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Stolic Radojica - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the survival of patients treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) and to detect any association with the type of metabolic changes. The outcome of clinical treatment of 407 dialysis patients was analyzed over a 4-year period. This included the demographic ...
Post James B - - 2010
The high risk and prevalence of dementia among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in those receiving hemodialysis (HD) may be preceded by mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We aimed to assess cognitive function in CKD and HD patients with no history of stroke or dementia, in order to identify ...
Dawnay Anne - - 2010
The UK Renal Association Clinical Practice Guidelines include clinical performance measures for biochemical parameters in dialysis patients [1]. The UK Renal Registry (UKRR) annually audits dialysis centre performance against these measures as part of its role in promoting continuous quality improvement. Cross sectional performance analyses were undertaken to compare dialysis ...
Ferrario Manuela - - 2010
This work aims at studying the autonomic nervous system (ANS) response to hemodialysis (HD) treatment in a population of end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. ECG Holter recordings and whole body bioimpedance spectroscopy measurements were performed for each patient. Patients were classified according to the fluid overload (FO) values and ...
Rao Nivedita L - - 2010
C-reactive protein (CRP), an acute-phase reactant, has been identified as a saliva-based biomarker of inflammation. The objective of the study was to estimate and compare salivary CRP levels in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) and Subacute thyroiditis (SAT). The study included 30 HT patients who presented with clinical features of hypothyroidism, 15 ...
Ochiai Hidenobu - - 2010
To date, despite a markedly high incidence of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients with end-stage renal disease, only few studies have focused on factors that affect patient's prognosis. To elucidate these factors, we retrospectively investigated 22 consecutive patients who had chronic renal failure, were maintained by hemodialysis (HD), had suffered ...
Chou Chia-Chi - - 2010
Ghrelin has a protective effect on endothelial cells. Endothelial cell dysfunction is associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and CVD remains the leading cause of morbidity in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Acylated ghrelin (A-Ghr) is the functional form of ghrelin, so we hypothesized that A-Ghr is associated with the occurrence of CVD ...
Bossola Maurizio - - 2010
This study aimed at evaluating the possible relationship between anorexia and fatigue in hemodialysis (HD) patients and at measuring the plasma levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) in HD patients with or without anorexia and/or fatigue. The first question of the Hemodialysis Study Appetite questionnaire was used to ...
Paneni Francesco - - 2010
While chronic dialysis treatment has been suggested to increase pulmonary pressure values, right ventricular dysfunction (RVD) is a major cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease. We investigated the impact of different dialysis treatments on right ventricular function. We examined 220 subjects grouped as follows: healthy controls (n ...
Hsu Shih-Ping - - 2010
To explore the efficacy of oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplementation for anemia and oxidative stress in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Of the eligible patients (n = 325) in an outpatient HD unit, 49 received NAC 200 mg orally thrice a day during the first 3 months, while the other 276 patients not ...
Kalousov? Marta - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) belong to uremic toxins and some pathological effects of AGEs are linked to RAGE (receptor for AGEs). Their precursors are detoxified by the glyoxalase (GLO) system. The A419C (E111A) polymorphism of the GLO I gene is associated with vascular disease in hemodialysis (HD) patients ...
Mayeur Nicolas - - 2010
Cystatin C could be a relevant residual glomerular filtration rate marker during hemodialysis (HD), and a high cytokine plasma (p) rate is associated with an increase in mortality during sepsis. To the best of our knowledge, cytokines and cystatin C kinetics during and after HD during sepsis have never been ...
Zhou Yi-Lun - - 2010
Chronic fluid overload due to overestimation of dry weight (DW) is the major factor in the development of hypertension in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The present study was undertaken to investigate whether bioimpedance ratio in the calf (Calf-BR = impedance at 200 kHz/impedance at 5 kHz) could be a useful hydration ...
Chang Jae Hyun - - 2010
Arterial stiffness determined by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) has been established as a powerful predictor of cardiovascular mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. There are, however, few studies regarding the comparative impact of different renal replacement therapies (RRTs) on PWV. Therefore, we conducted a cross-sectional study to compare arterial wall ...
