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Pawlak Krystyna - - 2010
We evaluated the impact of residual renal function (RRF) on oxidative stress (SOX) and CD40/CD40L system in haemodialysis (HD) patients. We determined sCD40, sCD40L and SOX marker-Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn SOD) levels in HD patients with RRF, with anuria (A) and in healthy controls. sCD40 and Cu/Zn SOD plasma levels ...
MaƂgorzewicz Sylwia - - 2011
Protein-energy malnutrition is still a problem in patients with chronic renal failure, especially during replacement renal therapy. The chronic inflammatory status in these patients intensifies the malnutrition, as well as making treatment more complicated. The aim of the present study was to estimate the influence of oral supplementation on the ...
Eleftheriadis Theodoros - - 2011
Cardiovascular disease, and mainly coronary heart disease (CHD), is the leading cause of death in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Non-traditional risk factors may play an important role in this population. Arginase is known to contribute directly to atherosclerosis progression and to counteract the beneficial effects of nitric oxide. HD could be ...
Unal Aydin - - 2011
To evaluate the patients transferred from one dialysis modality to another and to compare the patient characteristics on both renal replacement modalities. The data of dialysis patients, who were followed up between January 2000 and December 2009 in our nephrology department, was evaluated retrospectively. Fifty-seven patients were transferred from HD ...
Arenas María Dolores - - 2010
Few studies have investigated nonadherence to phosphate binders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of adherence of our hemodialysis (HD) patients to phosphate binders and to determine which variables were related to nonadherence to treatment. In 165 HD patients, the degree of adherence to the drugs ...
Panichi Vincenzo - - 2010
Despite substantial progress in medical care, the mortality rate remains unacceptably high in dialysis patients. Evidence suggests that bone mineral dismetabolism (CKD-MBD) might contribute to this burden of death. However, to date only a few papers have investigated the clinical relevance of serum mineral derangements and the impact of different ...
Jahromi Soodeh Razeghi - - 2010
Malnutrition is a predictor of increased mortality in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. Various factors may contribute to malnutrition in these patients including energy and protein intake, inflammation, and comorbidity. To determine the importance of these factors in malnutrition of chronic HD patients, we studied 112 chronic HD patients in two ...
Lin Yu-Feng - - 2010
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Sevelamer hydrochloride is a recently developed phosphate binder, which is a quaternary amine anion exchanger without calcium or aluminum. Sevelamer is effective in controlling hyperphosphatemia without increasing the calcium load in chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients. We investigated whether sevelamer restored bone metabolism in chronic HD patients. METHODS: An 8-week, ...
Ngo Binh - - 2010
We have shown previously that skin perfusion is reduced in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Patients with diabetes and with chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 were having advanced microangiopathy. In this cross-sectional study, we measured skin blood flow in DM and non-DM patients on dialysis to assess whether any ...
Khan Mohammad Nasir Ayub - - 2010
To evaluate the influence of goitre on anatomic features and the correlation of these changes with difficulty in intubation. A questionnaire was employed to assess 139 patients scheduled for elective surgery of euthyroid goitre to predict the potential of difficult intubation. These measurements were later correlated with the patients who ...
Nitta Kosaku - - 2010
Vascular calcification is associated with poor prognosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. It can be assessed with computed tomography (CT) but simple in-office techniques may provide a useful information. We compared the results obtained with a simple non-invasive technique with those obtained using multi-detector CT (MDCT) for aortic arch calcification volume ...
Ishii Tomoko - - 2011
Background: It is well known that oxidative stress is enhanced in patients with end-stage renal disease. However, little is known about the relationship between serum antioxidant capacity and clinical outcome in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: We examined the relationship between serum biomarkers of oxidative stress and clinical outcomes including all-cause ...
Koc Mehmet - - 2011
Inflammation is one of the main contributors to atherosclerosis in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Activation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) leads to inflammatory response. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the expression of TLRs on monocytes and relate their expression with inflammation in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and HD patients. Thirty-four ...
