investigated previously. Thirteen HD patients commencing sevelamer treatment and 13 matched controls were followed for ...
Doumouchtsis K K - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The processes involved in bone remodeling are under the control of a multitude of systemic and local factors. Receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB ligand (RANKL)/osteoprotegerin (OPG) complex seems to be one of the major modulators of bone remodeling. In chronic renal failure, the cytokine systems involved in the regulation ...
Malaponte Grazia - - 2007
Increased plasma levels of several acute phase proteins, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), have been documented among different patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). The aim of the present study was to determine whether pentraxin-3 (PTX3) is a reliable marker of inflammation in CRF. Plasma samples and monocytes were taken ...
Yonova D - - 2007
A non-invasive method for evaluation of high-turnover and low-turnover bone diseases is the measurement of certain important serum bone markers such as osteocalcin, procolagen-I-propeptide, dioxypiridinoline, hydroxyproline and alkaline phosphatase. Renal osteodystrophy (ROD) in pre-dialysis and dialysis patients, is manifested in 3 forms: high-turnover ROD, related to secondary hyperparathyroidism; low-turnover ROD ...
Dirican M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are exposed to oxidative stress which contributes to cardiovascular disease (CVD). The purpose of this study was to investigate the oxidative and antioxidative status in HD patients with (CVD+, n = 38) and without (CVD-, n = 67) prevalent CVD. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of ...
Brewer M Eric - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To determine the validity of the Pelvic Pain, Urgency, and Frequency (PUF) questionnaire according to its correlation with cystoscopy with hydrodistension (C-HD) findings. METHODS: A prospective study of new patients with a clinical history consistent with interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome (IC/PBS) was undertaken. All patients underwent history and physical ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), their tissue inhibitors (TIMPs) system, and fibrinolytic system, have been implicated as important factors in atherosclerosis and vascular remodeling. However, no data are yet available on the associations between these two systems in relation to carotid atherosclerosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We compared ...
Pawlak Krystyna - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: LIGHT is a cytokine involved in atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease in general population. DESIGN AND METHODS: We determined the levels of LIGHT in the plasma, dialysate and urine of uremic patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and healthy controls. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the pre and post-HD plasma ...
Gunawardena H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To measure microvascular function using laser Doppler imaging following digital hyperaemia and iontophoresis of vasoactive substances in patients with idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). METHODS: Fifteen patients with IIM including eight patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and seven patients with polymyositis (PM) were studied. Fifteen age-matched normal controls were also recruited. ...
Kanno Yoshihiko - - 2007
Bisphenol A (BPA) and phthalate diesters, two well-described endocrine-disrupting substances (EDSs), were shown to elute out of the dialysis tubing used by patients who underwent hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Since these patients require dialysis for survival, they may be exposed to potentially harmful levels of these compounds. In ...
Tomson Charlie - - 2007
Comorbidity returns have continued to improve, albeit slowly, with centres running Mediqal software having the highest rates of completeness. Diabetes as a primary renal diagnosis accounted for 20% of those starting RRT, but a further 7% had diabetes present as a comorbid condition. The incidence of smoking remained high at ...
Ozcan Turkay - - 2007
The role of P-wave signal-averaged electrocardiography (P-SAECG) in the prediction of atrial fibrillation (AF) attacks has been validated in various disease states. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the effect of hemodialysis (HD) on P-SAECG parameters and to determine the related risk factors that might affect those parameters. ...
Lamb Edmund J - - 2007
In the UK, there is a continuing year-on-year trend towards improvement in serum phosphate control in dialysis patients although overall it still remains poor. The Renal Association (RA) target (<1.8 mmol/l) was achieved in 65% of patients overall, (71% of peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients, 63% of haemo dialysis (HD) patients). ...
Greenstein Penny E - - 2007
Huntington's disease like-2 (HDL-2) neurodegeneration is a recently described autosomal dominant disorder with features similar to Huntington's disease (HD). Only one case report has described neuropathology from an affected patient. We describe the clinical presentation and illustrate the pathology in two additional molecularly confirmed patients, compare these with the previously ...
Nucifora Gaetano - - 2007
Infective endocarditis (IE) in chronic haemodialysis (HD) is significantly more common and causes greater morbidity and mortality than in the general population, being second only to cardiovascular disease as the leading cause of death in this group of patients. Because of the peculiarity of this group of patients, it has ...
Tufan Fatih - - 2007
It is reported that the usage of high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (HD-IVIG) in systemic autoimmune diseases is associated with various adverse events in a wide range of severity. We aimed to investigate the frequency and profile of adverse events in a group of patients with diffuse connective tissue diseases and Wegener's ...
Navarro Maria Dolores - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients show evidence of chronic inflammation with mononuclear cell activation which is mainly caused by uraemia itself and is exacerbated by haemodialysis. Small fragments of bacterial DNA (DNAb) are ubiquitous contaminants, which are capable of passing through dialyser membranes causing the stimulation of cells of ...
Couchoud Cécile - - 2007
BACKGROUND: New patients treated for end-stage renal disease are increasingly elderly: in France, 38% are 75 years or older. The best treatment choices for the elderly are still debated. METHODS: We studied case-mix factors associated with choice of initial dialysis modality and 2-year survival in the 3512 patients aged 75 ...
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