Cozzolino Mario - - 2010
The very high cardiovascular (CV) mortality and morbidity rates in hemodialysis (HD) patients are greatly related to atherosclerosis. CCN2 (connective tissue growth factor/CTGF) is a profibrotic factor that is secreted by endothelial cells, involved in atherogenesis, promoting fibroblast proliferation and matrix production. CCN2 protein is significantly increased in complicated fibrous ...
Raithatha Ajay - - 2010
This study explores the relationship between mortality and late presentation for dialysis, focusing on the role of catheter access for hemodialysis (HD). We analyzed data from a cohort of 286 patients commencing dialysis in 2000-2001. Survival and factors associated with death were analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis. Dialysis access ...
Endo Hidenori - - 2010
Appropriate management of moyamoya syndrome associated with Graves' disease is undetermined because of the rarity of this combination. Patients tend to present with cerebrovascular events such as transient ischemic attack (TIA) in a thyrotoxic state, which is relieved by proper antithyroid therapy. Four patients with moyamoya syndrome associated with Graves' ...
Staii Anca - - 2010
Our Thyroid-Multidisciplinary Clinic is a large referral site for thyroid diseases. Thyroid biopsies are mainly performed for thyroid cancer screening. Yet, Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is being too frequently diagnosed. The prevalence of HT is reported as 0.3-1.2% or twice the prevalence of type 1 diabetes. However, the prevalence of HT ...
Ogawa Tetsuya - - 2010
The role of decreased active vitamin D levels on vascular calcification has not been elucidated in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between progression of aortic arch calcification (AoAC) and prescribed dose of 1alpha-hydroxy vitamin D. The enrolled study subjects were 65 ...
Mekki Khedidja - - 2010
To investigate the effects of hemodialysis (HD) and periotoneal dialysis (PD) on oxidative stress in chronic renal failure patients (CRF). 20 HD patients (M/F: 8/12, 36 ± 12 years) and 20 PD patients (M/F: 10/10, 40 ± 8 years) were compared with 20 end stage renal failure patients (CRF) (M/F: ...
Markianos Manolis M Athens University Medical School, Department of Neurology, Eginition Hospital, Athens, Greece. - - 2010
In addition to neuronal loss in striatum and cerebral cortex that characterizes Huntington's disease (HD), hypothalamic atrophy has also been found only in certain areas, probably not including dopaminergic functions. We assessed the reactivity of the hypothalamus-pituitary dopaminergic system by measuring the acute prolactin (PRL) responses to 5 mg i.m. ...
Richardson Donald D York District General Hospital, York, UK. - - 2010
The UK Renal Association (RA) and National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) have published Clinical Practice Guidelines which include recommendations for management of anaemia in established renal failure. To determine the extent to which the guidelines for anaemia management are met in the UK. Quarterly data (haemoglobin (Hb) ...
Pakfetrat Maryam - - 2010
In this cross-sectional study, selenium (Se) levels in the sera of 35 hemodialysis (HD) patients and 34 patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) for more than 3 months were compared with the serum Se levels of 34 healthy volunteers. The observed Se levels of 100.8 ± 51.9 µg/L in the sera of the ...
Di Iorio Biagio - - 2010
BACKGROUND: The major determinants of pulse wave velocity (PWV) in haemodialysis (HD) patients are not fully known. We studied chronic HD patients to assess the effect of cyclic variations in both hydration status and blood pressure on PWV. METHODS: Twenty patients were examined along three consecutive HD sessions and interdialysis ...
Rysz Jacek - - 2011
We assessed the effect of hemodialysis (HD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) on the serum levels of metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9 and metalloproteinase tissue inhibitors (TIMP-1) and TIMP-2. 18 patients on regular HD treatment with low-flux, cuprophane membrane, 15 non-dialyzed patients with CKD and 15 healthy controls were sampled. The serum ...