Satomura Atsushi - - 2010
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays an important role in first-line host defence against pathogens via the lectin pathway. The binding affinity for ligands is greatly increased by oligomerization, although the basic triplet does not bind solid phase mannan and cannot activate complement. Besides, MBL is a positive acute-phase protein. In this ...
Io Hiroaki - - 2011
Hemodialysis (HD) patients frequently have an elevated left ventricular mass index (LVMI). Currently, left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and dysfunction are considered to be the strongest predictors of cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. The objectives of the present study are to investigate the factors associated with elevated LVMI and to discuss ...
Lebner Adrianne C - - 2011
Abnormalities in mineral metabolism in chronic kidney disease are associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The Kidney Disease Outcomes Quality Initiative (K/DOQI) clinical practice guidelines were established in 2003 to address issues in the management of mineral and bone metabolism. The goal of this study was to compare (i) mineral ...
Kuragano Takahiro - - 2010
beta2-Microglobulin (beta2M) is an independent predictor of outcome for hemodialysis (HD) patients and a representative substance of middle molecules. We tested the relationship among serum beta2M levels and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in HD patients. A total of 132 HD patients were divided according to the dialysis membrane used ...
Akhmouch I - - 2010
We report in this retrospective study the experience of our hemodialysis (HD) center in the incidence of intradialytic hypotension (IDH) over 18 months. We first studied the demographic, clinical, biological and morphological data of our 52 HD patients and compared the characteristics of patients with frequent IDH and those without. ...
Santos Karlos Thiago Pinheiro dos - - 2010
Hearing loss in hypothyroidism has been reported by many authors but its pathophysiology is unclear. to study the audiological evaluation of patients with acquired hypothyroidism. two groups were included: a hypothyroidism group (HG, n-30), and a control group (CG, n-30). Parameters studied: gender, time of hypothyroidism, comorbidities, cochleovestibular symptoms, biochemistry ...
Schiavoni G - - 2010
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is the main cause of morbidity and mortality for end-stage renal disease patients undergoing chronic haemodialysis (HD). Several studies in recent years have identified Chlamydia pneumoniae, a respiratory pathogen, as risk factor for cardiovascular diseases in the general population. The aim of our study is to evaluate ...
Mumtaz Asim - - 2010
The objective of the study was to determine the level of beta2-microglobulin (beta2-m) in hemodialysis (HD) patients and the factors affecting it. This cross sectional, hospital based study was conducted between September and December 2008 at the Hemodialysis unit of Shalamar Hospital, Lahore. All patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) ...
Shaikh Nissar - - 2010
Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome (DDS) is a central nervous system disorder, which occurs during hemodialysis (HD) or within 24 h following the first HD. DDS commonly occurs in patients suffering from end-stage renal failure undergoing HD for the first time. In a critically ill patient suffering from severe sepsis or septic ...
Yamada Shigeki - - 2010
Cardiac failure is directly affected by left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and particularly LV systolic dysfunction is strongly associated with survival in ESRD patients. The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of reduced LV ejection fraction (LVEF) measured at the time of initiation of hemodialysis (HD) in ...
Guo Chih-Hung - - 2011
Changes in essential trace elements may affect the inflammatory and immunological state of patients on hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD). Therefore, we aimed to determine trace element content and markers of oxidative stress, inflammation, and immune status in HD and PD patients and to assess the relationships among these ...
Wolff Fleur - - 2010
Chronic kidney disease stage V is associated with a metabolic acidosis, a disturbance also observed in heavy alcohol consumption. Carbohydrate-deficient transferrin is considered the most accurate biomarker for identifying chronic alcohol abuse. We tested whether increased CDT results occurred in patients on dialysis therapy. One hundred twenty-two samples from HD ...
Rucker Diana - - 2010
Patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis (HD) are potentially at risk of deficiency and excess of trace elements. HD exposes patients to large volumes of water (>120 l/week) in the form of dialysate. Although levels of certain ions (such as potassium and calcium) are carefully regulated in dialysate, many ...