Ma?yszko Jolanta - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is leading cause of death in patients on renal replacement therapy. Increased concentration of fibrinogen, dyslipidemia, and impaired fibrinolysis are regarded as important risk factors for CVD. Intima media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery is related to coronary and cerebrovascular arterial disease. Thrombin-activatable fibrinolysis ...
Aziz N Ahmad - - 2009
Sleep disturbances are very prevalent in Huntington's disease (HD) patients and can substantially impair their quality of life. Accumulating evidence suggests considerable dysfunction of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), the biological clock, in both HD patients and transgenic mouse models of the disease. As melatonin has a major role in ...
Melero-Rubio Esperanza - - 2009
Homocysteine is considered as independent predictor of cardiovascular risk. Patients treated with haemodialysis (HD) exhibit elevated homocysteine levels, even four times higher than the general population does. This study focuses on the determination of the vascular risk in patients treated with conventional HD and haemodiafiltration on-line (HDF). It was also ...
Filiopoulos Vassilis - - 2009
PURPOSE: The impact of different dialysis modalities on oxidative stress and inflammation and the factors implicated in this interrelationship have not been adequately studied. This study was designed to comparatively evaluate the effect of hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) on oxidative stress and inflammatory biomarkers and to search for ...
Roche Alison - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this analysis was to quantify haemoglobin (Hb) variability in patients receiving haemodialysis (HD) and erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) treatment from data independently collected in two different geographical settings. STUDY DESIGN, SETTINGS AND PATIENTS: Two studies retrospectively reviewed patients undergoing HD and stable ESA treatment at centres in ...
Hopkins Keith - - 2009
Hypertension confers higher cardiovascular (CV) risks in hemodialysis (HD) patients. There are no data to guide the level to which BP should be reduced or when and where to measure BP in such patients. Unlike BP guidelines to reduce CV risk in the general population, no uniform guidelines address the ...
Sudheer Ahamed Ps - - 2009
Amiodarone is an iodine rich agent widely used for the treatment of ventricular arrhythmias, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia, atrial fibrillation and flutter. However 14-18% of patients treated with amiodarone develop overt thyroid dysfunction in the form of either amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) or amiodaroneinduced hypothyroidism (AIH). Two different types of AIT have ...
Kannampuzha Jovil - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Patients on conventional hemodialysis (HD) have elevated markers of oxidative stress and chronic inflammation, which may contribute to a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Glutathione (GSH), an important intracellular antioxidant, requires cysteine as a rate-limiting amino acid for its synthesis and riboflavin for its regeneration. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to ...
Penne E Lars - - 2010
Removal of beta2-microglobulin (beta2M) can be increased by adding convective transport to hemodialysis (HD). The aim of this study was to investigate the change in beta2M levels after 6-mo treatment with hemodiafiltration (HDF) and to evaluate the role of residual kidney function (RKF) and the amount of convective volume with ...
Chesterton Lindsay J - - 2010
Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) remains an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The baroreflex arc is under autonomic control and regulates blood pressure. This study aimed to investigate the contribution of impaired baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) to the pathophysiology of IDH. Thirty-four chronic HD (12 IDH-prone, 22 IDH-resistant) ...
Higashi Mayumi - - 2009
PURPOSE: Hirschsprung's disease (HD) is usually diagnosed in patients who are under 1 year of age, however, there are still several reports of adult HD cases. We herein analyzed the data of HD patients collected over 30 years according to a nationwide survey in Japan. METHODS: The data of HD ...
Yixiong Zhang - - 2010
Anticoagulation in hemodialysis (HD) patients with high risk of bleeding is still an intractable problem. A total of 80 HD sessions with high risk of bleeding were completed with either heparin-free (HF) or low dose of argatroban saline flushes (LASF) anticoagulation. Clinical clot formation in the pipeline and dialyzer was ...
Kato Akihiko - - 2010
BACKGROUND: High pulse wave velocity (PWV) and a low ankle-brachial index (ABI) are associated with mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Recently, the cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) was developed as a novel index of arterial stiffness independent of blood pressure. METHODS: We compared brachial-ankle PWV (baPWV), the ABI and the CAVI ...