Kalousová Marta - - 2010
Malnutrition, inflammation, and oxidative stress are inter-related mechanisms linked to the progression of cardiovascular disease and prognosis of long-term hemodialysis (HD) patients. In this study, we focus on antioxidant vitamins and trace elements and the relationship of their serum levels to the prognosis of long-term HD patients. Prospective observational cohort ...
Yoshimura Junko - - 2010
1. Regulatory T cells (T(reg)) and cytotoxic T cells (CTL) are involved in various immune diseases. However, the prognostic impact of T(reg) and CTL in patients with myeroperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated glomerulonephritis (MPO-ANCA-GN) is not well known. Therefore, in the present study, we examined the relationship between expression of forkhead ...
Gracia-Iguacel Carolina - - 2010
Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to cardiovascular disease and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to analyze the Vitamin D status of dialysis patients from a single center, study determinants of Vitamin D deficiency, and assess its implications on outcome. A prospective ...
Mochel Fanny - - 2010
We previously identified a systemic metabolic defect associated with early weight loss in patients with Huntington's disease (HD), suggesting a lack of substrates for the Krebs cycle. Dietary anaplerotic therapy with triheptanoin is used in clinical trials to promote energy production in patients with peripheral and brain Krebs cycle deficit, ...
Meuwese Christiaan L - - 2010
An increase in C-reactive protein (CRP) levels during a single haemodialysis (HD) session has been associated with mortality. These associations, however, are difficult to understand from the current understanding of CRP metabolism. In 190 Swedish haemodialysis (HD) patients from the Mapping of Inflammatory Markers in Chronic Kidney Disease (MIMICK) cohort, ...
JaroszyƄski Andrzej - - 2010
Abnormal values of the spatial angle between the directions of ventricular depolarization and repolarization (QRS-T) reflect the action potential inhomogeneities and predict cardiac events and mortality in various patient groups. The study was designed to (i) compare QRS-T in haemodialysis (HD) patients and healthy subjects, (ii) assess the influence of ...
Buemi Michele - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: End stage renal disease (ESRD) is associated with a high incidence of cardiovascular disease and cancer. Patients undergoing hemodialysis show a reduced number and an impaired function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which in physiological conditions contribute to repair the vascular damage. In patients with ESRD, massive oxidative genome ...
Eiselt Jaromír - - 2010
Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is a mediator of endothelial dysfunction. Production and elimination of ADMA may be affected by the type of renal replacement therapy used and oxidative stress. Plasma ADMA, advanced glycation end products (AGE), and homocysteine were assessed in 59 subjects: 20 hemodialysis (HD) patients, 19 patients undergoing peritoneal ...
Turedi Suleyman - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: Conventional biomarkers suffer from the drawback of being elevated in chronic renal failure even in the absence of myocardial ischemia. Ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) is a new biomarker proposed for the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. This study was performed with the primary aim of determining IMA levels in patients with ...
Hoffmann M - - 2010
The accurate diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in haemodialysis patients remains elusive. Impaired immune function associated with chronic kidney failure causes a high number of anergic tuberculin skin tests (TST). Interferon-gamma (INF-gamma) release assays (IGRAs) measuring the INF-gamma secretion of tuberculosis specific T-cells have several advantages over the TST ...
Nemati Eghlim - - 2010
This study was performed to evaluate whether any electrocardiogram (ECG) parameter can predict the presence of hyperkalemia in patients on maintenance hemodialysis (HD). In January 2006, we conducted a cross-sectional study of 80 stable patients with end-stage renal disease from four university-based HD units of Tehran, Iran, receiving conventional thrice-weekly ...
Ravichandran R - - 2010
In medical applications of radioisotopes, for calculations of whole body doses and radiation safety applications, there is a need to estimate radioactive body burden. Local recommendations in Oman stipulate the need for hospitalization of patients treated for radioactive-iodine ((131) I) with activities above 400 MBq. MATERIALS #ENTITYSTARTX00026; A study of ...