Cianciolo Giuseppe - - 2010
The aim of the study was to assess the factors potentially involved in coronary artery calcifications (CAC) in end-stage renal disease patients. 253 hemodialysis (HD) patients (92 females, 161 males), aged 62.5 +/- 13.5, who had been on HD treatment for at least 6 months, were enrolled in a cross-sectional ...
Passauer Jens - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Dry weight assessment (DWA) is essential to efficient therapy of haemodialysis (HD) patients. However, so far objective methods for DWA have not been applicable to daily routine. Thus, exact fluid management in HD remains difficult and is often based on clinical criteria. The aims of this study were (1) ...
Adeniyi Muniru - - 2009
While anemia is common in patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD), spontaneous erythrocytosis is rare and can be caused by either the same conditions causing erythrocytosis in the general population or any condition specific to chronic renal failure. We present a patient illustrating this latter circumstance. A 53-year-old man with diabetic ...
Guida G - - 2009
Hodgkin's disease (HD) is a malignant lymphoma with frequent mediastinal involvement, characterized by a significant inflammatory infiltration. Exhaled nitric oxide (FENO), is present in healthy humans, and has been proven to be increased in eosinophilic diseases such as allergic asthma. We investigated whether FENO is increased in mediastinal HD and ...
Yang Kyung-Hoon - - 2009
Combined hyperative dysfunction syndrome (HDS) defined as the combination of HDSs such as trigeminal neuralgia (TN), hemifacial spasm (HFS) and glossopharyngeal neuralgia (GPN), which may or may not occur simultaneously on one or both sides. We reviewed patients with combined HDS and demonstrated their demographic characteristics by comparing them with ...
Kossari Niloufar - - 2009
Outpatient hemodialysis therapy (HD) can be associated with hemodynamic compromise. Bioreactance has recently been shown to provide accurate, noninvasive, continuous, measurements of cardiac output (CO) and thoracic impedance (Zo) from which thoracic fluid content (TFC) can be derived assuming TFC=1000/Zo. This study was designed to evaluate the changes in TFC ...
Chrysostomou Stavroula - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed prealbumin in hemodialysis (HD) and renal-transplant (RT) patients, and compared it with other biochemical and anthropometric markers, clinical conditions, and treatment variables. DESIGN: We used a research design. PATIENTS: Serum prealbumin was measured in 84 HD patients with a mean age of 60.47 +/- 17.81 years ...
Raj Dominic S C - - 2009
CD14 is a key molecule in innate immunity that mediates cell activation and signaling in response to endotoxin and other bacterial wall-derived components. CD14 protein exists in soluble (sCD14) and membrane-bound forms. The correlates of sCD14 in persons undergoing long-term hemodialysis (HD) therapy are not known. We hypothesized that increased ...
Taccone-Gallucci Massimo - - 2010
PROJECT: Oxidative stress (OS) is enhanced in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage to glycids, proteins and nucleic acids are the main consequences of OS and are associated with increased cardiovascular risk. Vitamin E and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) represent the main antioxidant systems in human cells. Selenium (Se), ...
Shen Di-Hua - - 2009
BACKGROUND: The etiology of Hirschsprung's disease associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is unknown. Previous investigations have suggested that several factors such as dilation of proximal bowel, changes in colonic mucosal defence, and overgrowth of toxigenic bacteria may be related with it. This study was to quantify bifidobacteria and lactobacilli in the feces ...
Ueno Hiroki - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Numbers of endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) have been shown to be decreased in subjects with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It is not clear, however, whether dialysis modality affects circulating EPCs in ESRD subjects. METHODS: We examined the number of circulating EPCs in 67 continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients ...
Lorenzo Yolanda - - 2009
PURPOSE: The mechanisms involved in the appearance of a second neoplasia in patients with Hodgkin's disease (HD) are probably related to the genomic damage induced by the treatments administered and its repair. Here, we searched for some constitutive molecular mechanisms that in a basal manner may influence the behavior of ...
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