Ohtake Takayasu - - 2010
The risk factors of coronary artery calcification (CAC) and the impact of CAC on cardiovascular events, cardiovascular deaths, and all-cause deaths in hemodialysis (HD) patients have not been fully elucidated. We examined the CAC score (CACS) in 74 HD patients using electron-beam computed tomography. Fifty-six patients underwent a second electron-beam ...
Kato Akihiko - - 2010
Serum albumin, C-reactive protein (CRP), and the intima-medial thickness of the common carotid artery (CA-IMT) are associated with clinical outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, it remains unclear which parameters are more reliable as predictors of long-term mortality. We measured serum albumin, CRP, and CA-IMT in 206 HD patients younger ...
Jaki? Marko - - 2010
Chronic renal failure affects all organ systems. Senses are not exception and hearing impairment is common, particularly sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The term SNOS of unknown origin or uremic deafness is related to only a smaller part of the cases with unclear etiology of the impairment. The study searched for ...
Caliskan Yasar - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Decreased coronary flow reserve (CFR) is a marker of endothelial dysfunction, coronary artery calcification and inflammation, well-known cardiovascular risk factors in haemodialysis (HD) patients. In this study, we aimed to investigate the correlation of coronary artery calcification scores (CACS) with CFR in HD patients. METHODS: Sixty-four end-stage renal failure ...
Attia F M - - 2010
One of the clinical consequences of aberrant cytokines production in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) may be impaired erythropoiesis. To determine the interleukin (IL)-10 levels in ESRD patients on regular hemodialysis (HD) with good and poor response to recombinant human erythropoietin (Epo). Two groups of ESRD-HD patients were ...
Kannampuzha J - - 2010
Human serum paraoxonase (PON1) activity is reduced in standard hemodialysis (SHD) (4 hours, 3 days/week) patients. Home nocturnal hemodialysis (HNHD) (8 hours, 6 days/week), provides a greater dialysis dose resulting in a greater clearance of metabolites. Whether improvements in the metabolic milieu of HNHD patients results in different PON1 activity ...
Bolignano Davide - - 2010
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), a small 25 kDa protein strongly induced in injured renal tubular cells, represents an interesting emerging biomarker in the field of clinical nephrology. The aim of the present pilot study was to analyze circulating NGAL levels in a small cohort of 30 patients on chronic haemodialysis ...
Merino Ana - - 2010
We studied the relationship between microinflammation and endothelial damage in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on different dialysis modalities. Four groups of CKD stage 5 patients were studied: 1) 14 nondialysis CKD patients (CKD-NonD); 2) 15 hemodialysis patients (HD); 3) 12 peritoneal dialysis patients with residual renal function >1 ml/min ...
Markianos Manolis - - 2010
OBJECTIVEs: In addition to neuronal loss in striatum and cerebral cortex that characterizes Huntington's disease (HD), hypothalamic atrophy has also been found only in certain areas, probably not including dopaminergic functions. We assessed the reactivity of the hypothalamus-pituitary dopaminergic system by measuring the acute prolactin (PRL) responses to 5 mg ...
Kayabasi Hasan - - 2010
AIM: Quantity of oxidative stress (OS) is enhanced in every stage of chronic renal failure (CRF). OS and its effects on echocardiographic indexes in patients on hemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients on CAPD, 32 patients on HD, and 30 healthy ...
Stolic Radojica - - 2010
The aim of this study was to determine the survival of patients treated by peritoneal dialysis (PD) and hemodialysis (HD) and to detect any association with the type of metabolic changes. The outcome of clinical treatment of 407 dialysis patients was analyzed over a 4-year period. This included the demographic ...
Post James B - - 2010
The high risk and prevalence of dementia among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in those receiving hemodialysis (HD) may be preceded by mild cognitive impairment (MCI). We aimed to assess cognitive function in CKD and HD patients with no history of stroke or dementia, in order to identify ...
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